3. Dh±tukath±m±tik±

Id±ni vibhaªgam±tik±nantara½–
Aya½ dh±tukath±d²na½, sampatt± atthavaººan±;
m±tik±na½ yato tasm±, pañcannampi yath±raha½.
Anutt±natthato ceva, saªkhepenatthanicchay±;
vibhaªganayato ceva, hoti sa½vaººan±nayo.
Tattha dh±tukath±m±tik±ya t±va sa½vaººan± hoti. S± panes± nikkhepato pañcadh± µhit±– nayam±tik± abbhantaram±tik± nayamukham±tik± lakkhaºam±tik± b±hiram±tik±ti. Tattha “saªgaho, asaªgaho…pe… vippayuttena saªgahita½ asaªgahitan”ti aya½ cuddasahi padehi nikkhitt± saªgah±dikena nayena dh±tukath±ya dhamm± vibhatt±ti dassetu½ µhapitatt± nayam±tik± n±ma, y± “m³lam±tik±”tipi vuccati.
“Pañcakkhandh±…pe… manasik±ro”ti aya½ pañcav²s±dhikena padasatena nikkhitt± saªgah±dinayena vibhajitabbabh±vena dh±tukath±ya abbhantare eva µhapitatt± abbhantaram±tik± n±ma, y± “dh±tukath±m±tik±”tipi vuccati.
“T²hi saªgaho, t²hi asaªgaho, cat³hi sampayogo, cat³hi vippayogo”ti aya½ cat³hi padehi nikkhitt± khandh±d²su ca kusalattik±d²su ca m±tik±dhammesu t²hi khandh±yatanadh±tupadeheva saªgaho asaªgaho ca, tath± cat³hi ar³pakkhandhehi sampayogo, vippayogo c±ti imesa½ saªgah±saªgah±d²na½ nay±na½ mukh±n²ti dassetu½ µhapitatt± nayamukham±tik± n±ma.
“Sabh±go visabh±go”ti aya½ dv²hi padehi nikkhitt± sabh±gavisabh±galakkhaºavaseneva saªgah±saªgahanay± ceva sampayogavippayoganay± ca hont²ti dassetu½ µhapitatt± lakkhaºam±tik± n±ma. Sabb±pi dhammasaªgaº² dh±tukath±ya m±tik±ti aya½ chasaµµhi tikapad±ni, dve ca dukapadasat±ni saªkhipitv± nikkhitt± dh±tukath± m±tik±to bahi µhapitatt± b±hiram±tik± n±ma. Evametiss± pañcavidh±ya m±tik±ya ayamanutt±natthavaººan±.
Saªgahoti-±d²su hi saªgaho t±va j±tisañj±tikiriy±gaºanavasena catubbidho. Tattha “sabbe khattiy± ±gacchantu, y± c±vuso vis±kha, samm±v±c±, yo ca samm±kammanto, yo ca samm±-±j²vo, ime dhamm± s²lakkhandhe saªgahit±”ti (ma. ni. 1.462) aya½ j±tisaªgaho n±ma. “Sabbe kosalak± ±gacchantu, yo c±vuso vis±kha, samm±v±y±mo, y± ca samm±sati, yo ca samm±sam±dhi, ime dhamm± sam±dhikkhandhe saªgahit±”ti (ma. ni. 1.462) aya½ sañj±tisaªgaho n±ma, ekaµµh±ne j±tisambandhabh±vena saªgahoti attho. “Sabbe hatth±roh± ±gacchantu, y± c±vuso vis±kha, samm±diµµhi, yo ca samm±saªkappo, ime dhamm± paññ±kkhandhe saªgahit±”ti (ma. ni. 1.462) aya½ kiriy±saªgaho n±ma. “Hañci cakkh±yatana½ r³pakkhandhagaºana½ gacchati, tena vata re vattabbe ‘cakkh±yatana½ r³pakkhandhena saªgahita”n’ti (kath±. 471) aya½ gaºanasaªgaho n±ma, ayamidha adhippeto. Tappaµipakkhena asaªgaho veditabbo. Tesa½ vikappato saªgahitena asaªgahit±d²ni, ekupp±dekanirodha-ekavatthuka-ek±rammaºat±vasena sampayogo, tappaµipakkhato vippayogo, tesa½ vikappato sampayuttena vippayutt±d²ni, tadubhayasa½saggavikappato saªgahitena sampayutta½ vippayuttanti-±d²ni ca veditabb±ni. Sesa½ vuttatthameva. Aya½ t±vettha anutt±napadattho.