Saccavibhaªgam±tikatthavaººan±

Saccavibhaªgam±tik±ya pana atthato t±va– catt±ri ariyasacc±n²ti etth±ya½ sacca-saddo anekesu atthesu dissati. Seyyathida½– “sacca½ bhaºe na kujjheyy±”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 224) v±c±sacce. “Sacce µhit± samaºabr±hmaº±”ti-±d²su (j±. 2.21.433) viratisacce. “Kasm± nu sacc±ni vadanti n±n±, pav±diy±se kusal±vad±n±”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 891) diµµhisacce. “Eka½ hi sacca½, na dutiyamatth²”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 890) paramatthasacce, nibb±ne ceva magge ca. “Catunna½ ariyasacc±na½ kati kusal±”ti-±d²su (vibha. 216) ariyasacce. Sv±yamidh±pi ariyasacce vattati. Kenaµµhena sacc±ni? Tathaµµhena. Koya½ tathaµµho n±ma? Yo paññ±cakkhun± upaparikkham±n±na½ m±y±va vipar²to, mar²c²va visa½v±dako, titthiy±na½ atth± viya anupalabbham±nasabh±vo ca na hoti, atha kho b±dhanappabhavasantiniyy±nabh³tena tacch±vipar²tabh³tabh±vena ariyañ±ºassa gocaro hoti. Aya½ tathaµµho saccaµµhoti veditabbo. Vuttañca–
“Iti tacch±vipall±sabh³tabh±va½ cat³supi;
dukkh±d²svavisesena, saccaµµha½ ±hu paº¹it±”ti (vibha. aµµha. 189; s±rattha. µ². mah±vagga 3.14).
Ariy±ni ca t±ni sacc±ni c±ti ariyasacc±ni. Ariy±n²ti uttam±ni, avisa½v±dak±n²ti attho. Ariyehi buddh±d²hi paµivijjhitabb±ni sacc±ni, ariyassa v± samm±sambuddhassa santak±ni sacc±ni tena upp±ditatt±, pak±sitatt± ca, ariyabh±vakar±ni v± sacc±ni tesa½ abhisambuddhatt± ariyabh±vasiddhitoti ariyasacc±ni. “Dukkha½ ariyasaccan”ti-±d²su pana du-iti aya½ saddo kucchite dissati. Kucchita½ hi putta½ “duputto”ti vadanti. Kha½-saddo pana tucche. Tuccha½ hi ±k±sa½ “khan”ti vuccati. Idañca paµhamasacca½ kucchita½ anekopaddav±dhiµµh±nato, tuccha½ b±lajanaparikappitadhuvasubhasukhattabh±vavirahitato, tasm± kucchitatt±, tucchatt± ca “dukkhan”ti vuccati. Sa½-iti ca aya½ saddo “sam±gamo, sametan”ti-±d²su sa½yoga½ d²peti. U-iti aya½ saddo “uppanna½ uditan”ti-±d²su uppatti½. Aya-saddo pana k±raºa½ d²peti. Idañca dutiyasacca½ avasesapaccayasam±yoge sati dukkhassuppattik±raºanti “dukkhasamudayo”ti vuccati.
Tatiyasacca½ pana yasm± ni-saddo abh±va½, rodha-saddo c±raka½ d²peti, tasm± abh±vo ettha, etasmi½ v± adhigate sa½s±rac±rakasaªkh±tassa dukkhanirodhassa sabbagatisuññatt±, tappaµipakkhatt± c±ti “dukkhanirodhan”ti vuccati, dukkhassa v± anupp±danirodhapaccayatt±. Catuttha½ pana yasm± eta½ dukkhanirodha½ gacchati, satta½ v± ta½ gamayati ±rammaºavasena tadabhimukhatt±, paµipad± ca hoti dukkhanirodhappattiy±, tasm± “dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±”ti vuccati.
