S²lasa½kilesavod±na½

21. Ya½ pana vutta½ “ko cassa sa½kileso, ki½ vod±nan”ti. Tatra vad±ma– khaº¹±dibh±vo s²lassa sa½kileso, akhaº¹±dibh±vo vod±na½. So pana khaº¹±dibh±vo l±bhayas±dihetukena bhedena ca sattavidhamethunasa½yogena ca saªgahito.
Tath± hi yassa sattasu ±pattikkhandhesu ±dimhi v± ante v± sikkh±pada½ bhinna½ hoti, tassa s²la½ pariyante chinnas±µako viya khaº¹a½ n±ma hoti. Yassa pana vemajjhe bhinna½, tassa majjhe chiddas±µako viya chidda½ n±ma hoti. Yassa paµip±µiy± dve t²ºi bhinn±ni, tassa piµµhiy± v± kucchiy± v± uµµhitena visabh±gavaººena k±¼aratt±d²na½ aññatarasar²ravaºº± g±v² viya sabala½ n±ma hoti. Yassa antarantar± bhinn±ni, tassa antarantar± visabh±gavaººabinduvicitr± g±v² viya kamm±sa½ n±ma hoti. Eva½ t±va l±bh±dihetukena bhedena khaº¹±dibh±vo hoti.
Eva½ sattavidhamethunasa½yogavasena. Vuttañhi bhagavat±–
“Idha, br±hmaºa, ekacco samaºo v± br±hmaºo v± samm± brahmac±r² paµij±nam±no na heva kho m±tug±mena saddhi½ dvaya½dvayasam±patti½ sam±pajjati, apica kho m±tug±massa ucch±dana½ parimaddana½ nh±pana½ samb±hana½ s±diyati, so tadass±deti, ta½ nik±meti, tena ca vitti½ ±pajjati, idampi kho, br±hmaºa, brahmacariyassa khaº¹ampi chiddampi sabalampi kamm±sampi. Aya½ vuccati, br±hmaºa, aparisuddha½ brahmacariya½ carati sa½yutto methunena sa½yogena, na parimuccati j±tiy±. Jar±ya maraºena…pe… na parimuccati dukkhasm±ti vad±mi.
“Puna capara½, br±hmaºa, idhekacco samaºo v±…pe… paµij±nam±no na heva kho m±tug±mena saddhi½ dvaya½ dvayasam±patti½ sam±pajjati. Napi m±tug±massa ucch±dana½…pe… s±diyati. Apica kho m±tug±mena saddhi½ sañjagghati sa½k²¼ati sa½kel±yati, so tadass±deti…pe… na parimuccati dukkhasm±ti vad±mi.
“Puna capara½, br±hmaºa, idhekacco samaºo v±…pe… na heva kho m±tug±mena saddhi½ dvaya½ dvayasam±patti½ sam±pajjati. Napi m±tug±massa ucch±dana½…pe… s±diyati. Napi m±tug±mena saddhi½ sañjagghati sa½k²¼ati sa½kel±yati. Apica kho m±tug±massa cakkhun± cakkhu½ upanijjh±yati pekkhati, so tadass±deti…pe… na parimuccati dukkhasm±ti vad±mi.
“Puna capara½, br±hmaºa, idhekacco samaºo v±…pe… na heva kho m±tug±mena… napi m±tug±massa… napi m±tug±mena… napi m±tug±massa…pe… pekkhati. Apica kho m±tug±massa sadda½ suº±ti tirokuµµ± v± tirop±k±r± v± hasantiy± v± bhaºantiy± v± g±yantiy± v± rodantiy± v±, so tadass±deti…pe… dukkhasm±ti vad±mi.
“Puna capara½, br±hmaºa, idhekacco samaºo v±…pe… na heva kho m±tug±mena… napi m±tug±massa… napi m±tug±mena… napi m±tug±massa…pe… rodantiy± v±. Apica kho y±nissa t±ni pubbe m±tug±mena saddhi½ hasitalapitak²¼it±ni, t±ni anussarati, so tadass±deti…pe… dukkhasm±ti vad±mi.
“Puna capara½, br±hmaºa, idhekacco samaºo v±…pe… na heva kho m±tug±mena…pe… napi m±tug±massa…pe… napi y±nissa t±ni pubbe m±tug±mena saddhi½ hasitalapitak²¼it±ni, t±ni anussarati. Apica kho passati gahapati½ v± gahapatiputta½ v± pañcahi k±maguºehi samappita½ samaªg²bh³ta½ paric±rayam±na½, so tadass±deti…pe… dukkhasm±ti vad±mi.
