4. Puggalapańńattim±tik±

Ekakam±tikatthavaŗŗan±

Id±ni puggalapańńattim±tik±sa½vaŗŗan±nayo hoti. Tattha anutt±natthato t±va cha pańńattiyoti ettha “±cikkhati deseti pańńapeti paµµhapet²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.20) ±gataµµh±ne sandassan± pak±san± pańńatti n±ma. “Supańńatta½ mańcap²µhan”ti (p±r±. 269) ±gataµµh±ne µhapan± nikkhipan± pańńatti n±ma, idha ubhayampi vaµµati. Cha pańńattiyoti hi cha pańń±pan± cha sandassan± pak±san±tipi, cha µhapan± nikkhipan±tipi vutta½ hoti. N±mapańńattiyeva hi te te vijjam±n±vijjam±ne dhamme sandasset²tipi. Tena tena koµµh±sena µhapet²tipi. Khandhapańńatt²ti-±di pana saŖkhepato t±sa½ pańńatt²na½ sar³padassana½. Tattha khandh±na½ “khandh±”ti pańń±pan± sandassan± pak±san± ca µhapan± nikkhipan± ca khandhapańńatti n±ma…pe… puggal±na½ “puggal±”ti pańń±pan± sandassan± pak±san± ca µhapan± nikkhipan± ca puggalapańńatti n±ma. Im± eva cha pańńattiyo vijjanti. Ańń±sampi sammutiparamatthakath±na½ pańńatt²na½ anantatt±, upalakkhaŗavasena pana padh±nabh±vato ca et±va vutt±. P±¼imuttakanayena pana sabbasaŖg±hik± vijjam±napańńatti-±dayo cha n±mapańńattiyo aµµhakath±su (pu. pa. aµµha. m±tik±vaŗŗan± 1) ±gat±, t± ca heµµh± vutt±ti idha na vutt±. T±su idha puggalapańńattipadena avijjam±napańńatti, sesehi vijjam±napańńatti c±ti dve eva labbhanti.
Aµµhakath±muttakena pana ±cariyanayena apar±pi cha pańńattiyo– up±d±pańńatti upanidh±pańńatti samodh±napańńatti upanikkhittapańńatti tajj±pańńatti santatipańńatt²ti, y± “atthapańńatt²”ti vuccati. Tattha y± khandhapańcaka½ up±d±ya niss±ya sammat± satt±dik±, aŖg±ni up±d±ya rath±dik±, cand±diparivatt±dayo up±d±ya k±ladis±dik±, ta½ta½bh³tanimitta½, bh±van±visesańca up±d±ya kasiŗ±di-uggahapaµibh±ganimitt±dik±ti aya½ evar³p± sabh±vadhammehi ekattena v± sacchikaµµhaparamatthena anupalabbhasabh±v± up±d±pańńatti n±ma. Pańń±petabbaµµhena ces± pańńatti vutt±, na pana pańń±panaµµhena. Y± tassa tassatthassa pańń±pan±, s± avijjam±napańńattiyeva.
Y± pana ańńa½ paµham±di½ upanidh±ya apekkhitv± dutiya½ rassa½ d²gha½ d³ra½ santikanti-±dik± tadańń±pekkh³panidh±, chattap±ŗ²ti-±dik± hatthagat³panidh±, kuŗ¹al²ti-±dik± sampayutt³panidh±, dhańńasakaµanti ±dik± sam±ropit³panidh±, indas±laguh±ti-±dik± avid³ragat³panidh±, suvaŗŗavaŗŗoti-±dik± paµibh±g³panidh±, br±hmaŗag±moti-±dik± tabbahul³panidh±, maŗikaµakanti-±dik± tabbisiµµh³panidh±ti evam±di anekappak±r± pańń±pan±, aya½ upanidh±pańńatti n±ma.