Apica dukkh±d²na½ catt±ro catt±ro atth± vibhatt± tath± avitath± anaññath±, ye dukkh±d²ni abhisamentehi abhisametabb±. Yath±ha–
“Dukkhassa p²¼anaµµho saªkhataµµho sant±paµµho vipariº±maµµho, ime catt±ro dukkhassa dukkhaµµh± tath± avitath± anaññath±. Samudayassa ±y³hanaµµho nid±naµµho sa½yogaµµho palibodhaµµho …pe… nirodhassa nissaraºaµµho vivekaµµho asaªkhataµµho amataµµho…pe… maggassa niyy±naµµho hetvaµµho dassanaµµho ±dhipateyyaµµho…pe… anaññath±”ti (paµi. ma. 2.8).
Eva½ vibhatt±na½ catunna½ catunna½ atth±na½ vasena dukkh±d²ni veditabb±ni. Aya½ t±vettha padattho.
Dhammabhedato pana taºh±vajjit± sabbalokiyadhamm±, sa½kilesikavajjit± v± dukkhasacca½ n±ma, taºh± pana sabb± akusal± v± lokiyakusal± v± dhamm± samudayasacca½ n±ma, nibb±na½ nirodhasacca½ n±ma, lokuttarakusalacittasampayutt±ni aµµhamaggaªg±ni dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad± ariyasacca½ n±ma. Imehi pana maggaªgehi sampayutt± cittacetasik± dhamm± ceva s±maññaphal±ni cettha asaªgahit±n²ti veditabb±ni. T±ni hi “yadanicca½ ta½ dukkhan”ti (sa½. ni. 3.15) vacanato saªkh±radukkhasaªgahit±nipi. Y±ya pariññ±ya bhagavati brahmacariya½ vussati tathattena na honti, dukkha½ ariyasaccanti na vuccanti, t±ni µhapetv± sabbe lokiyalokuttaradhamm± saªgahit±ti daµµhabb±. Aya½ dhammabhedo.
Vibhaªganayato panettha suttantabh±jan²ye dukkhasacca½ t±va–
“Tattha katama½ dukkha½ ariyasacca½? J±tipi dukkh±, jar±pi dukkh±, maraºampi dukkha½, sokaparidevadukkhadomanassup±y±s±pi dukkh±, appiyehi sampayogo dukkho, piyehi vippayogo dukkho, yampiccha½ na labhati, tampi dukkha½, sa½khittena pañcup±d±nakkhandh± dukkh±”ti (vibha. 190)–

Uddisitv± vibhatta½. Tattha dukkha½ tividha½ hoti dukkhadukkha½ vipariº±madukkha½ saªkh±radukkhanti. Tattha dukkhadukkha½ duvidha½ pariy±yadukkha½ nippariy±yadukkhanti. Tattha k±yikacetasikadukkhadomanassavedan± nippariy±yadukkha½ n±ma, tadavases± pana dukkhadukkhassa vatthubh³t± pañcup±d±nakkhandh± pariy±yadukkha½ n±ma. Sukhasomanassavedan± vipariº±madukkha½ n±ma. Sabbe pana pañcup±d±nakkhandh±, sabbasaªkhat± v± saªkh±radukkha½ n±ma. Imesa½ tiººa½ dukkh±na½ vasena yath±yoga½ t²su bhavesu j±ti-±d²na½ dukkhadukkhat± veditabb±. K±mabhavasmi½ hi j±ti t±va saya½ na dukkh±, ap±yagatimanussagati-±d²su pana nirayaggisant±p±dim³laka½, gabbhokkantik±dim³laka½, jighacch±pip±s±dim³lakañca dukkha½ tassa sabbassa k±yikacetasikadukkhassa vatthubh±vena pariy±yato dukkhanti. Tath± jar±maraº±dayopi. Kevala½ jar± k±yadubbalat±m³lassa, puttad±r±diparibhavam³lassa ca, maraºa½ pana m±raºantikavedan±bh³tassa, niray±digatinimittadassanam³lassa ca dukkhassa vatthubh±vato, sok±dayo sok±dim³lassa k±yikacetasikadukkhassa vatthubh±vatt± ceva saya½ dukkhatt± ca dukkh±ti veditabb±. Vipariº±madukkhasaªkh±radukkhat± cesa½ pasiddh±yeva. Eva½ k±mabhave j±ti-±d²na½ t²hipi dukkhehi dukkhat± veditabb±. R³p±r³pabhavesu pana yasm± sokaparidevadukkhadomanassup±y±s± na santi, tasm± tattha j±ti-±d²na½ vipariº±madukkhasaªkh±radukkhavasena ca dukkhat± veditabb±, na dukkhadukkhavasen±ti aya½ dukkhasacce nayo.

