S²lappabhedakath±

10. Id±ni ya½ vutta½ katividha½ ceta½ s²lanti, tatrida½ vissajjana½. Sabbameva t±va ida½ s²la½ attano s²lanalakkhaŗena ekavidha½.
C±rittav±rittavasena duvidha½. Tath± ±bhisam±c±rika-±dibrahmacariyakavasena, virati-avirativasena, nissit±nissitavasena, k±lapariyanta-±p±ŗakoµikavasena, sapariyant±pariyantavasena, lokiyalokuttaravasena ca.
Tividha½ h²namajjhimapaŗ²tavasena. Tath± att±dhipateyyalok±dhipateyyadhamm±dhipateyyavasena, par±maµµh±par±maµµhapaµippassaddhivasena, visuddh±visuddhavematikavasena, sekkh±sekkhanevasekkhan±sekkhavasena ca.
Catubbidha½ h±nabh±giyaµhitibh±giyavisesabh±giyanibbedhabh±giyavasena. Tath± bhikkhubhikkhun²-anupasampannagahaµµhas²lavasena, pakati-±c±radhammat±pubbahetukas²lavasena, p±timokkhasa½vara-indriyasa½vara-±j²vap±risuddhipaccayasannissitas²lavasena ca.
Pańcavidha½ pariyantap±risuddhis²l±divasena. Vuttampi ceta½ paµisambhid±ya½ “pańca s²l±ni– pariyantap±risuddhis²la½, apariyantap±risuddhis²la½, paripuŗŗap±risuddhis²la½, apar±maµµhap±risuddhis²la½, paµippassaddhip±risuddhis²lan”ti (paµi. ma. 1.37). Tath± pah±naveramaŗ²cetan±sa½var±v²tikkamavasena.
11. Tattha ekavidhakoµµh±se attho vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Duvidhakoµµh±se ya½ bhagavat± “ida½ kattabban”ti pańńattasikkh±padap³raŗa½, ta½ c±ritta½. Ya½ “ida½ na kattabban”ti paµikkhittassa akaraŗa½, ta½ v±ritta½. Tatr±ya½ vacanattho. Caranti tasmi½ s²lesu parip³rak±rit±ya pavattant²ti c±ritta½. V±rita½ t±yanti rakkhanti ten±ti v±ritta½. Tattha saddh±v²riyas±dhana½ c±ritta½, saddh±s±dhana½ v±ritta½. Eva½ c±rittav±rittavasena duvidha½.
Dutiyaduke abhisam±c±roti uttamasam±c±ro. Abhisam±c±ro eva ±bhisam±c±rika½. Abhisam±c±ra½ v± ±rabbha pańńatta½ ±bhisam±c±rika½, ±j²vaµµhamakato avasesas²lasseta½ adhivacana½. Maggabrahmacariyassa ±dibh±vabh³tanti ±dibrahmacariyaka½, ±j²vaµµhamakas²lasseta½ adhivacana½. Tańhi maggassa ±dibh±vabh³ta½, pubbabh±geyeva parisodhetabbato. Ten±ha– “pubbeva kho panassa k±yakamma½ vac²kamma½ ±j²vo suparisuddho hot²”ti (ma. ni. 3.431). Y±ni v± sikkh±pad±ni khudd±nukhuddak±n²ti vutt±ni, ida½ ±bhisam±c±rikas²la½. Sesa½ ±dibrahmacariyaka½. UbhatovibhaŖgapariy±panna½ v± ±dibrahmacariyaka½. Khandhakavattapariy±panna½ ±bhisam±c±rika½. Tassa sampattiy± ±dibrahmacariyaka½ sampajjati. Tenev±ha– “so vata, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ±bhisam±c±rika½ dhamma½ aparip³retv± ±dibrahmacariyaka½ dhamma½ parip³ressat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”ti (a. ni. 5.21). Eva½ ±bhisam±c±rika-±dibrahmacariyakavasena duvidha½.