“Puna capara½, br±hmaºa, idhekacco samaºo v±…pe… na heva kho m±tug±mena…pe… napi passati gahapati½ v± gahapatiputta½ v±…pe… paric±rayam±na½. Apica kho aññatara½ devanik±ya½ paºidh±ya brahmacariya½ carati ‘imin±ha½ s²lena v± vatena v± tapena v± brahmacariyena v± devo v± bhaviss±mi devaññataro v±’ti. So tadass±deti, ta½ nik±meti, tena ca vitti½ ±pajjati. Idampi kho, br±hmaºa, brahmacariyassa khaº¹ampi chiddampi sabalampi kamm±samp²”ti (a. ni. 7.50).
Eva½ l±bh±dihetukena bhedena ca sattavidhamethunasa½yogena ca khaº¹±dibh±vo saªgahitoti veditabbo.
Akhaº¹±dibh±vo pana sabbaso sikkh±pad±na½ abhedena, bhinn±nañca sappaµikamm±na½ paµikammakaraºena, sattavidhamethunasa½yog±bh±vena ca, apar±ya ca “kodho upan±ho makkho pa¼±so iss± macchariya½ m±y± s±theyya½ thambho s±rambho m±no atim±no mado pam±do”ti-±d²na½ p±padhamm±na½ anuppattiy±, appicchat±santuµµhit±sallekhat±d²nañca guº±na½ uppattiy± saªgahito.
Y±ni hi s²l±ni l±bh±d²nampi atth±ya abhinn±ni, pam±dadosena v± bhinn±nipi paµikammakat±ni methunasa½yogehi v± kodhupan±h±d²hi v± p±padhammehi anupahat±ni, t±ni sabbaso akhaº¹±ni acchidd±ni asabal±ni akamm±s±n²ti vuccanti. T±niyeva bhujissabh±vakaraºato ca bhujiss±ni, viññ³hi pasatthatt± viññupasatth±ni, taºh±diµµh²hi apar±maµµhatt± apar±maµµh±ni, upac±rasam±dhi½ v± appan±sam±dhi½ v± sa½vattayant²ti sam±dhisa½vattanik±ni ca honti. Tasm± nesa½ esa ‘akhaº¹±dibh±vo vod±nan’ti veditabbo.
Ta½ paneta½ vod±na½ dv²h±k±rehi sampajjati s²lavipattiy± ca ±d²navadassanena, s²lasampattiy± ca ±nisa½sadassanena. Tattha “pañcime, bhikkhave, ±d²nav± duss²lassa s²lavipattiy±”ti (d². ni. 2.149; a. ni. 5.213) evam±disuttanayena s²lavipattiy± ±d²navo daµµhabbo.
Apica duss²lo puggalo duss²lyahetu aman±po hoti devamanuss±na½, ananus±san²yo sabrahmac±r²na½, dukkhito duss²lyagarah±su, vippaµis±r² s²lavata½ pasa½s±su, t±ya ca pana duss²lyat±ya s±ºas±µako viya dubbaººo hoti. Ye kho panassa diµµh±nugati½ ±pajjanti, tesa½ d²gharatta½ ap±yadukkh±vahanato dukkhasamphasso. Yesa½ deyyadhamma½ paµiggaºh±ti, tesa½ namahapphalakaraºato appaggho. Anekavassagaºikag³thak³po viya dubbisodhano. Chav±l±tamiva ubhato parib±hiro. Bhikkhubh±va½ paµij±nantopi abhikkhuyeva gogaºa½ anubandhagadrabho viya. Satatubbiggo sabbaverikapuriso viya. Asa½v±s±raho mataka¼evara½ viya. Sut±diguºayuttopi sabrahmac±r²na½ ap³j±raho sus±naggi viya br±hmaº±na½. Abhabbo vises±dhigame andho viya r³padassane. Nir±so saddhamme caº¹±lakum±rako viya rajje. Sukhitosm²ti maññam±nopi dukkhitova aggikkhandhapariy±ye vuttadukkhabh±git±ya.