Samudayasacca½ pana “k±mataºh± bhavataºh± vibhavataºh±”ti (vibha. 203) tattakameva uddisitv± “s± kho panes± taºh± kattha uppajjam±n± uppajjat²”ti (vibha. 203) pucchitv± channa½ channa½ indriyavisayaviññ±ºaphassavedan±saññ±cetan±taºh±vitakkavic±r±na½ visayabh³t±na½ vasena taºh±ya “etthes± taºh± uppajjam±n± uppajjat²”ti eva½ uppatti½ pak±setv± vitth±rato vibhatta½.
Nirodhasacca½ pana “tass± eva taºh±ya asesavir±ganirodho c±go paµinissaggo mutti an±layo”ti (vibha. 204) vatv± puna “s± kho panes± taºh± kattha nirujjham±n± nirujjhat²”ti (vibha. 204) pucchitv± samudayasacce vutta-indriy±d²na½ vasena paµilomato taºh±ya nirodha½ pak±setv± vitth±rato vibhatta½. Tattha asesavir±ganirodhoti-±d²ni pad±ni nibb±navevacan±ni. Nibb±na½ hi ±gamma taºh± ases± virajjati, nirujjhati, caj²yati, paµinissajj²yati, muccati, na all²yati, tasm± “asesavir±ganirodho c±go paµinissaggo mutti an±layo”ti vuccati. Ekameva hi nibb±na½, n±m±ni panassa sabbasaªkhat±na½ n±mapaµipakkhavasena anek±ni honti.
Nanu p±µekka½ nibb±na½ n±ma natthi, kilesakkhayamattameva nibb±na½, teneva ca t±su t±su sutt±bhidhammadesan±su “r±gakkhayo dosakkhayo”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 4.314) vuttanti ce? Na, arahattanibb±n±na½ ekat±pajjanato. Arahattampi hi “yo kho, ±vuso, r±gakkhayo dosakkhayo mohakkhayo, ida½ vuccati arahattan”ti (sa½. ni. 4.314) r±g±d²na½ parikkhayante uppannatt± upac±rena arahatta½ r±gakkhay±dibh±vena vuccati, tath± r±g±d²na½ khayahetutt± nibb±nampi r±gakkhay±dibh±vena vuttanti gahetabba½. Itarath± nibb±nassa bahutta½ ±pajjati r±g±d²na½ bahunna½ khayass±pi bahutt±. Sabbakiles±nampi khayassa ekattena paµhamamaggena diµµhi-±d²na½ khaye sabbakilesakkhayo ±pajjati, o¼±rikattañcassa siy± tiracch±n±nampi uppannar±gakkhayassa p±kaµattena nibb±nappattito, gotrabh³kkhaºepi ca r±g±dikkhayo hoti gotrabhuno nibb±navisayatt±, maggassa pana nibb±n±rammaºat±-appasaªgo. Na hi attan± khepiyam±nakilesakkhayam±rabbha maggo uppajjati, abh±vo cassa ±pajjati r±g±dikkhayabh³tassa pana abh±vassa pakkhavasena tucchar³patt±, tass±pi bh±vatt±bh±v±va vivekalakkhaºa½ na siy±, saªkhatat± cassa siy±. Na hi kad±ci upalabbham±na½ asaªkhata½ bhavitumarahati sabbesampi ahetukatt±pattito, saªkhatattepi cassa na nibb±natta½ uppattijar±bhaªgasamaªgit±ya dukkhatt±, tath± ca abh±vass±pi abh±vo, anavaµµh±nañca kh²º±nampi r±g±d²na½ puna uppajjana½ yesa½ tesameva abh±vo abh±vassa vinaµµhatt±.