Tatiyaduke p±ŗ±tip±t±d²hi veramaŗimatta½ viratis²la½. Sesa½ cetan±di aviratis²lanti eva½ virati-avirativasena duvidha½.
Catutthaduke nissayoti dve nissay± taŗh±nissayo ca diµµhinissayo ca. Tattha ya½ “imin±ha½ s²lena devo v± bhaviss±mi devańńataro v±”ti (d². ni. 3.320; ma. ni. 1.186; a. ni. 5.206; 7.50) eva½ bhavasampatti½ ±kaŖkham±nena pavattita½, ida½ taŗh±nissita½. Ya½ “s²lena suddh²”ti eva½ suddhidiµµhiy± pavattita½, ida½ diµµhinissita½. Ya½ pana lokuttara½ lokiyańca tasseva sambh±rabh³ta½, ida½ anissitanti eva½ nissit±nissitavasena duvidha½.
Pańcamaduke k±lapariccheda½ katv± sam±dinna½ s²la½ k±lapariyanta½. Y±vaj²va½ sam±diyitv± tatheva pavattita½ ±p±ŗakoµikanti eva½ k±lapariyanta-±p±ŗakoµikavasena duvidha½.
Chaµµhaduke l±bhayasań±ti-aŖgaj²vitavasena diµµhapariyanta½ sapariyanta½ n±ma. Vipar²ta½ apariyanta½. Vuttampi ceta½ paµisambhid±ya½ “katama½ ta½ s²la½ sapariyanta½? Atthi s²la½ l±bhapariyanta½, atthi s²la½ yasapariyanta½, atthi s²la½ ń±tipariyanta½, atthi s²la½ aŖgapariyanta½, atthi s²la½ j²vitapariyanta½. Katama½ ta½ s²la½ l±bhapariyanta½? Idhekacco l±bhahetu l±bhapaccay± l±bhak±raŗ± yath±sam±dinna½ sikkh±pada½ v²tikkamati, ida½ ta½ s²la½ l±bhapariyantan”ti (paµi. ma. 1.38). Eteneva up±yena itar±nipi vitth±retabb±ni. Apariyantavissajjanepi vutta½ “katama½ ta½ s²la½ na l±bhapariyanta½? Idhekacco l±bhahetu l±bhapaccay± l±bhak±raŗ± yath±sam±dinna½ sikkh±pada½ v²tikkam±ya cittampi na upp±deti, ki½ so v²tikkamissati, ida½ ta½ s²la½ na l±bhapariyantan”ti (paµi. ma. 1.38). Etenevup±yena itar±nipi vitth±retabb±ni. Eva½ sapariyant±pariyantavasena duvidha½.
Sattamaduke sabbampi s±sava½ s²la½ lokiya½. An±sava½ lokuttara½. Tattha lokiya½ bhavavises±vaha½ hoti bhavanissaraŗassa ca sambh±ro. Yath±ha– “vinayo sa½varatth±ya, sa½varo avippaµis±ratth±ya, avippaµis±ro p±mojjatth±ya, p±mojja½ p²tatth±ya, p²ti passaddhatth±ya, passaddhi sukhatth±ya, sukha½ sam±dhatth±ya, sam±dhi yath±bh³tań±ŗadassanatth±ya, yath±bh³tań±ŗadassana½ nibbidatth±ya, nibbid± vir±gatth±ya, vir±go vimuttatth±ya, vimutti vimuttiń±ŗadassanatth±ya, vimuttiń±ŗadassana½ anup±d±parinibb±natth±ya, etadatth± kath±, etadatth± mantan±, etadatth± upanis±, etadattha½ sot±vadh±na½, yadida½ anup±d±cittassa vimokkho”ti (pari. 366). Lokuttara½ bhavanissaraŗ±vaha½ hoti paccavekkhaŗań±ŗassa ca bh³m²ti eva½ lokiyalokuttaravasena duvidha½.
