Appan±javanato para½ pana tad±rammaºa½ natthi. Javan±rammaºesu hi k±m±vacarabh³tesveva k±m±vacarapaµisandhik±nameva atimahante, vibh³te ca visaye tad±rammaºamuppajjati. Ati-iµµhe pan±rammaºe sant²raºakiriy±javanatad±rammaº±ni somanassasahagat±ni, iµµhamajjhatte, aniµµhe ca upekkh±sahagat±ni honti. Yad± pana domanass±nantara½ somanassassa paµµh±ne paµikkhittatt± somanassapaµisandhikassa ati-iµµh±d²su paµighe javite tad±rammaºabhavaªg±ni na uppajjanti, tad± añña½ paricitapubba½ paritt±rammaºam±rabbha an±vajjanampi nirodhato vuµµhahantassa s±maññaphala½ viya antar± upekkh±sahagatasant²raºa½ uppajjati, tamanantaritv± bhavaªga½ hot²ti aya½ tad±rammaºaniyamo.
Eva½ pana bhavaªg±nantara½ chadv±re ±vajjan±d²ni v²thicitt±ni. Iti y±vat±yuka½ imin±va kamena cittaniy±mato viññ±º±ni pavattanti. V²thicitt±nantara½, pana bhavaªg±nantara½ v± sabbapacchima½ ta½ ek³nav²satividha½ bhavaªgameva tasmiññev±rammaºe cutikiccañca s±dhayam±na½ pavattati, tasmi½ niruddhe satto cuto n±ma hoti. Tatopi cutito puna paµisandhibhavaªgav²thicutiyoti eva½ punappuna½ cittasant±na½ yantayuttagoºo viya bhav±d²su y±v±nup±d±ya ±savehi na vimuccati, t±v±vicchinna½ pavattati eva. Eva½ pavattam±ne ca cittasant±ne “tva½ bhavaªga½ n±ma hoti, tva½ tadanantara½ ±vajjana½…pe… tva½ tadanantara½ tad±rammaºa½ n±ma hoti, tva½ pana bhavaªgan”ti-±din± niy±mako katt± n±ma natthi, cittaniy±meneveta½ pavattati.
Pañcavidho hi niy±mo– b²janiy±mo utuniy±mo kammaniy±mo dhammaniy±mo cittaniy±moti, tattha aªkurapaººadaº¹apupphaphal±dikkamena tesa½ tesa½ b²j±na½ aññoññavisadisarukkhatiºagacchalat±disant±ne attan± sadisaphalad±na½ b²janiy±mo n±ma. Tasmi½ tasmi½ samaye tesa½ tesa½ rukkh±na½ ekappah±rena pupphaphalapallav±na½ gahaºa½ utuniy±mo n±ma. Tassa tassa v± kusal±kusalakammassa ta½ta½sadis±sadisar³p±r³pavip±kad±na½, kammasarikkhakavip±kad±nañca kammaniy±mo n±ma. Bodhisatt±na½ paµisandhiggahaºe, m±tukucchito abhinikkhamane, abhisambodhidhammacakkappavattan±d²su ca dvatti½sa pubbanimitt±ni dhammaniy±mo n±ma. Yath±vuttena bhavaªg±vajjan±dikiccakkameneva cittappavatti cittaniy±mo n±ma. Imin± pana cittaniy±mena yath±kkama½ kiccavantesu cetesu cittesu dvipañcaviññ±ºamanodh±tujavan±ni yath±sambhava½ ekakiccaµµh±n±ni, ses±ni pana dviticatupañcakiccaµµh±n±ni, t±ni ca pubbe vutt±ni, suviññeyy±ni ca. Eva½ ekadv±rik±d²ni ca. Yath± ca citt±na½, eva½ ta½sampayuttacetasik±nampi kiccadv±ravasena saªgaho veditabbo. Aya½ pana viseso– kiccato hi sabbatthak± t±va satta citta½ viya cuddasa kicc±ni karonti. Vitakkavic±r±dhimokkh± pana tayo dassan±dipañcakicc±ni vajjetv± nava, v²riya½ tato sampaµicchanasant²raº±ni vajjetv± satta, p²ti voµµhabban±vajjan±nipi vajjetv± sant²raºena saddhi½ cha, virati-appamaññ±vajjit± pana v²sati kusal±by±kat± ceva chando ca sant²raºampi vajjetv± pañca, tato appamaññ± tad±rammaºampi vajjetv± catt±ri, viratiyo pana kusal± javanakiccameva karonti. Dv±rato ca viratiyo manodv±rik± eva, tath± karuº±mudit±, dv±ravinimutt± ca pana honti. Manodv±re eva hi duccaritaviramaºa½ sattapaññattiggahaºañca hoti. Akusal± pana chadv±rik±, tatth±pi m±na-iss±macchariyakukkucc±ni manodv±rik±nev±ti keci. Avases± chadv±rik± ceva dv±ravinimutt± ca. Sesa½ cittasadisameva. ¾rammaºasaªgaho pana nesa½ paritt±rammaºattike ±vi bhavissat²ti. Aya½ pakiººakakath±.

