Tatiyajjh±nakath±

82. Evamadhigate pana tasmimpi vuttanayeneva pañcah±k±rehi ciººavasin± hutv± paguºadutiyajjh±nato vuµµh±ya “aya½ sam±patti ±sannavitakkavic±rapaccatthik±, ‘yadeva tattha p²tigata½ cetaso uppil±vita½, eteneta½ o¼±rika½ akkh±yat²’ti (d². ni. 1.96) vutt±ya p²tiy± o¼±rikatt± aªgadubbal±”ti ca tattha dosa½ disv± tatiyajjh±na½ santato manasikaritv± dutiyajjh±ne nikanti½ pariy±d±ya tatiy±dhigam±ya yogo k±tabbo. Athassa yad± dutiyajjh±nato vuµµh±ya satassa sampaj±nassa jh±naªg±ni paccavekkhato p²ti o¼±rikato upaµµh±ti, sukhañceva ekaggat± ca santato upaµµh±ti. Tad±ssa o¼±rikaªgappah±n±ya santa-aªgapaµil±bh±ya ca tadeva nimitta½ “pathav² pathav²”ti punappuna½ manasikaroto “id±ni tatiyajjh±na½ uppajjissat²”ti bhavaªga½ upacchinditv± tadeva pathav²kasiºa½ ±rammaºa½ katv± manodv±r±vajjana½ uppajjati. Tato tasmi½yev±rammaºe catt±ri pañca v± javan±ni javanti, yesa½ avas±ne eka½ r³p±vacara½ tatiyajjh±nika½, ses±ni vuttanayeneva k±m±vacar±n²ti. Ett±vat± ca panesa p²tiy± ca vir±g± upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampaj±no, sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedeti, ya½ ta½ ariy± ±cikkhanti upekkhako satim± sukhavih±r²ti, tatiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharat²ti (d². ni. 1.230; dha. sa. 163). Evamanena ekaªgavippah²na½ duvaªgasamann±gata½ tividhakaly±ºa½ dasalakkhaºasampanna½ tatiya½ jh±na½ adhigata½ hoti pathav²kasiºa½.
83. Tattha p²tiy± ca vir±g±ti vir±go n±ma vuttappak±r±ya p²tiy± jigucchana½ v± samatikkamo v±. Ubhinna½ pana antar± casaddo sampiº¹anattho, so v³pasama½ v± sampiº¹eti vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasama½ v±. Tattha yad± v³pasamameva sampiº¹eti, tad± “p²tiy± ca vir±g± kiñca bhiyyo v³pasam± c±”ti eva½ yojan± veditabb±. Imiss± ca yojan±ya vir±go jigucchanattho hoti, tasm± “p²tiy± jigucchan± ca v³pasam± c±”ti ayamattho daµµhabbo. Yad± pana vitakkavic±rav³pasama½ sampiº¹eti, tad± “p²tiy± ca vir±g±, kiñca bhiyyo vitakkavic±r±nañca v³pasam±”ti eva½ yojan± veditabb±. Imiss± ca yojan±ya vir±go samatikkamanattho hoti, tasm± “p²tiy± ca samatikkam± vitakkavic±r±nañca v³pasam±”ti ayamattho daµµhabbo.
K±mañcete vitakkavic±r± dutiyajjh±neyeva v³pasant±, imassa pana jh±nassa maggaparid²panattha½ vaººabhaºanatthañceta½ vutta½. Vitakkavic±r±nañca v³pasam±ti hi vutte ida½ paññ±yati, n³na vitakkavic±rav³pasamo maggo imassa jh±nass±ti. Yath± ca tatiye ariyamagge appah²n±nampi sakk±yadiµµh±d²na½ “pañcanna½ orambh±giy±na½ sa½yojan±na½ pah±n±”ti (d². ni. 1.373; ma. ni. 2.133; sa½. ni. 5.184; a. ni. 3.88) eva½ pah±na½ vuccam±na½ vaººabhaºana½ hoti, tadadhigam±ya ussukk±na½ uss±hajanaka½, evameva idha av³pasant±nampi vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasamo vuccam±no vaººabhaºana½ hoti. Ten±yamattho vutto “p²tiy± ca samatikkam± vitakkavic±r±nañca v³pasam±”ti.
