Pakiººakakath±

262. Brahmuttamena kathite, brahmavih±re ime iti viditv±;
bhiyyo etesu aya½, pakiººakakath±pi viññeyy±.
Et±su hi mett±karuº±mudit±-upekkh±su atthato t±va mejjat²ti mett±, siniyhat²ti attho. Mitte v± bhav±, mittassa v± es± pavatt²tipi mett±. Paradukkhe sati s±dh³na½ hadayakampana½ karot²ti karuº±. Kiº±ti v± paradukkha½ hi½sati vin±set²ti karuº±. Kiriyati v± dukkhitesu pharaºavasena pas±riyat²ti karuº±. Modanti t±ya ta½samaªgino, saya½ v± modati, modanamattameva v± tanti mudit±. “Aver± hont³”ti-±diby±p±rappah±nena majjhattabh±v³pagamanena ca upekkhat²ti upekkh±.
263. Lakkhaº±dito panettha hit±k±rappavattilakkhaº± mett±, hit³pasa½h±raras±, ±gh±tavinayapaccupaµµh±n±, satt±na½ man±pabh±vadassanapadaµµh±n±. By±p±d³pasamo etiss± sampatti, sinehasambhavo vipatti. Dukkh±panayan±k±rappavattilakkhaº± karuº±, paradukkh±sahanaras±, avihi½s±paccupaµµh±n±, dukkh±bhibh³t±na½ an±thabh±vadassanapadaµµh±n±. Vihi½s³pasamo tass± sampatti, sokasambhavo vipatti. Pamodanalakkhaº± mudit±, aniss±yanaras±, arativigh±tapaccupaµµh±n±, satt±na½ sampattidassanapadaµµh±n±. Arativ³pasamo tass± sampatti, pah±sasambhavo vipatti. Sattesu majjhatt±k±rappavattilakkhaº± upekkh±, sattesu samabh±vadassanaras±, paµigh±nunayav³pasamapaccupaµµh±n±, “kammassak± satt±, te kassa ruciy± sukhit± v± bhavissanti, dukkhato v± muccissanti, pattasampattito v± na parih±yissant²”ti eva½ pavattakammassakat±dassanapadaµµh±n±. Paµigh±nunayav³pasamo tass± sampatti, gehasit±ya aññ±ºupekkh±ya sambhavo vipatti.
264. Catunnampi panetesa½ brahmavih±r±na½ vipassan±sukhañceva bhavasampatti ca s±dh±raºappayojana½ By±p±d±dipaµigh±to ±veºika½. By±p±dapaµigh±tappayojan± hettha mett±. Vihi½s±-aratir±gapaµigh±tappayojan± itar±. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Nissaraºañheta½, ±vuso, by±p±dassa yadida½ mett± cetovimutti. Nissaraºañheta½, ±vuso, vihes±ya yadida½ karuº± cetovimutti. Nissaraºañheta½, ±vuso, aratiy± yadida½ mudit± cetovimutti. Nissaraºañheta½, ±vuso, r±gassa yadida½ upekkh± cetovimutt²”ti (d². ni. 3.326; a. ni. 6.13).
265. Ekekassa cettha ±sannad³ravasena dve dve paccatthik±. Mett±brahmavih±rassa hi sam²pac±ro viya purisassa sapatto guºadassanasabh±gat±ya r±go ±sannapaccatthiko, so lahu½ ot±ra½ labhati, tasm± tato suµµhu mett± rakkhitabb±. Pabbat±digahananissito viya purisassa sapatto sabh±gavisabh±gat±ya by±p±do d³rapaccatthiko, tasm± tato nibbhayena mett±yitabba½. Mett±yissati ca n±ma, kopañca karissat²ti aµµh±nameta½.
Karuº±brahmavih±rassa “cakkhuviññeyy±na½ r³p±na½ iµµh±na½ kant±na½ man±p±na½ manoram±na½ lok±misapaµisa½yutt±na½ appaµil±bha½ v± appaµil±bhato samanupassato pubbe v± paµiladdhapubba½ at²ta½ niruddha½ vipariºata½ samanussarato uppajjati domanassa½, ya½ evar³pa½ domanassa½, ida½ vuccati gehasita½ domanassan”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.307) nayena ±gata½ gehasita½ domanassa½ vipattidassanasabh±gat±ya ±sannapaccatthika½. Sabh±gavisabh±gat±ya vihi½s± d³rapaccatthik± Tasm± tato nibbhayena karuº±yitabba½. Karuºañca n±ma karissati, p±ºi-±d²hi ca viheµhissat²ti aµµh±nameta½.
