7. Cha-anussatiniddeso

1. Buddh±nussatikath±

123. Asubh±nantara½ uddiµµh±su pana dasasu anussat²su punappuna½ uppajjanato satiyeva anussati, pavattitabbaµµh±namhiyeva v± pavattatt± saddh±pabbajitassa kulaputtassa anur³p± sat²tipi anussati, buddha½ ±rabbha uppann± anussati buddh±nussati, buddhaguº±rammaº±ya satiy± etamadhivacana½. Dhamma½ ±rabbha uppann± anussati dhamm±nussati, sv±kkh±tat±didhammaguº±rammaº±ya satiy± etamadhivacana½. Saªgha½ ±rabbha uppann± anussati saªgh±nussati, suppaµipannat±disaªghaguº±rammaº±ya satiy± etamadhivacana½. S²la½ ±rabbha uppann± anussati s²l±nussati, akhaº¹at±dis²laguº±rammaº±ya satiy± etamadhivacana½. C±ga½ ±rabbha uppann± anussati c±g±nussati, muttac±gat±dic±gaguº±rammaº±ya satiy± etamadhivacana½. Devat± ±rabbha uppann± anussati devat±nussati, devat± sakkhiµµh±ne µhapetv± attano saddh±diguº±rammaº±ya satiy± etamadhivacana½. Maraºa½ ±rabbha uppann± anussati maraº±nussati, j²vitindriyupacched±rammaº±ya satiy± etamadhivacana½. Kes±dibheda½ r³pak±ya½ gat±, k±ye v± gat±ti k±yagat±, k±yagat± ca s± sati c±ti k±yagatasat²ti vattabbe rassa½ akatv± k±yagat±sat²ti vutt±, kes±dik±yakoµµh±sanimitt±rammaº±ya satiy± etamadhivacana½. ¾n±p±ne ±rabbha uppann± sati ±n±p±nassati, ass±sapass±sanimitt±rammaº±ya satiy± etamadhivacana½. Upasama½ ±rabbha uppann± anussati upasam±nussati, sabbadukkh³pasam±rammaº±ya satiy± etamadhivacana½.
124. Iti im±su dasasu anussat²su buddh±nussati½ t±va bh±vetuk±mena aveccappas±dasamann±gatena yogin± patir³pasen±sane rahogatena paµisall²nena “itipi so bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho vijj±caraºasampanno sugato lokavid³ anuttaro purisadammas±rathi satth± devamanuss±na½ buddho bhagav±”ti (a. ni. 6.10) eva½ buddhassa bhagavato guº± anussaritabb±.
Tatr±ya½ anussaraºanayo– so bhagav± itipi araha½, itipi samm±sambuddho…pe… itipi bhagav±ti anussarati. Imin± ca imin± ca k±raºen±ti vutta½ hoti.
125. Tattha ±rakatt± ar²na½ ar±nañca hatatt± paccay±d²na½ arahatt± p±pakaraºe rah±bh±v±ti imehi t±va k±raºehi so bhagav± arahanti anussarati. ¾rak± hi so sabbakilesehi suvid³ravid³re µhito maggena sav±san±na½ kiles±na½ viddha½sitatt±ti ±rakatt± araha½.
So tato ±rak± n±ma, yassa yen±samaªgit±;
asamaªg² ca dosehi, n±tho ten±raha½ matoti.
126. Te c±nena kiles±rayo maggena hat±ti ar²na½ hatatt±pi araha½.
Yasm± r±g±disaªkh±t±, sabbepi arayo hat±;
paññ±satthena n±thena, tasm±pi araha½ matoti.
127. Yañceta½ avijj±bhavataºh±mayan±bhi puññ±di-abhisaªkh±r±ra½ jar±maraºanemi ±savasamudayamayena akkhena vijjhitv± tibhavarathe sam±yojita½ an±dik±lappavatta½ sa½s±racakka½, tass±nena bodhimaº¹e v²riyap±dehi s²lapathaviya½ patiµµh±ya saddh±hatthena kammakkhayakara½ ñ±ºapharasu½ gahetv± sabbe ar± hat±ti ar±na½ hatatt±pi araha½.
