¾j²vap±risuddhis²la½

16. Id±ni indriyasa½varas²l±nantara½ vutte ±j²vap±risuddhis²le ±j²vahetu paññatt±na½ channa½ sikkh±pad±nanti y±ni t±ni “±j²vahetu ±j²vak±raº± p±piccho icch±pakato asanta½ abh³ta½ uttarimanussadhamma½ ullapati, ±patti p±r±jikassa. ¾j²vahetu ±j²vak±raº± sañcaritta½ sam±pajjati, ±patti saªgh±disesassa. ¾j²vahetu ±j²vak±raº± ‘yo te vih±re vasati so bhikkhu arah±’ti bhaºati, paµivij±nantassa ±patti thullaccayassa. ¾j²vahetu ±j²vak±raº± bhikkhu paº²tabhojan±ni agil±no attano atth±ya viññ±petv± bhuñjati, ±patti p±cittiyassa. ¾j²vahetu ±j²vak±raº± bhikkhun² paº²tabhojan±ni agil±n± attano atth±ya viññ±petv± bhuñjati, ±patti p±µidesan²yassa. ¾j²vahetu ±j²vak±raº± s³pa½ v± odana½ v± agil±no attano atth±ya viññ±petv± bhuñjati ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (pari. 287) eva½ paññatt±ni cha sikkh±pad±ni, imesa½ channa½ sikkh±pad±na½.
Kuhan±ti-±d²su aya½ p±¼i, “tattha katam± kuhan±? L±bhasakk±rasilokasannissitassa p±picchassa icch±pakatassa y± paccayapaµisevanasaªkh±tena v± s±mantajappitena v± iriy±pathassa v± aµµhapan± µhapan± saºµhapan± bh±kuµik± bh±kuµiya½ kuhan± kuh±yan± kuhitatta½, aya½ vuccati kuhan±.
“Tattha katam± lapan±? L±bhasakk±rasilokasannissitassa p±picchassa icch±pakatassa y± paresa½ ±lapan± lapan± sallapan± ullapan± samullapan± unnahan± samunnahan± ukk±can± samukk±can± anuppiyabh±ºit± c±µukamyat± muggas³pyat± p±ribhaµyat±, aya½ vuccati lapan±.
“Tattha katam± nemittikat±? L±bhasakk±rasilokasannissitassa p±picchassa icch±pakatassa ya½ paresa½ nimitta½ nimittakamma½ obh±so obh±sakamma½ s±mantajapp± parikath±, aya½ vuccati nemittikat±.
“Tattha katam± nippesikat±? L±bhasakk±rasilokasannissitassa p±picchassa icch±pakatassa y± paresa½ akkosan± vambhan± garahan± ukkhepan± samukkhepan± khipan± sa½khipan± p±pan± samp±pan± avaººah±rik± parapiµµhima½sikat±, aya½ vuccati nippesikat±.
“Tattha katam± l±bhena l±bha½ nijig²sanat±? L±bhasakk±rasilokasannissito p±piccho icch±pakato ito laddha½ ±misa½ amutra harati, amutra v± laddha½ ±misa½ idha ±harati. Y± evar³p± ±misena ±misassa eµµhi gaveµµhi pariyeµµhi esan± gavesan± pariyesan±, aya½ vuccati l±bhena l±bha½ nijig²sanat±”ti (vibha. 862-865).
17. Imiss± pana p±¼iy± evamattho veditabbo. Kuhananiddese t±va l±bhasakk±rasilokasannissitass±ti l±bhañca sakk±rañca kittisaddañca sannissitassa, patthayantass±ti attho. P±picchass±ti asantaguºad²panak±massa. Icch±pakatass±ti icch±ya apakatassa, upaddutass±ti attho.
