2. Dhamm±nussatikath±

146. Dhamm±nussati½ bh±vetuk±men±pi rahogatena paµisall²nena “sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo sandiµµhiko ak±liko ehipassiko opaneyyiko paccatta½ veditabbo viññ³h²”ti (a. ni. 6.10) eva½ pariyattidhammassa ceva navavidhassa ca lokuttaradhammassa guº± anussaritabb±.
147. Sv±kkh±toti imasmi½ hi pade pariyattidhammopi saªgaha½ gacchati, itaresu lokuttaradhammova. Tattha pariyattidhammo t±va sv±kkh±to ±dimajjhapariyos±nakaly±ºatt± s±tthasabyañjanakevalaparipuººaparisuddhabrahmacariyappak±sanatt± ca. Yañhi bhagav± ekag±thampi deseti, s± samantabhaddakatt± dhammassa paµhamap±dena ±dikaly±º±, dutiyatatiyap±dehi majjhekaly±º±, pacchimap±dena pariyos±nakaly±º±. Ek±nusandhika½ sutta½ nid±nena ±dikaly±ºa½, nigamanena pariyos±nakaly±ºa½, sesena majjhekaly±ºa½. N±n±nusandhika½ sutta½ paµham±nusandhin± ±dikaly±ºa½, pacchimena pariyos±nakaly±ºa½, sesehi majjhekaly±ºa½. Apica sanid±nasa-uppattikatt± ±dikaly±ºa½, veneyy±na½ anur³pato atthassa avipar²tat±ya ca hetud±haraºayuttato ca majjhekaly±ºa½, sot³na½ saddh±paµil±bhajananena nigamanena ca pariyos±nakaly±ºa½.
Sakalopi s±sanadhammo attano atthabh³tena s²lena ±dikaly±ºo, samathavipassan±maggaphalehi majjhekaly±ºo, nibb±nena pariyos±nakaly±ºo. S²lasam±dh²hi v± ±dikaly±ºo, vipassan±maggehi majjhekaly±ºo, phalanibb±nehi pariyos±nakaly±ºo. Buddhasubodhit±ya v± ±dikaly±ºo, dhammasudhammat±ya majjhekaly±ºo, saªghasuppaµippattiy± pariyos±nakaly±ºo. Ta½ sutv± tathatth±ya paµipannena adhigantabb±ya abhisambodhiy± v± ±dikaly±ºo, paccekabodhiy± majjhekaly±ºo, s±vakabodhiy± pariyos±nakaly±ºo.
Suyyam±no cesa n²varaºavikkhambhanato savanenapi kaly±ºameva ±vahat²ti ±dikaly±ºo, paµipajjiyam±no samathavipassan±sukh±vahanato paµipattiy±pi kaly±ºa½ ±vahat²ti majjhekaly±ºo, tath±paµipanno ca paµipattiphale niµµhite t±dibh±v±vahanato paµipattiphalenapi kaly±ºa½ ±vahat²ti pariyos±nakaly±ºoti eva½ ±dimajjhapariyos±nakaly±ºatt± sv±kkh±to.
Ya½ panesa bhagav± dhamma½ desento s±sanabrahmacariya½ maggabrahmacariyañca pak±seti n±n±nayehi d²peti, ta½ yath±nur³pa½ atthasampattiy± s±ttha½, byañjanasampattiy± sabyañjana½. Saªk±sanapak±sanavivaraºavibhajana-utt±n²karaºapaññatti-atthapadasam±yogato s±ttha½, akkharapadabyañjan±k±raniruttiniddesasampattiy± sabyañjana½. Atthagambh²rat±paµivedhagambh²rat±hi s±ttha½, dhammagambh²rat±desan±gambh²rat±hi sabyañjana½. Atthapaµibh±napaµisambhid±visayato s±ttha½, dhammaniruttipaµisambhid±visayato sabyañjana½. Paº¹itavedan²yato parikkhakajanappas±dakanti s±ttha½, saddheyyato lokiyajanappas±dakanti sabyañjana½. Gambh²r±dhipp±yato s±ttha½, utt±napadato sabyañjana½. Upanetabbassa abh±vato sakalaparipuººabh±vena kevalaparipuººa½. Apanetabbassa abh±vato niddosabh±vena parisuddha½.
Apica paµipattiy± adhigamabyattito s±ttha½, pariyattiy± ±gamabyattito sabyañjana½, s²l±dipañcadhammakkhandhayuttato kevalaparipuººa½, nirupakkilesato nittaraºatth±ya pavattito lok±misanirapekkhato ca parisuddhanti eva½ s±tthasabyañjanakevalaparipuººaparisuddhabrahmacariyappak±sanato sv±kkh±to.
