Paµhamajjh±nakath±

69. Iti eva½ nimitt±bhimukha½ m±nasa½ paµip±dayato panassa id±ni appan± ijjhissat²ti bhavaªga½ upacchinditv± pathav² pathav²ti anuyogavasena upaµµhita½ tadeva pathav²kasiºa½ ±rammaºa½ katv± manodv±r±vajjanamuppajjati. Tato tasmi½yev±rammaºe catt±ri pañca v± javan±ni javanti. Tesu avas±ne eka½ r³p±vacara½, ses±ni k±m±vacar±ni. Pakaticittehi balavataravitakkavic±rap²tisukhacittekaggat±ni y±ni appan±ya parikammatt± parikamm±n²tipi, yath± g±m±d²na½ ±sannapadeso g±m³pac±ro nagar³pac±roti vuccati, eva½ appan±ya ±sannatt± sam²pac±ratt± v± upac±r±n²tipi, ito pubbe parikamm±na½, upari appan±ya ca anulomato anulom±n²tipi vuccanti. Yañcettha sabbantima½, ta½ parittagott±bhibhavanato, mahaggatagottabh±vanato ca gotrabh³tipi vuccati. Agahitaggahaºena panettha paµhama½ parikamma½, dutiya½ upac±ra½, tatiya½ anuloma½, catuttha½ gotrabhu. Paµhama½ v± upac±ra½, dutiya½ anuloma½, tatiya½ gotrabhu, catuttha½ pañcama½ v± appan±citta½. Catutthameva hi pañcama½ v± appeti, tañca kho khipp±bhiññadandh±bhiññavasena. Tato para½ javana½ patati. Bhavaªgassa v±ro hoti.
¾bhidhammikagodattatthero pana “purim± purim± kusal± dhamm± pacchim±na½ pacchim±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ ±sevanapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.12) ima½ sutta½ vatv± ±sevanapaccayena pacchimo pacchimo dhammo balav± hoti, tasm± chaµµhepi sattamepi appan± hot²ti ±ha, ta½ aµµhakath±su “attano matimatta½ therassetan”ti vatv± paµikkhitta½. Catutthapañcamesuyeva pana appan± hoti. Parato javana½ patita½ n±ma hoti, bhavaªgassa ±sannatt±ti vutta½ Tameva vic±retv± vuttatt± na sakk± paµikkhipitu½. Yath± hi puriso chinnapap±t±bhimukho dh±vanto µh±tuk±mopi pariyante p±da½ katv± µh±tu½ na sakkoti pap±te eva patati, eva½ chaµµhe v± sattame v± appetu½ na sakkoti, bhavaªgassa ±sannatt±. Tasm± catutthapañcamesuyeva appan± hot²ti veditabb±.
S± ca pana ekacittakkhaºik±yeva. Sattasu hi µh±nesu addh±naparicchedo n±ma natthi paµhamappan±ya½, lokiy±bhiññ±su, cat³su maggesu, magg±nantaraphale, r³p±r³pabhavesu bhavaªgajjh±ne, nirodhassa paccaye nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatane, nirodh± vuµµhahantassa phalasam±pattiyanti. Ettha magg±nantaraphala½ tiººa½ upari na hoti. Nirodhassa paccayo nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ dvinnamupari na hoti. R³p±r³pesu bhavaªgassa parim±ºa½ natthi, sesaµµh±nesu ekameva cittanti. Iti ekacittakkhaºik±yeva appan±. Tato bhavaªgap±to. Atha bhavaªga½ vocchinditv± jh±napaccavekkhaºatth±ya ±vajjana½, tato jh±napaccavekkhaºanti.
Ett±vat± ca panesa vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati (dha. sa. 160; d². ni. 1.226). Evamanena pañcaªgavippah²na½ pañcaªgasamann±gata½ tividhakaly±ºa½ dasalakkhaºasampanna½ paµhama½ jh±na½ adhigata½ hoti pathav²kasiºa½.
70. Tattha vivicceva k±meh²ti k±mehi viviccitv± vin± hutv± apakkamitv±. Yo pan±yamettha evak±ro, so niyamatthoti veditabbo. Yasm± ca niyamattho, tasm± tasmi½ paµhamajjh±na½ upasampajja viharaºasamaye avijjam±n±nampi k±m±na½ tassa paµhamajjh±nassa paµipakkhabh±va½ k±maparicc±geneva cassa adhigama½ d²peti.