84. Upekkhako ca viharat²ti ettha upapattito ikkhat²ti upekkh±. Sama½ passati, apakkhapatit± hutv± passat²ti attho. T±ya visad±ya vipul±ya th±magat±ya samann±gatatt± tatiyajjh±nasamaªg² upekkhakoti vuccati.
Upekkh± pana dasavidh± hoti cha¼aªgupekkh±, brahmavih±rupekkh±, bojjhaªgupekkh±, v²riyupekkh±, saªkh±rupekkh±, vedanupekkh±, vipassanupekkh±, tatramajjhattupekkh±, jh±nupekkh±, p±risuddhupekkh±ti.
Tattha y± “idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± neva sumano hoti, na dummano, upekkhako ca viharati sato sampaj±no”ti (a. ni. 6.1) evam±gat± kh²º±savassa chasu dv±resu iµµh±niµµhacha¼±rammaº±p±the parisuddhapakatibh±v±vijahan±k±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ cha¼aªgupekkh± n±ma.
Y± pana “upekkh±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharat²”ti (d². ni. 1.556; ma. ni. 1.77) evam±gat± sattesu majjhatt±k±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ brahmavih±rupekkh± n±ma.
Y± “upekkh±sambojjhaªga½ bh±veti vivekanissitan”ti (ma. ni. 1.27) evam±gat± sahaj±tadhamm±na½ majjhatt±k±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ bojjhaªgupekkh± n±ma.
Y± pana “k±lenak±la½ upekkh±nimitta½ manasikarot²”ti (a. ni. 3.103) evam±gat± anacc±raddhan±tisithilav²riyasaªkh±t± upekkh±, aya½ v²riyupekkh± n±ma.
Y± “kati saªkh±rupekkh± samathavasena uppajjanti, kati saªkh±rupekkh± vipassan±vasena uppajjanti Aµµha saªkh±rupekkh± samathavasena uppajjanti. Dasa saªkh±rupekkh± vipassan±vasena uppajjant²”ti (paµi. ma. 1.57) evam±gat± n²varaº±dipaµisaªkh±santiµµhan± gahaºe majjhattabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ saªkh±rupekkh± n±ma.
Y± pana “yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacara½ kusala½ citta½ uppanna½ hoti upekkh±sahagatan”ti (dha. sa. 150) evam±gat± adukkhamasukhasaññit± upekkh±, aya½ vedanupekkh± n±ma.
Y± “yadatthi ya½ bh³ta½, ta½ pajahati, upekkha½ paµilabhat²”ti (ma. ni. 3.71; a. ni. 7.55) evam±gat± vicinane majjhattabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ vipassanupekkh± n±ma.
Y± pana chand±d²su yev±panakesu ±gat± sahaj±t±na½ samav±hitabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ tatramajjhattupekkh± n±ma.
Y± “upekkhako ca viharat²”ti (d². ni. 1.230; dha. sa. 163) evam±gat± aggasukhepi tasmi½ apakkhap±tajanan² upekkh±, aya½ jh±nupekkh± n±ma.
Y± pana “upekkh±satip±risuddhi½ catuttha½ jh±nan”ti (d². ni. 1.232; dha. sa. 165) evam±gat± sabbapaccan²kaparisuddh± paccan²kav³pasamanepi aby±p±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ p±risuddhupekkh± n±ma.