Ito para½ yasm± paccayapaµisevanas±mantajappana-iriy±pathasannissitavasena mah±niddese tividha½ kuhanavatthu ±gata½. Tasm± tividhampeta½ dassetu½ paccayapaµisevanasaªkh±tena v±ti evam±di ±raddha½. Tattha c²var±d²hi nimantitassa tadatthikasseva sato p±picchata½ niss±ya paµikkhipanena, te ca gahapatike attani suppatiµµhitasaddhe ñatv± puna tesa½ “aho ayyo appiccho na kiñci paµiggaºhitu½ icchati, suladdha½ vata no assa sace appamattakampi kiñci paµiggaºheyy±”ti n±n±vidhehi up±yehi paº²t±ni c²var±d²ni upanent±na½ tadanuggahak±mata½yeva ±vikatv± paµiggahaºena ca tato pabhuti api sakaµabh±rehi upan±manahetubh³ta½ vimh±pana½ paccayapaµisevanasaªkh±ta½ kuhanavatth³ti veditabba½. Vuttañheta½ mah±niddese–
“Katama½ paccayapaµisevanasaªkh±ta½ kuhanavatthu? Idha gahapatik± bhikkhu½ nimantenti c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±rehi. So p±piccho icch±pakato atthiko c²vara…pe… parikkh±r±na½ bhiyyokamyata½ up±d±ya c²vara½ paccakkh±ti. Piº¹ap±ta½…pe… sen±sana½. Gil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±ra½ paccakkh±ti. So evam±ha– ‘ki½ samaºassa mahagghena c²varena, eta½ s±ruppa½ ya½ samaºo sus±n± v± saªk±rak³µ± v± p±paºik± v± nantak±ni uccinitv± saªgh±µi½ katv± dh±reyya. Ki½ samaºassa mahagghena piº¹ap±tena eta½ s±ruppa½ ya½ samaºo uñch±cariy±ya piº¹iy±lopena j²vika½ kappeyya. Ki½ samaºassa mahagghena sen±sanena, eta½ s±ruppa½ ya½ samaºo rukkham³liko v± assa abbhok±siko v±. Ki½ samaºassa mahagghena gil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±rena, eta½ s±ruppa½ ya½ samaºo p³timuttena v± hariµak²khaº¹ena v± osadha½ kareyy±’ti. Tadup±d±ya l³kha½ c²vara½ dh±reti, l³kha½ piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjati, l³kha½ sen±sana½ paµisevati, l³kha½ gil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±ra½ paµisevati, tamena½ gahapatik± eva½ j±nanti ‘aya½ samaºo appiccho santuµµho pavivitto asa½saµµho ±raddhav²riyo dhutav±do’ti. Bhiyyo bhiyyo nimantenti c²vara…pe… parikkh±rehi. So evam±ha– ‘tiººa½ sammukh²bh±v± saddho kulaputto bahu½ puñña½ pasavati. Saddh±ya sammukh²bh±v± saddho kulaputto bahu½ puñña½ pasavati. Deyyadhammassa…pe… dakkhiºeyy±na½ sammukh²bh±v±saddhokulaputto bahu½ puñña½ pasavati. Tumh±kañcev±ya½ saddh± atthi, deyyadhammo ca sa½vijjati, ahañca paµigg±hako, saceha½ na paµiggahess±mi, eva½ tumhe puññena parib±hir± bhavissanti, na mayha½ imin± attho. Apica tumh±ka½yeva anukamp±ya paµiggaºh±m²’ti. Tadup±d±ya bahumpi c²vara½ paµiggaºh±ti. Bahumpi piº¹ap±ta½…pe… bhesajjaparikkh±ra½ paµiggaºh±ti Y± evar³p± bh±kuµik± bh±kuµiya½ kuhan± kuh±yan± kuhitatta½, ida½ paccayapaµisevanasaªkh±ta½ kuhanavatth³”ti (mah±ni. 87).
P±picchasseva pana sato uttarimanussadhamm±dhigamaparid²panav±c±ya tath± tath± vimh±pana½ s±mantajappanasaªkh±ta½ kuhanavatth³ti veditabba½. Yath±ha–
“Katama½ s±mantajappanasaªkh±ta½ kuhanavatthu? Idhekacco p±piccho icch±pakato sambh±van±dhipp±yo ‘eva½ ma½ jano sambh±vessat²’ti ariyadhammasannissita½ v±ca½ bh±sati ‘yo evar³pa½ c²vara½ dh±reti, so samaºo mahesakkho’ti bhaºati. ‘Yo evar³pa½ patta½ lohath±laka½. Dhammakaraºa½ pariss±vana½ kuñcika½, k±yabandhana½ up±hana½ dh±reti, so samaºo mahesakkho’ti bhaºati. Yassa evar³po upajjh±yo ±cariyo sam±nupajjh±yako, sam±n±cariyako mitto sandiµµho sambhatto sah±yo. Yo evar³pe vih±re vasati a¹¹hayoge p±s±de hammiye guh±ya½ leºe kuµiy± k³µ±g±re aµµe m±¼e uddaº¹e upaµµh±nas±l±ya½ maº¹ape rukkham³le vasati, so samaºo mahesakkho’ti bhaºati. Atha v± ‘korajikakorajiko bh±kuµikabh±kuµiko kuhakakuhako lapakalapako mukhasambh±viko, aya½ samaºo im±sa½ evar³p±na½ sant±na½ vih±rasam±patt²na½ l±bh²’ti t±disa½ gambh²ra½ g³¼ha½ nipuºa½ paµicchanna½ lokuttara½ suññat±paµisa½yutta½ katha½ kathesi. Y± evar³p± bh±kuµik± bh±kuµiya½ kuhan± kuh±yan± kuhitatta½, ida½ s±mantajappanasaªkh±ta½ kuhanavatth³”ti (mah±ni. 87).
