Duk±dim±tikatthavaŗŗan±

Duk±d²su “dve puggal±– kodhano ca upan±h² ca makkh² ca pa¼±s² c±”ti-±din± dukańca, “tayo puggal±– nir±so ±sa½so vigat±so”ti-±din± tikańca, “catt±ro puggal±– asappuriso, asappurisena-asappurisataro, sappuriso, sappurisenasappurisataro”ti-±din± catukkańca, “pańca puggal±– atthekacco puggalo ±rabhati ca vippaµis±r² ca hoti, tańca cetovimutti½ pańń±vimutti½ yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti. Yatthassa te uppann± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± aparises± nirujjhanti, atthekacco puggalo ±rabhati na vippaµis±r² ca hoti…pe… aparises± nirujjhanti, atthekacco puggalo n±rabhati vippaµis±r² ca hoti…pe… aparises± nirujjhanti. Atthekacco puggalo n±rabhati na vippaµis±r² hoti…pe… aparises± nirujjhant²”ti-±din± pańcakańca vitth±rato m±tika½ nikkhipitv± sabbepi te puggal± niddiµµh±, idha pana te ganthavitth±rabhayena sabbe na uddiµµh±, p±¼iy± eva ń±tabb±ti.
Tattha tike nir±soti arahatt±s±ya virahito duss²lo. Tassa hi attano abhabbat±ya bhabbasah±yakassa s²lavato arahattappatti½ sutv±, caŗ¹±laputtassa viya kassaci r±japuttassa rajj±bhiseka½ sutv± abhisekappattiya½, “kud±ssu n±m±hampi arahatta½ p±puŗeyyan”ti arahattappattiya½ patthan±pi na uppajjati. ¾sa½soti arahatta½ ±s²sam±no patthayam±no s²lav±. Tassa hi arahattapatthan±ya s²lasampattiy± µhitatt± kassaci arahattappatti½ sutv±, ubhatosuj±tassa r±jakum±rassa viya t±disassa kassaci rajj±bhiseka½ sutv± abhisekappattiya½, arahattappattiya½ patthan± uppajjati. Vigat±soti arah±. So hi patta-arahattat±ya tattha vigat±so hoti patt±bhiseko viya khattiyo abhisekappattiyanti veditabba½.
Catukke pana p±ŗ±tip±t±di-akusalakammapathasamann±gato asappuriso n±ma. Yo pana sayampi p±ŗ±tip±t±d²ni katv± parańca tattha sam±dapeti, aya½ asappurisena-asappurisataro, asappurisatopi asappurisataroti attho. Vuttapaµipakkhakusalavasena sappuriso, sappurisenasappurisataro ca veditabbo.
Pańcake ±rabhati ca vippaµis±r² ca hot²ti ettha ±rambha-saddo ±pattiv²tikkame vattati, tasm± ±pattiv²tikkamavasena ±rabhati ceva tappaccay± ca vippaµis±r² hot²ti attho. Cetovimuttinti phalasampayuttasam±dhi½. Pańń±vimuttinti phalasampayuttań±ŗa½. Yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±t²ti anadhigatatt± yath±sabh±vato nappaj±n±ti. Yatthass±ti yasmi½ arahattaphalasaŖkh±te jh±ne adhigate assa puggalassa sabbe p±pak± akusal± dhamm± niravases± nirujjhanti, te nappaj±n±t²ti sambandho. Kińc±pi te maggakkhaŗe eva nirujjhanti n±ma, phalakkhaŗe pana niruddh± n±ma honti, idha pana maggakiccavasena “phalakkhaŗe nirujjhant²”ti vutt±ti veditabb±.
¾rabhati na vippaµis±r² ca hot²ti ±patti½ ±pajjati, ta½ pana desetu½ sabh±gapuggala½ pariyesati, vuµµh±peti v±, tasm± na vippaµis±r² hoti. N±rabhati vippaµis±r² ca hot²ti ±patti½ n±pajjati, vinayapańńattiya½ pana akovidatt± an±pattiy± ±pattisańńit±ya vuµµhit±yapi ta½ ±pattiy± vippaµis±ra½ vinodetu½ asakkuŗeyyat±ya vippaµis±r² hoti. N±rabhati na vippaµis±r² hot²ti n±rabhati neva ±patti½ ±pajjati, na vippaµis±r² hoti. Arahattańca na p±puŗ±ti. Kataro panesa puggaloti? S²lav± ossaµµhav²riyo puggalo. So hi “ki½ me imasmi½ buddhak±le parinibb±nena, an±gate metteyyasamm±sambuddhak±le parinibb±yiss±m²”ti visuddhas²lopi paµipatti½ na p³reti. Ime catt±ropi puggal± tath± tath± ovaditv± ±savakkhaye patiµµh±petabb±. Eva½ hi tepi yv±ya½ pańcamo puggalo n±rabhati na vippaµis±r² ±raddhav²riyo arahatta½ p±puŗ±ti, tena samasam±va bhavissant²ti.