12. Tikesu paµhamattike h²nena chandena cittena v²riyena v²ma½s±ya v± pavattita½ h²na½. Majjhimehi chand±d²hi pavattita½ majjhima½. Paŗ²tehi paŗ²ta½. Yasak±mat±ya v± sam±dinna½ h²na½. Puńńaphalak±mat±ya majjhima½. Kattabbamevidanti ariyabh±va½ niss±ya sam±dinna½ paŗ²ta½. “Ahamasmi s²lasampanno, ime panańńe bhikkh³ duss²l± p±padhamm±”ti eva½ attukka½sanaparavambhan±d²hi upakkiliµµha½ v± h²na½. Anupakkiliµµha½ lokiya½ s²la½ majjhima½. Lokuttara½ paŗ²ta½. Taŗh±vasena v± bhavabhogatth±ya pavattita½ h²na½. Attano vimokkhatth±ya pavattita½ majjhima½. Sabbasatt±na½ vimokkhatth±ya pavattita½ p±ramit±s²la½ paŗ²tanti eva½ h²namajjhimapaŗ²tavasena tividha½.
Dutiyattike attano ananur³pa½ pajahituk±mena attagarun± attanig±ravena pavattita½ att±dhipateyya½. Lok±pav±da½ pariharituk±mena lokagarun± loke g±ravena pavattita½ lok±dhipateyya½. Dhammamahatta½ p³jetuk±mena dhammagarun± dhammag±ravena pavattita½ dhamm±dhipateyyanti eva½ att±dhipateyy±divasena tividha½.
Tatiyattike ya½ dukesu nissitanti vutta½, ta½ taŗh±diµµh²hi par±maµµhatt± par±maµµha½. Puthujjanakaly±ŗakassa maggasambh±rabh³ta½ sekkh±nańca maggasampayutta½ apar±maµµha½. Sekkh±sekkh±na½ phalasampayutta½ paµippassaddhanti eva½ par±maµµh±divasena tividha½.
Catutthattike ya½ ±patti½ an±pajjantena p³rita½, ±pajjitv± v± puna katapaµikamma½, ta½ visuddha½. ¾patti½ ±pannassa akatapaµikamma½ avisuddha½. Vatthumhi v± ±pattiy± v± ajjh±c±re v± vematikassa s²la½ vematikas²la½ n±ma. Tattha yogin± avisuddhas²la½ visodhetabba½, vematike vatthujjh±c±ra½ akatv± vimati paµivinetabb± “iccassa ph±su bhavissat²”ti eva½ visuddh±divasena tividha½.
Pańcamattike cat³hi ariyamaggehi t²hi ca s±mańńaphalehi sampayutta½ s²la½ sekkha½. Arahattaphalasampayutta½ asekkha½. Sesa½ nevasekkhan±sekkhanti eva½ sekkh±divasena tividha½.
Paµisambhid±ya½ pana yasm± loke tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ pakatipi s²lanti vuccati, ya½ sandh±ya “aya½ sukhas²lo, aya½ dukkhas²lo, aya½ kalahas²lo, aya½ maŗ¹anas²lo”ti bhaŗanti, tasm± tena pariy±yena “t²ŗi s²l±ni, kusalas²la½ akusalas²la½ aby±katas²lanti (paµi. ma. 1.39). Eva½ kusal±divasenapi tividhanti vutta½. Tattha akusala½ imasmi½ atthe adhippetassa s²lassa lakkhaŗ±d²su ekenapi na samet²ti idha na upan²ta½, tasm± vuttanayenevassa tividhat± veditabb±.
13. Catukkesu paµhamacatukke–
Yodha sevati duss²le, s²lavante na sevati;
vatthuv²tikkame dosa½, na passati aviddasu.
Micch±saŖkappabahulo indriy±ni na rakkhati;
evar³passa ve s²la½, j±yate h±nabh±giya½.
