¾n±p±nassatikath±

215. Id±ni ya½ ta½ bhagavat± “ayampi kho, bhikkhave, ±n±p±nassatisam±dhi bh±vito bahul²kato santo ceva paº²to ca asecanako ca sukho ca vih±ro, uppannuppanne ca p±pake akusale dhamme µh±naso antaradh±peti v³pasamet²”ti eva½ pasa½sitv±–
“Katha½ bh±vito ca, bhikkhave, ±n±p±nassatisam±dhi katha½ bahul²kato santo ceva paº²to ca asecanako ca sukho ca vih±ro, uppannuppanne ca p±pake akusale dhamme µh±naso antaradh±peti v³pasameti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu araññagato v± rukkham³lagato v± suññ±g±ragato v± nis²dati pallaªka½ ±bhujitv± uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±ya parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±, so satova assasati sato passasati. D²gha½ v± assasanto d²gha½ assas±m²ti paj±n±ti. D²gha½ v± passasanto…pe… rassa½ v± assasanto…pe… rassa½ v± passasanto rassa½ passas±m²ti paj±n±ti. Sabbak±yapaµisa½ved² assasiss±m²ti sikkhati. Sabbak±yapaµisa½ved² passasiss±m²ti sikkhati. Passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±ra½ assasiss±m²ti sikkhati. Passambhaya½ k±yasaªkh±ra½ passasiss±m²ti sikkhati. P²tipaµisa½ved²… sukhapaµisa½ved²… cittasaªkh±rapaµisa½ved²… passambhaya½ cittasaªkh±ra½… cittapaµisa½ved²… abhippamodaya½ citta½… sam±daha½ citta½… vimocaya½ citta½ … anicc±nupass²… vir±g±nupass²… nirodh±nupass². Paµinissagg±nupass² assasiss±m²ti sikkhati. Paµinissagg±nupass² passasiss±m²ti sikkhat²”ti–
Eva½ so¼asavatthuka½ ±n±p±nassatikammaµµh±na½ niddiµµha½. Tassa bh±van±nayo anuppatto. So pana yasm± p±¼ivaººan±nus±reneva vuccam±no sabb±k±raparip³ro hoti. Tasm± ayamettha p±¼ivaººan±pubbaªgamo niddeso.
216. Katha½ bh±vito ca, bhikkhave, ±n±p±nassati sam±dh²ti ettha t±va kathanti ±n±p±nassatisam±dhibh±vana½ n±nappak±rato vitth±retukamyat±pucch±. Bh±vito ca bhikkhave ±n±p±nassatisam±dh²ti n±nappak±rato vitth±retukamyat±ya puµµhadhammanidassana½. Katha½ bahul²kato…pe… v³pasamet²ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Tattha bh±vitoti upp±dito va¹¹hito v±. ¾n±p±nassatisam±dh²ti ±n±p±naparigg±hik±ya satiy± saddhi½ sampayutto sam±dhi. ¾n±p±nassatiya½ v± sam±dhi ±n±p±nassatisam±dhi. Bahul²katoti punappuna½ kato. Santoceva paº²to c±ti santo ceva paº²to ceva. Ubhayattha eva saddena niyamo veditabbo. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Ayañhi yath± asubhakammaµµh±na½ kevala½ paµivedhavasena santañca paº²tañca, o¼±rik±rammaºatt± pana paµikk³l±rammaºatt± ca ±rammaºavasena neva santa½ na paº²ta½, na eva½ kenaci pariy±yena asanto v± apaº²to v±, atha kho ±rammaºasantat±yapi santo v³pasanto nibbuto, paµivedhasaªkh±ta-aªgasantat±yapi. ¾rammaºapaº²tat±yapi paº²to atittikaro, aªgapaº²tat±yap²ti. Tena vutta½ “santo ceva paº²to c±”ti.
