Pakato upanissayo pakat³panissayo, pakato n±ma attano sant±ne upp±dito v± saddh±s²l±di-upasevito v± utubhojan±dipakatiy±yeva v± upanissayo pakat³panissayo, iti par³panissayena amissoti attho. So ca pakat³panissayo “saddha½ upaniss±ya d±na½ deti, s²la½ sam±diyati, uposathakamma½ karoti, jh±na½ upp±deti; vipassana½, magga½, abhiñña½, sam±patti½ upp±deti; s²la½, suta½, c±ga½, pañña½ upaniss±ya d±na½ deti…pe… sam±patti½ upp±det²”ti-±din± imesa½ saddh±d²na½ vasena bahudh± vibhatto, eva½ upanissayapaccayo tividho. Niddese pan±ya½ “purim± purim± kusal± dhamm± pacchim±na½ pacchim±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ …pe… akusal±na½ kesañci…pe… aby±kat±na½ dhamm±na½…pe… purim± purim± akusal± dhamm± pacchim±na½ pacchim±na½ akusal±na½…pe… kusal±na½ kesañci…pe… aby±kat±na½ dhamm±na½…pe… purim± purim± aby±kat± dhamm±…pe… aby±kat±na½, kusal±na½, akusal±na½ upanissayapaccayena paccayo, puggalopi upanissayapaccayena paccayo, sen±sanamp²”ti eva½ niddiµµho. Tattha purim±ti anantar³panissaye samanantar±t²t±va labbhanti.
¾rammaº³panissayapakat³panissayesu pana n±n±vidhivasena purimatar±v±ti tayopi r±s² kusalena kusalapade labbhanti. Kusalena pan±kusale samanantar±t²t± na labbhanti, ten±ha “kesañc²”ti. Ida½ hi “kusalo dhammo akusalassa dhammassa ±rammaº³panissayo pakat³panissayo, ±rammaº³panissayo pana d±na½ datv±…pe… ta½ garu½ katv± r±go uppajjati…pe… pakat³panissayo saddha½ upaniss±ya m±na½ jappet²”ti-±din± pañh±v±re ±gata½ ima½ naya½ sandh±ya vutta½.
Akusalena kusalapade hi samanantar±t²t± na labbhanti, ten±ha “kesañc²”ti. Ida½ pana “akusalo dhammo kusalassa dhammassa pakat³panissayo. R±ga½ upaniss±ya d±na½ deti…pe… p±ºa½ hantv± tassa paµigh±tatth±ya d±na½ det²”ti-±din± nayena pañh±v±re ±gata½ pakat³panissayameva sandh±ya vutta½. Yath± hi akusala½ kusalassa anantar³panissayo na hoti, tath± ±rammaº³panissayopi na hoti. Na hi ta½ garu½ katv± kusala½ pavattati.
Akusalena aby±katapade pana ±rammaº³panissayova na labbhati. Na hi ta½ aby±kat± garu½ karonti, anantar± panassa honti. Tenevettha “kesañc²”ti na vutta½. Sesapadesu tayopi upanissay± labbhanteva. “Puggalopi, sen±sanamp²”ti idampi dvaya½ pakat³panissayavasenevettha vutta½, utubhojan±dayo cettha saªgahetabb±. Imasmiñca paccaye ekacc±ya paññattiy± saddhi½ sabbepi catubh³mak± dhamm± saªgahit±ti veditabb±ti aya½ upanissayapaccaye nayo.
Paµhamatara½ uppajjitv± vattam±nabh±vena upak±rak± r³padhamm± purej±tapaccayo, so pas±databbisayahadayavatthuvasena ek±dasavidho. Niddese ca “cakkh±yatana½ cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tuy± ta½sampayuttak±nañca dhamm±na½ purej±tapaccayena paccayo…pe… k±y±yatana½ k±yaviññ±ºadh±tuy± …pe… r³p±yatana½ cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tuy±…pe… phoµµhabb±yatana½ k±yaviññ±ºadh±tuy±…pe… r³p±yatana½ saddagandharasaphoµµhabb±yatana½ manodh±tuy±…pe… ya½ r³pa½ niss±ya…pe… ta½ r³pa½ manodh±tuy± ca manoviññ±ºadh±tuy± ca kiñcik±le purej±tapaccayena paccayo, kiñcik±le na purej±tapaccayena paccayo”ti eva½ sabbath±pi pañcadv±re vatth±rammaºavasena, manodv±re vatthuvaseneva c±ya½ niddiµµho. Pañh±v±re pana ±rammaºapurej±ta½ “arah± cakkhu½ aniccato dukkhato anattato vipassat²”ti ±gatatt± manodv±repi aµµh±rasanna½ r³p±na½ vasena ±rammaºapurej±tampi labbhatev±ti aya½ purej±tapaccaye nayo.
