¾yatanavibhaªgam±tikatthavaººan±

¾yatanavibhaªgam±tik±ya pana atthato t±va– dv±das±yatan±n²ti ettha ±yatanato, ±y±na½ tananato, ±yatassa ca nayanato ±yatan±ni. Cakkhur³p±d²su hi ta½ta½dv±r±rammaº± cittacetasik± dhamm± sena sena anubhavan±din± kiccena ±yatanti upaµµhahanti ghaµenti v±yamanti, te ca pana ±yabh³te dhamme et±ni tanonti vitth±renti, idañca at²va ±yata½ sa½s±radukkha½ nayanteva, pavattayant²ti vutta½ hoti, tasm± “±yatan±n²”ti vuccanti.
Apica niv±saµµh±naµµhena, ±karaµµhena, samosaraºaµµh±naµµhena, sañj±bhidesaµµhena, k±raºaµµhena ca s±sane, loke ca “±yatanan”ti vuccanti. Cakkhu-±d²su hi te te cittacetasik± dhamm± tad±yattavuttit±ya nivasanti, tesu ca ±karabh³tesu ±kiºº± vatth±rammaºavasena ca samosaranti, cakkh±dayova nesa½ sañj±tideso, k±raºañca, tasm± niv±saµµh±n±din± atthena cakkh±d²ni ±yatan±n²ti veditabb±ni.
Cakkh±yatananti-±d²su cakkhat²ti cakkhu, r³pa½ ass±deti, vibh±veti c±ti attho. R³payat²ti r³pa½. Vaººavik±ra½ ±pajjam±na½ hadayaªgatabh±va½ pak±set²ti attho. Suº±t²ti sota½. Sappat²ti saddo, ud±har²yat²ti attho. Gh±yat²ti gh±na½. Gandhayat²ti gandho, attano vatthu½ s³cayat²ti attho. J²vita½ avh±yat²ti jivh±. Rasanti ta½ satt±ti raso, ass±dent²ti attho. Kucchit±na½ s±savadhamm±na½ ±yoti k±yo, uppattideso. Phus²yat²ti phoµµhabba½. Manat²ti mano. Attano lakkhaºa½ dh±rent²ti dhamm±. Cakkhu ca ta½ yath±vuttenatthena ±yatanañc±ti cakkh±yatana½…pe… dhamm± ca te ±yatanañc±ti dhamm±yatananti aya½ t±vettha padattho.
Dhammabhedato panettha sabbampi viññ±ºa½ man±yatana½ n±ma. Cetasikasukhumar³panibb±n±ni dhamm±yatana½ n±ma. Ses±ni suviññeyy±ni. Imesu ca ±yatanesu at²t±dibhedabhinn±, k±lavinimutt± ca lokiyalokuttar± sabbe n±mar³padhamm±, paññattiyo ca saªgahit±ti veditabb±. “J±ti dv²hi khandhehi eken±yatanena ek±ya dh±tuy± saªgahit±”ti-±divacanato (dh±tu. 71) hi r³p±r³palakkhaº±na½ j±tijar±bhaªg±na½ saªkh±rakkhandhadhamm±yatanadhammadh±t³su saªgahitatt± itar±sampi paññatt²na½ yath±raha½ tattha saªgahitabh±vo veditabboti ayamettha dhammabhedo.
Vibhaªganayato panettha suttantabh±jan²ye t±va “cakkhu½ anicca½ dukkha½ anatt± vipariº±madhamma½. R³p± anicc± dukkh± anatt± vipariº±madhamm±…pe… dhamm± anicc± dukkh± anatt± vipariº±madhamm±”ti (vibha. 154) eva½ visayivisay±yatanavasena ±yatan±ni vutt±n²ti aya½ suttantabh±jan²yanayo.
Abhidhammabh±jan²ye pana pas±davisay±yatan±ni t±va “tattha katama½ cakkh±yatana½? Ya½ cakkhu catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±ya pas±do”ti-±din± (vibha. 156) r³pakaº¹e (dha. sa. 597) vuttanayena vibhatt±ni. Man±yatana½ pana ekavidhato paµµh±ya y±vadasavidh± vedan±kkhandhe vuttanayena vibhatta½. Dhamm±yatana½ pana “tattha katama½ dhamm±yatana½? Vedan±kkhandho saññ±kkhandho saªkh±rakkhandho, yañca r³pa½ anidassana-appaµigha½ dhamm±yatanapariy±panna½ asaªkhat± ca dh±t³”ti (vibha. 167) uddisitv± “tattha katamo vedan±kkhandho”ti-±din± (vibha. 167) vedan±kkhandh±d²su vuttanayena vibhatta½. Sukhumar³panibb±n±ni r³pakaº¹e vuttanay±nev±ti aya½ abhidhammabh±jan²yanayo.