Mudit±brahmavih±rassa “cakkhuviññeyy±na½ r³p±na½ iµµh±na½…pe… lok±misapaµisa½yutt±na½ paµil±bha½ v± paµil±bhato samanupassato pubbe v± paµiladdhapubba½ at²ta½ niruddha½ vipariºata½ samanussarato uppajjati somanassa½, ya½ evar³pa½ somanassa½, ida½ vuccati gehasita½ somanassan”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.306) nayena ±gata½ gehasita½ somanassa½ sampattidassanasabh±gat±ya ±sannapaccatthika½, sabh±gavisabh±gat±ya arati d³rapaccatthik±. Tasm± tato nibbhayena mudit± bh±vetabb±. Mudito ca n±ma bhavissati, pantasen±sanesu ca adhikusalesu dhammesu v± ukkaºµhissat²ti aµµh±nameta½.
Upekkh±brahmavih±rassa pana “cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± uppajjati upekkh± b±lassa m³¼hassa puthujjanassa anodhijinassa avip±kajinassa an±d²navadass±vino assutavato puthujjanassa y± evar³p± upekkh±, r³pa½ s± n±tivattati. Tasm± s± upekkh± gehasit±ti vuccat²”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.308) nayena ±gat± gehasit± aññ±ºupekkh± dosaguº±vic±raºavasena sabh±gatt± ±sannapaccatthik±. Sabh±gavisabh±gat±ya r±gapaµigh± d³rapaccatthik±. Tasm± tato nibbhayena upekkhitabba½. Upekkhissati ca n±ma, rajjissati ca paµihaññissati c±ti aµµh±nameta½.
266. Sabbesampi ca etesa½ kattuk±mat± chando ±di, n²varaº±divikkhambhana½ majjha½, appan± pariyos±na½. Paññattidhammavasena eko v± satto aneke v± satt± ±rammaºa½. Upac±re v± appan±ya v± patt±ya ±rammaºava¹¹hana½.
Tatr±ya½ va¹¹hanakkamo, yath± hi kusalo kassako kasitabbaµµh±na½ paricchinditv± kasati, eva½ paµhamameva ekam±v±sa½ paricchinditv± tattha sattesu imasmi½ ±v±se satt± aver± hont³ti-±din± nayena mett± bh±vetabb±. Tattha citta½ mudu½ kammaniya½ katv± dve ±v±s± paricchinditabb±. Tato anukkamena tayo, catt±ro, pañca, cha, satta, aµµha, nava, dasa, ek± racch±, upa¹¹hag±mo, g±mo, janapado, rajja½, ek± dis±ti eva½ y±va eka½ cakkav±¼a½, tato v± pana bhiyyo tattha tattha sattesu mett± bh±vetabb±. Tath± karuº±dayoti ayamettha ±rammaºava¹¹hanakkamo.
267. Yath± pana kasiº±na½ nissando ±rupp±, sam±dhinissando nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½, vipassan±nissando phalasam±patti, samathavipassan±nissando nirodhasam±patti, eva½ purimabrahmavih±rattayanissando ettha upekkh±brahmavih±ro. Yath± hi thambhe anuss±petv± tul±saªgh±µa½ an±ropetv± na sakk± ±k±se k³µagop±nasiyo µhapetu½, eva½ purimesu tatiyajjh±na½ vin± na sakk± catuttha½ bh±vetunti.
268. Ettha siy±, kasm± panet± mett±karuº±mudit±-upekkh± brahmavih±r±ti vuccanti? Kasm± ca catassova? Ko ca et±sa½ kamo, abhidhamme ca kasm± appamaññ±ti vutt±ti? Vuccate, seµµhaµµhena t±va niddosabh±vena cettha brahmavih±rat± veditabb±. Sattesu samm±paµipattibh±vena hi seµµh± ete vih±r±. Yath± ca brahm±no niddosacitt± viharanti, eva½ etehi sampayutt± yogino brahmasam± hutv± viharant²ti seµµhaµµhena niddosabh±vena ca brahmavih±r±ti vuccanti.
269. Kasm± ca catassov±ti-±di pañhassa pana ida½ vissajjana½.
Visuddhimagg±divas± catasso,
hit±di-±k±ravas± pan±sa½;
kamo pavattanti ca appam±ºe,
t± gocare yena tadappamaññ±.