Chakk±d²su–
“Cha puggal±– atthekacco puggalo pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu s±ma½ sacc±ni abhisambujjhati, tattha ca sabbańńuta½ p±puŗ±ti balesu ca vas²bh±va½. Atthekacco puggalo…pe… abhisambujjhati, na ca tattha sabbańńuta½ p±puŗ±ti, na ca balesu vasibh±va½. Atthekacco puggalo…pe… anabhisambujjhati, diµµheva dhamme dukkhassantakaro hoti, s±vakap±ramińca p±puŗ±ti. Atthekacco puggalo…pe… dukkhassantakaro hoti, na ca s±vakap±rami½ p±puŗ±ti. Atthekacco puggalo…pe… anabhisambujjhati, na ca diµµheva dhamme dukkhassantakaro hoti, an±g±m² hoti an±gant± itthatta½. Atthekacco puggalo…pe… anabhisambujjhati, na ca diµµheva dhamme dukkhassantakaro hoti, ±g±m² hoti ±gant± itthattan”ti–

Chakka½, “satta puggal±– satta udak³pam± puggal± saki½ nimuggo nimuggova hoti, ummujjitv± nimujjati, ummujjitv± µhito hoti, ummujjitv± vipassati viloketi, ummujjitv± patarati, ummujjitv± paµig±dhappatto hoti, ummujjitv± tiŗŗo hoti p±raŖgato, thale tiµµhati br±hmaŗo”ti-±din± sattaka½, “aµµha puggal±– catt±ro maggasamaŖgino, catt±ro phalasamaŖgino puggal±”ti aµµhaka½, “nava puggal±– samm±sambuddho paccekasambuddho ubhatobh±gavimutto pańń±vimutto k±yasakkh² diµµhippatto saddh±vimutto dhamm±nus±r² saddh±nus±r²”ti navaka½, “dasa puggal±– pańcanna½ idha niµµh±, pańcanna½ idha vih±ya niµµh±”ti dasakańca m±tika½ nikkhipitv± p±¼iya½ niddeso kato. Tattha chakke paµhamena padena samm±sambuddho daµµhabbo. So hi an±cariyako attan± upp±ditena sabbańńutańń±ŗapadaµµh±nena arahattamaggań±ŗena sabb±k±rato sacc±ni abhisambujjhitv± sabbańńuta½ p±puŗi, dasań±ŗabalesu ca vasibh±vanti. Dutiyena pana paccekasambuddho daµµhabbo. Tatiyena aggas±vako, catutthena avases± arahanto pańcamena an±g±m², chaµµhena sot±pannasakad±g±mino daµµhabb±. Te hi “±gant± itthattan”ti vutt±ti.

Sattake paµhamena padena s±sane aniviµµhasaddho niyatamicch±diµµhidhammehi ekantak±¼akehi samann±gato gahito. So hi samudde udakabh²rukapuriso viya sa½s±re ap±ye nimuggo nimuggova hoti, na puna bhavato vuµµh±ti, anantampi k±la½ bhave eva vicarati s±sanasam±yog±bh±v±. Dutiyena padena s±sane paµiladdhasaddhopi devadatt±dayo viya saddh±diparih±niya½ µhito duss²lo gahito. So hi samudde kenaci k±raŗena ummujjitv± puna nimuggo viya s±sanasaddh±ya ummujjitv±pi ap±ye nimujjati eva, aya½ pana cirak±l±tikkamena buddh±d²hi, attan± eva v± paccekabodhiń±ŗena bhavato uddharaŗ²yo hoti s±sane saki½ uppann±yapi saddh±ya mokkhabh±vena niyamena nibb±n±vahatt±. Ayameva hissa purimapuggalato viseso, itarath± tassa visu½ gahaŗe payojanameva na siy±ti gahetabba½. Tatiyena s±sane uppannasaddho µhitibh±giyehi s²l±diguŗehi samann±gato gahito. So hi ummujjitv± t²ra½ adisv±va samuddamajjhe n±v±di-±gamana½ olokento puna animujjitv± uŗŗatappadese µhito viya s±sanasaddh±ya ummujjitv± nibb±na½ adisv±va buddh±di½ olokayam±no sagge, s²l±dimhi µhito hoti. Catutthena pana sot±panno gahito. So hi ummujjitv± µhito t²ra½ disv± uttaraŗ³p±ya½ vilokayam±no viya lokuttarasaddh±ya ummujjitv± nibb±nat²ra½ disv± uttaraŗop±ya½ viloketi. Pańcamena sakad±g±m² gahito. So hi samudde t²ra½ disv± tadabhimukha½ pataram±no viya paµhamamaggena nibb±nat²ra½ disv± tadabhimukha½ dutiyamaggena patarati n±ma. Chaµµhena an±g±m² gahito. So hi pataritv± t²ra½ upaggamma kaµippam±ŗe udake µhito viya arahattasam²pe satikav±µapatitthe an±vattidhammat±ya tatiyamaggena tiµµhati. Sattamena pana arah± gahito, so hi taritv± p±ra½ patv± µhitapuriso viya catt±ro oghe taritv± nibb±natthale µhito kh²ŗ±savabr±hmaŗo n±ma hot²ti.
