2. VibhaŖgam±tik±

Id±ni dhammasaŖgaŗ²m±tik±nantara½ vibhaŖgam±tik±ya atthavaŗŗan± anuppatt±. Tass± pana–
Atthato dhammabhedena, vibhaŖganayadassan±;
p±¼imuttanay± c±pi, hoti sa½vaŗŗan±nayo.
S± panes± aµµh±rasanna½ vibhaŖg±na½ ±dimhi µhapit± aµµh±rasavidh± hoti– khandhavibhaŖgam±tik±-±yatana-dh±tu-sacca-indriya-paccay±k±ra-satipaµµh±na-sammappadh±na-iddhip±dabojjhaŖga-maggaŖgajh±na-appamańń±-sikkh±pada-paµisambhid±-ń±ŗa-khuddakavatthu-dhammahadayavibhaŖgam±ti

KhandhavibhaŖgam±tikatthavaŗŗan±

Tattha ±dibh³t±ya khandhavibhaŖgam±tik±ya atthato t±va– pańcakkhandh±ti ettha pańc±ti gaŗanaparicchedo, tena na tato heµµh±, na uddhanti dasseti. Khandh±ti paricchinnadhammanidassana½. Tatr±ya½ khandha-saddo sambahulesu µh±nesu nipatati r±simhi guŗe paŗŗattiya½ ru¼hiyanti. Tattha “mah±-udakakkhandho”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 5.1037; a. ni. 4.51; 5.45; 6.37) hi r±sito khandho n±ma. “S²lakkhandho sam±dhikkhandho”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.355) guŗato. “Addas± kho bhagav± mahanta½ d±rukkhandhan”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 4.241) paŗŗattito. “Vińń±ŗa½ vińń±ŗakkhandho”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 63) ekampi citta½ ru¼hito khandho n±ma, sv±yamidha r±sito adhippeto. R±saµµho hi khandha-saddo, koµµh±saµµhotipi vattu½ vaµµati. Lokasmi½ hi iŗa½ gahetv± codiyam±n± “dv²hi khandhehi dass±ma t²hi khandhehi dass±m±”ti vadanti, tasm± khandhoti koµµh±soti vutta½ hoti. R³pakkhandhoti ettha ruppat²ti r³pa½, s²tuŗh±d²hi pasiddh±k±rena ruppati ghaµµ²yati, p²¼iyat²ti attho. Vutta½ heta½ bhagavat±–
“Ruppat²ti kho, bhikkhave, tasm± r³panti vuccati. Kena ruppati? S²tenapi ruppati, uŗhenapi ruppati, jighacch±yapi ruppati, pip±s±yapi ruppat²”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 3.79).
R³pańca ta½ khandho c±ti r³pakkhandho, r³par±si r³pakoµµh±soti attho. Vedan±kkhandh±d²supi eseva nayoti aya½ t±vettha atthato sa½vaŗŗan±nayo.
Dhammabhedato panettha heµµh± kusalattike vibhatt± at²t±dibhedabhinn± sabbe r³padhamm± r³pakkhandho n±ma. Tath± catubh³mak± vedan±sańń±yo vedan±kkhandho n±ma, sańń±kkhandho n±ma. Vedan±sańń± pana µhapetv± ses± phass±dayo pańń±sa cetasik± saŖkh±rakkhandho n±ma. Pańcasu khandhesu nibb±nameva asaŖgahita½, up±d±nakkhandhesu pana sabbe lokuttaradhamm±. Ayameva hi khandhehi up±d±nakkhandh±na½ viseso. Khandh± avisesato vutt±, up±d±nakkhandh± s±savop±d±niyabh±vena visesetv±. Idha pana avisesena vuttatt± nibb±na½ µhapetv± avases± sabbe dhamm± saŖgaha½ gacchant²ti aya½ dhammabhedato sa½vaŗŗan±nayo.
