Eva½ ±rammaŗ±dibhedato ca bhinn±na½ r³p±vacarakusaladhamm±na½ k±lades±dibhedena anantat±, bhagavat± ca ekatta½ upanetv± desitabh±vo, vitth±ranay±tideso ca k±m±vacarakusale vutt±nus±rena yath±nur³pa½ ń±tabbo. Ito para½ ar³p±vacar±d²supi visesamattameva vakkh±ma. Eva½ visay±dippabhedato vinicchayo veditabbo.

R³p±vacarakusaladhamm± niµµhit±.

Ar³p±vacar± pana kusaladhamm± sampayogato na bhinn±, sabbepi upekkhekaggat±sampayutt±va, dhammuddes±ditopi sabbaso r³p±vacarapańcamajjh±nasadis±. Ar³p±vacarabh±vo eva hettha viseso. Visay±dippabhedatoti ettha pana ±rammaŗato te catubbidh± honti. Seyyathida½– ±k±s±nańc±yatana½ vińń±ŗańc±yatana½ ±kińcańń±yatana½ nevasańń±n±sańń±yatananti. Tattha hi kasiŗuggh±µim±k±se “ananto ±k±so”ti pavatta½ paµhama½, tasmi½ paµham±ruppavińń±ŗe “ananta½ vińń±ŗan”ti pavatta½ dutiya½, tassa paµham±ruppavińń±ŗassa abh±ve “natthi kińc²”ti pavatta½ tatiya½, tasmi½ tatiye “santameta½ paŗ²tametan”ti pavatta½ catuttha½. Purimapurimehi pacchimapacchima½ santasantatarasantatamanti ca veditabba½.
Nanu r³p±vacaresu vitakk±di-aŖgasamatikkamato upar³parijh±n±na½ santatar±dibh±vo vutto, aŖg±tikkamarahitesu pana ±ruppesu kathanti? ¾rammaŗ±tikkamato. Etesu hi kasiŗar³pasamatikkamato paµhama½ jh±na½ r³p±vacarapańcamajjh±nato santa½, tatopi kasiŗuggh±µim±k±s±tikkamato dutiya½, tatopi ±k±se pavattavińń±ŗ±tikkamato tatiya½, tatopi ±k±se pavattavińń±ŗassa samatikkamato catutthanti. Eva½ aŖgasamattepi th³lath³l±tikkamena sukhumasukhum±rammaŗat±ya upar³parijjh±n±na½ santatar±dibh±vo veditabbo sam±y±mavitth±r±nampi vatth±na½ suttasukhumatar±dibh±vo viya. Nanu abh±v±rammaŗat±ya tatiy±ruppa½ santapaŗ²tato manasi karontassa catutth±ruppassa katha½ tattha nikantipariy±d±na½, katha½ ca samatikkamo v± hot²ti? Asam±pajjituk±mat±ya, s± ca attano santapaŗ²tat±ya. Yath± hi r±j± dantak±r±disippik±na½ atisukhumaman±pasippa½ disv± “chek± vatime ±cariy±”ti tesa½ chekat±ya tussantopi na ta½ sippikabh±va½ pattheti, ta½ samatikkamma r±jabh±ve eva tiµµhati, eva½sampadamida½ daµµhabba½. Eva½ ±rammaŗabhedato catubbidh±nampetesa½ puna paµipad±rammaŗ±dhipatih²nattikabhedehi pubbe vuttanayeneva pacceka½ bhedo veditabbo.
Ettha ca r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nanikanti pariy±d±nadukkhat±ya paµham±ruppassa, paµham±rupp±dinikantipariy±d±nadukkhat±ya dutiy±rupp±d²nańca dukkhapaµipadat±, pariy±diŗŗanikantikassa tadappan±pariv±sadandhat±ya dandh±bhińńat±, vipariy±yena itar± ca veditabb±. Parittakasiŗuggh±µim±k±sam³lak±na½ pana catunna½ paritt±rammaŗat±, vipariy±y±na½ appam±ŗ±rammaŗat± veditabb±. R³p±r³p±vacar± panettha adhipatisahit±va uppajjanti, na vin± adhipat²hi. K±m±vacar± tu adhipatirahit±pi uppajjanti te ca ±rammaŗ±dhipati sahaj±t±dhipat²ti dvepi labbhanti. R³p±r³p±vacar± pana sahaj±t±dhipatimeva, netara½. Tattha ca chand±dhipatin± sahaj±t± dhamm± chand±dhipateyy±, chando pana adhipati eva, na chand±dhipateyyo. Itare pana adhipateyy±va, n±dhipatayo ańńassa attan± sahaj±tassa chandassa, itaresańca adhipatiyatthassa abh±v±. Ekasmi½ hi cittupp±de chand±d²su cat³supi vijjam±nesu yath±paccaya½ sahaj±t±dhipati ekova labbhati. Eva½ v²riy±dhipatiy±d²supi yath±nur³pa½ ń±tabba½. Eva½ visay±dippabhedato vinicchayo ń±tabbo.

