6. Yamakam±tik±

M³layamakam±tikatthavaŗŗan±

Id±ni yamakam±tik±ya sa½vaŗŗan±nayo hoti. S± panes± m³layamakam±tik± khandha-±yatanadh±tusaccasaŖkh±ra-anusayacittadhamma-indriyayamakam±tik±ti dasavidh± hoti. Kenaµµhena cettha yamakanti? Yuga¼aµµhena. Yuga¼a½ hi “yamakap±µih±riya½”, “yamakas±l±”ti-±d²su “yamakan”ti vuccati, iti yuga¼asaŖkh±t±na½ yamak±na½ vasena desitatt± imesu dasasu ekekampi, etesa½ vibhajanatt± niddesopi, sabbesa½ sam³hatt± pakaraŗampi yamaka½ n±ma. Idha panet± niddesayamaka½ up±d±ya “yamakam±tik±”tveva vutt±, t±sa½ pana dasanna½ yamakam±tik±na½ m³layamakam±tik± ±di. Tatth±pi “ye keci kusal± dhamm±, sabbe te kusalam³l±. Ye v± pana kusalam³l±, sabbe te dhamm± kusal±”ti ida½ yamaka½ ±di. Tassa kusalam³lasaŖkh±t±na½ dvinna½ atth±na½ vasena atthayamakanti v±, tesańńeva atth±na½ anulomato paµilomato pavattap±¼idhammavasena dhammayamakanti v±, anulomapaµilomato pavattapucch±vasena pucch±yamakanti v± tidh± yamakabh±vo veditabbo. Sesesupi eseva nayo.
Id±ni imesa½ yamak±na½ vasena desit±ya imiss± m³layamakam±tik±ya t±va nayayamakapucch±-atthav±rappabhedavasena p±¼ivavatth±na½ eva½ veditabba½– kusalattikam±tik±ya hi “kusal± dhamm±”ti ida½ ±dipada½ niss±ya m³lanayo m³lam³lanayo m³lakanayo m³lam³lakanayoti ime catt±ro nay± honti. Tesu ekekasmi½ naye m³layamaka½ ekam³layamaka½ ańńamańńam³layamakanti t²ŗi t²ŗi yamak±n²ti dv±dasa yamak±ni. Ekekasmi½ yamake anulomapaµilomavasena dve dve pucch±ti catuv²sati pucch±, ekekapucch±ya sanniµµh±nasa½sayavasena dve dve atth±ti aµµhacatt±l²sa atth±.
Tattha ye keci kusal±ti kusalesu “kusal± nu kho, na kusal± nu kho”ti sandeh±bh±vato imasmi½ pade sanniµµh±nattho veditabbo. Sabbe te kusalam³l±ti “sabbe te kusal± dhamm± kusalam³l± nu kho, na nu kho”ti eva½ vimativasena pucchitatt± imasmi½ pade sa½sayattho veditabbo. So ca kho veneyy±na½ sa½sayaµµh±ne sa½saya½ d²petv± ta½vinodanattha½ bhagavat± vutto, tath±gatassa pana sa½sayaµµh±na½ n±ma natthi. Ito paresupi pucch±padesu eseva nayo. Yath± ca kusalapada½ niss±ya ime catunay±dayo honti, akusalapada½ niss±yapi tatheva, aby±katapada½ niss±yapi tatheva, kusal±d²ni t²ŗipi pad±ni ekato katv± niddiµµha½ n±mapada½ niss±ya tathev±ti kusalattikam±tik±ya cat³su padesu sabbepi so¼asa nay±, aµµhacatt±l²sa yamak±ni, channavuti pucch±, dv±navutisata½ atth± ca uddesavasena vutt±ti veditabb±. Ett±vat± m³lav±ro hetuv±ro nid±nav±ro sambhavav±ro pabhavav±ro samuµµh±nav±ro ±h±rav±ro ±rammaŗav±ro paccayav±ro samudayav±roti sabbepi dasa v±r± honti. Tattha m³lav±re ±gataparicchedeneva avasesesupi nay±dayo veditabb±. P±¼i panettha atisa½khitt±. Iti sabbesupi dasasu v±resu saµµhisata½ nay±, as²ti-adhik±ni catt±ri yamakasat±ni, saµµhi-adhik±ni nava pucch±sat±ni, v²s±dhik±ni ek³nav²sati atthasat±ni ca uddiµµh±n²ti veditabb±ni.
