Sam±dhi-±nisa½sakath±

362. Ya½ pana vutta½ “sam±dhibh±van±ya ko ±nisa½so”ti, tattha diµµhadhammasukhavih±r±dipańcavidho sam±dhibh±van±ya ±nisa½so. Tath± hi ye arahanto kh²ŗ±sav± sam±pajjitv± ekaggacitt± sukha½ divasa½ vihariss±m±ti sam±dhi½ bh±venti, tesa½ appan±sam±dhibh±van± diµµhadhammasukhavih±r±nisa½s± hoti. Ten±ha bhagav± “na kho panete, cunda, ariyassa vinaye sallekh± vuccanti. Diµµhadhammasukhavih±r± ete ariyassa vinaye vuccant²”ti (ma. ni. 1.82).
Sekkhaputhujjan±na½ sam±pattito vuµµh±ya sam±hitena cittena vipassiss±m±ti bh±vayata½ vipassan±ya padaµµh±natt± appan±sam±dhibh±van±pi samb±dhe ok±s±dhigamanayena upac±rasam±dhibh±van±pi vipassan±nisa½s± hoti. Ten±ha bhagav± “sam±dhi½, bhikkhave, bh±vetha. Sam±hito, bhikkhave, bhikkhu yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.5).
Ye pana aµµha sam±pattiyo nibbattetv± abhińń±p±daka½ jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± sam±pattito vuµµh±ya ekopi hutv± bahudh± hot²ti vuttanay± abhińń±yo patthento nibbattenti, tesa½ sati sati ±yatane abhińń±padaµµh±natt± appan±sam±dhibh±van± abhińń±nisa½s± hoti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “so yassa yassa abhińń±sacchikaraŗ²yassa dhammassa citta½ abhininn±meti abhińń±sacchikiriy±ya, tatra tatreva sakkhibhabbata½ p±puŗ±ti sati sati ±yatane”ti (ma. ni. 3.158; a. ni. 3.102).
Ye aparih²najjh±n± brahmaloke nibbattiss±m±ti brahmalok³papatti½ patthent± apatthayam±n± v±pi puthujjan± sam±dhito na parih±yanti, tesa½ bhavavises±vahatt± appan±sam±dhibh±van± bhavavises±nisa½s± hoti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “paµhama½ jh±na½ paritta½ bh±vetv± kattha upapajjanti. Brahmap±risajj±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjant²”ti-±di (vibha. 1024).
Upac±rasam±dhibh±van±pi pana k±m±vacarasugatibhavavisesa½ ±vahatiyeva.
Ye pana ariy± aµµha sam±pattiyo nibbattetv± nirodhasam±patti½ sam±pajjitv± satta divas±ni acitt± hutv± diµµheva dhamme nirodha½ nibb±na½ patv± sukha½ vihariss±m±ti sam±dhi½ bh±venti, tesa½ appan±sam±dhibh±van± nirodh±nisa½s± hoti. Ten±ha– “so¼asahi ń±ŗacariy±hi navahi sam±dhicariy±hi vas²bh±vat± pańń± nirodhasam±pattiy± ń±ŗan”ti (paµi. ma. 1.34).
Evamaya½ diµµhadhammasukhavih±r±di pańcavidho sam±dhibh±van±ya ±nisa½so–
“Tasm± nek±nisa½samhi, kilesamalasodhane;
sam±dhibh±van±yoge, nappamajjeyya paŗ¹ito”ti.
363. Ett±vat± ca “s²le patiµµh±ya naro sapańńo”ti imiss± g±th±ya s²lasam±dhipańń±mukhena desite visuddhimagge sam±dhipi parid²pito hoti.

Iti s±dhujanap±mojjatth±ya kate visuddhimagge

Sam±dhiniddeso n±ma

Ek±dasamo paricchedo.

364. Paµhamo s²laniddeso. Dutiyo dhutaŖganiddeso;. Tatiyo kammaµµh±naggahaŗaniddeso. Catuttho pathav²kasiŗaniddeso. Pańcamo sesakasiŗaniddeso. Chaµµho asubhaniddeso. Sattamo cha-anussatiniddeso. Aµµhamo ses±nussatiniddeso. Navamo brahmavih±raniddeso. Dasamo ±ruppaniddeso. Paµikk³lasańń±dh±tuvavatth±nadvayaniddeso ek±dasamoti.

Visuddhimaggassa paµhamo bh±go niµµhito.