Saªkh±rayamakam±tikatthavaººan±

Saªkh±rayamakam±tik±ya pana heµµh± vuttanayeneva mah±v±rantar±dibhed± veditabb±. Aya½ panettha viseso– m±tik±ya t±va yath± heµµh± khandh±dayo dhamme uddisitv± “r³pa½ r³pakkhandho”ti-±din± padasodhanav±ro ±raddho, tath± an±rabhitv± “ass±sapass±s± k±yasaªkh±ro”ti-±din± paµhama½ tayopi saªkh±r± vibhajitv± dassit±. Tattha k±yassa saªkh±ro k±yasaªkh±ro, ass±sapass±s±. “K±yik± ete dhamm± k±yapaµibaddh±”ti (ma. ni. 1.463; sa½. ni. 4.348) vacanato k±raºabh³tassa karajak±yassa phalabh³to esa saªkh±roti k±yasaªkh±ro. Aparo nayo– saªkhar²yat²ti saªkh±ro. Kena saªkhar²yati? K±yena. Aya½ hi v±to viya bhast±ya karajak±yena saªkhar²yati, evampi k±yassa saªkh±roti k±yasaªkh±ro, k±yena kato ass±sapass±sav±toti attho. Cetas± vitakketv± vic±retv± pacch± v±ca½ bhindati, tasm± “vitakkavic±r± vac²saªkh±ro”ti (ma. ni. 1.463) vacanato pana saªkharot²ti saªkh±ro, ki½ saªkharoti? Vaci½. Vaciy± saªkh±roti vac²saªkh±ro, vac²bhedasamuµµh±pakassa vitakkavic±radvayasseta½ n±ma½. “Saññ± ca vedan± ca cetasik± ete dhamm± cittapaµibaddh±”ti (ma. ni. 1.463; sa½. ni. 4.348) vacanatoyeva pana tatiyapade saªkhar²yat²ti saªkh±ro, kena saªkhar²yati? Cittena, iti cittassa saªkh±roti cittasaªkh±ro, sabbesampi cittasamuµµh±n±na½ cetasik±na½ dhamm±na½ eta½ adhivacana½. Vitakkavic±r±na½ pana vac²saªkh±rabh±vena visu½ gahitatt± “µhapetv± vitakkavic±re”ti vutta½.
Id±ni “k±yo k±yasaªkh±ro”ti padasodhanav±ro ±raddho, tassa anulomanaye t²ºi, paµilomanaye t²º²ti cha yamak±ni. Padasodhanam³lacakkav±re ekekasaªkh±ram³lak±ni dve dve katv± anulomanaye cha, paµilomanaye ch±ti dv±dasa yamak±ni. Suddhasaªkh±rav±re pana yath± suddhakhandhav±r±d²su “r³pa½ khandho, khandh± r³pan”ti-±din± nayena yamak±nivutt±ni, eva½ “k±yo saªkh±ro, saªkh±r± k±yo”ti avatv± “k±yasaªkh±ro vac²saªkh±ro”ti-±din± nayena k±yasaªkh±ram³lak±ni dve, vac²saªkh±ram³laka½ ekanti anulome t²ºi, paµilome t²º²ti cha yamak±ni vutt±ni. Ki½ k±raº±? Suddhika-ekekapadavasena atthabhed±bh±vato, k±yasaªkh±roti pana dv²hipi padehi ekova attho labbhat²ti aya½ visesova, tasm± ekekapadavasena na vutta½, “k±yo k±yasaªkh±ro”ti-±di pana vattabba½ siy±, sopi nayo padasodhanav±re vin±pi atthena vacana½ yujjat²ti tattheva vutto, idha pana k±yasaªkh±r±d²na½ vac²saªkh±r±d²hi aññatt± “k±yasaªkh±ro vac²saªkh±ro”ti-±din±pi yamak±ni vutt±ni. Suddhasaªkh±ram³lacakkav±ro panettha na gahitoti aya½ t±vettha p±¼ivavatth±ne viseso.
Pañhavissajjanesu pana “k±yo k±yasaªkh±roti? No, k±yasaªkh±ro k±yoti? No”ti v± eva½ sabbattha paµisedho. Vissajjan±na½ k±y±d²na½ eva k±yasaªkh±r±din±matt±. Na hi k±y±dayo viya k±yasaªkh±r±d²na½ n±ma½ hoti, paµilome pana na k±yo na k±yasaªkh±roti yo k±yo na hoti, so k±yasaªkh±ropi na hot²ti pucch±ya attho, tass± k±yasaªkh±ro na k±yo k±yasaªkh±roti k±yasaªkh±ro k±yo na hoti, k±yasaªkh±royeva paneso hoti, k±yañca k±yasaªkh±rañca µhapetv± avasesa½ saªkhat±saªkhat±dibheda½ sabba½ na ca k±yo, na ca k±yasaªkh±roti vissajjana½. Sesesupi eseva nayo, itaresu ca anulomapaµilomesu “k±yo k±yasaªkh±roti? No, saªkh±r± vac²saªkh±roti? Vac²saªkh±ro saªkh±ro ceva vac²saªkh±ro ca, avases± saªkh±r±, na vac²saªkh±ro, na saªkh±r± na vac²saªkh±roti? ¾mant±”ti-±din± sabbattha pucch±vissajjananayo veditabbo.
