Maggaªgavibhaªgam±tikatthavaººan±

Maggaªgavibhaªgam±tik±ya pana atthato t±va– ariyoti ta½ta½maggavajjhakilesehi ±rakatt± ariyabh±vakaratt± ca ariyo, aµµha aªg±ni ass±ti aµµhaªgiko, nibb±natthikehi magg²yati, nibb±na½ v± maggati, kilese v± m±rento gacchat²ti maggo. Seyyathidanti so katamoti ce, id±ni sv±ya½ maggo caturaªgin² viya sen± aªgamattameva hoti, aªgavinimutto natth²ti dassento “samm±diµµhi…pe… samm±sam±dh²”ti ±ha. Tattha samm± passat²ti samm±diµµhi, paññ±. Samm± saªkappeti takket²ti samm±saªkappo, vitakko. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva. Tato dhammabhedopi vibhaªganayopi bojjhaªgesu vuttasadiso.
Abhidhammabh±jan²ye pana viratittayavajjito pañcaªgikopi maggo vibhatto, tañca pañcanna½ aªg±na½ kicc±dhikata½, virat²nañca avuttasiddhata½ sandh±ya, virativajjitassa pana lokuttaramaggassa abh±v± sopi aµµhaªgikov±ti veditabbo.
Pañh±pucchakepi samm±saªkappo sukh±ya vedan±ya sampayuttova, ses± dv²hi. Samm±saªkappo avitakkavic±ramatto, p²tisahagato sukhasahagatova, na upekkh±sahagato, ses± tidh±pi. Samm±diµµhi hetu, ses± nahet³ti aya½ viseso. Sesa½ samameva. Id±ni pana–
Kamato kiccabhedato, bh³mibhedavivekato;
maggaªgesu vij±n²yo, p±¼imuttavinicchayo.
Tattha kamato t±va ayampi desan±kkamova. Bhagavat± hi nibb±n±dhigam±ya paµipannassa paññ±pajjotapaññ±satthat±ya avijjandhak±ravidhamanato bah³pak±ratt± paµhama½ samm±diµµhi desit±. Tato heraññikassa kah±paºaparivattakahattho viya yath±sabh±vadassanassa samm±diµµhiy± bah³pak±ratt± samm±saªkappo. Sv±ya½ yath± samm±diµµhiy±, eva½ samm±v±c±yapi upak±rako. Yath±ha “pubbe kho, gahapati, takketv± vic±retv± pacch± v±ca½ bhindat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.463), tasm± tadanantara½ samm±v±c±. Yasm± pana v±c±ya sa½vidahitv± loke kammante payojenti, tasm± tadanantara½ samm±kammanto. K±yavac²duccarita½ pah±ya ubhayasucarita½ p³rentasseva yasm± ±j²vaµµhamaka½ s²la½ p³rati, na itarassa, tasm± tadubhay±nantara½ samm±-±j²vo vutto. Eva½ “visuddhadiµµhis²len±pi ett±vat± paritosa½ akatv± ida½ v²riya½ ±rabhitabban”ti dassetu½ tadanantara½ samm±v±y±mo. ¾raddhav²riyen±pi k±y±d²su sati s³paµµhit± k±tabb±ti dassanattha½ tadanantara½ samm±sati. S³paµµhit±ya satiy± ekatt±rammaºe citta½ sam±dh±tu½ sakk±ti tadanantara½ samm±sam±dhi vuttoti aya½ t±vettha kamo.
Kiccato panesa½ ekekassa t²ºi t²ºi kicc±ni, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi t±va aññehipi attano paccan²kakilesehi saddhi½ micch±diµµhi½ pajahati, ±rammaºato nirodhasacca½ sacchikaroti, asammohato sesasacc±ni paµivijjhati. Eva½ samm±saªkapp±d²na½ micch±saªkappapajahan±divasena yath±nur³panti kiccat± veditabb±. Visesato panettha samm±saªkappo sahaj±tadhamme abhiniropeti, samm±v±c± pariggaºh±ti samm±kammanto samuµµh±peti, samm±-±j²vo vod±peti, samm±v±y±mo paggaºh±ti, samm±sati upaµµh±peti, samm±sam±dhi sam±dahat²ti idamettha kicca½.
Bhedato pana pubbabh±ge samm±diµµhi “dukkhe ñ±ºan”ti-±din± cat³su saccesu ñ±ºavasena n±nakkhaº± n±n±rammaº± n±n±n±m± hoti, dutiyo pana nekkhamma-aby±p±da-avihi½s±saªkappavasena, viratiyo catubbidhavac²duccaritatividhak±yaduccaritamicch±j²vaviramaºasaªkh±tacetan±vasenapi virativasenapi, chaµµhasattam± catubbidhasammappadh±nasatipaµµh±navasena n±nakkhaº± n±n±rammaº± n±n±n±m± honti. Maggak±le panete samm±diµµhi-±dayo ekakkhaº± ek±rammaº±. Kiccato pana t±ni pubbabh±ge n±n±n±m±ni labhanti, samm±sam±dhi pana pubbabh±gepi maggakkhaºepi catukkapañcakajjh±navasena n±nakkhaºo n±n±n±mo, maggakkhaºe pana ek±rammaºo hoti. Ekassa hi paµhamamaggo p±dakajjh±n±diniyamato paµhamajjh±n±diko v± dutiyajjh±n±d²su aññatarajjh±niko v±, dutiyamagg±dayopissa paµhamamaggasadisajjh±nik± v± visadisajjh±nik± v±ti so maggak±lepi n±nakkhaºo n±n±n±mo v±ti ayamettha bhedo.
Bh³mito ca vivekato ca vinicchayo bojjhaªgesu vutt±nus±rena veditabboti eva½ vij±n²yo p±¼imuttavinicchayo.

Maggaªgavibhaªgam±tikatthavaººan± niµµhit±.