Dhańńar±s²ti-±dik± pana samodh±napańńatti n±ma. Purimassa purimassa upanikkhipitv± dve t²ŗ²ti-±dik± upanikkhittapańńatti n±ma. Ta½ta½sabh±vanissit± pathav²-±dik± tajj±pańńatti n±ma. ¾s²tikoti-±dik± pana santatipańńatti n±ma.
Aµµhakath±muttakeneva ±cariyanayena apar±pi dhammakathik±dik± kiccapańńatti, kisath³l±dik± saŗµh±napańńatti, itthipuris±dik± liŖgapańńatti, k±m±vacar±dik±, kosalak±dik± ca bh³mipańńatti, tisso n±goti-±dik± paccattapańńatti, nirodh±dik± asaŖkhatapańńatti c±ti cha pańńattiyo.
Et±su pana dv±dasasu tajj±pańńatti, ekacc± bh³mipańńatti, asaŖkhatapańńatti ca vijjam±napańńattisaŖkh±t± n±mapańńatti, tadańń± paramatth±vases±, pana atthapańńatt²ti d²pit± avijjam±n±dipańńattiyo c±ti. Aya½ t±vettha anutt±natthato sa½vaŗŗan±.
Atthanicchayo panetth±pi p±¼inayeneva saddhi½ hoti, na vin± p±¼i½ tassa vattumasakkuŗeyyatt± P±¼iyańca yasm± ±dito pańca pańńattiyo, tadatthabh³t± khandh±dayo ca heµµh± vibhaŖgappakaraŗe nippadesato kathit±ti t± idha “kitt±vat± khandh±na½ khandhapańńatti, y±vat± pańcakkhandh± r³pakkhandho”ti-±din± saŖkhepeneva niddiµµh±, t± cetth±pi vuttatth±. Puggalapańńatti pana heµµh± na vutt±ti “kitt±vat± puggal±na½ puggalapańńatti? Samayavimutto, asamayavimutto”ti-±din± ekak±dibhedena y±va dasak± dasadh± m±tika½ µhapetv± vitth±reneva vibhatt±, s± ca ń±tabbapabhedato avuccam±n± dubbińńeyy±, tasm± puggalapańńattiy± eva cettha p±¼inay±nus±rena saŖkhepato atthanicchayo hoti, so cettha m±tik±ya½ vutte sabbapuggale anuddharitv± ń±tabb±na½ dubbińńeyy±na½ puggal±na½ ekak±dibhedatova m±tika½ uddharitv± vibhajanavasena saŖkhepatova hoti. Katha½? “Samayavimutto asamayavimutto, kuppadhammo akuppadhammo, cetan±bhabbo anurakkhaŗ±bhabbo, bhay³parato abhay³parato, bhabb±gamano abhabb±gamano, niyato aniyato, paµipannako phale µhito, samas²s² µhitakapp², sot±panno sattakkhattuparamo kola½kolo ekab²j², sakad±g±m², an±g±m² antar±parinibb±y² upahaccaparinibb±y² asaŖkh±raparinibb±y² sasaŖkh±raparinibb±y² uddha½soto akaniµµhag±m², arah±”ti ekakam±tik±.
Tattha yo appana½ nibbattetu½ yuttapattak±le r³p±r³pasam±pattisaŖkh±tehi aµµhahi vimokkhehi paccan²kadhammato vimuccitv± t²su maggesu yena kenaci yath±saka½ ±save khepetv± vuµµhito, aya½ samayavimutto n±ma. “Ekacce ±sav± parikkh²ŗ±”ti-±divacanato (pu. pa. 1) hi aµµhasam±pattil±bh² puthujjano v± kh²ŗ±savo v± idha na gahito, sam±pattil±bhino pana phalaµµhasekh±va gahit±ti veditabb±. Sukkhavipassakakh²ŗ±savo, sabbepi ca ariy± maggavimokkha½ sandh±ya asamayavimutt± n±ma. B±hir±nańhi aµµhanna½ sam±patt²na½ sam±pajjantassa pavivekaµµh±nal±bh±disamayopi atthi, vattakaraŗak±l±di-asamayopi atthi. Maggavimokkhena vimuccanassa pana t±diso samayo v± asamayo v± natthi, yassa saddh± balavat², vipassan± ca ±raddh±, tassa gacchantassa v± bhuńjantassa v± maggaphalapaµivedho n±ma na hot²ti natthi, tasm± sabbe ariy± ariyavimokkhe asamayavimutt±ti veditabb±. Purimapadepi lokiyasam±pattińńeva sandh±ya sekh± samayavimutt± n±ma j±t±.