VibhaŖganayadassan±ti vibhaŖgap±¼iy± ±gata-atthanayadassanato. VibhaŖgap±¼iya½ hi suttantabh±jan²ya½ abhidhammabh±jan²ya½ pańh±pucchakanti t²hi nayehi khandhavibhaŖgo vibhatto. Tath± ±yatanavibhaŖg±dayo. Kevala½ hi indriyavibhaŖge, sikkh±padavibhaŖge ca suttantabh±jan²ya½ natthi. Paccay±k±ravibhaŖge pańh±pucchaka½ natthi. ѱŗavibhaŖg±d²su pana t²su tayopi nay± na santi. Tesu hi ń±ŗavibhaŖgo ekavidhato paµµh±ya y±va dasavidh± vibhatto, khuddakavatthuvibhaŖgo ekavidhato paµµh±ya y±va dv±saµµhipabhed± vibhatto, dhammahadayavibhaŖgo pana sabbasaŖgah±d²hi dasahi v±rehi vibhatto, tasm± tesa½ tesa½ nay±na½ mukhamattadassanavasena tattha tattha sa½vaŗŗan± bhavissanti. Tatrida½ khandhavibhaŖge tiŗŗa½ nay±na½ mukhamattadassana½. Seyyathida½– suttantabh±jan²ye t±va r³pakkhandho–
“Tattha katamo r³pakkhandho? Ya½ kińci r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± o¼±rika½ v± sukhuma½ v± h²na½ v± paŗ²ta½ v± ya½ d³re santike v±, tadekajjha½ abhisańń³hitv± abhisaŖkhipitv± aya½ vuccati r³pakkhandho”ti (vibha. 2)–

Eva½ uddisitv± vitth±rato vibhatto, tath± vedan±kkhandh±dayopi. Tattha niyakajjhatta½ n±ma ajjhattar³pa½ ajjhatta½ n±ma, tato ańńa½ parapuggalagata½, avińń±ŗańca bahiddh± n±ma, tath± vedan±dayopi. Pas±davisayar³pa½ pana o¼±rika½ n±ma, sesa½ sukhuma½ n±ma. Aniµµhar³pa½ h²na½ n±ma, iµµhar³pa½ paŗ²ta½ n±ma.

Nanu iµµh±niµµha½ n±ma p±µekka½ paµivibhatta½ n±ma natthi, eka½ ekaccassa iµµha½ hoti man±pa½, tadeva ańńassa ca aniµµha½ hoti. Vatth±d²ni hi s³kar±d²na½ nappiy±ni honti, na manuss±d²na½, tesańca vatth±bharaŗ±d²ni piy±ni, na s³kar±d²nanti, tasm± rucivaseneva iµµh±niµµhat± gahetabb±? Na, iµµh±niµµh±na½ p±µekka½ vibhattatt±. Kusalakammaja½ hi kusalavip±kavisayova iµµha½ n±ma, akusalakammaja½ akusalavip±kavisayova aniµµha½ n±ma, sańń±vipall±sena pana koci iµµhameva buddhar³p±di½ javanakkhaŗe aniµµhato manasi karoti, aniµµhańca nirayaggisatthavis±di½ iµµhato manasi karoti. Javanehi eva vipall±sabh±vo, na vip±keh²ti vip±kavasena iµµh±niµµha½ niyata½ veditabba½.
Sammohavinodaniy± pana vibhaŖgaµµhakath±ya–
“Sukhasamphassa½ hi g³thakalala½ cakkhudv±ragh±nadv±resu aniµµha½, k±yadv±re iµµha½ hoti. Cakkavattino maŗiratanena pothiyam±nassa, suvaŗŗas³le utt±siyam±nassa ca maŗiratanasuvaŗŗas³l±ni cakkhudv±re iµµh±ni honti, k±yadv±re aniµµh±n²”ti (vibha. aµµha. 6)–

Eva½ dv±ravasena ekasseva vatthuno iµµhat±, aniµµhat± ca vutt±. S± ca ekakkhaŗe na yutt± ekakal±pagatabh³top±d±yar³p±na½ ekas±maggiyamuppattito. Na hi bh³tesu akusalavasena aniµµhesu uppajjantesu tadup±d±yar³p±dikusalena iµµh±ni uppajjanti, bhinnakkhaŗe pana iµµh±ni maŗiratan±d²ni tehi pothiyam±nassa akusalapaccayena utun± aniµµh±ni vipariŗamanti, kusalapaccayena aniµµh±ni g³thakalal±d²ni iµµh±n²ti, aya½ no attanomati. Eva½ vibhattesu ca iµµh±niµµhesu ta½ ta½ r³pa½ up±d±yup±d±ya h²na½, paŗ²tańca daµµhabba½. Sukhuma½ pana r³pa½ d³rer³pa½ n±ma, o¼±rika½ santiker³pa½ n±ma. Ta½ ta½ v± pana r³pa½ up±d±yup±d±ya r³pa½ d³re santike daµµhabba½. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.