P±picchasseva pana sato sambh±van±dhipp±yakatena iriy±pathena vimh±pana½ iriy±pathasannissita½ kuhanavatth³ti veditabba½. Yath±ha– “katama½ iriy±pathasaªkh±ta½ kuhanavatthu. Idhekacco p±piccho icch±pakato sambh±van±dhipp±yo ‘eva½ ma½ jano sambh±vessat²’ti gamana½ saºµhapeti µh±na½ saºµhapeti, nisajja½ saºµhapeti, sayana½ saºµhapeti, paºidh±ya gacchati, paºidh±ya tiµµhati, paºidh±ya nis²dati, paºidh±ya seyya½ kappeti, sam±hito viya gacchati, sam±hito viya tiµµhati, nis²dati, seyya½ kappeti, ±p±thakajjh±y² ca hoti, y± evar³p± iriy±pathassa aµµhapan± µhapan± saºµhapan± bh±kuµik± bh±kuµiya½ kuhan± kuh±yan± kuhitatta½, ida½ vuccati iriy±pathasaªkh±ta½ kuhanavatth³”ti (mah±ni. 87).
Tattha paccayapaµisevanasaªkh±ten±ti paccayapaµisevananti eva½ saªkh±tena paccayapaµisevanena v± saªkh±tena. S±mantajappiten±ti sam²pabhaºitena. Iriy±pathassa v±ti catu-iriy±pathassa. Aµµhapan±ti-±di µhapan±, ±darena v± µhapan±. Ýhapan±ti µhapan±k±ro. Saºµhapan±ti abhisaªkharaº±, p±s±dikabh±vakaraºanti vutta½ hoti. Bh±kuµik±ti padh±napurimaµµhitabh±vadassanena bh±kuµikaraºa½, mukhasaªkocoti vutta½ hoti. Bh±kuµikaraºa½ s²lamass±ti bh±kuµiko. Bh±kuµikassa bh±vo bh±kuµiya½. Kuhan±ti vimh±pan±. Kuhassa ±yan± kuh±yan±. Kuhitassa bh±vo kuhitattanti.
Lapan±niddese ±lapan±ti vih±ra½ ±gate manusse disv± “kimatth±ya bhonto ±gat±, ki½ bhikkh³ nimantitu½, yadi eva½ gacchatha re, aha½ pacchato patta½ gahetv± ±gacch±m²”ti eva½ ±ditova lapan±. Atha v± att±na½ upanetv± “aha½ tisso, mayi r±j± pasanno, mayi asuko ca asuko ca r±jamah±matto pasanno”ti eva½ attupan±yik± lapan± ±lapan±. Lapan±ti puµµhassa sato vuttappak±rameva lapana½. Sallapan±ti gahapatik±na½ ukkaºµhane bh²tassa ok±sa½ datv± datv± suµµhu lapan±. Ullapan±ti mah±kuµumbiko mah±n±viko mah±d±napat²ti eva½ uddha½ katv± lapan±. Samullapan±ti sabbatobh±gena uddha½ katv± lapan±.
