Jh±navibhaªgam±tikatthavaººan±

Jh±navibhaªgam±tik±ya pana atthato t±va– p±timokkhasa½varasa½vutoti-±d²su p±timokkhanti sikkh±padas²la½. Ta½ hi yo na½ p±ti rakkhati, ta½ mokkheti moceti ±p±yik±d²hi dukkhehi, tasm± “p±timokkhan”ti vuccati. Sa½varaºa½, sa½varanti v± ten±ti sa½varo, p±timokkhameva sa½varo p±timokkhasa½varo, kammav±c±pariyos±ne ijjhanakassa atthato cetan±dir³passa p±timokkhasa½varas²lasseveta½ adhivacana½. Tena sa½vuto pihitak±yavac²payogoti p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto. Viharat²ti iriyati pavatteti. ¾c±ragocarasampannoti ettha ±caritabbato ±c±ro, g±vo caranti etth±ti gocaro, gunna½ caraºaµµh±na½. Ta½sadisat±ya pana sabbopi pavattivisayo gocaroti veditabbo. Tesa½ vibh±go niddese vuttanayeneva veditabbo.
Niddese hi–
“¾c±ragocarasampannoti atthi ±c±ro, atthi an±c±ro. Tattha katamo an±c±ro? K±yiko v²tikkamo, v±casiko v²tikkamo, k±yikav±casiko v²tikkamo, aya½ vuccati an±c±ro, sabbampi duss²lya½ an±c±ro, idhekacco ve¼ud±nena v± patta…pe… pupphaphalasin±nadantakaµµhad±nena v± c±µukamyat±ya v± muggasupyat±ya v± p±ribhaµut±ya v± jaªghapesanikena v± aññataraññatarena v± buddhapatikuµµhena micch±-±j²vena j²vika½ kappeti, aya½ vuccati an±c±ro.
“Tattha katamo ±c±ro? K±yiko av²tikkamo”ti-±din± (vibha. 513)–

Vuttavipariy±yena ±c±ro niddiµµho.

“Gocaroti atthi gocaro, atthi agocaro. Tattha katamo agocaro? Idhekacco vesiy±gocaro v± hoti, vidhav±…pe… thullakum±r²paº¹akabhikkhun²p±n±g±ragocaro v±, sa½saµµho viharati r±j³hi r±jamah±mattehi titthiyehi titthiyas±vakehi ananulomikena sa½saggena, y±ni v± pana t±ni kul±ni assaddh±ni appasann±ni…pe… tath±r³p±ni kul±ni sevati bhajati payirup±sati, aya½ vuccati agocaro.
“Tattha katamo gocaro? Idhekacco na vesiy±gocaro hot²”ti-±din± (vibha. 514)–

Vuttavipariy±yena gocaro niddiµµho.

Apicettha ther±na½ bhikkh³na½ purato gamananis²danacaªkamanaghaµµan±bhibhavan±dik±yik±citt²k±rakiriy±nañceva there bhikkh³ an±pucch± dhammakathanakhu½san±div±casik±citt²k±rakiriy±nañca an±c±r±na½ paµipakkhavasena k±yikav±casiko ±c±ro veditabbo. Apica bhikkhu sag±ravo sappatisso hirottappasampanno sunivattho sup±ruto p±s±dikena abhikkant±din± okkhittacakkhu iriy±pathasampanno ±bhisam±c±rikesu sakkaccak±r² garucitt²k±rabahulo viharati, aya½ vuccati ±c±ro. Gocaro pana tividho upanissayagocaro ±rakkhagocaro upanibandhagocaroti. Tattha dasakath±vatthuguºasamann±gato kaly±ºamitto upanissayagocaro n±ma. Antaraghar±d²su okkhittacakkhut±d²hi dis± vidis± anoloketv± gamana½ ±rakkhagocaro n±ma. Catt±ro pana satipaµµh±n± upanibandhagocaro n±ma. Yattha citta½ upanibandhati, aya½ tividhopettha gocaroti veditabbo. Imin±ti imin± ±c±rena, gocarena ca samann±gato ±c±ragocarasampanno n±ma.