Pavattiv±re pana “yassa k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjati, tassa vac²saªkh±ro uppajjat²ti? Vin± vitakkavic±rehi ass±sapass±s±na½ upp±dakkhaºe tesa½ k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjati, netaro, savitakkasavic±racittasamaªg²na½ pana k±m±vacarasatt±na½ tadubhayampi uppajjati. Yassa v± pana…pe… uppajjat²ti? R³p±r³pabhavik±na½ vitakkavic±rupp±dakkhaºe vac²saªkh±rova uppajjati, netaro…pe… yath±vuttak±m±vacar±na½ pana tadubhaya½ uppajjati. Yassa k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjati, tassa cittasaªkh±ro uppajjat²ti? ¾mant±…pe… yassa v± pana…pe… uppajjat²ti…pe… ass±sapass±s±na½ upp±dakkhaºe tadubhaya½ uppajjati. Yassa vac²saªkh±ro uppajjati, tassa cittasaªkh±ro uppajjat²ti? ¾mant±…pe… yattha k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjati, tattha vac²saªkh±ro uppajjat²ti K±m±vacarasatt±na½ dutiyajjh±ne tatiyajjh±ne tattha k±yasaªkh±rova uppajjati, netaro, paµhamajjh±n±d²su pana tadubhaya½ uppajjati. Yattha v± pana …pe… uppajjat²ti? K±m±vacare uppajjati, na r³p±r³pabhavesu. Yattha k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjati, tattha cittasaªkh±ro uppajjat²ti? ¾mant±. Yattha v± pana…pe… uppajjat²ti? K±m±vacarasatt±na½ catutthajjh±ne r³p±r³pabhave ca tattha cittasaªkh±rova uppajjati, netaro, itarajjh±n±d²su pana tadubhaya½ uppajjat²”ti-±din±,
“Yassa k±yasaªkh±ro nuppajjati, tassa vac²saªkh±ro nuppajjat²ti? Vin± ass±sapass±sehi vitakkavic±r±na½ upp±dakkhaºe tesa½ k±yasaªkh±rova nuppajjati, netaro, sabbesa½ cittassa bhaªgakkhaºe vin± ass±sapass±sehi avitakka-avic±racittassa upp±dakkhaºe nirodhasam±pann±na½ asaññasatt±nañca tadubhayampi nuppajjati…pe… yassa k±yasaªkh±ro nuppajjati, tassa cittasaªkh±ro nuppajjat²ti…pe… sabbacitt±na½ bhaªgakkhaºe nirodhasam±pann±na½ asaññasatt±nañca nuppajjat²”ti-±din± ca, “yattha k±yasaªkh±ro nuppajjati, tattha vac²saªkh±ro nuppajjat²ti…pe… catutthajjh±nakkhaºe r³pabhav±d²su nuppajjat²”ti-±din± ca, “yassa k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjittha, tassa vac²saªkh±ro uppajjitth±ti? ¾mant±”ti-±din±, “yassa k±yasaªkh±ro nuppajjittha, tassa cittasaªkh±ro nuppajjitth±ti? Natth²”ti-±din±, “yassa yattha k±yasaªkh±ro nuppajjittha, tassa tattha vac²saªkh±ro nuppajjitth±ti…pe… catutthajjh±na½ sam±pann±na½ suddh±v±s±na½ dutiye citte vattam±ne asaññasatt±na½ tesa½ tattha k±yasaªkh±ro ca nuppajjittha vac²saªkh±ro c±”ti-±din± ca,
“Yassa k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjissati, tassa vac²saªkh±ro uppajjissat²ti? ¾mant±. Yassa v± pana…pe… uppajjissat²ti? Yassa cittassa anantar± k±m±vacar±na½ pacchimacitta½ uppajjissati, r³p±r³pabhave pacchimabhavik±na½ vac²saªkh±rova uppajjissati, na k±yasaªkh±ro aññesa½ pana tadubhaya½ uppajjissat²”ti-±din± ca, “yassa k±yasaªkh±ro nuppajjissati, tassa vac²saªkh±ro nuppajjissat²ti…pe… pacchimacittasamaªg²na½ yassa cittassa anantar± avitakka-avic±ra½ pacchimacitta½ uppajjissati, tesa½ tadubhaya½ nuppajjissat²”ti-±din± sabbak±labhedesu yath±nur³pato upp±dav±re yojan±nayo veditabbo. “Yassa k±yasaªkh±ro nirujjhati, tassa vac²saªkh±ro nirujjhat²ti…pe… paµhamajjh±na½ sam±pann±na½ k±m±vacar±na½ ass±sapass±s±na½ bhaªgakkhaºe tadubhaya½ nirujjhati. Yassa k±yasaªkh±ro nirujjhati, tassa cittasaªkh±ro nirujjhat²ti? ¾mant±”ti-±din± nirodhav±re, “yassa k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjati, tassa vac²saªkh±ro nirujjhat²ti? No”ti-±din± upp±danirodhav±re ca,
“Yo k±yasaªkh±ra½ parij±n±ti, so vac²saªkh±ra½ parij±n±t²ti? ¾mant±”ti-±din± pariññ±v±re ca heµµh± vutt±nus±rena sabbattha p±¼inayo veditabbo.