Avasibh±v± aµµhasam±pattil±bh² pana puthujjano, sot±pannasakad±g±mino dve sekh± aµµhasam±patti½ sandh±ya kuppadhammo n±ma. Parih±nadhammotipi duvidh± eva. An±g±mi-±dayo suppah²nasam±dhip±ripanthikatt± vasibh±v± sam±pattil±bh² puthujjano, ariy± ca lokuttaradhammepi sandh±ya akuppadhammo n±ma. Aparih±nadhammoti te eva. Cetan±bhabboti cetan±saŖkh±tena jh±nasam±pattiva¼ańjanena aparih±ni½ ±pajjitu½ bhabbo. Yo hi r³p±r³pajjh±nesu ±ciŗŗavasit±ya cetan±saŖkh±t±ya jh±nasam±pattiy± nirantara½ va¼ańjam±no tehi na parih±yati, ava¼ańjam±no ca parih±yati, aya½ va¼ańjam±no cetan±bhabbo n±ma. Anurakkhaŗ±bhabboti jh±nassa upak±r±nupak±radhamme j±nitv± anurakkhaŗ±ya ava¼ańjam±nopi aparih±ni½ ±pajjitu½ bhabbo, eso ca purimato balavataro, ±ciŗŗavasino pańń±sampad±ya upak±r±nupak±radhamme j±nitv± tadanur³pa½ paµipajjanatoti veditabbo.
Bhay³paratoti bhayena p±pato uparato virato sekho, kaly±ŗaputhujjano ca. Tesu pacchimo duggativaµµakilesa-upav±dasaŖkh±tehi cat³hi bhayehi p±pato oramati, sekho duggativajjehi, ap±yehi muttatt±. Kh²ŗ±savo pana abhay³parato n±ma samucchinnabhayatt±, upav±dato pana oramitabbo.
Abhabb±gamanoti sammattaniy±m±gamanassa abhabbo, ye ±nantariyasaŖkh±tena kamm±varaŗena, niyatamicch±diµµhisaŖkh±tena kiles±varaŗena, ahetukaduhetukapaµisandhisaŖkh±tena vip±k±varaŗena ca samann±gat±, buddh±d²su ca saddh±rahit±, maggabh±van±ya ca uttarakuruk±dayo viya acchandik±, pubb³panissayarahit± ca, sabbete abhabb±gaman± n±ma. Vipar²t± bhabb±gaman± n±ma. Pańc±nantariyaniyatamicch±diµµhik± nirayagamane, aµµha ariyapuggal± anup±d±parinibb±n±d²su niyat± n±ma. Avasesapuggal± anibaddhagatikat±ya aniyat± n±ma, uttarakuruk± pana sugatiniyat±pi micchattasammattaniy±masseva idh±dhippetatt± “niyat±”ti na vutt±. MaggasamaŖg² puggalo maggakkhaŗe phalatth±ya paµipannako n±ma, phalasamaŖg² phal±nuppattiyampi phale µhito n±ma.