Unnahan±ti “up±sak± pubbe ²dise k±le navad±na½ detha, id±ni ki½ na deth±”ti eva½ y±va “dass±ma, bhante, ok±sa½ na labh±m±”ti-±d²ni vadanti, t±va uddha½ uddha½ nahan±, veµhan±ti vutta½ hoti. Atha v± ucchuhattha½ disv± “kuto ±bhata½ up±sak±”ti pucchati. Ucchukhettato, bhanteti. Ki½ tattha ucchu madhuranti. Kh±ditv±, bhante, j±nitabbanti. “Na, up±saka, bhikkhussa ucchu½ deth±”ti vattu½ vaµµat²ti. Y± evar³p± nibbeµhentass±pi veµhanakath±, s± unnahan±. Sabbatobh±gena punappuna½ unnahan± samunnahan±.
Ukk±can±ti “eta½ kula½ ma½yeva j±n±ti. Sace ettha deyyadhammo uppajjati, mayhameva det²”ti eva½ ukkhipitv± k±can± ukk±can±, udd²pan±ti vutta½ hoti. Telakandarikavatthu cettha vattabba½. Sabbatobh±gena pana punappuna½ ukk±can± samukk±can±.
Anuppiyabh±ºit±ti sacc±nur³pa½ dhamm±nur³pa½ v± anapaloketv± punappuna½ piyabhaºanameva. C±µukamyat±ti n²cavuttit± att±na½ heµµhato heµµhato µhapetv± vattana½. Muggas³pyat±ti muggas³pasadisat±. Yath± hi muggesu paccam±nesu kocideva na paccati, avases± paccanti, eva½ yassa puggalassa vacane kiñcideva sacca½ hoti, sesa½ al²ka½, aya½ puggalo muggas³pyoti vuccati. Tassa bh±vo muggas³pyat±. P±ribhaµyat±ti p±ribhaµyabh±vo. Yo hi kulad±rake dh±ti viya aªkena v± khandhena v± paribhaµati, dh±ret²ti attho. Tassa paribhaµassa kamma½ p±ribhaµyu½. P±ribhaµyassa bh±vo p±ribhaµyat±ti.
Nemittikat±niddese nimittanti ya½kiñci paresa½ paccayad±nasaññ±janaka½ k±yavac²kamma½. Nimittakammanti kh±dan²ya½ gahetv± gacchante disv± “ki½ kh±dan²ya½ labhitth±”ti-±din± nayena nimittakaraºa½. Obh±soti paccayapaµisa½yuttakath±. Obh±sakammanti vacchap±lake disv± “ki½ ime vacch± kh²ragovacch± ud±hu takkagovacch±”ti pucchitv± “kh²ragovacch±, bhante”ti vutte “na kh²ragovacch±, yadi kh²ragovacch± siyu½, bhikkh³pi kh²ra½ labheyyun”ti evam±din± nayena tesa½ d±rak±na½ m±t±pit³na½ nivedetv± kh²rad±pan±dika½ obh±sakaraºa½. S±mantajapp±ti sam²pa½ katv± jappana½. Kul³pakabhikkhu vatthu cettha vattabba½.
Kul³pako kira bhikkhu bhuñjituk±mo geha½ pavisitv± nis²di. Ta½ disv± ad±tuk±m± gharaº² “taº¹ul± natth²”ti bhaºant² taº¹ule ±harituk±m± viya paµivissakaghara½ gat±. Bhikkhupi antogabbha½ pavisitv± olokento kav±µakoºe ucchu½, bh±jane gu¼a½, piµake loºamacchaph±le, kumbhiya½ taº¹ule, ghaµe ghata½ disv± nikkhamitv± nis²di. Gharaº² “taº¹ule n±latthan”ti ±gat±. Bhikkhu “up±sike ‘ajja bhikkh± na sampajjissat²’ti paµikacceva nimitta½ addasan”ti ±ha. Ki½, bhanteti. Kav±µakoºe nikkhitta½ ucchu½ viya sappa½ addasa½, ‘ta½ pahariss±m²’ti olokento bh±jane µhapita½ gu¼apiº¹a½ viya p±s±ºa½, le¹¹ukena pahaµena sappena kata½ piµake nikkhittaloºamacchaph±lasadisa½ phaºa½, tassa ta½ le¹¹u½ ¹a½situk±massa kumbhiy± taº¹ulasadise dante, athassa kupitassa ghaµe pakkhittaghatasadisa½ mukhato nikkhamanta½ visamissaka½ khe¼anti. S± “na sakk± muº¹aka½ vañcetun”ti ucchu½ datv± odana½ pacitv± ghatagu¼amacchehi saddhi½ sabba½ ad±s²ti. Eva½ sam²pa½ katv± jappana½ s±mantajapp±ti veditabba½. Parikath±ti yath± ta½ labhati tassa parivattetv± kathananti.