Pavattiv±re panettha paccuppannak±le puggalav±rassa anulomanaye k±yasaªkh±ram³lak±ni dve, vac²saªkh±ram³laka½ ekanti t²ºeva yamak±ni labbhanti. Tassa paµilomanayepi ok±sav±r±d²supi eseva nayo. Evamettha sabbav±resu tiººa½ tiººa½ yamak±na½ vasena yamakagaºan± veditabb±. Atthavinicchaye panettha ida½ lakkhaºa½– imasmi½ hi saªkh±rayamake “ass±sapass±s±na½ upp±dakkhaºe, vitakkavic±r±na½ upp±dakkhaºe”ti-±divacanato (yama. 2.saªkh±rayamaka.19) paccuppann±dik±labhedo pavattivasen±pi gahetabbo, na cutipaµisandhivaseneva. “Dutiyajjh±ne tatiyajjh±ne tattha k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjat²”ti-±divacanato (yama. 2.saªkh±rayamaka.21) ca jh±nampi ok±savasena gahitanti veditabba½. Evamettha ya½ ya½ labbhati, tassa tassa vasena atthavinicchayo veditabbo. Tatrida½ nayamukha½– “vin± vitakkavic±reh²”ti dutiyatatiyajjh±navasena vutta½, na catutthajjh±navasena tattha ass±sapass±s±na½ abh±vato. “Cittassa bhaªgakkhaºe”ti ida½ k±yasaªkh±rassa ekantacittasamuµµh±natt± vutta½, uppajjam±nameva hi citta½ r³pa½, ar³pa½ v± samuµµh±peti, na bhijjam±na½, µhita½ v±. “Pacchimacittasamaªg²nan”ti sabbapacchimena appaµisandhikacittena samaªg²na½ kh²º±sav±na½. “Avitakka-avic±ra½ pacchimacittan”ti ettha r³p±vacar±na½ dutiyajjh±nik±dicuticittavasena, ar³p±vacar±nañca catutthajjh±nikacuticittavasena attho gahetabbo.
“Yassa k±yasaªkh±ro nirujjhati, tassa cittasaªkh±ro nirujjhat²”ti ettha niyamato k±yasaªkh±rassa cittasaªkh±rena saddhi½ ekakkhaºe nirujjhanato “±mant±”ti paµivacana½ dinna½ na ekacittakkhaºikatt±. Cittasaªkh±ro hi k±yasaªkh±rena vin±pi uppajjati ca nirujjhati ca. K±yasaªkh±ro pana cittasamuµµh±natt± yena cittena saddhi½ uppajjati, tato paµµh±ya sattarasamena saddhi½ nirujjhati, es± cittasamuµµh±nar³passa dhammat±. Ya½ pana vibhaªgappakaraºassa s²ha¼aµµhakath±ya “cittasamuµµh±nar³pa½ sattarasamacittassa upp±dakkhaºe nirujjhat²”ti vutta½, ta½ im±ya p±¼iy± virujjhati. “Yassa k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjati, tassa vac²saªkh±ro nirujjhat²”ti ettha yasm± k±yasaªkh±ro cittassa upp±dakkhaºe uppajjati, na ca tasmi½ khaºe vitakkavic±r± nirujjhanti, tasm± “no”ti paµisedho kato. Imin± nayamukhena sabbattha vinicchayo veditabbo. Aya½ saªkh±rayamakam±tikatthasa½vaººan±nayo.