Cittupp±dakaº¹avaººan± niµµhit±.

Aby±katapada½ pana neva t±va niµµhita½. Aby±katesu hi vip±k±by±kata½, kiriy±by±katañca vibhatta½, r³p±by±kata½, pana nibb±n±by±katañca avasiµµha½. Tattha r³p±by±kata½ t±va bh³mito k±m±vacarameva, na bhinna½, tath± sampayogatopi asambhavo eva. S±rammaºadhamm±nameva, hi aññamaññasampayogo, na itaresanti. Dhammuddesato paneta½ aµµhav²satividha½ hoti. Seyyathida½– pathav²dh±tu ±podh±tu tejodh±tu v±yodh±tu cakkhu sota½ gh±na½ jivh± k±yo r³pa½ saddo gandho raso itthindriya½ purisindriya½ j²vitindriya½ hadayavatthu k±yaviññatti vac²viññatti ±k±so r³passa lahut± mudut± kammaññat± r³passa upacayo santati jarat± aniccat± kaba¼²k±ro ±h±roti. Padabh±jan²ye panettha kiñc±pi hadayavatthu na ±gata½, upari pana paµµh±nap±¼iya½ “ya½ r³pa½ niss±ya manodh±tu ca manoviññ±ºadh±tu ca vattant²”ti-±din± (paµµh±. 1.1.8) sar³peneva ±gamissat²ti ta½ idha gahita½. Keci pana middhar³pa½ balar³pa½ sambhavar³pa½ j±tir³pa½ rogar³panti im±nipi pañca gahetv± “tetti½sa r³p±ni hont²”ti vadanti, te tesa½ abh±va½, antogadhabh±vañca vatv± paµikkhipitabb±. Imesu hi middha½ r³pameva na hoti ar³padhammatt± n²varaº±na½. Middheneva hi pacal±yik±k±rena r³pappavatti hoti, balar³pa½ pana v±yodh±tuy± antogadha½ ta½sabh±vatt±, sambhavar³pa½ ±podh±tuy±, j±tir³pa½ upacayasantat²su, rogar³pañca jarat±-aniccat±su pavisati sappaccayasamuµµhitar³pavik±rabhedesu rogabyapadesatoti sabba½ r³pa½ aµµhav²satividhameva hoti. Aya½ dhammuddesato vinicchayo.