Purej±t±na½ r³padhamm±na½ upatthambhakaµµhena upak±rako ar³padhammo pacch±j±tapaccayo gijjhapotakasar²r±na½ ±h±r±s± cetan± viya. Niddesepi cassa “pacch±j±t± cittacetasik± dhamm± purej±tassa imassa k±yassa pacch±j±tapaccayena paccayo”ti eva½ vutta½. Tattha imassa k±yass±ti catusamuµµh±nikatisamuµµh±nikabh³tup±d±yar³pak±yassa. Dhammato c±ya½ µhapetv± paµisandhivip±ke ±ruppavip±ke avases± sabbe catubh³mak± ar³padhamm±ti veditabb±ti aya½ pacch±j±tapaccaye nayo.
¾sevanaµµhena anantar±na½ paguºabalavabh±vena upak±rako dhammo ±sevanapaccayo ganth±dipurim±bhiyogo viya. So kusal±kusalakiriyajavanavasena tividho. Niddese panassa “purim± purim± kusal± dhamm± pacchim±na½ pacchim±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½…pe… akusal±na½ dhamm±na½…pe… kiriy±by±kat±na½ dhamm±na½ ±sevanapaccayena paccayo”ti niddiµµho. Tattha purim± purim±ti sabbattha samanantar±t²t±va daµµhabb±, tatth±pi kusal±dayo aby±kat±d²na½ bhinnaj±tik±na½ samanantar±nampi v±san±saªkh±tena ±sevanena paguºatarabalavabh±vavisiµµha½ attano kusal±dibh±vasaªkh±tagati½ g±h±petu½ asamatthat±ya ±sevanapaccay± na honti, bh³mito, pana ±rammaºato ca bhinn±pi k±m±vacaratihetukakusalakiriy± attan± sadisavedan±nameva mahaggatalokuttarakusalakiriy±nampi, saªkh±r±rammaºañca anulomakusala½ nibb±n±rammaºassa gotrabhukusalassa ±sevanapaccay± hontiyeva. Lokuttaro pana ±sevanapaccayo natthi, tath± vip±ko kammapariº±mitatt±ti aya½ ±sevanapaccaye nayo.
Cittappayogasaªkh±tena kiriyabh±vena upak±rako dhammo kammapaccayo. So n±nakkhaºik±ya kusal±kusalacetan±ya ceva sahaj±t±ya ca sabb±yapi cetan±ya vasena duvidho hoti. Niddesepi cassa “kusal±kusala½ kamma½ vip±k±na½ khandh±na½ kaµatt± ca r³p±na½…pe… cetan± sampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½samuµµh±n±nañca r³p±na½ kammapaccayena paccayo”ti dvidh±va vutto. Tattha kammanti cetan±kammameva. Kaµatt± ca r³p±nanti kammassa kaµatt± upacitatt± nipph±ditatt± uppann±na½ kammaj±na½ r³p±na½ kaµatt± eva, kammampi k±lantareyeva avasesapaccayasam±yoge sati attano phala½ upp±deti, na tu vinaµµhatt± µhitatt± ta½ v± µhita½ pana kamma½ na janeti. Eva½ ta½samuµµh±nanti imin± paµisandhiya½ kaµatt±r³paggahaºa½ daµµhabbanti aya½ kammapaccaye nayo.
Niruss±hasantabh±vena niruss±hasantabh±v±ya upak±rako vip±kadhammo vip±kapaccayo. So pavatte cittasamuµµh±n±na½, paµisandhikkhaºe kaµatt±r³p±na½, sabbattha ca sampayuttadhamm±na½ paccayo hoti. Yath±ha sabbapañh±v±re– “vip±k±by±kato eko khandho tiººanna½ khandh±na½ cittasamuµµh±n±nañca r³p±na½ paµisandhikkhaºe…pe… kaµatt± ca r³p±na½ vip±kapaccayena paccayo”ti-±di. Niddese panassa “vip±k± catt±ro khandh± ar³pino aññamañña½ vip±kapaccayena paccayo”ti ettakameva vutta½. Ta½ pañh±v±re vuttavidh±na½ sandh±ya s±vasesa½ vuttanti aya½ vip±kapaccaye nayo.