Tatra cha¼aªgupekkh± ca brahmavih±rupekkh± ca bojjhaªgupekkh± ca tatramajjhattupekkh± ca jh±nupekkh± ca p±risuddhupekkh± ca atthato ek±, tatramajjhattupekkh±va hoti. Tena tena avatth±bhedena panass± aya½ bhedo. Ekass±pi sato sattassa kum±rayuvatherasen±patir±j±divasena bhedo viya. Tasm± t±su yattha cha¼aªgupekkh±, na tattha bojjhaªgupekkh±dayo. Yattha v± pana bojjhaªgupekkh±, na tattha cha¼aªgupekkh±dayo hont²ti veditabb±.
Yath± cet±samatthato ek²bh±vo, eva½ saªkh±rupekkh± vipassanupekkh±nampi. Paññ± eva hi s± kiccavasena dvidh± bhinn±. Yath± hi purisassa s±ya½ geha½ paviµµha½ sappa½ ajapadadaº¹a½ gahetv± pariyesam±nassa ta½ thusakoµµhake nipanna½ disv± “sappo nu kho, no”ti avalokentassa sovattikattaya½ disv± nibbematikassa “sappo, na sappo”ti vicinane majjhattat± hoti, evameva y± ±raddhavipassakassa vipassan±ñ±ºena lakkhaºattaye diµµhe saªkh±r±na½ aniccabh±v±divicinane majjhattat± uppajjati, aya½ vipassanupekkh± n±ma. Yath± pana tassa purisassa ajapadadaº¹ena g±¼ha½ sappa½ gahetv± “ki½ t±ha½ ima½ sappa½ aviheµhento att±nañca imin± a¹a½s±pento muñceyyan”ti muñcan±k±rameva pariyesato gahaºe majjhattat± hoti. Evameva y± lakkhaºattayassa diµµhatt± ±ditte viya tayo bhave passato saªkh±raggahaºe majjhattat±, aya½ saªkh±rupekkh± n±ma. Iti vipassanupekkh±ya siddh±ya saªkh±rupekkh±pi siddh±va hoti. Imin± panes± vicinanaggahaºesu majjhattasaªkh±tena kiccena dvidh± bhinn±ti. V²riyupekkh± pana vedanupekkh± ca aññamaññañca avases±hi ca atthato bhinn± ev±ti.
Iti im±su upekkh±su jh±nupekkh± idh±dhippet±. S± majjhattalakkhaº±, an±bhogaras±, aby±p±rapaccupaµµh±n±, p²tivir±gapadaµµh±n±ti. Etth±ha, nanu c±yamatthato tatramajjhattupekkh±va hoti, s± ca paµhamadutiyajjh±nesupi atthi. Tasm± tatr±pi upekkhako ca viharat²ti evamaya½ vattabb± siy±, s± kasm± na vutt±ti. Aparibyattakiccato. Aparibyattañhi tass± tattha kicca½ vitakk±d²hi abhibh³tatt±. Idha pan±ya½ vitakkavic±rap²t²hi anabhibh³tatt± ukkhittasir± viya hutv± paribyattakicc± j±t±, tasm± vutt±ti.

Niµµhit± upekkhako ca viharat²ti etassa

Sabbaso atthavaººan±.

85. Id±ni sato ca sampaj±noti ettha sarat²ti sato. Sampaj±n±t²ti sampaj±no. Puggalena sati ca sampajaññañca vutta½. Tattha saraºalakkhaº± sati, asammussanaras±, ±rakkhapaccupaµµh±n±. Asammohalakkhaºa½ sampajañña½, t²raºarasa½, pavicayapaccupaµµh±na½.