Vedan±d²su pana akusal± vedan± o¼±rik±, itar± sukhum±. Kusal±kusal± o¼±rik±, aby±kat± sukhum±. Dukkh± vedan± o¼±rik±, itar± sukhum±. Sukhadukkh± v± o¼±rik±, itar± sukhum±. Asam±pannassa v± vedan± o¼±rik±, sam±pannassa sukhum±. S±sav± o¼±rik± an±sav± sukhum±. Ta½ ta½ v± pana vedana½ up±d±yup±d±ya o¼±rikasukhumat± daµµhabb±. Akusal± vedan± kusal±by±kat±hi d³re, t± ca t±ya d³reti eva½ j±tisabh±vapuggalabh³mibhedato vuttanayena d³revedan± daµµhabb±, kusal± vedan± kusal±ya santiketi eva½ j±ti-±dis±mańńato santikevedan± daµµhabb±. Ta½ ta½ v± pana vedana½ up±d±yup±d±ya vedan± d³resantike daµµhabb±. Eva½ sańń±kkhandh±d²supi yath±nur³pa½ o¼±rikasukhumat±dayo veditabb±ti. Ayamettha saŖkhepo, vitth±ro pana vibhaŖgap±¼i-aµµhakath±su (vibha. 8 ±dayo; vibha. aµµha. 8 ±dayo) gahetabboti aya½ suttantabh±jan²yanayo.
Abhidhammabh±jan²yanaye r³pakkhandhassa t±va ekavidh±dito y±va ek±dasavidh± r³pakaŗ¹e vuttanayena veditabb±. Vedan±kkhandho pana ekavidho phassasampayutto, duvidho sahetukadukavasena, tividho kusalattikavasena, catubbidho catubh³makavasena, pańcavidho sabh±vabhedena, chabbidho chadv±rikavasena, sattavidho sattavińń±ŗasampayogavasena, aµµhavidho tesu k±yavińń±ŗasampayutta½ sukhadukkhavasena dvidh± bhinditv±, navavidho tesu manovińń±ŗasampayutta½ kusalattikavasena tidh± bhinditv±, dasavidho tesu k±yavińń±ŗasampayutta½ duvidh±, manovińń±ŗasampayuttańca tidh± bhinditv±ti eva½ sahetukadukam³la½ paµhamav±ra½ vatv± puna kusalattikaµµh±ne vedan±ttikap²tittikasanidassanattikavajjite sabbattike yojetv± y±va dasavidh±, aparepi aµµh±rasa v±r± vutt±. Yath± cettha sahetukadukam³lik± sabbattikayojan±, eva½ hetusampayuttaduk±d²su anur³padukam³lik±pi saraŗadukapariyos±n± pacceka½ sabbattikayojan±pi veditabb±ti aya½ dukam³lako yojan±nayo. Yath± ca ekekadukena sabbattikayojan±vasena dukam³lako nayo vutto, eva½ ekekattikena yath±nur³pa½ sabbadukayojan±vasena tikam³lako, tadubhayamissakavasena ubhatova¹¹hanako ca nayo veditabbo. Yath± cettha vedan±kkhandhe, eva½ sańń±kkhandh±d²supi yath±raha½ dukam³lak±dinay± veditabb±ti aya½ abhidhammabh±jan²yanayo.