Et±su hi yasm± mett± by±p±dabahulassa, karuº± vihes±bahulassa, mudit± aratibahulassa, upekkh± r±gabahulassa visuddhimaggo. Yasm± ca hit³pasa½h±ra-ahit±panayanasampattimodana-an±bhogavasena catubbidhoyeva sattesu manasik±ro. Yasm± ca yath± m±t± daharagil±nayobbanappattasakiccapasutesu cat³su puttesu daharassa abhivu¹¹hik±m± hoti, gil±nassa gelaññ±panayanak±m±, yobbanappattassa yobbanasampattiy± ciraµµhitik±m±, sakakiccapasutassa kismiñci pariy±ye aby±vaµ± hoti, tath± appamaññ±vih±riken±pi sabbasattesu mett±divasena bhavitabba½. Tasm± ito visuddhimagg±divas± catassova appamaññ±.
Yasm± catassopet± bh±vetuk±mena paµhama½ hit±k±rappavattivasena sattesu paµipajjitabba½, hit±k±rappavattilakkhaº± ca mett±. Tato eva½ patthitahit±na½ satt±na½ dukkh±bhibhava½ disv± v± sutv± v± sambh±vetv± v± dukkh±panayan±k±rappavattivasena, dukkh±panayan±k±rappavattilakkhaº± ca karuº±. Atheva½ patthitahit±na½ patthitadukkh±pagam±nañca nesa½ sampatti½ disv± sampattipamodanavasena, pamodanalakkhaº± ca mudit±. Tato para½ pana kattabb±bh±vato ajjhupekkhakattasaªkh±tena majjhatt±k±rena paµipajjitabba½, majjhatt±k±rappavattilakkhaº± ca upekkh± Tasm± ito hit±di-±k±ravas± pan±sa½ paµhama½ mett± vutt±, atha karuº± mudit± upekkh±ti aya½ kamo veditabbo.
Yasm± pana sabb±pet± appam±ºe gocare pavattanti. Appam±º± hi satt± et±sa½ gocarabh³t±. Ekasattass±pi ca ettake padese mett±dayo bh±vetabb±ti eva½ pam±ºa½ agahetv± sakalapharaºavaseneva pavatt±ti. Tena vutta½–
Visuddhimagg±divas± catasso,
hit±di-±k±ravas± pan±sa½;
kamo pavattanti ca appam±ºe,
t± gocare yena tadappamaññ±ti.
270. Eva½ appam±ºagocarat±ya ekalakkhaº±su c±pi et±su purim± tisso tikacatukkajjh±nik±va honti. Kasm±? Somanass±vippayogato. Kasm± pan±ya½ somanassena avippayogoti? Domanassasamuµµhit±na½ by±p±d±d²na½ nissaraºatt±. Pacchim± pana avasesa-ekajjh±nik±va. Kasm±? Upekkh±vedan±sampayogato. Na hi sattesu majjhatt±k±rappavatt± brahmavih±rupekkh± upekkh±vedana½ vin± vattat²ti.
271. Yo paneva½ vadeyya “yasm± bhagavat± aµµhakanip±te cat³supi appamaññ±su avisesena vutta½ ‘tato tva½ bhikkhu ima½ sam±dhi½ savitakkampi savic±ra½ bh±veyy±si, avitakkampi vic±ramatta½ bh±veyy±si, avitakkampi avic±ra½ bh±veyy±si, sapp²tikampi bh±veyy±si, nipp²tikampi bh±veyy±si, s±tasahagatampi bh±veyy±si, upekkh±sahagatampi bh±veyy±s²’ti (a. ni. 8.63), tasm± catasso appamaññ± catukkapañcakajjh±nik±”ti. So m±hevantissa vacan²yo. Evañhi sati k±y±nupassan±dayopi catukkapañcakajjh±nik± siyu½, vedan±d²su ca paµhamajjh±nampi natthi, pageva dutiy±d²ni. Tasm± byañjanacch±y±matta½ gahetv± m± bhagavanta½ abbh±cikkhi, gambh²ra½ hi buddhavacana½, ta½ ±cariye payirup±sitv± adhipp±yato gahetabba½.