Atthavipall±s±bh±vato v± suµµhu akkh±toti sv±kkh±to. Yath± hi aññatitthiy±na½ dhammassa attho vipall±sam±pajjati, antar±yik±ti vuttadhamm±na½ antar±yikatt±bh±vato, niyy±nik±ti vuttadhamm±na½ niyy±nikatt±bh±vato. Tena te durakkh±tadhamm±yeva honti, na tath± bhagavato dhammassa attho vipall±sam±pajjati. Ime dhamm± antar±yik±, ime dhamm± niyy±nik±ti eva½ vuttadhamm±na½ tath±bh±v±natikkamanatoti. Eva½ t±va pariyattidhammo sv±kkh±to.
Lokuttaradhammo pana nibb±n±nur³p±ya paµipattiy± paµipad±nur³passa ca nibb±nassa akkh±tatt± sv±kkh±to. Yath±ha– “supaññatt± kho pana tena bhagavat± s±vak±na½ nibb±nag±min² paµipad± sa½sandati nibb±nañca paµipad± ca. Seyyath±pi n±ma gaªgodaka½ yamunodakena sa½sandati sameti, evameva supaññatt± (d². ni. 2.296) tena bhagavat± s±vak±na½ nibb±nag±min² paµipad± sa½sandati nibb±nañca paµipad± c±”ti. Ariyamaggo cettha antadvaya½ anupagamma majjhim± paµipad±bh³tova “majjhim± paµipad±”ti akkh±tatt± sv±kkh±to. S±maññaphal±ni paµipassaddhakiles±neva “paµipassaddhakiles±n²”ti akkh±tatt± sv±kkh±t±ni. Nibb±na½ sassat±matat±ºaleº±disabh±vameva sassat±disabh±vavasena akkh±tatt± sv±kkh±tanti eva½ lokuttaradhammopi sv±kkh±to.
148. Sandiµµhikoti ettha pana ariyamaggo t±va attano sant±ne r±g±d²na½ abh±va½ karontena ariyapuggalena s±ma½ daµµhabboti sandiµµhiko. Yath±ha–“ratto kho, br±hmaºa, r±gena abhibh³to pariy±diººacitto attaby±b±dh±yapi ceteti, paraby±b±dh±yapi ceteti, ubhayaby±b±dh±yapi ceteti. Cetasika½ dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti. R±ge pah²ne neva attaby±b±dh±ya ceteti, na paraby±b±dh±ya ceteti, na ubhayaby±b±dh±ya ceteti, na cetasika½ dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti. Evampi kho, br±hmaºa, sandiµµhiko dhammo hot²”ti(a. ni. 3.54). Apica navavidhopi lokuttaradhammo yena yena adhigato hoti, tena tena parasaddh±ya gantabbata½ hitv± paccavekkhaºañ±ºena saya½ daµµhabboti sandiµµhiko. Atha v± pasatth± diµµhi sandiµµhi, sandiµµhiy± jayat²ti sandiµµhiko. Tath± hettha ariyamaggo sampayutt±ya, ariyaphala½ k±raºabh³t±ya, nibb±na½ visayibh³t±ya sandiµµhiy± kilese jayati. Tasm± yath± rathena jayat²ti rathiko, eva½ navavidhopi lokuttaradhammo sandiµµhiy± jayat²ti sandiµµhiko.
Atha v± diµµhanti dassana½ vuccati. Diµµhameva sandiµµha½, dassananti attho. Sandiµµha½ arahat²ti sandiµµhiko. Lokuttaradhammo hi bh±van±bhisamayavasena sacchikiriy±bhisamayavasena ca dissam±noyeva vaµµabhaya½ nivatteti. Tasm± yath± vattha½ arahat²ti vatthiko, eva½ sandiµµha½ arahat²ti sandiµµhiko.
149. Attano phalad±na½ sandh±ya n±ssa k±loti ak±lo. Ak±loyeva ak±liko. Na pañc±hasatt±h±dibheda½ k±la½ khepetv± phala½ deti, attano pana pavattisamanantarameva phaladoti vutta½ hoti. Atha v± attano phalad±ne pakaµµho k±lo patto ass±ti k±liko. Ko so? Lokiyo kusaladhammo. Aya½ pana samanantaraphalatt± na k±likoti ak±liko. Ida½ maggameva sandh±ya vutta½.