Katha½? “Vivicceva k±meh²”ti evañhi niyame kariyam±ne ida½ paññ±yati, n³na jh±nassa k±m± paµipakkhabh³t± yesu sati ida½ nappavattati, andhak±re sati pad²pobh±so viya. Tesa½ paricc±geneva cassa adhigamo hoti, orimat²raparicc±gena p±rimat²rasseva. Tasm± niyama½ karot²ti.
Tattha siy±, kasm± panesa pubbapadeyeva vutto, na uttarapade, ki½ akusalehi dhammehi avivicc±pi jh±na½ upasampajja vihareyy±ti? Na kho paneta½ eva½ daµµhabba½. Ta½nissaraºato hi pubbapade esa vutto. K±madh±tusamatikkamanato hi k±mar±gapaµipakkhato ca ida½ jh±na½ k±m±nameva nissaraºa½. Yath±ha, “k±m±nameta½ nissaraºa½ yadida½ nekkhamman”ti (d². ni. 3.353). Uttarapadepi pana yath± “idheva, bhikkhave, samaºo, idha dutiyo samaºo”ti (ma. ni. 1.139; a. ni. 4.241) ettha evak±ro ±netv± vuccati, eva½ vattabbo. Na hi sakk± ito aññehipi n²varaºasaªkh±tehi akusaladhammehi avivicca jh±na½ upasampajja viharitu½. Tasm± “vivicceva k±mehi vivicceva akusalehi dhammeh²”ti eva½ padadvayepi esa daµµhabbo. Padadvayepi ca kiñc±pi vivicc±ti imin± s±dh±raºavacanena tadaªgavivek±dayo, k±yavivek±dayo ca sabbepi vivek± saªgaha½ gacchanti, tath±pi k±yaviveko cittaviveko vikkhambhanavivekoti tayo eva idha daµµhabb±.
K±meh²ti imin± pana padena ye ca niddese “katame vatthuk±m±, man±piy± r³p±”ti-±din± (mah±ni. 1) nayena vatthuk±m± vutt±, ye ca tattheva vibhaªge ca “chando k±mo, r±go k±mo, chandar±go k±mo, saªkappo k±mo, r±go k±mo, saªkappar±go k±mo, ime vuccanti k±m±”ti (mah±ni. 1; vibha. 564) eva½ kilesak±m± vutt±, te sabbepi saªgahit±-icceva daµµhabb±. Evañhi sati vivicceva k±meh²ti vatthuk±mehipi viviccev±ti attho yujjati, tena k±yaviveko vutto hoti. Vivicca akusalehi dhammeh²ti kilesak±mehi sabb±kusalehi v± vivicc±ti attho yujjati, tena cittaviveko vutto hoti. Purimena cettha vatthuk±mehi vivekavacanato eva k±masukhaparicc±go, dutiyena kilesak±mehi vivekavacanato nekkhammasukhapariggaho vibh±vito hoti. Eva½ vatthuk±makilesak±mavivekavacanatoyeva ca etesa½ paµhamena sa½kilesavatthuppah±na½, dutiyena sa½kilesappah±na½. Paµhamena lolabh±vassa hetuparicc±go, dutiyena b±labh±vassa. Paµhamena ca payogasuddhi dutiyena ±sayaposana½ vibh±vita½ hot²ti viññ±tabba½. Esa t±va nayo k±meh²ti ettha vuttak±mesu vatthuk±mapakkhe.
Kilesak±mapakkhe pana chandoti ca r±goti ca evam±d²hi anekabhedo k±macchandoyeva k±moti adhippeto. So ca akusalapariy±pannopi sam±no “tattha katamo k±mo chando k±mo”ti-±din± (vibha. 564) nayena vibhaªge jh±napaµipakkhato visu½ vutto. Kilesak±matt± v± purimapade vutto, akusalapariy±pannatt± dutiyapade. Anekabhedato cassa k±matoti avatv± k±meh²ti vutta½.