Navake ubhatobh±gavimuttoti r³p±r³pasam±pattiy± vikkhambhanavimokkhena, ariyamaggena samucchedavimokkhena kilesato vimutto, ar³pasam±pattiy± v± r³pak±yato, maggena ca n±mak±yatoti imehi ubhatobh±gehi vimuttotipi ubhatobh±gavimutto, so catunna½ ar³pasam±patt²na½ ekekato vuµµh±ya saŖkh±re sammasitv± arahattappatt±na½ catunna½, nirodh± vuµµh±ya arahattappatta-an±g±mino ca vasena pańcavidho, tesu pacchimova nippariy±yato ubhatobh±gavimutto n±ma, ses± pariy±yena. Ettha ca r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±na½ kilesak±yato vimuttampi r³pak±yato avimutta½, ar³p±vacara½ pana tadabhayatopi vimutta½, tasm± tadeva p±daka½ katv± arahattappattova ubhatobh±gavimutto hoti, na r³p±vacaranti veditabba½. Pańń±vimuttoti arahattamaggapańń±ya ±savehi vimutto. So hi sukkhavipassako, cat³hi r³p±vacarajjh±nehi vuµµh±ya arahattappatt± catt±ro c±ti pańcavidho. Ar³p±vacarajjh±nesu hi ekasmimpi sati ubhatobh±gavimuttova n±ma hoti.
K±yasakkh²ti r³p±r³pajjh±nal±bh² ariyo. So hi sot±pattimaggaµµhavajjit±na½ channa½ sekh±na½ vasena chabbidho. Teneva hissa “ekacce ±sav± parikkh²ŗ±”ti niddese vutta½. Sot±pattimaggaµµhassa ca na kecipi ±sav± parikkh²ŗ±ti vattabb±, parikkh²yissant²ti pana vattabb±, arahato pana sabbepi ±sav± parikkh²ŗ±, na ekacceti. So hi phuµµhanta½ sacchikarot²ti k±yasakkh², phuµµh±na½ paµiladdh±na½ jh±n±na½ anantara½ n±mak±yena nirodha½ sacchikarot²tipi k±yasakkh², k±yen±ti cettha “n±mak±yena ceva paramatthasacca½ sacchikaroti, pańń±ya ca ativijjha passat²”ti vacanato arahattaphala½ µhapetv± sesamaggaphal±nameta½ adhivacana½, tena k±yena paµhamajjh±n±nantara½ nibb±nassa sacchikaraŗatopi k±yasakkh²ti keci. Diµµhippattoti sukkhavipassako, r³pajjh±nal±bh² ca yath±vutto chabbidho sekho ca, aya½ diµµhantappattoti diµµhippatto. Dassana½ diµµhi, paµhamamaggo, tassa anantara½ nirodhappattoti attho. Diµµhappattotipi p±µho, tassa paµhamamaggena diµµha½ nibb±na½ puna pattoti attho.
Saddh±vimuttoti sukkhavipassako, r³pajjh±nal±bh² ca yath±vutto chabbidho sekho ca. Aya½ hi saddahanto vimuttoti saddh±vimutto. Katha½ panetassa diµµhippattato n±nattanti? ¾gaman²yapaµipad±ya. Diµµhippatto hi pańń±sampad±ya pubbabh±ge vipassan±ya kilese appadukkhena vikkhambhento ±gato, saddh±vimutto pana saddh±bahulat±ya kilese dukkhena vikkhambhento ±gato. Etameva hi bheda½ sandh±ya niddese “ekacce ±sav± parikkh²ŗ± honti, no ca kho yath±diµµhippattass±”ti vutta½.