Asecanako ca sukho ca vih±roti ettha pana n±ssa secananti asecanako, an±sittako abbokiººo p±µiyekko ±veºiko. Natthi ettha parikammena v± upac±rena v± santat±. ¾disamann±h±rato pabhuti attano sabh±veneva santo ca paº²to c±ti attho. Keci pana asecanakoti an±sittako ojavanto sabh±veneva madhuroti vadanti. Eva½ aya½ asecanako ca, appitappitakkhaºe k±yikacetasikasukhapaµil±bh±ya sa½vattanato sukho ca vih±roti veditabbo. Uppannuppanneti avikkhambhite avikkhambhite. P±paketi l±make. Akusale dhammeti akosallasambh³te dhamme. Ýh±naso antaradh±pet²ti khaºeneva antaradh±peti vikkhambheti. V³pasamet²ti suµµhu upasameti. Nibbedhabh±giyatt± v± anupubbena ariyamaggavuddhippatto samucchindati, paµippassambhet²ti vutta½ hoti.
Aya½ panettha saªkhepattho. Bhikkhave, kena pak±rena ken±k±rena kena vidhin± bh±vito ±n±p±nassatisam±dhi kena pak±rena bahul²kato santo ceva…pe… v³pasamet²ti.
217. Id±ni tamattha½ vitth±rento “idha, bhikkhave”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha idha bhikkhave bhikkh³ti bhikkhave, imasmi½ s±sane bhikkhu. Ayañhi ettha idhasaddo sabbappak±ra-±n±p±nassatisam±dhinibbattakassa puggalassa sannissayabh³tas±sanaparid²pano aññas±sanassa tath±bh±vapaµisedhano ca. Vuttañheta½– idheva, bhikkhave, samaºo…pe… suññ± parappav±d± samaºebhi aññeh²”ti (ma. ni. 1.139). Tena vutta½ “imasmi½ s±sane bhikkh³”ti.
Araññagato v±…pe… suññ±g±ragato v±ti idamassa ±n±p±nassatisam±dhibh±van±nur³pasen±sanapariggahaparid²pana½. Imassa hi bhikkhuno d²gharatta½ r³p±d²su ±rammaºesu anuvisaµa½ citta½ ±n±p±nassatisam±dhi-±rammaºa½ abhiruhitu½ na icchati, k³µagoºayuttaratho viya uppathameva dh±vati. Tasm± seyyath±pi n±ma gopo k³µadhenuy± sabba½ kh²ra½ pivitv± va¹¹hita½ k³µavaccha½ dametuk±mo dhenuto apanetv± ekamante mahanta½ thambha½ nikhaºitv± tattha yottena bandheyya, athassa so vaccho ito cito ca vipphanditv± pal±yitu½ asakkonto tameva thambha½ upanis²deyya v± upanipajjeyya v±, evameva imin±pi bhikkhun± d²gharatta½ r³p±rammaº±dirasap±nava¹¹hita½ duµµhacitta½ dametuk±mena r³p±di-±rammaºato apanetv± arañña½ v±…pe… suññ±g±ra½ v± pavesetv± tattha ass±sapass±sathambhe satiyottena bandhitabba½. Evamassa ta½ citta½ ito cito ca vipphanditv±pi pubbe ±ciºº±rammaºa½ alabham±na½ satiyotta½ chinditv± pal±yitu½ asakkonta½ tamev±rammaºa½ upac±rappan±vasena upanis²dati ceva upanipajjati ca. Ten±hu por±º±–
“Yath± thambhe nibandheyya, vaccha½ dama½ naro idha;
bandheyyeva½ saka½ citta½, satiy±rammaºe da¼han”ti. (P±r±. aµµha. 2.165; d². ni. aµµha. 3.374; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.107).
Evamasseta½ sen±sana½ bh±van±nur³pa½ hoti. Tena vutta½ “idamassa ±n±p±nassatisam±dhibh±van±nur³pasen±sanapariggahaparid²panan”ti.