Aññesampi ca dhamm±na½ akusalabh±ve vijjam±ne “tattha katame akusal± dhamm±, k±macchando”ti-±din± nayena vibhaªge upari jh±naªg±na½ paccan²kapaµipakkhabh±vadassanato n²varaº±neva vutt±ni. N²varaº±ni hi jh±naªgapaccan²k±ni, tesa½ jh±naªg±neva paµipakkh±ni viddha½sak±ni vigh±tak±n²ti vutta½ hoti. Tath± hi sam±dhi k±macchandassa paµipakkho, p²ti by±p±dassa, vitakko thinamiddhassa, sukha½ uddhaccakukkuccassa, vic±ro vicikicch±y±ti peµake vutta½.
Evamettha vivicceva k±meh²ti imin± k±macchandassa vikkhambhanaviveko vutto hoti. Vivicca akusalehi dhammeh²ti imin± pañcannampi n²varaº±na½, agahitaggahaºena pana paµhamena k±macchandassa, dutiyena sesan²varaº±na½. Tath± paµhamena t²su akusalam³lesu pañcak±maguºabhedavisayassa lobhassa, dutiyena ±gh±tavatthubhed±divisay±na½ dosamoh±na½. Ogh±d²su v± dhammesu paµhamena k±moghak±mayogak±m±savak±mup±d±na-abhijjh±k±yaganthak±mar±gasa½yojan±na½, dutiyena avasesa-oghayog±sava-up±d±naganthasa½yojan±na½. Paµhamena ca taºh±ya ta½sampayuttak±nañca, dutiyena avijj±ya ta½sampayuttak±nañca. Apica paµhamena lobhasampayutt±na½ aµµhanna½ cittupp±d±na½, dutiyena ses±na½ catunna½ akusalacittupp±d±na½ vikkhambhanaviveko vutto hot²ti veditabbo. Aya½ t±va vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammeh²ti ettha atthappak±san±.
71. Ett±vat± ca paµhamassa jh±nassa pah±naªga½ dassetv± id±ni sampayogaªga½ dassetu½ savitakka½ savic±ranti-±di vutta½. Tattha vitakkana½ vitakko, ³hananti vutta½ hoti. Sv±ya½ ±rammaºe cittassa abhiniropanalakkhaºo, ±hananapariy±hananaraso. Tath± hi tena yog±vacaro ±rammaºa½ vitakk±hata½ vitakkapariy±hata½ karot²ti vuccati. ¾rammaºe cittassa ±nayanapaccupaµµh±no.
Vicaraºa½ vic±ro, anusañcaraºanti vutta½ hoti. Sv±ya½ ±rammaº±numajjanalakkhaºo, tattha sahaj±t±nuyojanaraso, cittassa anuppabandhanapaccupaµµh±no.
Santepi ca nesa½ katthaci avippayoge o¼±rikaµµhena pubbaªgamaµµhena ca ghaº¹±bhigh±to viya cetaso paµham±bhinip±to vitakko. Sukhumaµµhena anumajjanasabh±vena ca ghaº¹±nuravo viya anuppabandho vic±ro. Vipph±rav± cettha vitakko paµhamuppattik±le paripphandanabh³to cittassa ±k±se uppatituk±massa pakkhino pakkhavikkhepo viya padum±bhimukhap±to viya ca gandh±nubandhacetaso bhamarassa. Santavutti vic±ro n±tiparipphandanabh±vo cittassa ±k±se uppatitassa pakkhino pakkhappas±raºa½ viya, paribbhamana½ viya ca padum±bhimukhapatitassa bhamarassa padumassa uparibh±ge. Dukanip±taµµhakath±ya½ pana “±k±se gacchato mah±sakuºassa ubhohi pakkhehi v±ta½ gahetv± pakkhe sannis²d±petv± gamana½ viya ±rammaºe cetaso abhiniropanabh±vena pavatto vitakko. V±taggahaºattha½ pakkhe phand±payam±nassa gamana½ viya anumajjanabh±vena pavatto vic±ro”ti vutta½, ta½ anuppabandhena pavattiya½ yujjati. So pana nesa½ viseso paµhamadutiyajjh±nesu p±kaµo hoti.