272. Ayañhi tatr±dhipp±yo– “s±dhu me, bhante, bhagav± sa½khittena dhamma½ desetu, yamaha½ bhagavato dhamma½ sutv± eko v³pakaµµho appamatto ±t±p² pahitatto vihareyyan”ti eva½ ±y±citadhammadesana½ kira ta½ bhikkhu½ yasm± so pubbepi dhamma½ sutv± tattheva vasati, na samaºadhamma½ k±tu½ gacchati, tasm± na½ bhagav± “evameva panidhekacce moghapuris± mamaññeva ajjhesanti, dhamme ca bh±site mamaññeva anubandhitabba½ maññant²”ti apas±detv± puna yasm± so arahattassa upanissayasampanno, tasm± na½ ovadanto ±ha– “tasm±tiha te bhikkhu eva½ sikkhitabba½, ajjhatta½ me citta½ µhita½ bhavissati susaºµhita½, na cuppann± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± citta½ pariy±d±ya µhassant²ti. Evañhi te bhikkhu sikkhitabban”ti.
Imin± panassa ov±dena niyakajjhattavasena cittekaggat±matto m³lasam±dhi vutto. Tato “ettakeneva santuµµhi½ an±pajjitv± eva½ so eva sam±dhi va¹¹hetabbo”ti dassetu½ “yato kho te bhikkhu ajjhatta½ citta½ µhita½ hoti susaºµhita½, na cuppann± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhanti. Tato te bhikkhu eva½ sikkhitabba½ mett± me cetovimutti bh±vit± bhavissati bahul²kat± y±nikat± vatthukat± anuµµhit± paricit± susam±raddh±ti. Evañhi te bhikkhu sikkhitabban”ti evamassa mett±vasena bh±vana½ vatv± puna “yato kho te bhikkhu aya½ sam±dhi eva½ bh±vito hoti bahul²kato, tato tva½ bhikkhu ima½ m³lasam±dhi½ savitakkampi savic±ra½ bh±veyy±si…pe… upekkh±sahagatampi bh±veyy±s²”ti vutta½.
Tassattho– yad± te bhikkhu aya½ m³lasam±dhi eva½ mett±vasena bh±vito hoti, tad± tva½ t±vataken±pi tuµµhi½ an±pajjitv±va ima½ m³lasam±dhi½ aññesupi ±rammaºesu catukkapañcakajjh±n±ni p±payam±no savitakkampi savic±ranti-±din± nayena bh±veyy±s²ti.
Eva½ vatv± ca puna karuº±di-avasesabrahmavih±rapubbaªgamampissa aññesu ±rammaºesu catukkapañcakajjh±navasena bh±vana½ kareyy±s²ti dassento “yato kho te bhikkhu aya½ sam±dhi eva½ bh±vito hoti bahul²kato. Tato te bhikkhu eva½ sikkhitabba½ karuº± me cetovimutt²”ti-±dim±ha.
Eva½ mett±dipubbaªgama½ catukkapañcakajjh±navasena bh±vana½ dassetv± puna k±y±nupassan±dipubbaªgama½ dassetu½ “yato kho te bhikkhu aya½ sam±dhi eva½ bh±vito hoti bahul²kato, tato te bhikkhu eva½ sikkhitabba½ k±ye k±y±nupass² vihariss±m²”ti ±di½ vatv± “yato kho te bhikkhu aya½ sam±dhi eva½ bh±vito bhavissati subh±vito, tato tva½ bhikkhu yena yeneva gagghasi, ph±suññeva gagghasi, yattha yattheva µhassasi, ph±suññeva µhassasi, yattha yattheva nis²dissasi, ph±suññeva nis²dissasi, yattha yattheva seyya½ kappessasi, ph±suññeva seyya½ kappessas²”ti arahattanik³µena desana½ sam±pesi. Tasm± tikacatukkajjh±nik±va mett±dayo, upekkh± pana avasesa-ekajjh±nik±v±ti veditabb±. Tatheva ca abhidhamme (dha. sa. 251 ±dayo; vibha. 673 ±dayo) vibhatt±ti.
273. Eva½ tikacatukkajjh±navasena ceva avasesa-ekajjh±navasena ca dvidh± µhit±nampi et±sa½ subhaparam±divasena aññamañña½ asadiso ±nubh±vaviseso veditabbo. Haliddavasanasuttasmi½ hi et± subhaparam±dibh±vena visesetv± vutt±. Yath±ha– “subhaparam±ha½, bhikkhave, metta½ cetovimutti½ vad±mi. ¾k±s±nañc±yatanaparam±ha½, bhikkhave, karuºa½ cetovimutti½ vad±mi. Viññ±ºañc±yatanaparam±ha½, bhikkhave, mudita½ cetovimutti½ vad±mi. ¾kiñcaññ±yatanaparam±ha½, bhikkhave, upekkha½ cetovimutti½ vad±m²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.235).