150. “Ehi passa ima½ dhamman”ti eva½ pavatta½ ehipassavidhi½ arahat²ti ehipassiko. Kasm± panesa ta½ vidhi½ arahat²ti? Vijjam±natt± parisuddhatt± ca Rittamuµµhiya½ hi hirañña½ v± suvaººa½ v± atth²ti vatv±pi “ehi passa iman”ti na sakk± vattu½. Kasm±? Avijjam±natt±. Vijjam±nampi ca g³tha½ v± mutta½ v± manuññabh±vappak±sanena cittasampaha½sanattha½ “ehi passa iman”ti na sakk± vattu½. Apica kho pana tiºehi v± paººehi v± paµicch±detabbameva hoti. Kasm±? Aparisuddhatt±. Aya½ pana navavidhopi lokuttaradhammo sabh±vatova vijjam±no vigataval±hake ±k±se sampuººacandamaº¹ala½ viya paº¹ukambale nikkhittaj±timaºi viya ca parisuddho. Tasm± vijjam±natt± parisuddhatt± ca ehipassavidhi½ arahat²ti ehipassiko.
151. Upanetabboti opaneyyiko. Aya½ panettha vinicchayo, upanayana½ upanayo, ±ditta½ cela½ v± s²sa½ v± ajjhupekkhitv±pi bh±van±vasena attano citte upanayana½ arahat²ti opanayiko. Opanayikova opaneyyiko. Ida½ saªkhate lokuttaradhamme yujjati. Asaªkhate pana attano cittena upanayana½ arahat²ti opaneyyiko. Sacchikiriy±vasena all²yana½ arahat²ti attho.
Atha v± nibb±na½ upanet²ti ariyamaggo upaneyyo. Sacchik±tabbata½ upanetabboti phalanibb±nadhammo upaneyyo. Upaneyyo eva opaneyyiko.
152. Paccatta½ veditabbo viññ³h²ti sabbehipi ugghaµitaññ³-±d²hi viññ³hi attani attani veditabbo “bh±vito me maggo, adhigata½ phala½, sacchikato nirodho”ti. Na hi upajjh±yena bh±vitena maggena saddhivih±rikassa kiles± pah²yanti, na so tassa phalasam±pattiy± ph±suviharati, na tena sacchikata½ nibb±na½ sacchikaroti. Tasm± na esa parassa s²se ±bharaºa½ viya daµµhabbo, attano pana citteyeva daµµhabbo, anubhavitabbo viññ³h²ti vutta½ hoti. B±l±na½ pana avisayo cesa.
Apica sv±kkh±to aya½ dhammo. Kasm±? Sandiµµhikatt±. Sandiµµhiko, ak±likatt±. Ak±liko, ehipassikatt±. Yo ca ehipassiko, so n±ma opaneyyiko hot²ti.
153. Tasseva½ sv±kkh±tat±dibhede dhammaguºe anussarato neva tasmi½ samaye r±gapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti. Na dosa…pe… na mohapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti. Ujugatamevassa tasmi½ samaye citta½ hoti dhamma½ ±rabbh±ti (a. ni. 6.10) purimanayeneva vikkhambhitan²varaºassa ekakkhaºe jh±naªg±ni uppajjanti. Dhammaguº±na½ pana gambh²rat±ya n±nappak±raguº±nussaraº±dhimuttat±ya v± appana½ appatv± upac±rappattameva jh±na½ hoti. Tadeta½ dhammaguº±nussaraºavasena uppannatt± dhamm±nussaticceva saªkha½ gacchati.
Imañca pana dhamm±nussati½ anuyutto bhikkhu eva½ opaneyyikassa dhammassa deset±ra½ imin±paªgena samann±gata½ satth±ra½ neva at²ta½se samanupass±mi, na panetarahi aññatra tena bhagavat±ti eva½ dhammaguºadassaneneva satthari sag±ravo hoti sappatisso. Dhamme garucitt²k±ro saddh±divepulla½ adhigacchati, p²tip±mojjabahulo hoti, bhayabheravasaho, dukkh±dhiv±sanasamattho, dhammena sa½v±sasañña½ paµilabhati, dhammaguº±nussatiy± ajjh±vutthañcassa sar²rampi cetiyagharamiva p³j±raha½ hoti, anuttaradhamm±dhigam±ya citta½ namati, v²tikkamitabbavatthusam±yoge cassa dhammasudhammata½ samanussarato hirottappa½ paccupaµµh±ti. Uttari appaµivijjhanto pana sugatipar±yano hoti.
Tasm± have appam±da½, kayir±tha sumedhaso;
eva½ mah±nubh±v±ya, dhamm±nussatiy± sad±ti.
Ida½ dhamm±nussatiya½ vitth±rakath±mukha½.