Duss²l±nañhi pañcak±maguºaparibhogavandanam±nan±disukhass±dagadhitacitt±na½ tappaccaya½ anussaraºamatten±pi hadayasant±pa½ janayitv± uºhalohitugg±rappavattanasamattha½ atikaµuka½ dukkha½ dassento sabb±k±rena paccakkhakammavip±ko bhagav± ±ha–
“Passatha no tumhe, bhikkhave, amu½ mahanta½ aggikkhandha½ ±ditta½ sampajjalita½ sajotibh³tan’ti? Eva½, bhanteti. Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, katama½ nu kho vara½ ya½ amu½ mahanta½ aggikkhandha½ ±ditta½ sampajjalita½ sajotibh³ta½ ±liªgetv± upanis²deyya v± upanipajjeyya v±, ya½ khattiyakañña½ v± br±hmaºakañña½ v± gahapatikañña½ v± mudutalunahatthap±da½ ±liªgetv± upanis²deyya v± upanipajjeyya v±ti. Etadeva, bhante, vara½ ya½ khattiyakañña½ v±…pe… upanipajjeyya v±. Dukkha½ heta½, bhante, ya½ amu½ mahanta½ aggikkhandha½…pe… upanipajjeyya v±ti. ¾rocay±mi vo, bhikkhave, paµiveday±mi vo, bhikkhave, yath± etadeva tassa vara½ duss²lassa p±padhammassa asucisaªkassarasam±c±rassa paµicchannakammantassa assamaºassa samaºapaµiññassa abrahmac±rissa brahmac±ripaµiññassa antop³tikassa avassutassa kasambuj±tassa ya½ amu½ mahanta½ aggikkhandha½…pe… upanipajjeyya v±. Ta½ kissa hetu? Tatonid±na½ hi so, bhikkhave, maraºa½ v± nigaccheyya maraºamatta½ v± dukkha½, na tveva tappaccay± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjeyy±”ti (a. ni. 7.72).
Eva½ aggikkhandhupam±ya itthipaµibaddhapañcak±maguºaparibhogapaccaya½ dukkha½ dassetv± eteneva up±yena–
“Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, katama½ nu kho vara½ ya½ balav± puriso da¼h±ya v±¼arajjuy± ubho jaªgh± veµhetv± gha½seyya, s± chavi½ chindeyya, chavi½ chetv± camma½ chindeyya, camma½ chetv± ma½sa½ chindeyya, ma½sa½ chetv± nh±ru½ chindeyya, nh±ru½ chetv± aµµhi½ chindeyya, aµµhi½ chetv± aµµhimiñja½ ±hacca tiµµheyya, ya½ v± khattiyamah±s±l±na½ v± br±hmaºamah±s±l±na½ v± gahapatimah±s±l±na½ v± abhiv±dana½ s±diyeyy±”ti ca.
“Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, katama½ nu kho vara½ ya½ balav± puriso tiºh±ya sattiy± teladhot±ya paccorasmi½ pahareyya, ya½ v± khattiyamah±s±l±na½ v± br±hmaºamah±s±l±na½ v± gahapatimah±s±l±na½ v± añjalikamma½ s±diyeyy±”ti ca.
“Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, katama½ nu kho vara½ ya½ balav± puriso tattena ayopaµµena ±dittena sampajjalitena sajotibh³tena k±ya½ sampaliveµheyya, ya½ v± khattiyamah±s±l±na½ v± br±hmaºamah±s±l±na½ v± gahapatimah±s±l±na½ v± saddh±deyya½ c²vara½ paribhuñjeyy±”ti ca.
“Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, katama½ nu kho vara½ ya½ balav± puriso tattena ayosaªkun± ±dittena sampajjalitena sajotibh³tena mukha½ vivaritv± tatta½ lohagu¼a½ ±ditta½ sampajjalita½ sajotibh³ta½ mukhe pakkhipeyya, ta½ tassa oµµhampi ¹aheyya, mukhampi, jivhampi, kaºµhampi, udarampi ¹aheyya, antampi antaguºampi ±d±ya adhobh±ga½ nikkhameyya, ya½ v± khattiya… br±hmaºa… gahapatimah±s±l±na½ v± saddh±deyya½ piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjeyy±”ti ca.
“Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, katama½ nu kho vara½ ya½ balav± puriso s²se v± gahetv± khandhe v± gahetv± tatta½ ayomañca½ v± ayop²µha½ v± ±ditta½ sampajjalita½ sajotibh³ta½ abhinis²d±peyya v± abhinipajj±peyya v±, ya½ v± khattiya… br±hmaºa… gahapatimah±s±l±na½ v± saddh±deyya½ mañcap²µha½ paribhuñjeyy±”ti ca.
“Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, katama½ nu kho vara½ ya½ balav± puriso uddha½p±da½ adhosira½ gahetv± tatt±ya ayokumbhiy± pakkhipeyya ±ditt±ya sampajjalit±ya sajotibh³t±ya so tattha pheºuddehaka½ paccam±no sakimpi uddha½ gaccheyya, sakimpi adho gaccheyya, sakimpi tiriya½ gaccheyya, ya½ v± khattiya… br±hmaºa… gahapatimah±s±l±na½ v± saddh±deyya½ vih±ra½ paribhuñjeyy±”ti c±ti (a. ni. 7.72).