Lakkhaº±dito panettha kakkha¼attalakkhaº± pathav²dh±tu, patiµµh±naras±, sampaµicchanapaccupaµµh±n±. Paggharaºalakkhaº± ±podh±tu, br³hanaras±, saªgahapaccupaµµh±n±. Uºhattalakkhaº± tejodh±tu, parip±canaras±, maddav±nuppad±napaccupaµµh±n±. Vitthambhanalakkhaº± v±yodh±tu, samud²raºaras±, abhin²h±rapaccupaµµh±n±. Catassopi cet± sesabh³tattayapadaµµh±n±. R³p±bhigh±t±rahabh³tappas±dalakkhaºa½, daµµhuk±mat±nid±nakammasamuµµh±nabh³tappas±dalakkhaºa½ v± cakkhu, r³pesu ±viñchanarasa½, cakkhuviññ±ºassa ±dh±rabh±vapaccupaµµh±na½, daµµhuk±mat±nid±nakammajabh³tapadaµµh±na½. Ida½ pana yadeta½ akkhik³pake patiµµhita½ nah±rusuttakena matthaluªgena ±baddhama½sayutta½, yattha setampi atthi kaºhampi lohitampi catt±ripi mah±bh³t±ni, yañca semhussadatt± seta½, pittussadatt± kaºha½, ruhirussadatt± lohitaka½, pathavussadatt± patthiººa½ hoti, ±pussadatt± paggharati, tejussadatt± paridayhati, v±yussadatt± paribbhamati, yañca loke n²lapakhumasam±kiººa½ kaºhasukkamaº¹alavicitta½ n²luppaladalasannibha½ d²gha½ puthula½ cakkh³ti vuccati, tassa sasambh±racakkhuno setamaº¹alaparikkhittassa kaºhamaº¹alassa majjhe abhimukhe µhit±na½ sar²rasaºµh±nuppattidese sattasu picupaµalesu ±sittatela½ picupaµal±ni viya satta akkhipaµal±ni by±petv± dh±raºanah±panamaº¹anab²janakicc±hi cat³hi dh±t²hi khattiyakum±ro viya sandh±raº±bandhanaparip±canasamud²raºakicc±hi cat³hi dh±t³hi kat³pak±ra½ ±yun± anup±liyam±na½ vaººagandharas±d²hi parivuta½ utucitt±h±rehi upatthambhiyam±na½ pam±ºato ³k±siramatta½ cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±na½ tiµµhati. Vuttampi ceta½ dhammasen±patin±–
“Yena cakkhupas±dena, r³p±ni manupassati;
paritta½ sukhuma½ eta½, ³k±sirasam³paman”ti.
Sadd±bhigh±t±rahabh³tappas±dalakkhaºa½, sotuk±mat±nid±nakammasamuµµh±nabh³tappas±dalakkhaºa½ v± sota½, saddesu ±viñchanarasa½, sotaviññ±ºassa ±dh±rabh±vapaccupaµµh±na½, sotuk±mat±nid±nakammajabh³tapadaµµh±na½ Ida½ pana sasambh±rasotabilassa anto tanutambalom±cite aªgulivedhakasaºµh±ne padese vuttappak±r±hi dh±tu-±d²hi kat³pak±r±nup±lanapariv±ropatthambha½ sotaviññ±º±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±na½ tiµµhati.
Gandh±bhigh±t±rahabh³tappas±dalakkhaºa½, gh±yituk±mat±nid±nakammasamuµµh±nabh³tappas±dalakkhaºa½ v± gh±na½, gandhesu ±viñchanarasa½, gh±naviññ±ºassa ±dh±rabh±vapaccupaµµh±na½, gh±yituk±mat±nid±nakammajabh³tapadaµµh±na½ Idañca sasambh±ragh±nabilassa anto ajapadasaºµh±ne padese vuttappak±ropak±r±nup±lanapariv±ropatthambha½ gh±naviññ±º±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±na½ tiµµhati.
Ras±bhigh±t±rahabh³tappas±dalakkhaº±, s±yituk±mat±nid±nakammasamuµµh±nabh³tappas±dalakkhaº± v± jivh±, rasesu ±viñchanaras±, jivh±viññ±ºassa ±dh±rabh±vapaccupaµµh±n±, s±yituk±mat±nid±nakammajabh³tapadaµµh±n±. Es± ca sasambh±rajivh±majjhassa upari uppaladalaggasaºµh±ne padese vuttappak±ropak±r±nup±lanapariv±ropatthambh± jivh±viññ±º±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±n± tiµµhati.