Atha v± yasm± ida½ kammaµµh±nappabhede muddhabh³ta½ sabbaññubuddhapaccekabuddhabuddhas±vak±na½ vises±dhigamadiµµhadhammasukhavih±rapadaµµh±na½ ±n±p±nassatikammaµµh±na½ itthipurisahatthi-ass±disaddasam±kula½ g±manta½ apariccajitv± na sukara½ bh±vetu½, saddakaºµakatt± jh±nassa. Ag±make pana araññe sukara½ yog±vacarena ida½ kammaµµh±na½ pariggahetv± ±n±p±nacatutthajjh±na½ nibbattetv± tadeva p±daka½ katv± saªkh±re sammasitv± aggaphala½ arahatta½ samp±puºitu½. Tasm±ssa anur³pasen±sana½ dassento bhagav± “araññagato v±”ti-±dim±ha.
Vatthuvijj±cariyo viya hi bhagav±, so yath± vatthuvijj±cariyo nagarabh³mi½ passitv± suµµhu upaparikkhitv± “ettha nagara½ m±peth±”ti upadisati, sotthin± ca nagare niµµhite r±jakulato mah±sakk±ra½ labhati, evameva yog±vacarassa anur³pasen±sana½ upaparikkhitv± “ettha kammaµµh±na½ anuyuñjitabban”ti upadisati, tato tattha kammaµµh±na½ anuyuttena yogin± kamena arahatte patte “samm±sambuddho vata so bhagav±”ti mahanta½ sakk±ra½ labhati.
Aya½ pana bhikkhu d²pisadisoti vuccati. Yath± hi mah±d²pir±j± araññe tiºagahana½ v± vanagahana½ v± pabbatagahana½ v± niss±ya nil²yitv± vanamahi½sagokaººas³kar±dayo mige gaºh±ti, evameva aya½ araññ±d²su kammaµµh±na½ anuyuñjanto bhikkhu yath±kkamena sot±pattisakad±g±mi-an±g±mi-arahattamagge ceva ariyaphalañca gaºhat²ti veditabbo. Ten±hu por±º±–
“Yath±pi d²piko n±ma, nil²yitv± gaºhat² mige;
tathev±ya½ buddhaputto, yuttayogo vipassako;
arañña½ pavisitv±na, gaºh±ti phalamuttaman”ti. (P±r±. aµµha. 2.165; d². ni. aµµha. 2.374; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.107).
Tenassa parakkamajavayoggabh³mi½ araññasen±sana½ dassento bhagav± “araññagato v±”ti-±dim±ha.
218. Tattha araññagatoti “araññanti nikkhamitv± bahi indakh²l± sabbameta½ araññan”ti (vibha. 529) ca, “±raññaka½ n±ma sen±sana½ pañcadhanusatika½ pacchiman”ti (p±r±. 654) ca eva½ vuttalakkhaºesu araññesu ya½kiñci pavivekasukha½ arañña½ gato. Rukkham³lagatoti rukkhasam²pa½ gato. Suññ±g±ragatoti suñña½ vivittok±sa½ gato. Ettha ca µhapetv± araññañca rukkham³lañca avasesasattavidhasen±sanagatopi suññ±g±ragatoti vattu½ vaµµati.
