Sam±dhicatukkavaººan±

Catukkesu paµhamacatukke atthi sam±dhi dukkh±paµipado dandh±bhiñño, atthi dukkh±paµipado khipp±bhiñño, atthi sukh±paµipado dandh±bhiñño, atthi sukh±paµipado khipp±bhiññoti.
Tattha paµhamasamann±h±rato paµµh±ya y±va tassa tassa jh±nassa upac±ra½ uppajjati, t±va pavatt± sam±dhibh±van± paµipad±ti vuccati. Upac±rato pana paµµh±ya y±va appan±, t±va pavatt± paññ± abhiññ±ti vuccati. S± panes± paµipad± ekaccassa dukkh± hoti, n²varaº±dipaccan²kadhammasamud±c±ragahaºat±ya kicch± asukh±sevan±ti attho. Ekaccassa tadabh±vena sukh±. Abhiññ±pi ekaccassa dandh± hoti mand± as²ghappavatti. Ekaccassa khipp± amand± s²ghappavatti.
Tattha y±ni parato sapp±y±sapp±y±ni ca palibodhupacched±d²ni pubbakicc±ni ca appan±kosall±ni ca vaººayiss±ma, tesu yo asapp±yasev² hoti, tassa dukkh± paµipad± dandh± ca abhiññ± hoti. Sapp±yasevino sukh± paµipad± khipp± ca abhiññ±. Yo pana pubbabh±ge asapp±ya½ sevitv± aparabh±ge sapp±yasev² hoti, pubbabh±ge v± sapp±ya½ sevitv± aparabh±ge asapp±yasev², tassa vomissakat± veditabb±. Tath± palibodhupacched±dika½ pubbakicca½ asamp±detv± bh±vanamanuyuttassa dukkh± paµipad± hoti. Vipariy±yena sukh±. Appan±kosall±ni pana asamp±dentassa dandh± abhiññ± hoti. Samp±dentassa khipp±.
Apica taºh±-avijj±vasena samathavipassan±dhik±ravasena c±pi et±sa½ pabhedo veditabbo. Taºh±bhibh³tassa hi dukkh± paµipad± hoti. Anabhibh³tassa sukh±. Avijj±bhibh³tassa ca dandh± abhiññ± hoti. Anabhibh³tassa khipp±. Yo ca samathe akat±dhik±ro, tassa dukkh± paµipad± hoti. Kat±dhik±rassa sukh±. Yo pana vipassan±ya akat±dhik±ro hoti, tassa dandh± abhiññ± hoti, kat±dhik±rassa khipp±. Kilesindriyavasena c±pi et±sa½ pabhedo veditabbo. Tibbakilesassa hi mudindriyassa dukkh± paµipad± hoti dandh± ca abhiññ±, tikkhindriyassa pana khipp± abhiññ±. Mandakilesassa ca mudindriyassa sukh± paµipad± hoti dandh± ca abhiññ±. Tikkhindriyassa pana khipp± abhiññ±ti.
Iti im±su paµipad±-abhiññ±su yo puggalo dukkh±ya paµipad±ya dandh±ya ca abhiññ±ya sam±dhi½ p±puº±ti, tassa so sam±dhi dukkh±paµipado dandh±bhiññoti vuccati. Esa nayo sesattayep²ti eva½ dukkh±paµipad±dandh±bhiññ±divasena catubbidho.
Dutiyacatukke atthi sam±dhi paritto paritt±rammaºo, atthi paritto appam±º±rammaºo, atthi appam±ºo paritt±rammaºo, atthi appam±ºo appam±º±rammaºoti. Tattha yo sam±dhi appaguºo uparijh±nassa paccayo bhavitu½ na sakkoti, aya½ paritto. Yo pana ava¹¹hite ±rammaºe pavatto, aya½ paritt±rammaºo. Yo paguºo subh±vito, uparijh±nassa paccayo bhavitu½ sakkoti, aya½ appam±ºo. Yo ca va¹¹hite ±rammaºe pavatto, aya½ appam±º±rammaºo. Vuttalakkhaºavomissat±ya pana vomissakanayo veditabbo. Eva½ parittaparitt±rammaº±divasena catubbidho.
