Dutiyajjh±nakath±

79. Im±su pana pañcasu vas²su ciººavasin± paguºapaµhamajjh±nato vuµµh±ya “aya½ sam±patti ±sannan²varaºapaccatthik±, vitakkavic±r±na½ o¼±rikatt± aªgadubbal±”ti ca tattha dosa½ disv± dutiyajjh±na½ santato manasikatv± paµhamajjh±ne nikanti½ pariy±d±ya dutiy±dhigam±ya yogo k±tabbo. Athassa yad± paµhamajjh±n± vuµµh±ya satassa sampaj±nassa jh±naªg±ni paccavekkhato vitakkavic±r± o¼±rikato upaµµhahanti, p²tisukhañceva cittekaggat± ca santato upaµµh±ti, tad±ssa o¼±rikaªga½ pah±n±ya santa-aªgapaµil±bh±ya ca tadeva nimitta½ “pathav² pathav²”ti punappuna½ manasikaroto “id±ni dutiyajjh±na½ uppajjissat²”ti bhavaªga½ upacchinditv± tadeva pathav²kasiºa½ ±rammaºa½ katv± manodv±r±vajjana½ uppajjati Tato tasmi½yev±rammaºe catt±ri pañca v± javan±ni javanti, yesamavas±ne eka½ r³p±vacara½ dutiyajjh±nika½. Ses±ni vuttappak±r±neva k±m±vacar±n²ti.
Ett±vat± cesa vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ajjhatta½ sampas±dana½ cetaso ekodibh±va½ avitakka½ avic±ra½ sam±dhija½ p²tisukha½ dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Evamanena dvaªgavippah²na½ tivaªgasamann±gata½ tividhakaly±ºa½ dasalakkhaºasampanna½ dutiya½ jh±na½ adhigata½ hoti pathav²kasiºa½.
80. Tattha vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±ti vitakkassa ca vic±rassa c±ti imesa½ dvinna½ v³pasam± samatikkam±, dutiyajjh±nakkhaºe ap±tubh±v±ti vutta½ hoti. Tattha kiñc±pi dutiyajjh±ne sabbepi paµhamajjh±nadhamm± na santi. Aññeyeva hi paµhamajjh±ne phass±dayo, aññe idha. O¼±rikassa pana o¼±rikassa aªgassa samatikkam± paµhamajjh±nato paresa½ dutiyajjh±n±d²na½ adhigamo hot²ti d²panattha½ “vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±”ti eva½ vuttanti veditabba½.
Ajjhattanti idha niyakajjhattamadhippeta½. Vibhaªge pana “ajjhatta½ paccattan”ti ettakameva vutta½. Yasm± ca niyakajjhattamadhippeta½, tasm± attani j±ta½ attano sant±ne nibbattanti ayamettha attho. Sampas±dananti sampas±dana½ vuccati saddh±. Sampas±danayogato jh±nampi sampas±dana½. N²lavaººayogato n²lavattha½ viya. Yasm± v± ta½ jh±na½ sampas±danasamann±gatatt± vitakkavic±rakkhobhav³pasamanena ca cetaso sampas±dayati, tasm±pi sampas±dananti vutta½. Imasmiñca atthavikappe sampas±dana½ cetasoti eva½ padasambandho veditabbo. Purimasmi½ pana atthavikappe cetasoti eta½ ekodibh±vena saddhi½ yojetabba½.
Tatr±yamatthayojan±, eko udet²ti ekodi, vitakkavic±rehi anajjh±r³¼hatt± aggo seµµho hutv± udet²ti attho. Seµµhopi hi loke ekoti vuccati. Vitakkavic±ravirahato v± eko asah±yo hutv± itipi vattu½ vaµµati. Atha v± sampayuttadhamme ud±yat²ti udi, uµµh±pet²ti attho. Seµµhaµµhena eko ca so udi c±ti ekodi, sam±dhisseta½ adhivacana½. Iti ima½ ekodi½ bh±veti va¹¹het²ti ida½ dutiyajjh±na½ ekodibh±va½. So pan±ya½ ekodi yasm± cetaso, na sattassa, na j²vassa, tasm± eta½ cetaso ekodibh±vanti vutta½.