Apica k±raºantarena v± bh±ve uppanne r±g±d²na½ na k±ci h±ni hoti. Na hi aññassuppattiya½ añña½ vigacchati. Abh±vo bh±vassa virodhi, virodhisannidh±ne ca itara½ vigacchat²ti ce? Kimida½ vigamana½ n±ma. Yadi tampi bh±var³pa½, sam±nadosat± cassa siy± anavaµµh±nañca, na ca atthasiddhi. Yadi tucchar³pa½, ki½ paµhamamevassa tucchar³pat±ya upagat±ya d³rampi gantv± upagantabb±ti siddh±, r±g±dikkhayabh³tassa nibb±nassa tucchar³pat±ya abh±vo, na ca abh±vo eva nibb±na½. At²t±n±gatados±namabh±ve nibb±nappattiy± abh±vato vattam±n±nañca abh±vo n±ma. Abh±vo n±ma na kilesavigamamatto, api tu anuppattibh±vena. Accantavigamo nibb±nen±pi samp±d²yat²ti ce? Na, tassa k±raºabh±v±. Vipassan± k±raºamiti ce? Na, att±divikappajanakasaªkhatadhammadassanena vin± anatt±divikappabh³t±ya vipassan±ya anuppattito. Yadi hi uppajjeyya, t±ya sabbepi satt± vimutt± eva siyu½, no ca kad±ci na puccheyya viruddhadhammadassan±bh±v±. Na hi dassana½ vin± vikappo sambhavati, na ca att±ti vikappajanakar³p±didassanameva tabbiruddhavikappajanaka½ hoti. Buddh±nañca paramparopadesena r³p±d²su vipassan±vikappo uppajjat²ti ce? Na, tesampi viruddhadassan±bh±vena vipassan±vikapp±nuppattito. Na hi y±dis±ya k±raºas±maggiy± y±disa½ k±riya½ uppajjati, t±dis±ya eva tabbiruddha½ uppajjati ahetukattappasaªgato. Na ca viruddhadassan±bh±vena ekassa vipassan±vikappajanakas±matthiy±bh±vato t±dis±na½ parampar±yapi tabbh±vo, tadupadeso ca sambhavati. Tilakkhaº³padesan±nantarikat±ya pana buddh±na½ nibb±nasacchikiriy± siddhi, tenevassa kiles±namaccantappah±nassa, vipassanopadesas±matthiyassa ca siddh²ti nibb±nameva tadubhayak±raºa½, n±ññanti gahetabba½.
Kasm± pana nibb±nadassanena r±g±d²na½ accantappah±na½, tilakkhaºañca hoti. Na hi aññassa dassanena itarar±gappah±na½, tilakkhaºañ±ºañca yuttanti? Na, asaªkhatadassanena saªkhatassa v± dosassa v± p±kaµatt±. Diµµha-accantasukh±na½ hi vaµµasukhe, tannissay±rammaº±d²su ca sukh±bhim±no, vaµµ±bhirati ca pah²yati diµµhaparat²rassa n±vikassa n±v±yekadese sukh±bhim±n±bhiratiyo viya. Apica saªkhatadhammesu allin± r±g±dayo asaªkhatadhamme saºµh±tu½ na sakkonti aggikkhandhe viya makkhik±, thale viya ca jalacar±, nibb±nadassanena pah²nadosassa cittassa y±th±vato tesu saªkhatesu tilakkhaºadassana½ sambhavati bhesajj±lepena vihatak±catimir±didosassa cakkhuno ghaµ±dir³padassana½ viya, diµµhadosesu cassa saªkh±resu na puna r±g±d²namuppatti ñ±t± sucibh±ve viya vaccak³peti veditabba½.
Kasm± pana kesañci satt±na½ eva nibb±nasacchikiriy±sambhavo, na sabbesanti? An±dibuddhaparamparopadesas±pekkhatt±, tesañca upadesak±na½ sabbattha sabbad± abh±vato, sot³nañca khaºasampattiy± accantadullabhatt±, cakkav±¼±nañca anantatt±, tasm± keci eva buddhupp±dak±le tilakkhaºopadesal±bhena nibb±na½ sacchikaronti, na sabbeti gahetabba½.