Pańh±pucchakanaye pana pańcanna½ khandh±na½ kati kusal±, kati akusal±, kati aby±kat±, kati sukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutt±…pe… kati saraŗ±, kati araŗ±ti? R³pakkhandho aby±kato, catt±ro khandh± siy± kusal±, siy± akusal±, siy± aby±kat±, r³pa½, vedan± ca vedan±ttike na vattabb±, ses± tidh±pi honti, r³pa½ nevavip±kanavip±kadhammadhamma½, siy± up±dinnup±d±niya½, siy± anup±dinnup±d±niya½, asa½kiliµµhasa½kilesika½, ses± catt±ro khandh± t²hi tikehi tidh±pi honti. R³pa½ avitakka-avic±ra½, tayo khandh± tidh±pi honti, saŖkh±rakkhandho tidh± ca na vattabbo ca. R³pa½ na vattabba½, vedan± siy± p²tisahagat±, na vattabb±, tayo tidh± ca na vattabb± ca. R³pa½ nevadassanenanabh±van±yapah±tabba½, nadassanenanabh±van±yapah±tabbahetuka½, nev±cayag±mina-apacayag±mi, nevasekha½n±sekha½, paritta½, ses± tidh±pi honti. Paritt±rammaŗattike r³pa½ an±rammaŗa½, ses± tidh± ca na vattabb± ca. R³pa½ majjhima½, aniyata½, ses± tidh±pi. Magg±rammaŗattike ca r³pa½ an±rammaŗa½, ses± tidh±pi v± na vattabb±. Uppann±t²tattikesu pańcapi tidh± honti. At²t±rammaŗattike r³pa½ an±rammaŗa½, ses± tidh± ca na vattabb± ca. Ajjhattattike pańcapi tidh± honti. Ajjhatt±rammaŗattike r³pa½ an±rammaŗa½, ses± tidh±pi na vattabb± ca. Catt±ro khandh± anidassana-appaµigh±, r³pakkhandho tidh±pi hoti.
Catt±ro khandh± nahet³, saŖkh±rakkhandho siy± hetu, siy± na hetu. R³pa½ ahetuka½, hetuvippayutta½, ses± dvidh±pi. Tayo khandh± siy± sahetuk± ceva na ca het³, siy± na vattabb± ca, saŖkh±rakkhandho dvidh± ca na vattabbo ca, r³pa½ na vattabbameva. Tath± anantaradukepi. R³pa½ nahetu-ahetuka½, tayo dvidh±pi, saŖkh±rakkhandho dvidh± ca na vattabbo ca. Pańcapi sappaccay±, saŖkhat±, catt±ro anidassan±, appaµigh±, r³pa½ dvidh±pi. R³pa½ r³p², ses± ar³pino. R³pa½ lokiya½, ses± dvidh±pi. Pańcapi kenaci vińńeyy±, na ca kenaci vińńeyy± ca. Catt±ro no ±sav±, saŖkh±r± dvidh±pi, na vattabb± ca. R³pa½ s±savo, ±savavippayutto ses± dvidh±pi. R³pa½ s±sav± ceva no ca ±sav±, tayo tath± ca na vattabb± ca. SaŖkh±ro dvidh± ca na vattabbo ca. R³pa½ na vattabbameva, tayo siy± ±savasampayutt± ceva no ca ±sav±, siy± na vattabb±, saŖkh±ro dvidh± ca na vattabbo ca. R³pa½ ±savavippayutta½ s±savańca, ses± dvidh± ca na vattabb± ca. Imin± nayena sa½yojanagocchak±d²supi yojan± veditabb±. Kevala½ hi par±m±sasampayuttaduke r³pa½ par±m±savippayutta½, tayo dvidh±pi, saŖkh±ro dvidh±pi, diµµhivasena na vattabbo ca. Tatiye ettakameva viseso. R³pa½ an±rammaŗa½, ses± s±rammaŗ±. Vińń±ŗa½ citta½, ses± no citt±. Tayo cetasik±, dve acetasik±. Tayo cittasampayutt±, r³pa½ cittavippayutta½. Vińń±ŗa½ na vattabba½. Tath± cittasa½saµµhadukepi. Tayo cittasamuµµh±n±, vińń±ŗa½ no cittasamuµµh±na½. R³pa½ dvidh±pi. Tath± anantaradukadvayepi. Tayo cittasa½saµµhasamuµµh±n±, dve no cittasa½saµµhasamuµµh±n±. Tath± anantaradukadvayepi. Vińń±ŗa½ ajjhattika½, tayo b±hir±, r³pa½ dvidh±pi. Catt±ro no up±d±. R³pa½ dvidh±pi. Pańcapi siy± up±dinn±, siy± anup±dinn±, no up±d±n±.
