Tividhakaly±ŗa½

75. Tividhakaly±ŗa½ dasalakkhaŗasampannanti ettha pana ±dimajjhapariyos±navasena tividhakaly±ŗat±. Tesa½yeva ca ±dimajjhapariyos±n±na½ lakkhaŗavasena dasalakkhaŗasampannat± veditabb±.
Tatr±ya½ p±¼i–
“Paµhamassa jh±nassa paµipad±visuddhi ±di, upekkh±nubr³han± majjhe, sampaha½san± pariyos±na½, paµhamassa jh±nassa paµipad±visuddhi ±di, ±dissa kati lakkhaŗ±ni? ¾dissa t²ŗi lakkhaŗ±ni, yo tassa paribandho, tato citta½ visujjhati, visuddhatt± citta½ majjhima½ samathanimitta½ paµipajjati, paµipannatt± tattha citta½ pakkhandati. Yańca paribandhato citta½ visujjhati, yańca visuddhatt± citta½ majjhima½ samathanimitta½ paµipajjati, yańca paµipannatt± tattha citta½ pakkhandati. Paµhamassa jh±nassa paµipad±visuddhi ±di, ±dissa im±ni t²ŗi lakkhaŗ±ni. Tena vuccati paµhama½ jh±na½ ±dikaly±ŗańceva hoti tilakkhaŗasampannańca.
“Paµhamassa jh±nassa upekkh±nubr³han± majjhe, majjhassa kati lakkhaŗ±ni? Majjhassa t²ŗi lakkhaŗ±ni, visuddha½ citta½ ajjhupekkhati, samathapaµipanna½ ajjhupekkhati, ekattupaµµh±na½ ajjhupekkhati. Yańca visuddha½ citta½ ajjhupekkhati, yańca samathapaµipanna½ ajjhupekkhati, yańca ekattupaµµh±na½ ajjhupekkhati. Paµhamassa jh±nassa upekkh±nubr³han± majjhe, majjhassa im±ni t²ŗi lakkhaŗ±ni. Tena vuccati paµhama½ jh±na½ majjhekaly±ŗańceva hoti tilakkhaŗasampannańca.
“Paµhamassa jh±nassa sampaha½san± pariyos±na½, pariyos±nassa kati lakkhaŗ±ni? Pariyos±nassa catt±ri lakkhaŗ±ni, tattha j±t±na½ dhamm±na½ anativattanaµµhena sampaha½san±, indriy±na½ ekarasaµµhena sampaha½san±, tadupagav²riyav±hanaµµhena sampaha½san±, ±sevanaµµhena sampaha½san±. Paµhamassa jh±nassa sampaha½san± pariyos±na½, pariyos±nassa im±ni catt±ri lakkhaŗ±ni. Tena vuccati paµhama½ jh±na½ pariyos±nakaly±ŗańceva hoti catulakkhaŗasampannańc±”ti (paµi. ma. 1.158).
Tatra paµipad±visuddhi n±ma sasambh±riko upac±ro. Upekkh±nubr³han± n±ma appan±. Sampaha½san± n±ma paccavekkhaŗ±ti evameke vaŗŗayanti. Yasm± pana “ekattagata½ citta½ paµipad±visuddhipakkhandańceva hoti upekkh±nubr³hitańca ń±ŗena ca sampaha½sitan”ti (paµi. ma. 1.158) p±¼iya½ vutta½, tasm± anto-appan±yameva ±gamanavasena paµipad±visuddhi, tatramajjhattupekkh±ya kiccavasena upekkh±nubr³han±, dhamm±na½ anativattan±dibh±vas±dhanena pariyod±pakassa ń±ŗassa kiccanipphattivasena sampaha½san± ca veditabb±.
Katha½? Yasmińhi v±re appan± uppajjati, tasmi½ yo n²varaŗasaŖkh±to kilesagaŗo tassa jh±nassa paribandho, tato citta½ visujjhati. Visuddhatt± ±varaŗavirahita½ hutv± majjhima½ samathanimitta½ paµipajjati. Majjhima½ samathanimitta½ n±ma samappavatto appan±sam±dhiyeva. Tadanantara½ pana purimacitta½ ekasantatipariŗ±manayena tathattamupagaccham±na½ majjhima½ samathanimitta½ paµipajjati n±ma, eva½ paµipannatt± tathattupagamanena tattha pakkhandati n±ma. Eva½ t±va purimacitte vijjam±n±k±ranipph±dik± paµhamassa jh±nassa upp±dakkhaŗeyeva ±gamanavasena paµipad±visuddhi veditabb±.
Eva½ visuddhassa pana tassa puna visodhetabb±bh±vato visodhane by±p±ra½ akaronto visuddha½ citta½ ajjhupekkhati n±ma. Samathabh±vupagamanena samathapaµipannassa puna sam±dh±ne by±p±ra½ akaronto samathapaµipanna½ ajjhupekkhati n±ma. Samathapaµipannabh±vato eva cassa kilesasa½sagga½ pah±ya ekattena upaµµhitassa puna ekattupaµµh±ne by±p±ra½ akaronto ekattupaµµh±na½ ajjhupekkhati n±ma. Eva½ tatramajjhattupekkh±ya kiccavasena upekkh±nubr³han± veditabb±.
Ye panete eva½ upekkh±nubr³hite tattha j±t± sam±dhipańń±saŖkh±t± yuganaddhadhamm± ańńamańńa½ anativattam±n± hutv± pavatt±, y±ni ca saddh±d²ni indriy±ni n±n±kilesehi vimuttatt± vimuttirasena ekaras±ni hutv± pavatt±ni, yańcesa tadupaga½ tesa½ anativattana-ekarasabh±v±na½ anucchavika½ v²riya½ v±hayati, y± cassa tasmi½ khaŗe pavatt± ±sevan±, sabbepi te ±k±r± yasm± ń±ŗena sa½kilesavod±nesu ta½ ta½ ±d²navańca ±nisa½sańca disv± tath± tath± sampaha½sitatt± visodhitatt± pariyod±pitatt± nipphann±va, tasm± “dhamm±na½ anativattan±dibh±vas±dhanena pariyod±pakassa ń±ŗassa kiccanipphattivasena sampaha½san± veditabb±”ti vutta½.
Tattha yasm± upekkh±vasena ń±ŗa½ p±kaµa½ hoti. Yath±ha– “tath±paggahita½ citta½ s±dhuka½ ajjhupekkhati, upekkh±vasena pańń±vasena pańńindriya½ adhimatta½ hoti, upekkh±vasena n±nattakilesehi citta½ vimuccati, vimokkhavasena pańń±vasena pańńindriya½ adhimatta½ hoti. Vimuttatt± te dhamm± ekaras± honti. Ekarasaµµhena bh±van±”ti (paµi. ma. 1.201). Tasm± ń±ŗakiccabh³t± sampaha½san± pariyos±nanti vutt±.
Id±ni paµhama½ jh±na½ adhigata½ hoti pathav²kasiŗanti ettha gaŗan±nupubbat± paµhama½, paµhama½ uppannantipi paµhama½. ¾rammaŗ³panijjh±nato paccan²kajh±panato v± jh±na½. Pathav²maŗ¹ala½ pana sakalaµµhena pathav²kasiŗanti vuccati, ta½ niss±ya paµiladdhanimittampi, pathav²kasiŗanimitte paµiladdhajh±nampi. Tatra imasmi½ atthe jh±na½ pathav²kasiŗanti veditabba½. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “paµhama½ jh±na½ adhigata½ hoti pathav²kasiŗan”ti.