Tatiyacatukke vikkhambhitan²varaº±na½ vitakkavic±rap²tisukhasam±dh²na½ vasena pañcaªgika½ paµhama½ jh±na½, tato v³pasantavitakkavic±ra½ tivaªgika½ dutiya½, tato virattap²tika½ duvaªgika½ tatiya½, tato pah²nasukha½ upekkh±vedan±sahitassa sam±dhino vasena duvaªgika½ catuttha½. Iti imesa½ catunna½ jh±n±na½ aªgabh³t± catt±ro sam±dh² honti. Eva½ catujh±naªgavasena catubbidho.
Catutthacatukke atthi sam±dhi h±nabh±giyo, atthi µhitibh±giyo, atthi visesabh±giyo, atthi nibbedhabh±giyo. Tattha paccan²kasamud±c±ravasena h±nabh±giyat±, tadanudhammat±ya satiy± saºµh±navasena µhitibh±giyat±, uparivises±dhigamavasena visesabh±giyat±, nibbid±sahagatasaññ±manasik±rasamud±c±ravasena nibbedhabh±giyat± ca veditabb±. Yath±ha, “paµhamassa jh±nassa l±bhi½ k±masahagat± saññ±manasik±r± samud±caranti h±nabh±gin² paññ±. Tadanudhammat± sati santiµµhati µhitibh±gin² paññ±. Avitakkasahagat± saññ±manasik±r± samud±caranti visesabh±gin² paññ±. Nibbid±sahagat± saññ±manasik±r± samud±caranti vir±g³pasañhit± nibbedhabh±gin² paññ±”ti (vibha. 799). T±ya pana paññ±ya sampayutt± sam±dh²pi catt±ro hont²ti. Eva½ h±nabh±giy±divasena catubbidho.
Pañcamacatukke k±m±vacaro sam±dhi, r³p±vacaro sam±dhi, ar³p±vacaro sam±dhi, apariy±panno sam±dh²ti eva½ catt±ro sam±dh². Tattha sabb±pi upac±rekaggat± k±m±vacaro sam±dhi. Tath± r³p±vacar±dikusalacittekaggat± itare tayoti eva½ k±m±vacar±divasena catubbidho.
Chaµµhacatukke “chanda½ ce bhikkhu adhipati½ karitv± labhati sam±dhi½, labhati cittassekaggata½, aya½ vuccati chandasam±dhi…pe… v²riya½ ce bhikkhu…pe… citta½ ce bhikkhu…pe… v²ma½sa½ ce bhikkhu adhipati½ karitv± labhati sam±dhi½, labhati cittassekaggata½ aya½ vuccati v²ma½s±sam±dh²”ti (vibha. 432; sa½. ni. 3.825) eva½ adhipativasena catubbidho.
Pañcake ya½ catukkabhede vutta½ dutiya½ jh±na½, ta½ vitakkamatt±tikkamena dutiya½, vitakkavic±r±tikkamena tatiyanti eva½ dvidh± bhinditv± pañca jh±n±ni veditabb±ni. Tesa½ aªgabh³t± ca pañca sam±dh²ti eva½ pañcajh±naªgavasena pañcavidhat± veditabb±.
40. Ko cassa sa½kileso ki½ vod±nanti ettha pana vissajjana½ vibhaªge vuttameva. Vuttañhi tattha “sa½kilesanti h±nabh±giyo dhammo. Vod±nanti visesabh±giyo dhammo”ti (vibha. 828). Tattha “paµhamassa jh±nassa l±bhi½ k±masahagat± saññ±manasik±r± samud±caranti h±nabh±gin² paññ±”ti (vibha. 799) imin± nayena h±nabh±giyadhammo veditabbo. “Avitakkasahagat± saññ±manasik±r± samud±caranti visesabh±gin² paññ±”ti (vibha. 799) imin± nayena visesabh±giyadhammo veditabbo.