Evamettha nayayamakapucch± atthav±rappabhedavasena p±¼ivavatth±na½ viditv± id±ni tass± anutt±napadatth±nus±reneva vibhaŖganayasahito saŖkhepatthavaŗŗan±nayo eva½ veditabbo– tattha ye kec²ti anavasesavacana½. Kusal± dhamm±ti anavajjasukhavip±k± nissattasabh±v±. Sabbe te kusalam³l±ti ki½ te sabbeyeva kusalam³l± hont²ti pucch±. Im±ni pana vissajjanam±tik±ya natthi. Yamakam±tik±ya hi sabbattha pucch±pad±neva uddhaµ±ni, na vissajjan±n²ti. Vissajjan±ni pana niddeseyeva vutt±ni, tasm± sabbattha niddesanayeneva vissajjanamukha½ dassayiss±ma. Imiss±va “ye keci kusal± dhamm±, sabbe te kusalam³l±”ti pucch±ya vibhaŖganayena ida½ vissajjanamukha½. “T²ŗeva kusalam³l±ni, avases± kusal± dhamm± na kusalam³l±”ti tass± c±yamattho– na te sabbe kusal± dhamm± kusalam³l±ni honti, alobh±d²ni pana t²ŗeva kusalam³l±n²ti. Ye v± pana kusalam³l± tayo alobh±dayo kusal±na½ m³l±ti vutt±, sabbe te kusal± dhamm±ti ki½ te sabbe tayopi dhamm± kusal±ti pucch±. Tass± niddese “±mant±”ti vissajjana½. Tassa tesa½ tiŗŗa½ m³l±na½ kusalabh±vampi sampaµicch±m²ti attho. Aya½ t±va m³lanaye m³layamakanayo.
Ekam³layamake pana sabbe te kusalam³lena ekam³l±ti gaŗanaµµhena ekam³laka½ aggahetv± sam±natthena gahetabb±, aya½ hettha attho– “sabbe te kusalam³lena eka½ sam±na½ m³la½ etesanti ekam³l±”ti. Ya½ phassassa m³la½, ki½ tadeva vedan±d²nanti aya½ pucch±. Atha nesa½ tath±bh±va½ sampaµicchanavasena “±mant±”ti vibhaŖge vissajjana½. Ye v± pana kusalam³lena ekam³l±, sabbe te dhamm± kusal±ti pucch±. Tass± pana kusalacittasamuµµh±na½ r³pa½ kusalam³lena ekam³lameva, na kusala½, phass±didhammaj±ta½ pana kusalam³lena ekam³lańceva kusalańc±ti ida½ vissajjana½. Yatheva hi phass±d²na½ alobh±dayo suppatiµµhitabh±vas±dhanena hetupaccayatt± m³la½, tath± ta½samuµµh±nar³pass±p²ti ta½r³pampi ar³padhammehi saddhi½ sam±nam³lanti vuccati, na pana kusala½ anavajjasukhavip±katt±bh±v±. Ekam³layamakanayo.
Ańńamańńam³layamake pana “ye keci kusal±”ti apucchitv± “ye keci kusalam³lena ekam³l±”ti pucch± kat±. Kasm±? Imin±pi byańjanena tassevatthassa sambhavadassanattha½, kusalasamuµµh±nar³pass±pi sampiŗ¹anatthańca. Ańńamańńam³l±ti sabbeva te ki½ ańńamańńassa hetupaccayaµµhena m³l±ni hont²ti pucch±. Tass± y±ni dve t²ŗi m³l±ni ekato uppajjanti, t±neva ekam³l±ni ceva ańńamańńam³l±ni ca, avases± kusalam³lasahaj±t± r³p±r³padhamm± kusalam³lena ekam³l±va, na ca ańńamańńam³l±ti vissajjana½. Tasseva paµilomanaye sabbe te ańńamańńam³l± alobh±dayo kusal±ti pucch±. ¾mant±ti vissajjana½. M³lanayo.