Aºumattesu vajjes³ti aºuppam±ºesu dosesu. Bhayadass±v²ti bhayadassanas²lo, aºumatta½ reºu½ sinerusadisa½ passanto viya sabbalahukampi dukkaµadubbh±sitamatta½ p±r±jikasadisa½ katv± vajjato bhayato dassanas²loti attho. Sam±d±ya sikkhati sikkh±pades³ti ya½ kiñci sikkh±padesu sikkhitabba½, ta½ suµµhu ±d±ya gahetv± sikkhati.
Indriyesu guttadv±roti manacchaµµhesu indriyesu r³p±di-±rammaºanimitt±d²na½ aggahaºasaªkh±tasatisa½varena pihitadv±ro. Bhojane mattaññ³ti piº¹ap±te paµiggahaºaparibhogesu paccavekkhaºañ±ºavasena ceva appicchat±d²hi ca mattaj±nanako, piº¹ap±tavasena cettha catunna½ paccay±na½ gahaºa½ veditabba½. Atha v± bhuñjitabbato bhojananti catunna½ paccay±na½ gahaºa½ veditabba½. Pubbaratt±pararattanti ettha a¹¹harattisaªkh±t±ya rattiy± pubbe pubbaratta½, imin± paµhamay±mañceva pacch±bhattañca gaºh±ti. Rattiy± pacch± apararatta½, imin± pacchimay±mañceva purebhattañca gaºh±ti. Pacchimay±mo panassa bhikkhuno nidd±kilamathavinodanok±soti na gahito.
J±gariy±nuyogamanuyuttoti asubhabh±van±saªkh±tassa bh±van±r±massa anuyogasaªkh±ta½ ±sevanabh±vana½ anuyutto caªkamananisajj±hi yonisomanasik±rena ±varaº²yehi dhammehi cittaparisodhane yuttappayuttoti attho. S±tacca½ nepakkanti satata½ pavattayitabbato s±taccasaªkh±ta½ v²riya½, parip±kagatatt± nepakkasaªkh±tañca pañña½ anuyuttoti sambandho. Imin± v²riyapaññ±hi yuttasseva j±gariy±nuyogasiddh²ti dasseti.
Id±ni ta½ j±gariy±nuyoga½ sar³pato dassento “bodhipakkhik±na½ dhamm±nan”ti-±dim±ha. Bodhipakkhik±na½ dhamm±nanti catusacc±vabodhasaªkh±tassa maggañ±ºassa pakkhe bhav±na½ catusaccasatipaµµh±n±disattati½sadhamm±na½. Niddese panassa lokiyabh±van±ya visesabodhipakkhiyadhamme ek±rammaºe pavattanasamatthat±ya satta bojjhaªg± eva niddiµµh±. Tesa½ gahaºena pana ses±nampi tattha gahaºa½ veditabba½. So abhikkante paµikkanteti-±d²su abhikkanta½ vuccati purato gamana½, paµikkanta½ nivattana½, tadubhayañca µh±nanisajj±sayanesupi purato, pacchato ca k±yassa abhigamana-apagamanavasena labbhati. Sampaj±nak±r² hot²ti sampajaññena sabbakiccak±r², sampajaññasseva v± k±r², sampajañña-ggahaºena cettha avippayogato satipi gahit±va hoti. Tenevassa niddese “sato sampaj±no abhikkamat²”ti-±di vutta½.
¾lokiteti-±d²su ±lokita½ n±ma purato pekkhana½. Vilokita½ n±ma anudis±pekkhana½. Imesa½ pana dvinna½ gahaºena heµµh± upari pacchato pekkhanasaªkh±t±ni olokitullokit±palokit±nipi gahit±n²ti veditabb±ni.