Apica malaggahita½ ka½sabh±jana½ ekena hatthena da¼ha½ gahetv± itarena hatthena cuººatelav±laº¹upakena parimajjantassa da¼hagahaºahattho viya vitakko, parimajjanahattho viya vic±ro. Tath± kumbhak±rassa daº¹appah±rena cakka½ bhamayitv± bh±jana½ karontassa upp²¼anahattho viya vitakko, ito cito ca sañcaraºahattho viya vic±ro. Tath± maº¹ala½ karontassa majjhe sannirumbhitv± µhitakaºµako viya abhiniropano vitakko, bahi paribbhamanakaºµako viya anumajjano vic±ro. Iti imin± ca vitakkena imin± ca vic±rena saha vattati rukkho viya pupphena phalena c±ti ida½ jh±na½ “savitakka½ savic±ran”ti vuccati. Vibhaªge pana “imin± ca vitakkena imin± ca vic±rena upeto hoti samupeto”ti-±din± (vibha. 565) nayena puggal±dhiµµh±n± desan± kat±. Attho pana tatr±pi evameva daµµhabbo.
Vivekajanti ettha vivitti viveko, n²varaºavigamoti attho. Vivittoti v± viveko, n²varaºavivitto jh±nasampayuttadhammar±s²ti attho. Tasm± vivek±, tasmi½ v± viveke j±tanti vivekaja½.
72. P²tisukhanti ettha p²ºayat²ti p²ti. S± sampiy±yanalakkhaº±, k±yacittap²nanaras±, pharaºaras± v±, odagyapaccupaµµh±n±. S± panes± khuddik± p²ti, khaºik±p²ti, okkantik±p²ti, ubbeg±p²ti, pharaº±p²t²ti pañcavidh± hoti. Tattha khuddik±p²ti sar²re lomaha½samattameva k±tu½ sakkoti. Khaºik±p²ti khaºe khaºe vijjupp±dasadis± hoti. Okkantik±p²ti samuddat²ra½ v²ci viya k±ya½ okkamitv± okkamitv± bhijjati. Ubbeg±p²ti balavat² hoti k±ya½ uddhagga½ katv± ±k±se laªgh±panappam±ºappatt±. Tath± hi puººavallikav±s² mah±tissatthero puººamadivase s±ya½ cetiyaªgaºa½ gantv± cand±loka½ disv± mah±cetiy±bhimukho hutv± “im±ya vata vel±ya catasso paris± mah±cetiya½ vandant²”ti pakatiy± diµµh±rammaºavasena buddh±rammaºa½ ubbeg±p²ti½ upp±detv± sudh±tale pahaµacitrageº¹uko viya ±k±se uppatitv± mah±cetiyaªgaºeyeva patiµµh±si. Tath± girikaº¹akavih±rassa upanissaye vattak±lakag±me ek± kuladh²t±pi balavabuddh±rammaº±ya ubbeg±p²tiy± ±k±se laªghesi.
Tass± kira m±t±pitaro s±ya½ dhammassavanatth±ya vih±ra½ gacchant± “amma tva½ garubh±r± ak±le vicaritu½ na sakkosi, maya½ tuyha½ patti½ katv± dhamma½ soss±m±”ti agama½su. S± gantuk±m±pi tesa½ vacana½ paµib±hitu½ asakkont² ghare oh²yitv± ghar±jire µhatv± cand±lokena girikaº¹ake ±k±sacetiyaªgaºa½ olokent² cetiyassa d²pap³ja½ addasa, catasso ca paris± m±l±gandh±d²hi cetiyap³ja½ katv± padakkhiºa½ karontiyo bhikkhusaªghassa ca gaºasajjh±yasadda½ assosi. Athass± “dhaññ±vatime, ye vih±ra½ gantv± evar³pe cetiyaªgaºe anusañcaritu½, evar³pañca madhuradhammakatha½ sotu½ labhant²”ti muttar±sisadisa½ cetiya½ passantiy± eva ubbeg±p²ti udap±di. S± ±k±se laªghitv± m±t±pit³na½ purimatara½yeva ±k±sato cetiyaªgaºe oruyha cetiya½ vanditv± dhamma½ suºam±n± aµµh±si. Atha na½ m±t±pitaro ±gantv± “amma tva½ katarena maggena ±gat±s²”ti pucchi½su. S± “±k±sena ±gat±mhi, na maggen±”ti vatv± “amma ±k±sena n±ma kh²º±sav± sañcaranti, tva½ katha½ ±gat±”ti vutt± ±ha– “mayha½ cand±lokena cetiya½ ±lokentiy± µhit±ya buddh±rammaº± balavap²ti uppajji. Ath±ha½ neva attano µhitabh±va½, na nisinnabh±va½ aññ±si½, gahitanimitteneva pana ±k±se laªghitv± cetiyaªgaºe patiµµhit±mh²”ti.