Katha½ panettha r±g±d²na½ accantavigamo nibb±nena s±dh²yat²ti? Na t±va so, at²t±n±gat±na½ tesamid±ni abh±v±, pubbe ca tassa vijjam±natt±, vattam±n±na½ sarasanirodhato. Kathañcassa tucchar³passa nibb±nassa hetutte yath±vuttados±namavasaroti ce? Na, tassa bh±var³patt±. Pubbabh±gapaµipattiy± hi nibb±nam±rabbha anusay±jananabh±vena uppannamagg± eva kiles±namanupp±danirodho taduppattiy± ±yati½ uppajjan±rah±na½ anuppattito aggisannidh±ne aªkur±janakabh±vena uppannas±likkhandhassa b²jat±bh±var³pat± viya. Na hi abh±vo n±ma koci paramatthato atthi, yo k±raºena jan²yati tabbiruddhakkhaºupp±danabh±vovupp±dana½ anekakkhaºupp±danena khandhak±r±bh±vupp±dana½ viya, tasm± kiles±na½ anuppattinirodhasaªkh±tassa ariyamaggassa upanissayatt± upanissayopac±rena nibb±na½ “asesavir±ganirodho”ti-±din± vutta½. Sar³peneva kasm± na vuttanti ce? Abhisukhumatt±, anupaladdhapubbatt± ca, sukhumat± cassa bhagavato appossukkat±vacanato, ariyena cakkhun± passitabbato ca veditabb±.
Ettha pana parav±d² ±ha– “nattheva nibb±na½ anupalabbhan²yato”ti. Na anupalabbhan²ya½ tassa siddhatt±. Upalabbhati hi ta½ tadanur³papaµipattiy± ariyehi. Apica nibb±na½ natth²ti na vattabba½ sabbasatt±na½ viruddhadhamm±na½ bh±vena apavagg±bh±vappasaªgato. Na ca ta½ yutta½ uºh±dipaµipakkhassa s²t±dino viya bhavapaµipakkhassa nibb±nassapi avassa½bh±v±. Vuttañca–
“Yath±pi uºhe vijjante, apara½ vijjati s²tala½;
eva½ tividhaggi vijjante, nibb±na½ icchitabbakan”ti. (Bu. va½. 2.11)–

¾di. Accantanirodhahetuno vipassanopadesassa dassanato ca attheva nibb±na½ ta½ vin± tass±sambhavatoti vuttov±yamattho. Tadeta½ purim±ya koµiy± abh±vato appabhava½, tatova ajar±maraºa½, niccañca hot²ti aºu-±d²nampi niccabh±vapatti nibb±nasseva niccatt±ti ce? Na, bhinn±dhikaraºattena hetulakkhaºass±nupapattito. Aºu-±d²nampi asaªkhatat± iti ce? Na, asaªkhatat±siddhito asaªkhat±nañc±nekatt±nupapattito. Yadi hi asaªkhata½ n±ma bhaveyya, ekeneva bhavitabba½ desak±lasabh±vabhedassa k±raºabhedakatt±, bhinnasabh±v±nampi ahetukatte atippasaªgato.

Saªkhatehi sabh±vabhinnassa nibb±nassa katha½ ahetukat±ti ce? Asaªkhatasabh±vena saªkhatasabh±vehi bhinnassa k±raº±napekkhatt±. Asaªkhatatte hi sam±ne bhavasabh±vabhedo k±raºabheda½ s³cayati tasm± ekameva nicca½ bhavitumarahati, tañca yath±vuttayuttito, sabbaññuvacanato ca paramatthato vijjam±na½ nibb±nameva. Vutta½ heta½ bhagavat± “atthi, bhikkhave, aj±ta½ abh³ta½ akata½ asaªkhatan”ti (itivu. 43). Aya½ dukkhanirodhasacce nayo.
Itara½ pana “samm±diµµhi…pe… samm±sam±dh²”ti uddisitv± vitth±rato vibhatta½. Vinicchayo panettha maggaªgavibhaªge ±vi bhavissat²ti aya½ suttantabh±jan²yanayo.