Pañh±pucchakanaya½ pana ito para½ vitth±rato adassetv± tikaduk±na½ ±di-antehi ceva visesatthad²pakehi ca tikadukehi yojetv± dassayiss±ma, sesehipi tikadukehi yojan±nayo khandhe vuttanayena sakk± ñ±tunti. Katha½ dv±dasanna½ ±yatan±na½ kati kusal±…pe… kati araº±ti? Das±yatan± aby±kat±, dv±yatan± siy± kusal±, siy± akusal±, siy± aby±kat±. Vedan±ttike das±yatan±ni na vattabb±ni, man±yatana½ tidh±pi, dhamm±yatana½ tidh± na vattabbañca…pe… r³p±yatana½ sanidassanasappaµigha½, nav±yatan±ni anidassanasappaµigh±ni, man±yatanadhamm±yatan±ni anidassana-appaµigh±ni, ek±das±yatan±ni na het³, dhamm±yatana½ siy± hetu, siy± na hetu…pe… ek±das±yatan±ni sappaccay±ni, dhamm±yatana½ siy± sappaccaya½, siy± appaccaya½…pe… das±yatan±ni r³pa½, man±yatana½ ar³pa½, dhamm±yatana½ dvidh±pi…pe… das±yatan±ni araº±ni, dv±yatan±ni siy± saraº±ni, siy± araº±n²ti aya½ pañh±pucchakanayo.
Id±ni pana–
Kamato t±vattato ca, tesa½ daµµhabbabhedato;
p±¼imuttanayenettha, viññ±tabbo vinicchayo.
Tattha kamatoti idh±pi desan±kkamova yujjati. Ajjhattikesu hi ±yatanesu sanidassanasappaµighavisayatt± cakkh±yatana½ p±kaµanti paµhama½ desita½, tato anidassanasappaµighavisay±ni sot±yatan±d²ni. Atha v± dassan±nuttariyasavan±nuttariyahetubh±vato bah³pak±ratt± cakkhusot±yatan±ni paµhama½ desit±ni, tato gh±n±yatan±d²ni t²ºi, pañcannampi pana gocaravisayatt± ante man±yatana½, cakkh±yatan±d²na½ gocaratt± tesa½ anantara½ r³p±yatan±d²ni. Apica viññ±ºuppattik±raºavavatth±natopi ayametesa½ kamo veditabbo. Vutta½ heta½ “cakkhuñca paµicca r³pe ca uppajjati cakkhuviññ±ºa½…pe… manañca paµicca dhamme ca uppajjati manoviññ±ºan”ti (ma. ni. 3.421; sa½. ni. 4.60, 113; mah±ni. 107) aya½ t±vettha kamo.
T±vattatoti t±vabh±vato. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– cakkh±dayopi hi dhamm± eva, eva½ sati dhamm±yatanamicceva avatv± kasm± dv±das±yatan±ni vutt±n²ti ce? Chaviññ±ºak±yuppattiy± dv±r±rammaºavavatth±nato ayametesa½ bhedo hot²ti dv±dasa vutt±ni. Cakkhuviññ±ºav²thipariy±pannassa hi viññ±ºak±yassa cakkh±yatanameva uppattidv±ra½, r³p±yatanamev±rammaºa½. Tath± itar±ni itaresa½. Chaµµhassa pana bhavaªgamanasaªkh±to man±yatanekadesova uppattidv±ra½, as±dh±raºañca dhamm±yatana½ ±rammaºanti. Iti channa½ viññ±ºak±y±na½ uppattidv±r±rammaºavavatth±nato dv±dasa vutt±n²ti ayamettha t±vattat±.
Daµµhabbabhedatoti ettha pana sabb±ni cet±ni ±yatan±ni an±gamanato, aniggamanato ca daµµhabb±ni. Na hi t±ni pubbe uday± kutoci ±gacchanti, napi uddha½ vay± kuhiñci gacchanti atha kho pubbe uday± appaµiladdhasabh±v±ni uddha½ vay± paribhinnasabh±v±ni, pubbant±parantavemajjhe paccay±yattavuttit±ya avas±ni pavattanti, tasm± an±gamanato, aniggamanato ca daµµhabb±ni. Tath± nir²hato, aby±p±rato ca. Na hi cakkhur³p±d²na½ eva½ hoti “aho vata amh±ka½ s±maggiya½ viññ±ºa½ n±ma uppajjeyy±”ti, na ca t±ni viññ±ºupp±danattha½ dv±rabh±vena, vatthubh±vena, ±rammaºabh±vena v± by±p±ram±pajjanti, atha kho dhammat±ves± ya½ cakkhur³p±dis±maggiya½ cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni sambhavanti, tasm± nir²hato, aby±p±rato ca daµµhabb±ni. Apica ajjhattik±ni suñño g±mo viya daµµhabb±ni dhuvasubhasukhattabh±vavirahitatt±, b±hir±ni g±magh±takacor± viya. Tath± ajjhattik±ni chap±ºak± viya daµµhabb±ni, b±hir±ni tesa½ gocar± viy±ti ayamettha daµµhabbabhedo. Eva½ p±¼imuttanayenettha viññ±tabbo vinicchayo.

¾yatanavibhaªgam±tikatthavaººan± niµµhit±.