Yo panattamano hoti, s²lasampattiy± idha;
kammaµµh±n±nuyogamhi, na upp±deti m±nasa½.
Tuµµhassa s²lamattena, aghaµantassa uttari;
tassa ta½ µhitibh±giya½, s²la½ bhavati bhikkhuno.
Sampannas²lo ghaµati, sam±dhatth±ya yo pana;
visesabh±giya½ s²la½, hoti etassa bhikkhuno.
Atuµµho s²lamattena, nibbida½ yonuyuńjati;
hoti nibbedhabh±giya½, s²lametassa bhikkhunoti.
Eva½ h±nabh±giy±divasena catubbidha½.
Dutiyacatukke bhikkh³ ±rabbha pańńattasikkh±pad±ni, y±ni ca nesa½ bhikkhun²na½ pańńattito rakkhitabb±ni, ida½ bhikkhus²la½. Bhikkhuniyo ±rabbha pańńattasikkh±pad±ni, y±ni ca t±sa½ bhikkh³na½ pańńattito rakkhitabb±ni, ida½ bhikkhunis²la½. S±maŗeras±maŗer²na½ dasas²l±ni anupasampannas²la½. Up±saka-up±sik±na½ niccas²lavasena pańcasikkh±pad±ni, sati v± uss±he dasa, uposathaŖgavasena aµµh±ti ida½ gahaµµhas²lanti eva½ bhikkhus²l±divasena catubbidha½.
Tatiyacatukke uttarakuruk±na½ manuss±na½ av²tikkamo pakatis²la½. Kuladesap±saŗ¹±na½ attano attano mariy±d±c±ritta½ ±c±ras²la½. “Dhammat± es±, ±nanda, yad± bodhisatto m±tukucchi½ okkanto hoti na bodhisattam±tu purisesu m±nasa½ uppajji k±maguŗ³pasa½hitan”ti eva½ vutta½ bodhisattam±tus²la½ dhammat±s²la½. Mah±kassap±d²na½ pana suddhasatt±na½, bodhisattassa ca t±su t±su j±t²su s²la½ pubbahetukas²lanti eva½ pakatis²l±divasena catubbidha½.
Catutthacatukke ya½ bhagavat± “idha bhikkhu p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto viharati ±c±ragocarasampanno aŗumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v² sam±d±ya sikkhati sikkh±pades³”ti (vibha. 508; d². ni. 1.193) va½ vutta½ s²la½, ida½ p±timokkhasa½varas²la½ n±ma. Ya½ pana “so cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± na nimittagg±h² hoti n±nubyańjanagg±h², yatv±dhikaraŗamena½ cakkhundriya½ asa½vuta½ viharanta½ abhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssaveyyu½, tassa sa½var±ya paµipajjati, rakkhati cakkhundriya½, cakkhundriye sa½vara½ ±pajjati. Sotena sadda½ sutv±…pe… gh±nena gandha½ gh±yitv±…pe… jivh±ya rasa½ s±yitv±…pe… k±yena phoµµhabba½ phusitv±…pe… manas± dhamma½ vińń±ya na nimittagg±h²…pe… manindriye sa½vara½ ±pajjat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.22, 411; d². ni. 1.213; a. ni. 4.198) vutta½, ida½ indriyasa½varas²la½. Y± pana ±j²vahetupańńatt±na½ channa½ sikkh±pad±na½ v²tikkamassa, “kuhan± lapan± nemittikat± nippesikat± l±bhena l±bha½ nijig²sanat±”ti evam±d²nańca p±padhamm±na½ vasena pavatt± micch±j²v± virati, ida½ ±j²vap±risuddhis²la½. “PaµisaŖkh± yoniso c²vara½ paµisevati, y±vadeva s²tassa paµigh±t±y±”ti (ma. ni. 1.23; a. ni. 6.58) ±din± nayena vutto paµisaŖkh±naparisuddho catupaccayaparibhogo paccayasannissitas²la½ n±ma.