Eva½ ubbeg±p²ti ±k±se laªgh±panappam±º± hoti. Pharaº±p²tiy± pana uppann±ya sakalasar²ra½ dhamitv± p³ritavatthi viya mahat± udakoghena pakkhandapabbatakucchi viya ca anuparipphuµa½ hoti.
S± panes± pañcavidh± p²ti gabbha½ gaºhant² parip±ka½ gacchant² duvidha½ passaddhi½ parip³reti k±yapassaddhiñca cittapassaddhiñca. Passaddhi gabbha½ gaºhant² parip±ka½ gacchant² duvidhampi sukha½ parip³reti k±yikañca cetasikañca. Sukha½ gabbha½ gaºhanta½ parip±ka½ gacchanta½ tividha½ sam±dhi½ parip³reti khaºikasam±dhi½ upac±rasam±dhi½ appan± sam±dhinti. T±su y± appan±sam±dhissa m³la½ hutv± va¹¹ham±n± sam±dhisampayoga½ gat± pharaº±p²ti, aya½ imasmi½ atthe adhippet± p²t²ti.
73. Itara½ pana sukhana½ sukha½, suµµhu v± kh±dati, khanati ca k±yacitt±b±dhanti sukha½, ta½ s±talakkhaºa½, sampayutt±na½ upabr³hanarasa½, anuggahapaccupaµµh±na½. Satipi ca nesa½ katthaci avippayoge iµµh±rammaºapaµil±bhatuµµhi p²ti. Paµiladdharas±nubhavana½ sukha½. Yattha p²ti, tattha sukha½. Yattha sukha½, tattha na niyamato p²ti. Saªkh±rakkhandhasaªgahit± p²ti. Vedan±kkhandhasaªgahita½ sukha½. Kant±rakhinnassa vanantudakadassanasavanesu viya p²ti. Vanacch±y±pavesana-udakaparibhogesu viya sukha½. Tasmi½ tasmi½ samaye p±kaµabh±vato ceta½ vuttanti veditabba½. Iti ayañca p²ti idañca sukha½ assa jh±nassa, asmi½ v± jh±ne atth²ti ida½ jh±na½ p²tisukhanti vuccati.
Atha v± p²ti ca sukhañca p²tisukha½, dhammavinay±dayo viya. Vivekaja½ p²tisukhamassa jh±nassa, asmi½ v± jh±ne atth²ti evampi vivekaja½p²tisukha½. Yatheva hi jh±na½, eva½ p²tisukhampettha vivekajameva hoti, tañcassa atthi, tasm± ekapadeneva “vivekaja½p²tisukhan”tipi vattu½ yujjati. Vibhaªge pana “ida½ sukha½ im±ya p²tiy± sahagatan”ti-±din± (vibha. 567) nayena vutta½. Attho pana tatth±pi evameva daµµhabbo.
Paµhama½ jh±nanti ida½ parato ±vibhavissati. Upasampajj±ti upagantv±, p±puºitv±ti vutta½ hoti. Upasamp±dayitv± v±, nipph±detv±ti vutta½ hoti. Vibhaªge pana “upasampajj±ti paµhamassa jh±nassa l±bho paµil±bho patti sampatti phusan± sacchikiriy± upasampad±”ti vutta½. Tass±pi evamevattho daµµhabbo. Viharat²ti tadanur³pena iriy±pathavih±rena itivuttappak±rajh±nasamaªg² hutv± attabh±vassa iriya½ vutti½ p±lana½ yapana½ y±pana½ c±ra½ vih±ra½ abhinipph±deti Vuttañheta½ vibhaªge “viharat²ti iriyati vattati p±leti yapeti y±peti carati viharati, tena vuccati viharat²”ti (vibha. 540).