8. ¾rańńikaŖgakath±

31. ¾rańńikaŖgampi “g±mantasen±sana½ paµikkhip±mi, ±rańńikaŖga½ sam±diy±m²”ti imesa½ ańńataravacanena sam±dinna½ hoti.
Tena pana ±rańńikena g±mantasen±sana½ pah±ya arańńe aruŗa½ uµµh±petabba½. Tattha saddhi½ upac±rena g±moyeva g±mantasen±sana½.
G±mo n±ma yo koci ekakuµiko v± anekakuµiko v± parikkhitto v± aparikkhitto v± samanusso v± amanusso v± antamaso atirekac±tum±saniviµµho yo koci satthopi.
G±m³pac±ro n±ma parikkhittassa g±massa sace anur±dhapurasseva dve indakh²l± honti, abbhantarime indakh²le µhitassa th±mamajjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±to. Tassa lakkhaŗa½ yath± taruŗamanuss± attano bala½ dassent± b±ha½ pas±retv± le¹¹u½ khipanti, eva½ khittassa le¹¹ussa patanaµµh±nabbhantaranti vinayadhar±. Suttantik± pana k±kaniv±raŗaniyamena khittass±ti vadanti. Aparikkhittag±me ya½ sabbapaccantimassa gharassa dv±re µhito m±tug±mo bh±janena udaka½ cha¹¹eti, tassa patanaµµh±na½ ghar³pac±ro. Tato vuttanayena eko le¹¹up±to g±mo, dutiyo g±m³pac±ro.
Arańńa½ pana vinayapariy±ye t±va “µhapetv± g±mańca g±m³pac±rańca sabbameta½ arańńan”ti (p±r±. 92) vutta½. Abhidhammapariy±ye “nikkhamitv± bahi indakh²l±, sabbameta½ arańńan”ti (vibha. 529) vutta½. Imasmi½ pana suttantikapariy±ye “±rańńaka½ n±ma sen±sana½ pańcadhanusatika½ pacchiman”ti ida½ lakkhaŗa½. Ta½ ±ropitena ±cariyadhanun± parikkhittassa g±massa indakh²lato aparikkhittassa paµhamale¹¹up±tato paµµh±ya y±va vih±raparikkhep± minitv± vavatthapetabba½.
Sace pana vih±ro aparikkhitto hoti, ya½ sabbapaµhama½ sen±sana½ v± bhattas±l± v± dhuvasannip±taµµh±na½ v± bodhi v± cetiya½ v± d³re cepi sen±sanato hoti, ta½ pariccheda½ katv± minitabbanti vinayaµµhakath±su vutta½. Majjhimaµµhakath±ya½ pana vih±rassapi g±masseva upac±ra½ n²haritv± ubhinna½ le¹¹up±t±na½ antar± minitabbanti vutta½. Idamettha pam±ŗa½.
Sacepi ±sanne g±mo hoti, vih±re µhitehi m±nusak±na½ saddo suyyati, pabbatanad²-±d²hi pana antaritatt± na sakk± uju½ gantu½. Yo tassa pakatimaggo hoti, sacepi n±v±ya sańcaritabbo, tena maggena pańcadhanusatika½ gahetabba½. Yo pana ±sannag±massa aŖgasamp±danattha½ tato tato magga½ pidahati, aya½ dhutaŖgacoro hoti.
Sace pana ±rańńikassa bhikkhuno upajjh±yo v± ±cariyo v± gil±no hoti, tena arańńe sapp±ya½ alabhantena g±mantasen±sana½ netv± upaµµh±tabbo. K±lasseva pana nikkhamitv± aŖgayuttaµµh±ne aruŗa½ uµµh±petabba½. Sace aruŗuµµh±navel±ya½ tesa½ ±b±dho va¹¹hati, tesa½yeva kicca½ k±tabba½. Na dhutaŖgasuddhikena bhavitabbanti idamassa vidh±na½.
Pabhedato pana ayampi tividho hoti. Tattha ukkaµµhena sabbak±la½ arańńe aruŗa½ uµµh±petabba½. Majjhimo catt±ro vassike m±se g±mante vasitu½ labhati. Muduko hemantikepi.
Imesa½ pana tiŗŗampi yath± paricchinne k±le arańńato ±gantv± g±mantasen±sane dhammassavana½ suŗant±na½ aruŗe uµµhitepi dhutaŖga½ na bhijjati. Sutv± gacchant±na½ antar±magge uµµhitepi na bhijjati. Sace pana uµµhitepi dhammakathike muhutta½ nipajjitv± gamiss±m±ti nidd±yant±na½ aruŗa½ uµµhahati, attano v± ruciy± g±mantasen±sane aruŗa½ uµµhapenti, dhutaŖga½ bhijjat²ti ayamettha bhedo.
Aya½ pan±nisa½so, ±rańńiko bhikkhu arańńasańńa½ manasikaronto bhabbo aladdha½ v± sam±dhi½ paµiladdhu½ laddha½ v± rakkhitu½, satth±pissa attamano hoti. Yath±ha– “ten±ha½, n±gita, tassa bhikkhuno attamano homi arańńavih±ren±”ti (a. ni. 6.42; 8.86). Pantasen±sanav±sino cassa asapp±yar³p±dayo citta½ na vikkhipanti, vigatasant±so hoti, j²vitanikanti½ jahati, pavivekasukharasa½ ass±deti, pa½suk³lik±dibh±vopi cassa patir³po hot²ti.
Pavivitto asa½saµµho, pantasen±sane rato;
±r±dhayanto n±thassa, vanav±sena m±nasa½.
Eko arańńe nivasa½, ya½ sukha½ labhate yati;
rasa½ tassa na vindanti, api dev± sa-indak±.
Pa½suk³lańca esova, kavaca½ viya dh±raya½;
arańńasaŖg±magato, avasesadhut±yudho.
Samattho nacirasseva, jetu½ m±ra½ sav±hini½;
tasm± arańńav±samhi, rati½ kayir±tha paŗ¹itoti.
Aya½ ±rańńikaŖge sam±d±navidh±nappabhedabhed±nisa½savaŗŗan±.