Nanu c±ya½ saddh± paµhamajjh±nepi atthi, ayañca ekodin±mako sam±dhi, atha kasm± idameva “sampas±dana½ cetaso ekodibh±vañc±”ti vuttanti. Vuccate, aduñhi paµhamajjh±na½ vitakkavic±rakkhobhena v²citaraªgasam±kulamiva jala½ na suppasanna½ hoti, tasm± satiy±pi saddh±ya “sampas±danan”ti na vutta½. Na suppasannatt±yeva cettha sam±dhipi na suµµhu p±kaµo, tasm± “ekodibh±van”tipi na vutta½. Imasmi½ pana jh±ne vitakkavic±rapalibodh±bh±vena laddhok±s± balavat² saddh±, balavasaddh±sah±yapaµil±bheneva ca sam±dhipi p±kaµo, tasm± idameva eva½ vuttanti veditabba½. Vibhaªge pana “sampas±dananti y± saddh± saddahan± okappan± abhippas±do. Cetaso ekodibh±vanti y± cittassa µhiti…pe… samm±sam±dh²”ti ettakameva vutta½. Eva½ vuttena pana tena saddhi½ ayamatthavaººan± yath± na virujjhati, aññadatthu sa½sandati ceva sameti ca, eva½ veditabb±.
81. Avitakka½ avic±ranti bh±van±ya pah²natt± etasmi½, etassa v± vitakko natth²ti avitakka½. Imin±va nayena avic±ra½. Vibhaªgepi vutta½ “iti ayañca vitakko ayañca vic±ro sant± honti samit± v³pasant± atthaªgat± abbhatthaªgat± appit± byappit± sosit± visosit± byantikat±, tena vuccati avitakka½ avic±ran”ti (vibha. 576).
Etth±ha “nanu ca ‘vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±’ti imin±pi ayamattho siddho, atha kasm± puna vutta½ ‘avitakka½ avic±ran’ti”. Vuccate, evameta½ siddhov±yamattho, na paneta½ tadatthad²paka½. Nanu avocumha “o¼±rikassa pana o¼±rikassa aªgassa samatikkam± paµhamajjh±nato paresa½ dutiyajjh±n±d²na½ samadhigamo hot²ti dassanattha½ vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±ti eva½ vuttan”ti.
Apica vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ida½ sampas±dana½, na kilesak±lussiyassa. Vitakkavic±r±nañca v³pasam± ekodibh±va½, na upac±rajjh±namiva n²varaºappah±n± paµhamajjh±namiva ca na aªgap±tubh±v±ti eva½ sampas±dana-ekodibh±v±na½ hetuparid²pakamida½ vacana½. Tath± vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ida½ avitakka½ avic±ra½, na tatiyacatutthajjh±n±ni viya cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni viya ca abh±v±ti eva½ avitakka-avic±rabh±vassa hetuparid²pakañca, na vitakkavic±r±bh±vamattaparid²paka½. Vitakkavic±r±bh±vamattaparid²pakameva pana “avitakka½ avic±ran”ti ida½ vacana½. Tasm± purima½ vatv±pi vattabbamev±ti.
Sam±dhijanti paµhamajjh±nasam±dhito sampayuttasam±dhito v± j±tanti attho. Tattha kiñc±pi paµhamampi sampayuttasam±dhito j±ta½, atha kho ayameva sam±dhi “sam±dh²”ti vattabbata½ arahati vitakkavic±rakkhobhavirahena ativiya acalatt±, suppasannatt± ca, tasm± imassa vaººabhaºanattha½ idameva “sam±dhijan”ti vutta½. P²tisukhanti ida½ vuttanayameva.
Dutiyanti gaºan±nupubbat± dutiya½. Ida½ dutiya½ sam±pajjat²tipi dutiya½. Ya½ pana vutta½ “dvaªgavippah²na½ tivaªgasamann±gatan”ti, tattha vitakkavic±r±na½ pah±navasena dvaªgavippah²nat± veditabb±. Yath± ca paµhamajjh±nassa upac±rakkhaºe n²varaº±ni pah²yanti, na tath± imassa vitakkavic±r±. Appan±kkhaºeyeva ca paneta½ vin± tehi uppajjati. Tenassa te “pah±naªgan”ti vuccanti. P²ti sukha½ cittekaggat±ti imesa½ pana tiººa½ uppattivasena tivaªgasamann±gatat± veditabb±. Tasm± ya½ vibhaªge “jh±nanti sampas±do p²ti sukha½ cittassa ekaggat±”ti (vibha. 580) vutta½, ta½ saparikkh±ra½ jh±na½ dassetu½ pariy±yena vutta½. Ýhapetv± pana sampas±dana½ nippariy±yena upanijjh±nalakkhaºappatt±na½ aªg±na½ vasena tivaªgikameva eta½ hoti. Yath±ha– “katama½ tasmi½ samaye tivaªgika½ jh±na½ hoti, p²ti sukha½ cittassa ekaggat±”ti (dha. sa. 161; vibha. 628). Sesa½ paµhamajjh±ne vuttanayameva.