Nippesikat±niddese akkosan±ti dasahi akkosavatth³hi akkosana½. Vambhan±ti paribhavitv± kathana½. Garahaº±ti assaddho appasannoti-±din± nayena dos±ropan±. Ukkhepan±ti m± eta½ ettha katheth±ti v±c±ya ukkhipana½. Sabbatobh±gena savatthuka½ sahetuka½ katv± ukkhepan± samukkhepan±. Atha v± adenta½ disv± “aho d±napat²”ti eva½ ukkhipana½ ukkhepan±. Mah±d±napat²ti eva½ suµµhu ukkhepan± samukkhepan±. Khipan±ti ki½ imassa j²vita½ b²jabhojinoti eva½ uppaº¹an±. Sa½khipan±ti ki½ ima½ ad±yakoti bhaºatha, yo niccak±la½ sabbesampi natth²ti vacana½ det²ti suµµhutara½ uppaº¹an±. P±pan±ti ad±yakattassa avaººassa v± p±pana½. Sabbatobh±gena p±pan± samp±pan±. Avaººah±rik±ti eva½ me avaººabhay±pi dassat²ti gehato geha½ g±mato g±ma½ janapadato janapada½ avaººaharaºa½. Parapiµµhima½sikat±ti purato madhura½ bhaºitv± parammukhe avaººabh±sit±. Es± hi abhimukha½ oloketu½ asakkontassa parammukh±na½ piµµhima½sa½ kh±danamiva hoti, tasm± parapiµµhima½sikat±ti vutt±. Aya½ vuccati nippesikat±ti aya½ yasm± ve¼upesik±ya viya abbhaªga½ parassa guºa½ nippeseti nipuñchati, yasm± v± gandhaj±ta½ nipisitv± gandhamaggan± viya paraguºe nipisitv± vicuººetv± es± l±bhamaggan± hoti, tasm± nippesikat±ti vuccat²ti.
L±bhena l±bha½ nijig²sanat±niddese nijig²sanat±ti maggan±. Ito laddhanti imamh± geh± laddha½. Amutr±ti amukamhi gehe. Eµµh²ti icchan±. Gaveµµh²ti maggan±. Pariyeµµh²ti punappuna½ maggan±. ¾dito paµµh±ya laddha½ laddha½ bhikkha½ tatra tatra kulad±rak±na½ datv± ante kh²ray±gu½ labhitv± gatabhikkhuvatthu cettha kathetabba½. Esan±ti-±d²ni eµµhi-±d²nameva vevacan±ni, tasm± eµµh²ti esan±. Gaveµµh²ti gavesan±, pariyeµµh²ti pariyesan±. Iccevamettha yojan± veditabb±. Aya½ kuhan±d²na½ attho.
Id±ni evam±d²nañca p±padhamm±nanti ettha ±disaddena “yath± v± paneke bhonto samaºabr±hmaº± saddh±deyy±ni bhojan±ni bhuñjitv± te evar³p±ya tiracch±navijj±ya micch±j²vena j²vika½ kappenti. Seyyathida½, aªga½, nimitta½, upp±ta½, supina½, lakkhaºa½, m³sikacchinna½, aggihoma½, dabbihoman”ti (d². ni. 1.21) ±din± nayena brahmaj±le vutt±na½ anekesa½ p±padhamm±na½ gahaºa½ veditabba½. Iti yv±ya½ imesa½ ±j²vahetu paññatt±na½ channa½ sikkh±pad±na½ v²tikkamavasena, imesañca “kuhan± lapan± nemittikat± nippesikat± l±bhena l±bha½ nijig²sanat±”ti evam±d²na½ p±padhamm±na½ vasena pavatto micch±j²vo, y± tasm± sabbappak±r±pi micch±j²v± virati, ida½ ±j²vap±risuddhis²la½. Tatr±ya½ vacanattho. Eta½ ±gamma j²vant²ti ±j²vo. Ko so, paccayapariyesanav±y±mo. P±risuddh²ti parisuddhat±. ¾j²vassa p±risuddhi ±j²vap±risuddhi.