Kilesagocchako vuttanayova. R³pa½ nevadassanenanabh±van±ya pah±tabba½, ses± dvidh±pi. Eva½ y±vap²tiduk± yojan± veditabb±.
R³pa½ na vedan±, na sukh±, na sukhasahagat±, ses± dvidh±pi. Tath± anantaradukepi. R³pa½ k±m±vacara½, ses± dvidh±pi. Eva½ y±va saraŗaduk± yojan± veditabb±. Aya½ pańh±pucchakanayo.
Ime pana nay± vitth±rato p±¼i-aµµhakath±hi ń±tabb±. Atthavinicchayo ca nesa½ dhammasaŖgaŗ²m±tikatthasa½vaŗŗan±ya vutt±nus±rena ń±tabbo. Ito para½ atireka½ avatv± apubbameva vaŗŗayiss±m±ti aya½ vibhaŖganayadassanato sa½vaŗŗan±nayo.
Id±ni panettha–
Kamaton³n±dhikato, daµµhabbasamabhedato;
p±¼imuttanayo ńeyyo, khandhakosallamicchat±.
Tattha kamatoti ettha uppattikkamo pah±nakkamo paµipattikkamo bh³mikkamo desan±kkamoti bahuvidhesu kamesu khandh±na½ desan±kkamova yujjati, na itare, asambhav±. Abhedena hi pańcasu khandhesu attagg±hapatita½ veneyyajana½ sam³haghanavinibbhogadassanena attagg±hato mocetuk±mo bhagav± hitak±mo tassa tassa janassa sukhaggahaŗattha½ cakkhu-±d²na½ visayabh³ta½ o¼±rika½ paµhama½ r³pakkhandha½ desesi, tato iµµh±niµµhavisayasa½vedaka½ o¼±rika½ vedana½, ya½ vedeti, ta½ sańj±n±t²ti eva½ vedan±visayassa ±k±ragg±hika½ sańńa½, sańń±vasen±bhisaŖkh±rake saŖkh±re, tesa½ vedan±d²na½ nissay±dhipatibh³ta½ vińń±ŗanti aya½ t±vettha kamo.
An³n±dhikatoti kasm± pana bhagavat± pańceva khandh± vutt± an³n± anadhik±ti? SabbasaŖkhatasabh±gekasaŖgahato, attattaniyagg±havatthussa etapparamato, ańńesańca tadavarodhato. Anekappabhedesu hi saŖkhatadhammesu sabh±gavasena saŖgayham±nesu r³pa½ r³pasabh±gekasaŖgahavasena eko khandho hoti, vedan± vedan±sabh±gekasaŖgahavasena eko khandho hoti. Esa nayo sańń±d²supi, tasm± sabbasaŖkhatasabh±gekasaŖgahato pańceva vutt±. Etaparamańceta½ attattaniyagg±havatthu, yadida½ r³p±dayo pańca, tasm± attattaniyagg±havatthussa etaparamatopi pańceva vutt±. Yepi cańńe s²l±dayo pańca dhammakkhandh± vutt±, tepi saŖkh±rakkhandhapariy±pannatt± ettheva avarodha½ gacchanti, tasm± ańńesa½ tadavarodhatopi pańceva vutt±ti aya½ an³n±dhikato.