Abhidhammabh±jan²ye pana–
“Catt±ri sacc±ni dukkha½ dukkhasamudayo dukkhanirodho dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±. Tattha taºh± dukkhasamudayo. Avases± s±savadhamm±…pe… dukkha½. Taºh±ya pah±na½ dukkhanirodho. Aµµhaªgiko maggo dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±”ti (vibha. 206)–

Vatv± aµµha maggaªg±ni vitth±rato niddisitv± “avases± dhamm± dukkhanirodhag±miniy± paµipad±ya sampayutt±”ti (vibha. 206 ±dayo) eva½ paµhamav±re catt±ri sacc±ni vibhatt±ni. T±ni puna aparehipi “taºh±, avases± ca kiles± samudayo, tath± taºh±, avases± ca kiles±, avases± ca akusal± samudayo, tath± taºh±, avases± ca kiles±, avases± ca akusal±, t²ºi ca kusalam³l±ni, s±sav±ni samudayo, tath± taºh±, avases± ca kiles±, avases± ca akusal±, t²ºi ca kusalam³l±ni, s±sav±ni, avases± ca s±savakusaladhamm± samudayo. Avases± s±savadhamm± dukkha½, tassa tassa samudayassa pah±na½ nirodho, aµµhaªgiko maggo paµipad±”ti imehi v±rehi vibhatt±ni. Tattha “ariyasacc±n²”ti avatv± nippadesato paccayasaªkh±ta½ samudaya½ dassetu½ “sacc±n²”ti vutta½. Ariyasaccesu hi taºh±va samudayo, na itare. Na ca kevala½ taºh±va dukkha½ samud±neti, avases± kusal±kusal±pi paccaya½ samud±nentiyev±ti tepi samudayato dassetu½ “sacc±ni”tveva vutta½. Tato para½ yasm± aµµhaªgiko maggova paµipad±ti. Sampayutt± pana phass±dayo sabbepi dhamm± paµipad± eva, tasm± ta½ naya½ dassetu½ sabbasaªg±hikav±repi sabb±ni vibhatt±ni Ettha hi ariyadhan±neva saªgahit±ni. Sesa½ sadisamev±ti aya½ abhidhammabh±jan²yanayo.

Pañh±pucchakanaye pana catunna½ ariyasacc±na½ kati kusal±…pe… kati araº±? Samudayasacca½ akusala½, nirodhasacca½ aby±kata½, dukkhasacca½ tidh±pi. Samudayo savitakkasavic±ro, nirodho avitakka-avic±ro, maggo tidh±pi, dukkha½ tidh±pi, na vattabba½ ca. T²ºi sacc±ni anidassana-appaµigh±ni, dukkha½ tidh±pi. Samudayo hetu, nirodho na hetu, ses± dvidh±pi. Dve sacc±ni lokiy±ni, magganirodh± lokuttar±. Samudayasacca½ saraºa½, dve sacc±ni araº±ni, dukkha½ duvidh±pi. Aya½ pañh±pucchakanayo. Id±ni panettha–
Kamaton³n±dhikato, lakkhaº±d²hi suññato;
ñ±ºakiccopam± ñeyyo, p±¼imuttavinicchayo.
Tattha kamato t±va idh±pi desan±kkamova yujjati. Ettha o¼±rikatt±, sabbasattas±dh±raºatt± ca suviññeyyanti dukkhasacca½ paµhama½ vutta½, tato tasseva hetudassanattha½ samudayasacca½, tato “hetunirodh± bhavanirodho”ti ñ±panattha½ nirodhasacca½, tadadhigamup±yadassanattha½ ante maggasacca½. Bhavasukhass±dagadhit±na½ sa½vegajananattha½ paµhama½ dukkham±ha, tato “bhava½ neva ahetuka½ ±gacchati, na issaranimm±n±din± hoti, ito pana hot²”ti ñ±panattha½ samudayasacca½, tato sahetukena dukkhena abhibh³tatt± sa½viggam±nas±na½ tannissaraºadassanena ass±sajananattha½ nirodha½, tato nirodhasamp±paka½ magganti ayamettha kamo.
An³n±dhikato pana kasm± catt±ri eva sacc±n²ti ce? Tato aññassa asambhavato, aññatarassa ca anapaneyyato. Apica pavattim±cikkhanto bhagav± sahetuka½ ±cikkhati, nivattiñca sa-up±ya½. Iti pavattinivattitadubhayahet³na½ etaparamato catt±ri eva vutt±n²ti ayametth±n³n±dhikato.