128. Atha v± sa½s±racakkanti anamatagga½ sa½s±ravaµµa½ vuccati. Tassa ca avijj± n±bhi, m³latt±. Jar±maraºa½ nemi, pariyos±natt±. Ses± dasa dhamm± ar±, avijj±m³lakatt± jar±maraºapariyantatt± ca, tattha dukkh±d²su aññ±ºa½ avijj±. K±mabhave ca avijj± k±mabhave saªkh±r±na½ paccayo hoti, r³pabhave avijj± r³pabhave saªkh±r±na½ paccayo hoti, ar³pabhave avijj± ar³pabhave saªkh±r±na½ paccayo hoti. K±mabhave saªkh±r± k±mabhave paµisandhiviññ±ºassa paccay± honti, esa nayo itaresu. K±mabhave paµisandhiviññ±ºa½ k±mabhave n±mar³passa paccayo hoti, tath± r³pabhave. Ar³pabhave n±masseva paccayo hoti. K±mabhave n±mar³pa½ k±mabhave sa¼±yatanassa paccayo hoti, r³pabhave n±mar³pa½ r³pabhave tiººa½ ±yatan±na½ paccayo hoti, ar³pabhave n±ma½ ar³pabhave ekassa ±yatanassa paccayo hoti. K±mabhave sa¼±yatana½ k±mabhave chabbidhassa phassassa paccayo hoti, r³pabhave t²ºi ±yatan±ni r³pabhave tiººa½ phass±na½ paccay± honti, ar³pabhave eka½ ±yatana½ ar³pabhave ekassa phassassa paccayo hoti. K±mabhave cha phass± k±mabhave channa½ vedan±na½ paccay± honti, r³pabhave tayo phass± tattheva tissanna½, ar³pabhave eko tattheva ekiss± vedan±ya paccayo hoti. K±mabhave cha vedan± k±mabhave channa½ taºh±k±y±na½ paccay± honti, r³pabhave tisso tattheva tiººa½, ar³pabhave ek± vedan± ar³pabhave ekassa taºh±k±yassa paccayo hoti. Tattha tattha s± s± taºh± tassa tassa up±d±nassa, up±d±n±dayo bhav±d²na½.
Katha½? Idhekacco k±me paribhuñjiss±m²ti k±mup±d±napaccay± k±yena duccarita½ carati, v±c±ya duccarita½ carati, manas± duccarita½ carati, duccaritap±rip³riy± ap±ye upapajjati. Tatthassa upapattihetubh³ta½ kamma½ kammabhavo, kammanibbatt± khandh± upapattibhavo, khandh±na½ nibbatti j±ti, parip±ko jar±, bhedo maraºa½.
Aparo saggasampatti½ anubhaviss±m²ti tatheva sucarita½ carati, sucaritap±rip³riy± sagge upapajjati. Tatthassa upapattihetubh³ta½ kamma½ kammabhavoti so eva nayo.
Aparo pana brahmalokasampatti½ anubhaviss±m²ti k±mup±d±napaccay±-eva metta½ bh±veti, karuºa½, mudita½, upekkha½ bh±veti, bh±van±p±rip³riy± brahmaloke nibbattati. Tatthassa nibbattihetubh³ta½ kamma½ kammabhavoti so eva nayo.
Aparo ar³pabhave sampatti½ anubhaviss±m²ti tatheva ±k±s±nañc±yatan±disam±pattiyo bh±veti, bh±van±p±rip³riy± tattha tattha nibbattati. Tatthassa nibbattihetubh³ta½ kamma½ kammabhavo, kammanibbatt± khandh± upapattibhavo, khandh±na½ nibbatti j±ti, parip±ko jar±, bhedo maraºanti. Esa nayo sesup±d±nam³lik±supi yojan±su.