Yassa pana apubb±carima½ ±savapariy±d±nańca hoti j²vitapariy±d±nańca, aya½ samas²s² n±ma. So ca tividho hoti iriy±pathasamas²s² rogasamas²s² j²vitasamas²s²ti. Tattha yo cat³su iriy±pathesu ekasmi½ vipassana½ paµµhapetv± arahatta½ patv± tasmińńeva iriy±pathe parinibb±ti, aya½ iriy±pathasamas²s² n±ma. Yo pana eka½ roga½ patv± antoroge eva vipassana½ paµµhapetv± arahatta½ patv± teneva rogena parinibb±ti, aya½ rogasamas²s² n±ma. Yassa pana kilesas²sasaŖkh±t± avijj±, arahattamaggena pavattas²sasaŖkh±ta½ j²vitindriyańca cuticittena sama½ pariy±d±na½ gacchati, aya½ j²vitasamas²s² n±ma. Kathamida½ sama½ hot²ti? V±rasamat±ya. Yasmi½ hi v±re maggena kilese khepite paccavekkhaŗań±ŗ±ni pavattanti, tass±nantarameva parinibb±yato im±ya v±rasamat±ya ida½ ubhayas²sapariy±d±nampi sama½ hoti n±ma, ayameva j²vitasamas²s² idh±dhippeto.
Żhitakapp²ti µhito kappo µhitakappo, sv±ssa atth²ti µhitakapp², kappamhi vinassam±namhi kappa½ µhapetu½ samatthoti attho.
Sace hi yesa½ maggasamaŖgikkhaŗe kappavin±so bhaveyya, neva t±va kappo vinasseyya, y±v±ya½ yath±saka½ phala½ na sacchikarot²ti te vinassam±nampi kappa½ µhapent²ti µhitakappino n±ma j±t±ti. Kińc±pi kappavin±sanak±le s±sana½ natthi, gatakoµike hi k±le kappavin±so hoti, eva½ santepi magg±nantaraphalassa anantar±ya½ d²petu½ ida½ abh³tampi k±raŗa½ ±haµa½.
Sot±pannoti nibb±nasamuddaninnat±ya sotasaŖkh±tassa maggassa paµhamasamaŖg² vuccati, idha pana phalaµµho adhippeto. Tasseva ca pabhedadassanattha½ “sattakkhattuparamo”ti-±di vutta½. Sattav±r± param± assa bhav³papatt²ti sattakkhattuparamo, tato para½ aµµhama½ bhava½ n±diyat²ti attho. Sot±panno hi yo sattakkhattu½ devesu, manussesu ca paµisandhi½ gahetv± sattame bhave dukkhassanta½ karoti, aya½ sattakkhattuparamo n±ma. Kulato kula½ bhavato bhava½ gacchat²ti kola½kolo. So hi devamanussavasena dve gatiyo bhave sa½saritv± dukkhassanta½ karoti, aya½ kola½kolo n±ma. Kammapaµisandhiy± eka½ kamma½ kilesab²ja½ ass±ti ekab²j². So hi ekasmińńeva bhave kh²ŗ±savo hoti. Ki½ panassa bhedassa niy±makanti? Vipassan±bhińń±bhed±. Sot±pannesu hi yo vipassan±ya pamatto, so sattakkhattuparamo hoti. Yo kińci appamatto, so kola½kolo. Yo pana vipassan±ya ativiya appamatto, so ekab²j² hoti. Ye pana abhiviya pamatt± vaµµajjh±say± an±thapiŗ¹ikavis±kh±sakk±dayo, te punappuna½ vaµµasmi½yeva vicarant± ±dito paµµh±ya cha devaloke os±petv± brahmalokesupi yath±kkama½ nibbattitv± akaniµµhe µhatv± parinibbanti, na te idha gahit±. Te hi manussagati½ punappuna½ ±diyanti. Ye pana manussagatiyampi bhava½ ±diyanti, tesa½ vasena sattakkhattuparamo kola½kolo m±nusikabhavanibbattako eva ekab²j² gahito. Te pana saddh±dhurena ±gat± tayo, pańń±dhurena ±gat± tayoti sot±panno chabbidho hot²ti veditabbo.