Lakkhaº±d²hi panettha lakkhaºato b±dhanalakkhaºa½ dukkhasacca½, sant±panarasa½, pavattipaccupaµµh±na½. Pabhavalakkhaºa½ samudayasacca½, anupacchedakaraºarasa½, palibodhapaccupaµµh±na½. Santilakkhaºa½ nirodhasacca½, accutirasa½, animittapaccupaµµh±na½. Niyy±nalakkhaºa½ maggasacca½, kilesapah±nakaraºarasa½, vuµµh±napaccupaµµh±na½. Apica pavattipavattakanivattinivattakalakkhaº±ni paµip±µiy±, tath± saªkhatataºh±-asaªkhatadassanalakkhaº±ni c±ti im±nettha lakkhaº±ni.
Suññato panet±ni yath±kkama½ vedakak±rakanibbutagamak±bh±vato suññ±ni. Vuttañca–
“Dukkhameva hi, na koci dukkhito,
k±rako na, kiriy±va vijjati;
atthi nibbuti, na nibbuto pum±,
maggamatthi, gamako na vijjat²”ti. (Vibha. aµµha. 189).
Atha v±–
Dhuvasubhasukhattasuñña½,
purimadvayamattasuññamamatapada½;
dhuvasubhasukha-attavirahito,
maggo iti suññato tesu. (Vibha. aµµha. 189).
Nirodhasuññ±ni v± t²ºi. Nirodho ca sesattayasuñño. Phalasuñño v± hettha hetu samudayamaggesu dukkhanirodh±na½ abh±v± pakativ±d²na½ pakati viya. Hetusuññañca phala½ dukkhasamuday±na½, nirodhamagg±nañca asamav±y±, na hetusamaveta½ hetuphala½. Hetuphalasamav±yav±d²na½ dvi-aºuk±d²ni viy±ti ayamettha suññat±.
ѱºakiccatoti ettha duvidha½ saccañ±ºa½ anubodhañ±ºa½, paµivedhañ±ºañca. Tattha anubodhañ±ºa½ lokiya½, ta½ anussav±divasena nirodhe, magge ca pavattati. Paµivedhañ±ºa½ lokuttara½, ta½ sacc±vabodhapaµipakkhakilese khepenta½ nirodham±rammaºa½ katv± kiccato catt±ripi sacc±ni paµivijjhati. Ya½ paneta½ lokiya½, tattha dukkhañ±ºa½ pariyuµµh±n±bhibhavanavasena pavattam±na½ sakk±yadiµµhi½ nivatteti, samudayañ±ºa½ ucchedadiµµhi½, nirodhañ±ºa½ sassatadiµµhi½, maggañ±ºa½ akiriyadiµµhi½. Dukkhañ±ºa½ v± tesu dhuvasubhasukhattabh±varahitesu khandhesu dhuvasubhasukhattabh±vasaññ±saªkh±ta½ phale vippaµipatti½, samudayañ±ºa½ “issarapadh±nak±lasabh±v±d²hi loko pavattat²”ti ak±raºe k±raº±bhim±nappavatta½ hetumhi vippaµipatti½, nirodhañ±ºa½ ar³palok±d²su apavaggagg±habh³ta½ nirodhe vippaµipatti½, maggañ±ºa½ k±masukhallika-attakilamath±nuyogappabhede avisuddhimagge visuddhimaggagg±havasena pavatta½ up±ye vippaµipatti½ nivatteti. Idamettha ñ±ºakicca½.
Upam±to panettha bh±ro viya hi dukkhasacca½ daµµhabba½, bh±r±d±namiva samudayasacca½, bh±ranikkhepanamiva nirodhasacca½, bh±ranikkhepanup±yo viya maggasacca½. Apica rogatannid±natadupasamabhesajjehi, orimat²ramahoghap±rimat²rata½samp±pakop±yehi c±ti evam±d²hi yath±kkama½ yojetv±pi et±ni upam±to veditabb±ni. Ayamettha upam±. Eva½ ñeyyo p±¼imuttavinicchayo.

Saccavibhaªgam±tikatthavaººan± niµµhit±.