Tattha kiñc±pi ida½ satisampajañña½ purimajjh±nesupi atthi. Muµµhasatissa hi asampaj±nassa upac±ramattampi na sampajjati, pageva appan±. O¼±rikatt± pana tesa½ jh±n±na½ bh³miya½ viya purisassa cittassa gati sukh± hoti, abyatta½ tattha satisampajaññakicca½. O¼±rikaªgappah±nena pana sukhumatt± imassa jh±nassa purisassa khuradh±r±ya½ viya satisampajaññakiccapariggahit± eva cittassa gati icchitabb±ti idheva vutta½. Kiñca bhiyyo, yath± dhenupago vaccho dhenuto apan²to arakkhiyam±no punadeva dhenu½ upagacchati, evamida½ tatiyajjh±nasukha½ p²tito apan²ta½, ta½ satisampajaññ±rakkhena arakkhiyam±na½ punadeva p²ti½ upagaccheyya, p²tisampayuttameva siy±. Sukhe v±pi satt± s±rajjanti, idañca atimadhura½ sukha½, tato para½ sukh±bh±v±. Satisampajaññ±nubh±vena panettha sukhe as±rajjan± hoti, no aññath±ti imampi atthavisesa½ dassetu½ idamidheva vuttanti veditabba½.
Id±ni sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedet²ti ettha kiñc±pi tatiyajjh±nasamaªgino sukhapaµisa½vedan±bhogo natthi. Eva½ santepi yasm± tassa n±mak±yena sampayutta½ sukha½. Ya½ v± ta½ n±mak±yasampayutta½ sukha½, ta½samuµµh±nenassa yasm± atipaº²tena r³pena r³pak±yo phuµo, yassa phuµatt± jh±n± vuµµhitopi sukha½ paµisa½vedeyya. Tasm± etamattha½ dassento sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedet²ti ±ha.
86. Id±ni ya½ ta½ ariy± ±cikkhanti upekkhako satim± sukhavih±r²ti ettha ya½jh±nahetu ya½jh±nak±raº± ta½ tatiyajjh±nasamaªgipuggala½ buddh±dayo ariy± ±cikkhanti desenti paññapenti paµµhapenti vivaranti vibhajanti utt±n²karonti pak±senti, pasa½sant²ti adhipp±yo. Kinti? Upekkhako satim± sukhavih±r²ti. Ta½ tatiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharat²ti evamettha yojan± veditabb±.
Kasm± pana ta½ te eva½ pasa½sant²ti? Pasa½s±rahato. Ayañhi yasm± atimadhurasukhe sukhap±ramippattepi tatiyajjh±ne upekkhako, na tattha sukh±bhisaªgena ±ka¹¹hiyati. Yath± ca p²ti na uppajjati, eva½ upaµµhitasatit±ya satim±. Yasm± ca ariyakanta½ ariyajanasevitameva ca asa½kiliµµha½ sukha½ n±mak±yena paµisa½vedeti, tasm± pasa½s±raho hoti Iti pasa½s±rahato na½ ariy± te eva½ pasa½s±hetubh³te guºe pak±sento “upekkhako satim± sukhavih±r²”ti eva½ pasa½sant²ti veditabba½.
Tatiyanti gaºan±nupubbat± tatiya½, ida½ tatiya½ sam±pajjat²tipi tatiya½. Ya½ pana vutta½ “ekaªgavippah²na½ duvaªgasamann±gatan”ti, ettha p²tiy± pah±navasena ekaªgavippah²nat± veditabb± S± panes± dutiyajjh±nassa vitakkavic±r± viya appan±kkhaºeyeva pah²yati. Tena nassa s± pah±naªganti vuccati. Sukha½ cittekaggat±ti imesa½ pana dvinna½ uppattivasena duvaªgasamann±gatat± veditabb±. Tasm± ya½ vibhaªge “jh±nanti upekkh± sati sampajañña½ sukha½ cittassekaggat±”ti (vibha. 591) vutta½, ta½ saparikkh±ra½ jh±na½ dassetu½ pariy±yena vutta½. Ýhapetv± pana upekkh±satisampajaññ±ni nippariy±yena upanijjh±nalakkhaºappatt±na½ aªg±na½ vasena duvaªgikameveta½ hoti. Yath±ha– “katama½ tasmi½ samaye duvaªgika½ jh±na½ hoti, sukha½ cittassekaggat±”ti (dha. sa. 163; vibha. 624). Sesa½ paµhamajjh±ne vuttanayameva.