Yath± ca m³lanaye m³layamaka-ekam³layamaka-ańńamańńam³layamakavasena chabbidh± pucch±vissajjananay± vutt±, eva½ m³lam³lanay±d²supi veditabb±. Aya½ panettha viseso– sabbe te kusalam³lam³l±ti sabbe te kusalam³lasaŖkh±t± m³l±, kusalam³lam³l±tveva attho. Ekam³lam³l±ti sam±naµµhena ekameva m³lam³la½ etesanti ekam³lam³l±, sam±nam³lam³l±tveva attho. Ańńamańńam³lam³l±ti ańńamańńassa m³la½ ańńamańńam³la½, ta½ hetupaccayaµµhena m³la½ etesanti ańńamańńam³lam³l±, ańńamańńam³lam³l±tveva attho. Sesa½ t±disamev±ti. M³lam³lanayo.
M³lakanaye pana sabbe te kusalam³lak±ti sabbe te kusal± hetupaccayaµµhena kusalabh³ta½ m³la½ etesanti kusalam³lak±ti pucch±. ¾mant±ti vissajjana½. “Ye v± pana kusalam³lak±, sabbe te dhamm± kusal±”ti pucch±. Ya½ r³pa½, ta½ µhapetv± sesa½ kusalanti vissajjana½, sesa½ t±disamev±ti. M³lakanayo.
M³lam³lakanaye pana kusalam³lam³lak±ti kusalam³lasaŖkh±ta½ m³la½ etesanti kusalam³lam³lak±. Sesa½ t±disamev±ti.
Aya½ t±va kusalapadesu pucch±vissajjananayo. Akusalapad±d²supi eseva nayo. Aya½ pana viseso– akusalapadam³lesu ekam³layamake “ye keci akusal± dhamm±, sabbe te akusalam³lena ekam³l±”ti paµhamapucch±ya “ahetuka½ akusala½ akusalam³lena ekam³lan”ti niddese vissajjana½ kata½. Tattha ahetuka½ akusalanti dv²su moham³lacittesu moha½ sandh±ya vutta½, aby±katapadam³lesu ekam³layamake “ye keci aby±kat± dhamm±, sabbe te aby±katam³lena ekam³l±”ti pucch±ya “ahetuka½ aby±kata½ µhapetv± ses± aby±katam³lena ekam³lak±”ti vissajjana½. Tattha ahetuka½ aby±katanti aµµh±ras±hetukacittupp±d±, r³pa½, nibb±nańca. Ettha ca kińc±pi sahetuka-aby±katacittasamuµµh±nar³pampi aby±katam³lena ekam³lameva, ta½ pana abboh±rika½ katv± niddese ekato labbham±nakavasenapeta½ vissajjana½ katanti veditabba½.
N±mapadam³lesu ca “ye keci n±m± dhamm±, sabbe te n±mam³l±”ti pucch±ya “naveva n±mam³l±ni, avases± n±m± dhamm±, na n±mam³l±”ti vissajjana½. Ekam³lanaye panettha “ye keci n±m± dhamm±, sabbe te n±mam³lena ekam³l±”ti pucch±. “Ahetuka½ n±ma½ µhapetv± sesa½ n±mam³lena ekam³lan”ti vissajjana½. Tattha ahetukacittupp±davicikicchuddhaccasampayuttamohanibb±navasena ahetuka½ n±ma½ veditabba½. Sesa½ sabbattha kusalapade vutt±nus±rena suvińńeyyamev±ti. Aya½ m³lav±re nayo.
Ito paresu hetuv±r±d²su navasu v±resu m³lav±rasadisova sabbattha sa½vaŗŗan±nayo. Hetu-±dipadamattameva hettha viseso, t±ni ca m³la-saddapariy±yato alobh±dihetuk±neva. Alobh±dayo hi sahaj±tadhammasaŖkh±tassa attano phalassa patiµµh±naµµhena m³la½. Tassa nipph±danattha½ hinoti pavattat²ti hetu, “handa na½ gaŗhath±”ti dassenta½ viya attano phala½ nidet²ti nid±na½. Etasm± phala½ sambhavat²ti sambhavo. Pabhavat²ti pabhavo. Samuµµh±ti ta½ ettha, eten±ti v± samuµµh±na½. Ta½ ±harat²ti ±h±ro. Apaµikkhipitabbaµµhena tena ±lamb²yat²ti ±lambaŗa½. Eta½ paµicca ta½ et²ti paccayo. Etasm± ta½ samudet²ti samudayo. Sabba½ k±raŗapariy±yena vutt± “m³la½ hetu nid±nańc±”ti g±th± dasannampi v±r±na½ udd±nag±th± n±ma. Aya½ m³layamakam±tikatthavaŗŗan±nayo.