R³p±r³p±na½ upatthambhakaµµhena upak±rak± catt±ro ±h±r± ±h±rapaccayo. Niddese pana “kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro imassa k±yassa…pe… ar³pino ±h±r± sampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½samuµµh±n±nañca r³p±na½ ±h±rapaccayena paccayo”ti eva½ niddiµµho. Tattha catusamuµµh±namupagat± oj± kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro n±ma. So yasm± ±h±r³pasev²naññeva ajjhohaµ±h±ra-utuj±h±r³patthaddho eva ca kammaj±di-±h±ro imassa k±yassa µhitiy± pavattati, na aññath±, tasm± kaba¼²k±tabba-utujavatthusannissitat±dassanattha½ kaba¼²k±ro ±h±roti vutto. Kiñc±pi c±ya½ “imassa k±yass±”ti avisesena vutto, visesato pana ±h±rajar³passa janako ceva anup±lako ca hutv± sesatisantatisamuµµh±nar³passa anup±lako eva hutv± ±h±rapaccayo hoti. Ta½samuµµh±n±nanti imin± paµisandhiya½ kammasamuµµh±n±ni gahit±neva. Pañh±v±re hi “paµisandhikkhaºe vip±k±by±kat± ±h±r± sampayuttak±na½ khandh±na½ kaµatt± ca r³p±na½ ±h±rapaccayena paccayo”ti vuttanti aya½ ±h±rapaccaye nayo.
Adhipatiyaµµhena upak±rak± itthindriyapurisindriyavajj± v²sati indriy± indriyapaccayo. Itthindriyapurisindriy±ni hi kiñc±pi itthipurisaliªg±kapp±d²na½ b²jabh³t±ni, neva pana tesa½, na aññesa½ indriy±dipaccayata½ pharanti. Suttantikapariy±yena pana tesa½ pakat³panissayabh±va½ pharant²ti b±v²sateva indriy±ni. Tattha cakkhundriy±dayo pañca ar³padhamm±nameva indriyapaccayo, r³paj²vitindriya½ kaµatt±r³p±nameva, ses± r³p±r³p±na½. Niddese “cakkhundriya½ cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tuy± ta½sampayuttak±nañca dhamm±na½…pe… k±yaviññ±ºadh±tuy±…pe… r³paj²vitindriya½ kaµatt±r³p±na½, ar³pino indriy± sampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½samuµµh±n±nañca r³p±na½ indriyapaccayena paccayo”ti eva½ niddiµµho. Ta½samuµµh±n±nanti etth±pi kaµatt±r³pampi saªgahita½. Pañh±v±re hi “paµisandhikkhaºe vip±k±by±kat± indriy± sampayuttak±na½ khandh±na½ kaµatt± ca r³p±nan”ti vuttanti aya½ indriyapaccaye nayo.
Upanijjh±yanaµµhena upak±rak±ni µhapetv± dvipañcaviññ±ºesu vedan±ttaya½, ekaggatañca ses±ni kusal±dibhed±ni satta jh±naªg±ni jh±napaccayo. Dvipañcaviññ±º±na½ hi abhinip±tamattatt± tesu vedanekaggat± upanijjh±yan±k±rassa abh±vena jh±naªgesu na uddhaµ±, niddese panassa “jh±naªg±ni jh±nasampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½samuµµh±n±nañca r³p±na½ jh±napaccayena paccayo”ti niddiµµho. Idh±pi ta½samuµµh±n±nanti imin± ca kaµatt±r³pampi gahita½. Pañh±v±rehi “paµisandhikkhaºe vip±k±by±kat±ni jh±naªg±ni sampayuttak±na½ khandh±na½ kaµatt± ca r³p±nan”ti vuttanti aya½ jh±napaccaye nayo.
Yato tato v± niyy±naµµhena upak±rak±ni kusal±dibhed±ni dv±dasa maggaªg±ni maggapaccayo. Niddese pana “maggaªg±ni maggasampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½samuµµh±n±nañca r³p±na½ maggapaccayena paccayo”ti niddiµµho. Etth±pi ta½samuµµh±n±nanti imin± kaµatt±r³paggahaºa½. Pañh±v±re hi “paµisandhikkhaºe vip±k±by±kat±ni maggaªg±ni sampayuttak±na½ khandh±na½ kaµatt± ca r³p±nan”ti vutta½, ahetukacittesu cettha vijjam±n±ni maggaªg±ni maggapaccay± na honti. Aya½ maggapaccaye nayo.