Evamassa ututtay±nuk³la½ dh±tucariy±nuk³lañca ±n±p±nassatibh±van±nur³pa½ sen±sana½ upadisitv± al²n±nuddhaccapakkhika½ santa½ iriy±patha½ upadisanto nis²dat²ti ±ha. Athassa nisajj±ya da¼habh±va½ ass±sapass±s±na½ pavattanasukhata½ ±rammaºapariggah³p±yañca dassento pallaªka½ ±bhujitv±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha pallaªkanti samantato ³rubaddh±sana½. ¾bhujitv±ti bandhitv±. Uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±y±ti uparimasar²ra½ ujuka½ µhapetv±. Aµµh±rasapiµµhikaºµake koµiy± koµi½ paµip±detv±. Evañhi nis²dantassa cammama½sanh±r³ni na paºamanti. Athassa y± tesa½ paºamanappaccay± khaºe khaºe vedan± uppajjeyyu½, t± na uppajjanti. T±su anuppajjam±n±su citta½ ekagga½ hoti, kammaµµh±na½ na paripatati, vuddhi½ ph±ti½ upagacchati. Parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±ti kammaµµh±n±bhimukha½ sati½ µhapayitv±. Atha v± par²ti pariggahaµµho. Mukhanti niyy±naµµho. Sat²ti upaµµh±naµµho. Tena vuccati “parimukha½ satin”ti eva½ paµisambhid±ya½ (paµi. ma. 1.164) vuttanayenapettha attho daµµhabbo. Tatr±ya½ saªkhepo, pariggahitaniyy±na½ sati½ katv±ti.
219. So satova assasati sato passasat²ti so bhikkhu eva½ nis²ditv± evañca sati½ upaµµhapetv± ta½ sati½ avijahanto sato eva assasati sato passasati, satok±r² hot²ti vutta½ hoti. Id±ni yeh±k±rehi satok±r² hoti, te dassetu½ d²gha½ v± assasantoti-±dim±ha. Vuttañheta½ paµisambhid±ya½ “so satova assasati sato passasat²”ti etasseva vibhaªge
“B±tti½s±ya ±k±rehi sato k±r² hoti. D²gha½ ass±savasena cittassa ekaggata½ avikkhepa½ paj±nato sati upaµµhit± hoti. T±ya satiy± tena ñ±ºena sato k±r² hoti. D²gha½ pass±savasena…pe… paµinissagg±nupass² ass±savasena. Paµinissagg±nupass² pass±savasena cittassa ekaggata½ avikkhepa½ paj±nato sati upaµµhit± hoti. T±ya satiy± tena ñ±ºena sato k±r² hot²”ti (paµi. ma. 1.165).
Tattha d²gha½ v± assasantoti d²gha½ v± ass±sa½ pavattayanto. Ass±soti bahi nikkhamanav±to. Pass±soti anto pavisanav±toti vinayaµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Suttantaµµhakath±su pana uppaµip±µiy± ±gata½. Tattha sabbesampi gabbhaseyyak±na½ m±tukucchito nikkhamanak±le paµhama½ abbhantarav±to bahi nikkhamati. Pacch± b±hirav±to sukhumaraja½ gahetv± abbhantara½ pavisanto t±lu½ ±hacca nibb±yati. Eva½ t±va ass±sapass±s± veditabb±.
Y± pana tesa½ d²gharassat±, s± addh±navasena veditabb±. Yath± hi ok±saddh±na½ pharitv± µhita½ udaka½ v± v±lik± v± “d²ghamudaka½ d²gh± v±lik±, rassamudaka½ rass± v±lik±”ti vuccati, eva½ cuººavicuºº±pi ass±sapass±s± hatthisar²re ca ahisar²re ca tesa½ attabh±vasaªkh±ta½ d²gha½ addh±na½ saºika½ p³retv± saºikameva nikkhamanti. Tasm± d²gh±ti vuccanti. Sunakhasas±d²na½ attabh±vasaªkh±ta½ rassa½ addh±na½ s²gha½ p³retv± s²ghameva nikkhamanti, tasm± rass±ti vuccanti. Manussesu pana keci hatthi-ahi-±dayo viya k±laddh±navasena d²gha½ assasanti ca passasanti ca. Keci sunakhasas±dayo viya rassa½, tasm± tesa½ k±lavasena d²ghamaddh±na½ nikkhamant± ca pavisant± ca te “d²gh±” ittaramaddh±na½ nikkhamant± ca pavisant± ca “rass±”ti veditabb±.