Daµµhabbasamabhedatoti daµµhabbabhedato, upam±bhedato ca. Tattha daµµhabbabhedato t±va pańcup±d±nakkhandh± s±mańńato ukkhitt±sikapaccatthikato, bh±rato, kh±dakato, aniccadukkha-anattasaŖkh±tavadhakato ca daµµhabb±. Visesato pana pheŗapiŗ¹a½ viya r³pa½ daµµhabba½, udakabubbu¼amar²cikakadalikkhandham±y± viya yath±kkama½ vedan±dayo daµµhabb±. Yath± hi pheŗapiŗ¹o vimadd±saho, so ca pattath±lak±di-attha½ gahitopi tamattha½ na s±dheti, bhijjati, eva½ r³pampi vimadd±saha½, tańca subh±divasena gahitampi na tath± tiµµhati, asubh±diyeva hoti.
Yath± v± pheŗapiŗ¹o anekasandhighaµito bahunna½ udakasapp±dip±ŗak±na½ ±v±so, ±dito cesa badarapakkamatto hutv± anupubbava¹¹hanako uµµhitamattopi cesa bhijjati, thoka½ gantv±pi, samudda½ patv± pana avassameva bhijjati eva½ r³pampi chidd±vachidda½ anekasandhighaµita½ as²tikimikulavokiŗŗa½, ±dito ceta½ kalalamatta½ hutv± anupubbava¹¹hanaka½, kalalamattepi ceta½ bhijjati, abbud±dibh±vepi ±yukkhaya½ patv± avassameva bhijjati. Eva½ pheŗapiŗ¹asadisa½ daµµhabba½.
Yath± pana bubbu¼o muhuttaramaŗ²yo agayhupago na ciraµµhitikova, eva½ vedan±pi. Yath± ca bubbu¼o udakatala½, udakabindu½, udakajallaka½ saŖka¹¹hitv± puµa½ katv± gahaŗav±tańc±ti catt±ri k±raŗ±ni paµicca uppajjati, eva½ vedan±pi vatthu½, ±rammaŗa½, kilesajalla½, phassasaŖghaµµanańc±ti catt±ri k±raŗ±ni paµicca uppajjat²ti s± bubbu¼asadis± daµµhabb±.
Yath± pana mar²cik± jal±say±dibh±vena vippalambhik±, eva½ sańń±pi nicc±dibh±ven±ti mar²cisadis± daµµhabb±. Yath± pana kadalikkhandho agayhupago bahuvaµµisamodh±no, eva½ saŖkh±rakkhandhopi agayhupagonicc±dis±ravirahito, phass±dibahudhammasamodh±no ca hot²ti so kadalikkhandhasadiso daµµhabbo. Yath± pana m±y± asuvaŗŗarajat±dir³p±nipi tath± g±h±petv± mah±jana½ vańceti, eva½ vińń±ŗampi anicc±dir³pa½ teneva cittena ±gacchanta½ viya nicc±dito ca g±h±petv± vańcet²ti ta½ m±y±sadisa½ daµµhabba½. Vuttańca–
“Pheŗapiŗ¹³pama½ r³pa½, vedan± bubbu¼³pam±;
mar²cik³pam± sańń±, saŖkh±r± kadal³pam±;
m±y³pamańca vińń±ŗa½, desit±diccabandhun±”ti. (Sa½. ni. 3.95).

Ayamettha daµµhabbabhedo.

Upam±bhedato ca pana gil±nas±l³pamo r³pup±d±nakkhandho, gelańń³pamo vedanup±d±nakkhandho, gelańńasamuµµh±n³pamo sańńup±d±nakkhandho, asapp±yasevan³pamo saŖkh±rup±d±nakkhandho gil±n³pamo vińń±ŗup±d±nakkhandho. Apica c±rakak±raŗa-apar±dhak±raŗak±raka-apar±dhik³pam± ete bh±janabhojanabyańjanaparivesakabhuńjak³pam± c±ti ayamettha upam±bhedo. Eva½ p±¼imuttakavinicchayanayo ńeyyo.

KhandhavibhaŖgam±tikatthavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.