Dhutaªgapakiººakakath±

37. Id±ni
Kusalattikato ceva, dhut±d²na½ vibh±gato;
sam±saby±sato c±pi, viññ±tabbo vinicchayoti.–
Imiss± g±th±ya vasena vaººan± hoti.
Tattha kusalattikatoti sabb±neva hi dhutaªg±ni sekkhaputhujjanakh²º±sav±na½ vasena siy± kusal±ni, siy± aby±kat±ni, natthi dhutaªga½ akusalanti.
Yo pana vadeyya “p±piccho icch±pakato ±raññiko hot²ti ±divacanato (a. ni. 5.181; pari. 325) akusalampi dhutaªgan”ti. So vattabbo– na maya½ “akusalacittena araññe na vasat²”ti vad±ma. Yassa hi araññe niv±so, so ±raññiko. So ca p±piccho v± bhaveyya appiccho v±. Im±ni pana tena tena sam±d±nena dhutakilesatt± dhutassa bhikkhuno aªg±ni, kilesadhunanato v± dhutanti laddhavoh±ra½ ñ±ºa½ aªgametesanti dhutaªg±ni. Atha v± dhut±ni ca t±ni paµipakkhaniddhunanato aªg±ni ca paµipattiy±tipi dhutaªg±n²ti vutta½. Na ca akusalena koci dhuto n±ma hoti, yasset±ni aªg±ni bhaveyyu½, na ca akusala½ kiñci dhun±ti, yesa½ ta½ aªgantikatv± dhutaªg±n²ti vucceyyu½. N±pi akusala½ c²varalolupp±d²ni ceva niddhun±ti paµipattiy± ca aªga½ hoti. Tasm± suvuttamida½ “natthi akusala½ dhutaªgan”ti.
“Yesampi kusalattikavinimutta½ dhutaªga½, tesa½ atthato dhutaªgameva natthi. Asanta½ kassa dhunanato dhutaªga½ n±ma bhavissati. Dhutaguºe sam±d±ya vattat²ti vacanavirodhopi ca nesa½ ±pajjati, tasm± ta½ na gahetabban”ti aya½ t±va kusalattikato vaººan±.
Dhut±d²na½ vibh±gatoti dhuto veditabbo. Dhutav±do veditabbo. Dhutadhamm± veditabb±. Dhutaªg±ni veditabb±ni. Kassa dhutaªgasevan± sapp±y±ti veditabba½.
Tattha dhutoti dhutakileso v± puggalo kilesadhunano v± dhammo.
Dhutav±doti ettha pana atthi dhuto na dhutav±do, atthi na dhuto dhutav±do, atthi neva dhuto na dhutav±do, atthi dhuto ceva dhutav±do ca.
Tattha yo dhutaªgena attano kilese dhuni, para½ pana dhutaªgena na ovadati, n±nus±sati b±kulatthero viya, aya½ dhuto na dhutav±do. Yath±ha, “tayida½ ±yasm± b±kulo dhuto na dhutav±do”ti. Yo pana na dhutaªgena attano kilese dhuni, kevala½ aññe dhutaªgena ovadati anus±sati upanandatthero viya, aya½ na dhuto dhutav±do. Yath±ha, “tayida½ ±yasm± upanando sakyaputto na dhuto dhutav±do”ti. Yo ubhayavipanno l±¼ud±y² viya, aya½ neva dhuto na dhutav±do. Yath±ha, “tayida½ ±yasm± l±¼ud±y² neva dhuto na dhutav±do”ti. Yo pana ubhayasampanno dhammasen±pati viya, aya½ dhuto ceva dhutav±do ca. Yath±ha, “tayida½ ±yasm± s±riputto dhuto ceva dhutav±do c±ti.
Dhutadhamm± veditabb±ti appicchat±, santuµµhit±, sallekhat±, pavivekat±, idamatthit±ti ime dhutaªgacetan±ya pariv±rak± pañca dhamm± “appicchata½yeva niss±y±”ti-±divacanato (a. ni. 5.181; pari. 325) dhutadhamm± n±ma, tattha appicchat± ca santuµµhit± ca alobho. Sallekhat± ca pavivekat± ca dv²su dhammesu anupatanti alobhe ca amohe ca. Idamatthit± ñ±ºameva. Tattha ca alobhena paµikkhepavatth³su lobha½, amohena tesveva ±d²navapaµicch±daka½ moha½ dhun±ti. Alobhena ca anuññ±t±na½ paµisevanamukhena pavatta½ k±masukh±nuyoga½, amohena dhutaªgesu atisallekhamukhena pavatta½ attakilamath±nuyoga½ dhun±ti. Tasm± ime dhamm± dhutadhamm±ti veditabb±.
Dhutaªg±ni veditabb±n²ti terasa dhutaªg±ni veditabb±ni pa½suk³likaªga½…pe… nesajjikaªganti. T±ni atthato lakkhaº±d²hi ca vutt±neva.