Eva½ aya½ avijj± hetu, saªkh±r± hetusamuppann±, ubhopete hetusamuppann±ti paccayapariggahe paññ± dhammaµµhitiñ±ºa½. At²tampi addh±na½ an±gatampi addh±na½ avijj± hetu, saªkh±r± hetusamuppann±, ubhopete hetusamuppann±ti paccayapariggahe paññ± dhammaµµhitiñ±ºanti eteneva nayena sabbapad±ni vitth±retabb±ni.
Tattha avijj±saªkh±r± eko saªkhepo, viññ±ºan±mar³pasa¼±yatanaphassavedan± eko, taºhup±d±nabhav± eko, j±tijar±maraºa½ eko. Purimasaªkhepo cettha at²to addh±, dve majjhim± paccuppanno, j±tijar±maraºa½ an±gato. Avijj±saªkh±raggahaºena cettha taºhup±d±nabhav± gahit±va hont²ti ime pañca dhamm± at²te kammavaµµa½, viññ±º±dayo pañca etarahi vip±kavaµµa½, taºhup±d±nabhavaggahaºena avijj±saªkh±r± gahit±va hont²ti ime pañca dhamm± etarahi kammavaµµa½, j±tijar±maraº±padesena viññ±º±d²na½ niddiµµhatt± ime pañca dhamm± ±yati½ vip±kavaµµa½. Te ±k±rato v²satividh± honti. Saªkh±raviññ±º±nañcettha antar± eko sandhi, vedan±taºh±namantar± eko, bhavaj±t²namantar± ekoti, iti bhagav± eta½ catusaªkhepa½ tiyaddha½ v²sat±k±ra½ tisandhi½ paµiccasamupp±da½ sabb±k±rato j±n±ti passati aññ±ti paµivijjhati. Ta½ ñ±taµµhena ñ±ºa½, paj±nanaµµhena paññ±, tena vuccati paccayapariggahe paññ± dhammaµµhitiñ±ºanti. Imin± dhammaµµhitiñ±ºena bhagav± te dhamme yath±bh³ta½ ñatv± tesu nibbindanto virajjanto vimuccanto vuttappak±rassa imassa sa½s±racakkassa are hani vihani viddha½sesi. Evampi ar±na½ hatatt± araha½.
Ar± sa½s±racakkassa, hat± ñ±º±sin± yato;
lokan±thena tenesa, arahanti pavuccati.
129. Aggadakkhiºeyyatt± ca c²var±dipaccaye arahati p³j±visesañca. Teneva ca uppanne tath±gate yekeci mahesakkh± devamanuss±, na te aññattha p³ja½ karonti. Tath± hi brahm± sahampati sinerumattena ratanad±mena tath±gata½ p³jesi. Yath±balañca aññe dev± manuss± ca bimbis±rakosalar±j±dayo. Parinibbutampi ca bhagavanta½ uddissa channavutikoµidhana½ vissajjetv± asokamah±r±j± sakalajambud²pe catur±s²tivih±rasahass±ni patiµµh±pesi. Ko pana v±do aññesa½ p³j±vises±nanti paccay±d²na½ arahatt±pi araha½.
P³j±visesa½ saha paccayehi,
yasm± aya½ arahati lokan±tho;
atth±nur³pa½ arahanti loke,
tasm± jino arahati n±mameta½.
130. Yath± ca loke yekeci paº¹itam±nino b±l± asilokabhayena raho p±pa½ karonti, evamesa na kad±ci karot²ti p±pakaraºe rah±bh±vatopi araha½.
Yasm± natthi raho n±ma, p±pakammesu t±dino;
rah±bh±vena tenesa, araha½ iti vissuto.
Eva½ sabbath±pi–
¾rakatt± hatatt± ca, kiles±r²na so muni;
hatasa½s±racakk±ro, paccay±d²na c±raho;
na raho karoti p±p±ni, araha½ tena vuccat²ti.