Dhamm±nus±r²ti yassa sot±pattimaggakkhaŗe pańńindriya½ adhimatta½ hoti, aya½ pańń±saŖkh±tena dhammena sarati anussarat²ti dhamm±nus±r², sot±pattimaggaµµhasseta½ n±ma½. Phale pana patte diµµhippatto n±ma hoti. Saddh±nus±r²ti yassa sot±pattimaggakkhaŗe saddhindriya½ adhimatta½ hoti, aya½ saddh±ya sarati anussarat²ti saddh±nus±r², sot±pattimaggaµµhasseta½ n±ma½. Phale pana patte saddh±vimutto n±ma hoti.
Lokuttaradhamma½ hi nibbattent±na½ dve dhur±ni n±ma, dve abhinives± n±ma, dve s²s±ni n±ma. Tattha saddh±dhura½ pańń±dhuranti dve dhur±ni n±ma. Eko pana samath±bhiniveso, eko vipassan±bhinivesoti dve abhinives±. Eko ca arahatta½ matthaka½ p±puŗanto ubhatobh±gavimutto hoti, eko pańń±vimuttoti im±ni dve s²s±ni n±ma. Ye hi keci lokuttara½ dhamma½ nibbattenti, sabbe te dve ime dhamme dhura½ katv± imesu dv²su µh±nesu abhinivisitv± imehi dv²hi µh±nehi vimuccanti. Tesu yo bhikkhu aµµhasam±pattil±bh² pańńa½ dhura½ katv± samathavasena abhiniviµµho ańńatara½ ar³pasam±patti½ padaµµh±na½ katv± vipassana½ paµµhapetv± arahatta½ p±puŗ±ti, aya½ sot±pattimaggakkhaŗe dhamm±nus±r² n±ma. Parato pana chasu µh±nesu k±yasakkh² n±ma. Arahattaphala½ patte ubhatobh±gavimutto n±ma.
Aparo pańńameva dhura½ katv± vipassan±vasena abhiniviµµho suddhasaŖkh±re v± r³p±vacarajjh±nesu v± ańńatara½ sammasitv± arahatta½ p±puŗ±ti, ayampi sot±pattimaggakkhaŗe dhamm±nus±r² n±ma. Parato pana chasu µh±nesu diµµhippatto n±ma, arahatta½ patte pańń±vimutto n±ma.
Aparo pana aµµhasam±pattil±bh² saddha½ dhura½ katv± sam±dhivasena abhiniviµµho ańńatara½ ar³pasam±patti½ padaµµh±na½ katv± vipassana½ paµµhapetv± arahatta½ p±puŗ±ti, aya½ sot±pattimaggakkhaŗe saddh±nus±r² n±ma, parato chasu µh±nesu k±yasakkh²yeva n±ma. Arahatta½ patte ubhatobh±gavimuttoyeva n±ma. Aparo saddhameva dhura½ katv± vipassan±vasena abhiniviµµho suddhasaŖkh±re v± r³p±vacarajjh±nesu v± ańńatara½ sammasitv± arahatta½ p±puŗ±ti, ayampi sot±pattimaggakkhaŗe saddh±nus±r² n±ma, parato chasu µh±nesu saddh±vimutto n±ma. Arahattappatte pańń±vimutto n±ma. Ime satta puggal± samm±sambuddhapaccekasambuddhehi saddhi½ nava loke aggadakkhiŗeyy± n±m±ti.
Dasake pańcanna½ idha niµµh±ti sattakkhattuparamo, kola½kolo, ekab²j², sakad±g±m² k±m±vacarapaµisandhiko, arah± c±ti imesa½ pańcanna½ idha k±m±vacarabh³miyańńeva anup±disesanibb±nasaŖkh±t± niµµh±ti attho. K±m±vacarattabh±ve eva hi ete parinibb±yanti, n±ńńasmi½. Pańcanna½ idha vih±ya niµµh±ti antar±parinibb±y² upahaccaparinibb±y² asaŖkh±raparinibb±y² sasaŖkh±raparinibb±y² uddha½soto akaniµµhag±m² c±ti imesa½ pańcanna½ idha k±m±vacare attabh±va½ vih±ya vijahitv± brahmattabh±ve µhit±nańńeva niµµh±ti attho. Sesamettha utt±natthamev±ti. Ayamettha saŖkhepato p±¼inayena saddhi½ atthanicchayo, vitth±ro pana puggalapańńattip±¼i-aµµhakath±su (pu. pa. m±tik± 1 ±dayo; pu. pa. aµµha. m±tik±vaŗŗan± 1) gahetabboti.

Mohavicchedaniy± abhidhammam±tikatthavaŗŗan±ya

Puggalapańńattim±tikatthavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.