Kasm± panet± eva½ vutt±ti? Tassa tassa upanissayatt±. Mett±vih±rissa hi satt± appaµikk³l± honti. Athassa appaµikk³laparicay± appaµikk³lesu parisuddhavaººesu n²l±d²su citta½ upasa½harato appakasireneva tattha citta½ pakkhandati. Iti mett± subhavimokkhassa upanissayo hoti, na tato para½, tasm± subhaparam±ti vutt±.
Karuº±vih±rissa pana daº¹±bhigh±t±dir³panimitta½ pattadukkha½ samanupassantassa karuº±ya pavattisambhavato r³pe ±d²navo parividito hoti. Athassa parividitar³p±d²navatt± pathav²kasiº±d²su aññatara½ uggh±µetv± r³panissaraºe ±k±se citta½ upasa½harato appakasireneva tattha citta½ pakkhandati. Iti karuº± ±k±s±nañc±yatanassa upanissayo hoti, na tato para½, tasm± ±k±s±nañc±yatanaparam±ti vutt±.
Mudit±vih±rissa pana tena tena p±mojjak±raºena uppannap±mojjasatt±na½ viññ±ºa½ samanupassantassa mudit±ya pavattisambhavato viññ±ºaggahaºaparicita½ citta½ hoti. Athassa anukkam±dhigata½ ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ atikkamma ±k±sanimittagocare viññ±ºe citta½ upasa½harato appakasireneva tattha citta½ pakkhandat²ti mudit± viññ±ºañc±yatanassa upanissayo hoti, na tato para½, tasm± viññ±ºañc±yatanaparam±ti vutt±.
Upekkh±vih±rissa pana “satt± sukhit± v± hontu dukkhato v± vimuccantu, sampattasukhato v± m± vimuccant³”ti ±bhog±bh±vato sukhadukkh±diparamatthag±havimukhabh±vato avijjam±naggahaºadukkha½ citta½ hoti. Athassa paramatthag±hato vimukhabh±vaparicitacittassa paramatthato avijjam±naggahaºadukkhacittassa ca anukkam±dhigata½ viññ±ºañc±yatana½ samatikkamma sabh±vato avijjam±ne paramatthabh³tassa viññ±ºassa abh±ve citta½ upasa½harato appakasireneva tattha citta½ pakkhandati. Iti upekkh± ±kiñcaññ±yatanassa upanissayo hoti, na tato para½, tasm± ±kiñcaññ±yatanaparam±ti vutt±ti.
274. Eva½ subhaparam±divasena et±sa½ ±nubh±va½ viditv± puna sabb±pet± d±n±d²na½ sabbakaly±ºadhamm±na½ parip³rik±ti veditabb±. Sattesu hi hitajjh±sayat±ya satt±na½ dukkh±sahanat±ya, pattasampattivises±na½ ciraµµhitik±mat±ya, sabbasattesu ca pakkhap±t±bh±vena samappavattacitt± mah±satt± “imassa d±tabba½, imassa na d±tabban”ti vibh±ga½ akatv± sabbasatt±na½ sukhanid±na½ d±na½ denti. Tesa½ upagh±ta½ parivajjayant± s²la½ sam±diyanti. S²laparip³raºattha½ nekkhamma½ bhajanti. Satt±na½ hit±hitesu asammohatth±ya pañña½ pariyodapenti. Satt±na½ hitasukhatth±ya nicca½ v²riyam±rabhanti. Uttamav²riyavasena v²rabh±va½ patt±pi ca satt±na½ n±nappak±raka½ apar±dha½ khamanti. “Ida½ vo dass±ma kariss±m±”ti kata½ paµiñña½ na visa½v±denti. Tesa½ hitasukh±ya avical±dhiµµh±n± honti. Tesu avical±ya mett±ya pubbak±rino honti. Upekkh±ya paccupak±ra½ n±s²sant²ti eva½ p±ramiyo p³retv± y±va dasabalacatuves±rajjacha-as±dh±raºañ±ºa-aµµh±rasabuddhadhammappabhede sabbepi kaly±ºadhamme parip³rent²ti eva½ d±n±disabbakaly±ºadhammaparip³rik± et±va hont²ti.

Iti s±dhujanap±mojjatth±ya kate visuddhimagge

Sam±dhibh±van±dhik±re

Brahmavih±raniddeso n±ma

Navamo paricchedo.