131. Samm± s±mañca sabbadhamm±na½ buddhatt± pana samm±sambuddho. Tath±hi esa sabbadhamme samm± s±mañca buddho, abhiññeyye dhamme abhiññeyyato buddho, pariññeyye dhamme pariññeyyato, pah±tabbe dhamme pah±tabbato, sacchik±tabbe dhamme sacchik±tabbato, bh±vetabbe dhamme bh±vetabbato. Teneva c±ha–
Abhiññeyya½ abhiññ±ta½, bh±vetabbañca bh±vita½;
pah±tabba½ pah²na½ me, tasm± buddhosmi br±hmaº±ti. (Ma. ni. 2.399; su. ni. 563).
132. Apica cakkhu½ dukkhasacca½, tassa m³lak±raºabh±vena samuµµh±pik± purimataºh± samudayasacca½, ubhinna½ appavatti nirodhasacca½, nirodhapaj±nan± paµipad± maggasaccanti eva½ ekekapaduddh±ren±pi sabbadhamme samm± s±mañca buddho, esa nayo sotagh±najivh±k±yamanesu. Eteneva nayena r³p±d²ni cha ±yatan±ni, cakkhuviññ±º±dayo chaviññ±ºak±y±, cakkhusamphass±dayo cha phass±, cakkhusamphassaj±dayo cha vedan±, r³pasaññ±dayo cha saññ±, r³pasañcetan±dayo cha cetan±, r³pataºh±dayo cha taºh±k±y±, r³pavitakk±dayo cha vitakk±, r³pavic±r±dayo cha vic±r±, r³pakkhandh±dayo pañcakkhandh±, dasa kasiº±ni, dasa anussatiyo, uddhum±takasaññ±divasena dasa saññ±, kes±dayo dvatti½s±k±r±, dv±das±yatan±ni, aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo, k±mabhav±dayo nava bhav±, paµham±d²ni catt±ri jh±n±ni, mett±bh±van±dayo catasso appamaññ±, catasso ar³pasam±pattiyo, paµilomato jar±maraº±d²ni, anulomato avijj±d²ni paµiccasamupp±daªg±ni ca yojetabb±ni.
Tatr±ya½ ekapadayojan±, jar±maraºa½ dukkhasacca½, j±ti samudayasacca½, ubhinnampi nissaraºa½ nirodhasacca½, nirodhapaj±nan± paµipad± maggasaccanti evamekekapaduddh±rena sabbadhamme samm± s±mañca buddho anubuddho paµibuddho. Tena vutta½– “samm± s±mañca sabbadhamm±na½ buddhatt± pana samm±sambuddho”ti.
133. Vijj±hi pana caraºena ca sampannatt± vijj±caraºasampanno. Tattha vijj±ti tissopi vijj± aµµhapi vijj±. Tisso vijj± bhayabheravasutte (ma. ni. 1.52 ±dayo) vuttanayeneva veditabb±, aµµha ambaµµhasutte (d². ni. 1.278 ±dayo). Tatra hi vipassan±ñ±ºena manomayiddhiy± ca saha cha abhiññ± pariggahetv± aµµha vijj± vutt±. Caraºanti s²lasa½varo, indriyesu guttadv±rat±, bhojane mattaññut±, j±gariy±nuyogo, satta saddhamm±, catt±ri r³p±vacarajjh±n±n²ti ime pannarasa dhamm± veditabb±. Imeyeva hi pannarasa dhamm± yasm± etehi carati ariyas±vako gacchati amata½ disa½, tasm± caraºanti vutt±. Yath±ha– “idha, mah±n±ma, ariyas±vako s²lav± hot²”ti (ma. ni. 2.24) sabba½ majjhimapaºº±sake vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Bhagav± im±hi vijj±hi imin± ca caraºena samann±gato. Tena vuccati vijj±caraºasampannoti.