Samiñjite pas±riteti pabb±na½ samiñjane, pas±raºe ca. Saªgh±µipattac²varadh±raºeti ettha saªgh±µic²var±na½ niv±sanap±rupanavasena, pattassa bhikkh±paµiggahaº±divasena ca paribhogo dh±raºa½ n±ma. Asiteti piº¹ap±t±dibhojane. P²teti y±gu-±dip±ne. Kh±yiteti piµµhakhajj±dikh±dane. S±yiteti madhuph±ºit±dis±yite. Ucc±rapass±vakammeti ucc±rassa ca pass±vassa ca karaºe. Gateti gamane. Ýhiteti µh±ne. Nisinneti nisajj±ya. Sutteti sayane. J±gariteti j±garaºe. Ettha ca bhikkh±c±ragaman±divasena “abhikkante”ti vutta½. Vih±re pana caªkaman±di-iriy±pathavaseneva “gate”ti-±di vuttanti veditabba½. Bh±siteti kathane. Tuºh²bh±veti akathane.
Sabbesu pana tesu abhikkant±d²su pacceka½ s±tthakasampajañña½ sapp±yasampajañña½ gocarasampajañña½ asammohasampajaññanti catubbidha½ sampajañña½ veditabba½. Tattha abhikkamituk±mat±dicitte uppanne cittavaseneva gaman±di½ akatv± “ki½ nu me tattha gatena attho”ti pariggaºhitv± cetiyadassan±dino tassa tassa atthassa pariggaºhana½ s±tthakasampajañña½ n±ma. S±tthakesu panetesu gaman±d²su j²vitabrahmacariyantar±y±nañceva sallekhapaµipattivigh±takar±na½ k±yikacetasikaparikkiles±nañca sabbes±na½ sabbh±v±bh±va½ pariggahetv± sapp±yapariggaºhana½ sapp±yasampajañña½ n±ma. Eva½ pariggahitas±tthakasapp±yassa pana aµµhati½s±ya kammaµµh±nesu, vipassan±ya v± attano abhirucita½ kammaµµh±nasaªkh±ta½ gocara½ avissajjetv±va abhikkam±d²na½ karaºa½ gocarasampajañña½ n±ma. Abhikkam±d²su pana andhab±laputhujjan± “att± abhikkam±d²ni karoti, aha½ karom²”ti v± sammuyhanti, tath± asammuyhitv± “abhikkamituk±mat±dicittakiriyav±yodh±tu vipph±r±dik±raºas±maggiy± aya½ k±yasaªkh±to aµµhisaªgh±µo abhikkam±d²ni karoti, tato añño abbhantare att± v± satto v± abhikkamanto v± paµikkamanto v±…pe… tuºh² bhavanto v± natth²”ti evam±din± y±th±vato j±nanavasena paññ±ya pavattana½ asammohasampajañña½ n±ma. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana sammohavinodaniya½ (vibha. aµµha. 508) gahetabbo.
Id±ni yasm± yassa abbhantare yath±vutt± ettak± guº± natthi, tassa araññav±so pana makkaµ±d²na½ viya anucchaviko na hoti, upac±ramattampissa jh±na½ na uppajjati. Yassa pana santi, tassa araññav±so anucchaviko hoti. So hi tattha sabbappak±rajjh±na½ nibbattetu½ sakkoti, araññav±sañceva ±raññake ca upasobheti, sakalañca s±sana½ pas±deti, tasm± evar³passa bhikkhuno up±sanaµµh±nayogapatha½ sapp±yasen±sana½ dassento “so vivitta½ sen±sana½ bhajat²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha vivittanti suñña½. Seti ceva ±sati ca etth±ti sen±sana½, mañc±di, vih±r±di ca. Tenevassa niddese “mañco p²µhan”ti-±di vutta½.