Phoµµhabb±bhigh±t±rahabh³tappas±dalakkhaºo, phusituk±mat±nid±nakammasamuµµh±nabh³tappas±dalakkhaºo v± k±yo, phoµµhabbesu ±viñchanaraso, k±yaviññ±ºassa ±dh±rabh±vapaccupaµµh±no, phusituk±mat±nid±nakammajabh³tapadaµµh±no. Aya½ pana imasmi½ k±ye y±vat± up±dinn± pathav²-±pokoµµh±s± honti, tattha sabbattha kapp±sapaµale sneho viya anugato vuttappak±ropak±r±nup±lanapariv±ropatthambho k±yaviññ±º±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±no tiµµhati. Keci (dha. sa. aµµha. 600) pana “tej±dhik±na½ bh³t±na½ pas±do cakkhu, vivarav±yu-±papathavi-adhik±na½ sotagh±najivh±k±y±”ti vadanti. Apare (dha. sa. a. 600) “tejosabh±va½ cakkhu, ±k±sapathavi-±pav±yusabh±v± sotagh±najivh±k±y±”ti vadanti. “Tej±disahak±ritt±, tej±diguºar³p±divisayatt± c±”ti k±raºañca yath±kkama½ vadanti. Te ca vattabb±– ko panevam±ha “sahak±risabh±veheva indriyehi bhavitabban”ti, “r³p±dayo v± tej±d²na½ guº±”ti. Avinibbhogesu hi bh³tesu “aya½ imassa guºo, aya½ imassa guºo”ti na labbh± vattunti. Ath±pi vadeyyu½ “tej±di-adhikesu sambh±resu r³p±d²na½ adhikabh±vadassanato icchitabbameta½ ‘r³p±dayo tej±d²na½ guº±”’ti, te vattabb± iccheyy±ma, yadi ±p±dhikassa ±savassa gandhato pathavi-adhike kapp±se gandho adhikataro siy±, tej±dhikassa ca uºhodakassa vaººatopi s²t³dakassa vaººo parih±yetha. Yasm± paneta½ ubhayampi natthi, tasm± pah±yetha tametesa½ nissayabh³t±na½ visesakappana½. Yath± avisesepi ekakal±pe bh³t±na½ r³paras±dayo aññamañña½ visadis± honti, eva½ cakkhupas±d±dayop²ti gahetabbameta½. Ki½ panesa½ visesak±raºa½ natth²ti? No natthi. Ki½ pana tanti? Kammameva nesa½ as±dh±raºa½ k±raºa½ janakataºh±janit±na½ bh³t±na½ visesato. Bh³tavisese hi sati pas±dova nuppajjati. Sam±n±na½ hi bh³t±na½ pas±do, na visam±n±nanti por±º±. Eva½ kammavisesato visesavantesu cetesu cakkhusot±ni asampattavisayagg±hak±ni attano nissaya½ anall²nanissayeva visaye viññ±ºahetutt±. Gh±najivh±k±y± pana sampattavisayagg±hak± nissayavasena ceva sayañca attano nissaya½ all²ne eva visaye viññ±ºahetutt±.
Keci pana “cakkhusot±nipi sampattavisayagg±hak±neva, d³re µhitesupi candar³p±d²su s²ghay±yinayanara½sisaññogena, sadd±nañca parampar±y±gantv± sotabile ghaµµanena viññ±ºuppattito. Teneva hi kuµµ±di-antaritesu, vicchiddapabbataleº±digatesu ca r³pasaddesu viññ±ºa½ na uppajjat²”ti vadanti. Tesampi hi cakkhuno d³r±sannesu candarukkh±d²su anupalakkhitak±labhedena ra½sisam±yojanas±matthiya½, sadd±nampi d³r±sann±na½ aviditat±bheda½ ±gantv± sotabilaghaµµanas±matthiya½ viññ±ºuppattihetubh³ta½ upagantabba½. Tato para½ tattheva µhit±naññeva viññ±ºupp±danas±matthiyopagamana½. Kuµµaleº±di-antarit±nañca r³pasadd±na½ sahak±ripaccayavirahato an±p±thagamana½. Itarath± tesampi t±disesu indriyasaññoga½ na dh±vitabba½. Gamananiv±raºampi uppattiniv±raºameva, tatheva sahak±ripaccayavirahato y±diseva tesa½ indriyasaññogo hoti, t±dise viññ±ºuppatti hot²ti gahetabba½.