Ekavatthuka-ek±rammaºa-ekupp±da-ekanirodhasaªkh±tena sampayuttabh±vena upak±rak± ar³pino dhamm± sampayuttapaccayo. Niddese pana “catt±ro khandh± ar³pino dhamm± aññamañña½ sampayuttapaccayena paccayo”ti niddiµµhoti aya½ sampayuttapaccaye nayo.
Ekavatthuk±dibh±v±nupagamena upak±rak± r³pino dhamm± ar³p²na½, ar³pino dhamm± r³p²na½ vippayuttapaccayo, so sahaj±tapurej±tapacch±j±tavasena tividho hoti. Vutta½ heta½ “sahaj±t± kusal± khandh± cittasamuµµh±n±na½ r³p±na½…pe… pacch±j±t± kusal± khandh± purej±tassa imassa k±yassa vippayuttapaccayena paccayo”ti-±di. Purej±ta½ pana chavatthuvaseneva veditabba½. Niddese panassa “r³pino dhamm± ar³p²na½…pe… ar³pino dhamm± r³p²na½ dhamm±na½ vippayuttapaccayena paccayo”ti eva½ s±maññato niddiµµho. Tattha r³pinoti ida½ chavatth³na½ vasena vutta½, r³p±dayo pana ±rammaºadhamm± sampayog±saªk±y±bh±vena vippayuttapaccay± na vutt±. Cakkh±d²na½ hi vatth³na½ abbhantarato ar³padhamm± nikkhamant± viya uppajjanti, tattha sampayog±saªk± hoti. Pañh±v±repi hi “vatthu kusal±na½ khandh±na½…pe… cakkh±yatana½ cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tuy±”ti-±din± cha vatth³neva uddhaµ±ni, ar³pino dhamm± r³p²nanti etth±pi nibb±na½ ar³pampi sam±na½ r³passa vippayuttapaccayo na hoti sabbath± sampayog±saªk±bh±vato, “cat³hi sampayogo cat³hi vippayogo”ti (dh±tu. 3) hi vuttanti aya½ vippayuttapaccaye nayo.
Paccuppannalakkhaºena atthibh±vena t±disasseva dhammassa upatthambhakaµµhena upak±rako dhammo atthipaccayo, so niddese “catt±ro khandh± ar³pino aññamañña½…pe… catt±ro mah±bh³t± aññamañña½, okkantikkhaºe n±mar³pa½ aññamañña½, cittacetasik± dhamm± cittasamuµµh±n±na½ r³p±na½, mah±bh³t± up±d±r³p±na½, cakkh±yatana½ cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tuy±…pe… r³p±yatana½ cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tuy± ta½sampayuttak±nañca dhamm±na½…pe… r³p±yatana½…pe… phoµµhabb±yatana½ manodh±tuy±…pe… manodh±tuy± ca manoviññ±ºadh±tuy± ca ta½sampayuttak±nañca dhamm±na½ atthipaccayena paccayo”ti eva½ sahaj±tapurej±tavasena ca bahudh± niddiµµho, pañh±v±re pana “sahaj±ta½ purej±ta½ pacch±j±ta½ ±h±ra½ indriyan”ti imesa½ pañcannampi vasena ±gatatt± pacch±j±takaba¼²k±ra-±h±rar³paj²vitindriy±na½ vasen±pi atthipaccayo gahetabbov±ti aya½ atthipaccaye nayo.
Attano anantara½ uppajjam±n±na½ ar³padhamm±na½ pavatti-ok±sad±navasena upak±rak± samanantaraniruddh± ar³padhamm± natthipaccayo, niddese pana “samanantaraniruddh± cittacetasik± dhamm± paµuppann±na½ cittacetasik±na½ dhamm±na½ natthipaccayena paccayo”ti eva½ s±maññatova niddiµµho. Sabbath± anantarapaccayasadisat±ya tattha niddiµµhanayenevettha viseso ñ±tabboti aya½ natthipaccaye nayo.
Natthipaccayadhamm±va vigatabh±vena upak±rakatt± vigatapaccayoti saha niddesena natthipaccayasadisov±ti.
Avigatapaccayopi sabbath± atthipaccayasadisova, desan±vil±sena, veneyyavasena v± aya½ duko vuttoti aya½ avigatapaccaye nayo.