Paµisandhivasena pana saki½ ima½ manussagati½ ±gacchat²ti sakad±g±m², dutiyamaggaphalasamaŖg². Imin± pańcasu sakad±g±m²su catt±ro vajjetv± ekova gahito. Ekacco hi sakad±g±miphale µhatv± puna dutiyabhave idheva parinibb±ti, ekacco idha patv± devaloke parinibb±ti, ekacco devaloke patv± dutiyabhave tattheva parinibb±ti, ekacco devaloke patv± idh³papajjitv± parinibb±ti, ime catt±ropi idha na gahit±. Yo pana idha patv± devaloke nibbattitv± puna idh³papajjitv± parinibb±ti, ayamekova idha gahito. Imassa ca dve paµisandhiyo, ekab²jissa pana ek±v±ti ida½ tesa½ n±n±karaŗanti veditabba½.
Paµisandhivasena k±mabhava½ n±gacchat²ti an±g±m², tatiyamaggaphalasamaŖg². Tasseva pana pabhedadassanattha½ “antar±parinibb±y²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha antar±parinibb±y²ti ±yuvemajjhassa antar± eva arahattamagga½ upp±detv± kilesaparinibb±nena parinibb±yanas²lo eko an±g±m². So ca uppannasamanantara½ parinibb±y², ±yuvemajjha½ appatv± parinibb±y², ±yuvemajjha½ patv± parinibb±y²ti tividho hoti. Upahaccaparinibb±y²ti ±yuvemajjha½ upahacca atikkamitv±, maraŗasamaya½ v± upahacca upagantv± parinibb±y², ±yuvemajjha½ atikkamitv± y±va maraŗasamay± parinibb±y²ti attho. AsaŖkh±raparinibb±y²ti asaŖkh±rena appadukkhena adhimattappayoga½ akatv± parinibb±yanas²lo. SasaŖkh±raparinibb±y²ti sasaŖkh±rena dukkhena kasirena adhimattappayogena parinibb±yanas²lo. Uddha½sototi uddha½v±hibh±vena uddhamassa taŗh±sota½ vaµµasotańca, uddha½ v± gantv± paµilabhitabbato uddha½ maggasotamass±tipi uddha½soto. Akaniµµha½ gacchat²ti akaniµµhag±m². Imesa½ pana an±g±m²na½ pabhedadassanatthampettha uddha½soto akaniµµhag±m²ti-±di catukka½ veditabba½.
Tattha yo avihato paµµh±ya cat³su yath±kkama½ uppajjitv± y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± cuto akaniµµhe uppajjitv± parinibb±ti, aya½ uddha½soto akaniµµhag±m² n±ma. Yo pana akaniµµha½ appatv± antar± parinibb±ti, aya½ uddha½soto na akaniµµhag±m² n±ma. Yo manussaloko akaniµµhameva gantv± parinibb±ti, aya½ na uddha½soto akaniµµhag±m² n±ma. Yo pana heµµh± cat³su suddh±v±sesu ańńatarasmi½ uppajjitv± tattheva parinibb±ti, aya½ na uddha½soto na akaniµµhag±m² n±ma Evamete an±g±mino aµµhacatt±l²savidh± honti. Katha½? Avihesu t±va tayo antar±parinibb±yino, eko upahaccaparinibb±y², eko uddha½sototi pańca, te asaŖkh±raparinibb±yisasaŖkh±raparinibb±yivasena dasa honti, eva½ atappasudassasudass²s³ti catt±l²sa½, akaniµµhe pana uddha½soto natthi, tasm± tattha ta½ sasaŖkh±r±saŖkh±ravasena duvidha½ uddha½sota½ vajjetv± aµµha c±ti aµµhacatt±l²sa honti.
Arah±ti kiles±r²na½ hatatt±din± kh²ŗ±savo arah± n±ma. So suńńat±divimokkhattayavasena tividho hutv± puna pacceka½ paµipad±catukkavasena dv±dasavidh± honti. Yath± ca arah± dv±dasavidho, eva½ dv±daseva sakad±g±mino, catuv²sati sot±pann± aµµhacatt±l²sa an±g±minova paccekanti veditabba½. Ime ca sabbe ariy± imasmi½ s±sane eva uppajjanti, no bahiddh±ti. Ekakanayo.