Kassa dhutaªgasevan± sapp±y±ti r±gacaritassa ceva mohacaritassa ca. Kasm±? Dhutaªgasevan± hi dukkh±paµipad± ceva sallekhavih±ro ca. Dukkh±paµipadañca niss±ya r±go v³pasammati. Sallekha½ niss±ya appamattassa moho pah²yati. ¾raññikaªgarukkham³likaªgapaµisevan± v± ettha dosacaritass±pi sapp±y±. Tattha hissa asaªghaµµiyam±nassa viharato dosopi v³pasammat²ti aya½ dhut±d²na½ vibh±gato vaººan±.
Sam±saby±satoti im±ni pana dhutaªg±ni sam±sato t²ºi s²saªg±ni, pañca asambhinnaªg±n²ti aµµheva honti. Tattha sapad±nac±rikaªga½, ek±sanikaªga½, abbhok±sikaªganti im±ni t²ºi s²saªg±ni. Sapad±nac±rikaªgañhi rakkhanto piº¹ap±tikaªgampi rakkhissati. Ek±sanikaªgañca rakkhato pattapiº¹ikaªgakhalupacch±bhattikaªg±nipi surakkhan²y±ni bhavissanti. Abbhok±sikaªga½ rakkhantassa ki½ atthi rukkham³likaªgayath±santhatikaªgesu rakkhitabba½ n±ma. Iti im±ni t²ºi s²saªg±ni, ±raññikaªga½, pa½suk³likaªga½, tec²varikaªga½, nesajjikaªga½, sos±nikaªganti im±ni pañca asambhinnaªg±ni c±ti aµµheva honti.
Puna dve c²varapaµisa½yutt±ni, pañca piº¹ap±tapaµisa½yutt±ni, pañca sen±sanapaµisa½yutt±ni, eka½ v²riyapaµisa½yuttanti eva½ catt±rova honti. Tattha nesajjikaªga½ v²riyapaµisa½yutta½. Itar±ni p±kaµ±neva.
Puna sabb±neva nissayavasena dve honti paccayanissit±ni dv±dasa, v²riyanissita½ ekanti. Sevitabb±sevitabbavasenapi dveyeva honti. Yassa hi dhutaªga½ sevantassa kammaµµh±na½ va¹¹hati, tena sevitabb±ni. Yassa sevato h±yati, tena na sevitabb±ni. Yassa pana sevatopi asevatopi va¹¹hateva, na h±yati, ten±pi pacchima½ janata½ anukampantena sevitabb±ni. Yass±pi sevatopi asevatopi na va¹¹hati, ten±pi sevitabb±niyeva ±yati½ v±sanatth±y±ti.
Eva½ sevitabb±sevitabbavasena duvidh±nipi sabb±neva cetan±vasena ekavidh±ni honti. Ekameva hi dhutaªga½ sam±d±nacetan±ti. Aµµhakath±yampi vutta½ “y± cetan±, ta½ dhutaªganti vadant²”ti.
By±sato pana bhikkh³na½ terasa, bhikkhun²na½ aµµha, s±maºer±na½ dv±dasa, sikkham±nas±maºer²na½ satta, up±saka-up±sik±na½ dveti dv±catt±l²sa honti. Sace pana abbhok±se ±raññikaªgasampanna½ sus±na½ hoti, ekopi bhikkhu ekappah±rena sabbadhutaªg±ni paribhuñjitu½ sakkoti. Bhikkhun²na½ pana ±raññikaªga½ khalupacch±bhattikaªgañca dvepi sikkh±padeneva paµikkhitt±ni, abbhok±sikaªga½, rukkham³likaªga½, sos±nikaªganti im±ni t²ºi dupparih±r±ni. Bhikkhuniy± hi dutiyika½ vin± vasitu½ na vaµµati. Evar³pe ca µh±ne sam±nacchand± dutiyik± dullabh±. Sacepi labheyya sa½saµµhavih±rato na mucceyya. Eva½ sati yassatth±ya dhutaªga½ seveyya, svevass± attho na sampajjeyya. Eva½ paribhuñjitu½ asakkuºeyyat±ya pañca h±petv± bhikkhun²na½ aµµheva hont²ti veditabb±ni. Yath±vuttesu pana µhapetv± tec²varikaªga½ ses±ni dv±dasa s±maºer±na½, satta sikkham±nas±maºer²na½ veditabb±ni. Up±saka-up±sik±na½ pana ek±sanikaªga½, pattapiº¹ikaªganti im±ni dve patir³p±ni ceva sakk± ca paribhuñjitunti dve dhutaªg±n²ti eva½ by±sato dvecatt±l²sa hont²ti aya½ sam±saby±sato vaººan±.
Ett±vat± ca “s²le patiµµh±ya naro sapañño”ti imiss± g±th±ya s²lasam±dhipaññ±mukhena desite visuddhimagge yehi appicchat±santuµµhit±d²hi guºehi vuttappak±rassa s²lassa vod±na½ hoti, tesa½ samp±danattha½ sam±d±tabbadhutaªgakath± bh±sit± hoti.

Iti s±dhujanap±mojjatth±ya kate visuddhimagge

Dhutaªganiddeso n±ma dutiyo paricchedo.