Im±hi v±¼arajjutiºhasatti-ayopaµµa-ayogu¼a-ayomañca-ayop²µha-ayokumbh²-upam±hi abhiv±dana-añjalikammac²varapiº¹ap±tamañcap²µhavih±raparibhogapaccaya½ dukkha½ dassesi. Tasm±–
Aggikkhandh±liªganadukkh±dhikadukkhakaµukaphala½;
avijahato k±masukha½, sukha½ kuto bhinnas²lassa.
Abhiv±danas±diyane ki½ n±ma sukha½ vipannas²lassa;
da¼hav±¼arajjugha½sanadukkh±dhikadukkhabh±gissa.
Saddh±namañjalikammas±diyane ki½ sukha½ as²lassa;
sattippah±radukkh±dhimattadukkhassa ya½hetu.
C²varaparibhogasukha½, ki½ n±ma asa½yatassa;
yena cira½ anubhavitabbo, niraye jalita-ayopaµµasamphasso.
Madhuropi piº¹ap±to, hal±halavis³pamo as²lassa;
±ditt± gilitabb±, ayogu¼± yena ciraratta½.
Sukhasammatopi dukkho, as²lino mañcap²µhaparibhogo;
ya½ b±dhissanti cira½, jalita-ayomañcap²µh±ni.
Duss²lassa vih±re, saddh±deyyamhi k± niv±sa rati;
jalitesu nivasitabba½, yena ayokumbhimajjhesu.
Saªkasarasam±c±ro, kasambuj±to avassuto p±po;
antop³t²ti ca ya½, nindanto ±ha lokagaru.
Dh² j²vita½ asaññatassa, tassa samaºajanavesadh±rissa;
assamaºassa upahata½, khatamatt±na½ vahantassa.
G³tha½ viya kuºapa½ viya, maº¹anak±m± vivajjayant²dha;
ya½ n±ma s²lavanto, santo ki½ j²vita½ tassa.
Sabbabhayehi amutto, mutto sabbehi adhigamasukhehi;
supihitasaggadv±ro, ap±yamagga½ sam±r³¼ho.
Karuº±ya vatthubh³to, k±ruºikajanassa n±ma ko añño;
duss²lasamo duss², lat±ya iti bahuvidh± dos±ti.
Evam±din± paccavekkhaºena s²lavipattiya½ ±d²navadassana½ vuttappak±ravipar²tato s²lasampattiy± ±nisa½sadassanañca veditabba½. Apica–
Tassa p±s±dika½ hoti, pattac²varadh±raºa½;
pabbajj± saphal± tassa, yassa s²la½ sunimmala½.
Att±nuv±d±dibhaya½, suddhas²lassa bhikkhuno;
andhak±ra½ viya ravi½, hadaya½ n±vag±hati.
S²lasampattiy± bhikkhu, sobham±no tapovane;
pabh±sampattiy± cando, gagane viya sobhati.
K±yagandhopi p±mojja½, s²lavantassa bhikkhuno;
karoti api dev±na½, s²lagandhe kath±va k±.
Sabbesa½ gandhaj±t±na½, sampatti½ abhibhuyyati;
avigh±t² dis± sabb±, s²lagandho pav±yati.
Appak±pi kat± k±r±, s²lavante mahapphal±;
hont²ti s²lav± hoti, p³j±sakk±rabh±jana½.
S²lavanta½ na b±dhanti, ±sav± diµµhadhammik±;
sampar±yikadukkh±na½, m³la½ khanati s²lav±.
Y± manussesu sampatti, y± ca devesu sampad±;
na s± sampannas²lassa, icchato hoti dullabh±.
Accantasant± pana y±, aya½ nibb±nasampad±;
mano sampannas²lassa, tameva anudh±vati.
Sabbasampattim³lamhi s²lamhi iti paº¹ito;
anek±k±ravok±ra½, ±nisa½sa½ vibh±vayeti.
Evañhi vibh±vayato s²lavipattito ubbijjitv± s²lasampattininna½ m±nasa½ hoti. Tasm± yath±vutta½ ima½ s²lavipattiy± ±d²nava½ imañca s²lasampattiy± ±nisa½sa½ disv± sabb±darena s²la½ vod±petabbanti.
Ett±vat± ca “s²le patiµµh±ya naro sapañño”ti imiss± g±th±ya s²lasam±dhipaññ±mukhena desite visuddhimagge s²la½ t±va parid²pita½ hoti.

Iti s±dhujanap±mojjatth±ya kate visuddhimagge

S²laniddeso n±ma paµhamo paricchedo.