Id±ni aññampissa pabheda½ dassetu½ “araññan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha araññanti vinayapariy±yena t±va µhapetv± g±mañca g±m³pac±rañca avasesa½, suttantapariy±yena ca ±raññaka½ bhikkhu½ sandh±ya pañcadhanusatika½ pacchima½ araññanti vutta½, abhidhammapariy±yena pana g±madv±rassa indakh²lato bahi sabba½ “araññan”ti gahetabba½. “Nikkhamitv± bahi indakh²l±”ti (vibha. 529) hi vutta½. Kandaranti ka½ vuccati udaka½, tena darita½ udakena bhinna½ pabbatapadesa½, ya½ “nitumban”tipi “nad²kuñjan”tipi vadanti. Tattha hi rajatapaµµasadisav±lik±puline maºivit±nasadise sandacch±ye vanagahane nis²ditv± maºikkhandhasadise udake sandam±ne s²tena v±tena b²jiyam±nassa samaºadhamma½ karoto citta½ ekagga½ hoti. Giriguhanti dvinna½ pabbat±namantara½, ekasmiññeva v± umaªgasadisa½ mah±vivara½. Vanapatthanti g±manta½ atikkamitv± manuss±na½ anupac±raµµh±na½, yattha na kasanti na vapanti. Tenevassa niddese “vanapatthanti d³r±nameta½ sen±san±na½ adhivacanan”ti-±di vutta½.
Abbhok±santi acchanna½. ¾kaªkham±no panettha c²varakuµi½ katv± vasati. Pal±lapuñjanti pal±lar±si½. Mah±pal±lapuñjato hi pal±la½ nikka¹¹hitv± pabbh±raleºasadise ±laye karonti, gacchagumb±d²nampi upari pal±la½ pakkhipitv± heµµh± nis²danti, ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Appasaddanti-±d²su vacanasaddena virahitatt± appasadda½. Nagaranigghosasaddena ceva migapakkhinigghosena ca rahitatt± appanigghosa½. Vijanav±tanti anusañcarakajanassa sar²rav±tena virahitatt± vijanav±ta½, “vijanav±dan”tipi p±µho. Sen±sanassa anto janav±dasaddena rahitanti attho. Manuss±na½ rahassa kiriy±rahatt± manussar±hasseyyaka½, tato tato paµinivattitv± sammadeva kammaµµh±ne cittassa l²yanato paµisall±nasaªkh±tassa vivekassa bh±van±r±massa anur³patt± paµisall±nas±ruppa½. Bhajat²ti sambandho. Araññagatoti-±d²su arañña½, rukkham³lañca µhapetv± avasesa½ sabbampi sen±sana½ suññ±g±rena saªgahita½.
Pallaªka½ ±bhujitv±ti samantato ³rubaddh±sana½ bandhitv±. Uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±y±ti uparimak±ya½ uju½ µhapetv±, aµµh±rasa piµµhikaºµake koµiy± koµi½ paµip±detv±. Eva½ nisinnassa hi cammama½sanah±r³ni na paºamanti, athassa tesa½ apaºamanapaccay± khaºe khaºe vedan± na uppajjanti, tato citta½ ekagga½ hoti, kammaµµh±na½ vuddhi½ upagacchati. Parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±ti kammaµµh±n±bhimukha½ sati½ paµµhapetv±, mukhasam²pe v± katv±. Tenevassa niddese “aya½ sati upaµµhit± hoti s³paµµhit±, n±sikagge v± mukhanimitte v±”ti (vibha. 537) vutta½. Mukhanimittanti cettha uttaroµµhassa vemajjhapadeso, yattha n±sik±v±to paµihaññati. Atha v± “par²ti pariggahaµµho, mukhanti niyy±naµµho, sat²ti upaµµh±naµµho, tena vuccati parimukha½ satin”ti (paµi. ma. 1.164) va½ paµisambhid±ya½ vuttanayenapettha attho daµµhabbo. Tatr±ya½ saªkhepattho “pariggahitaniyy±na½ sati½ katv±”ti.