Ar³p±vacarakusaladhamm± niµµhit±.

Lokuttar± pana kusal± maggasampayogabhedato catubbidh±. Seyyathida½– sot±pattimaggasampayutta½ sakad±g±mimaggasampayutta½ an±g±mimaggasampayutta½ arahattamaggasampayuttanti. Nanu cat³supi cetesu maggasampayogo sam±no aµµhannampi maggaŖg±na½ sabbattha uppattito katha½ tattha bhedoti? Anusayappah±nasaŖkh±tassa maggakiccassa bhedato. Anusaye m±rento gacchat²ti hi maggo. Magg± hi yath±saka½ anusaye pajahanti eva, nimitt± vuµµhahanti, pavattańca chindanti n±m±ti vuccanti. Nimittanti ca pańcakkhandh±, pavattantipi te eva. Ta½ duvidha½ up±dinnaka½, anup±dinnakańca.
Tatthapi sot±pattimaggo diµµh±nusaya½, vicikicch±nusaya½, tadekaµµhe ca kilese, ta½sahaj±t±ni diµµhisampayutt±ni, vicikicch±sampayuttańc±ti pańc±kusalacitt±ni ca uppajjam±nova samuggh±teti, samuggh±tento ca ap±yabhavato ceva sugatibhavato ca µhapetv± satta bhave tadavasesato vuµµh±ti Tattha yadeta½ paµhamamagg±nuppattiya½ uppajjam±n±raha½ diµµhivicikicch±sampayuttapańcacittasamuµµh±na½ r³pa½, ta½ r³pakkhandho, t±ni pańca citt±ni vińń±ŗakkhandho, ta½sampayutt± vedan±dayo itare tayo khandh±. Ime anup±dinnapańcakkhandh± anup±dinnanimitta½, anup±dinnappavatta½ n±ma. Tato paµhamamaggo vuµµh±ti, ta½ chindati n±ma. Yadeta½ ap±yabhave, sugatiyańca µhapetv± satta bhave tadavasese ca paµhamamagg±nuppattiya½ ±yati½ uppajjam±n±raha½ kammajakkhandhapańcaka½, ta½ up±dinnanimitta½, up±dinnappavatta½ n±ma. Tato paµhamamaggo vuµµh±ti, tańca chindati n±ma. Tatova paµhamamaggo anusaya½ pajahantova nimitt± vuµµhahati, pavattańca chindati n±m±ti veditabba½. Eva½ itaramaggesupi up±dinn±nup±dinnanimittappavatta½ vuµµh±na½ chindana½ yath±nur³pa½ ń±tabba½.
Sakad±g±mimaggo pana o¼±rikak±mar±g±nusaya½, paµigh±nusaya½, tadekaµµhe ca kilese, ta½sahaj±t±ni ca tath± pavatt±ni catt±ri diµµhivippayutt±ni, dve ca domanassasahagat±n²ti cha akusalacitt±ni ca uppajjam±nova samuggh±teti, samuggh±tento ca k±masugatito µhapetv± ekabhava½ tadavasesato vuµµh±ti, patanubh³t±va ta½samaŖgino k±mar±gaby±p±d± adhimatt±, te ca kad±ci vira¼±va uppajjant²ti veditabb±.
An±g±mimaggopi t±neva tanusahagatak±mar±gappaµigh±nusayavasena uppann±ni cha citt±ni uppajjam±nova samuggh±teti, samuggh±tento ca k±mabhavato vuµµh±ti. Arahattamaggo pana r³par±ga-ar³par±gam±n±vijj±nusaye, uddhacca½, tadekaµµhe sabbe kilese ca ta½sahaj±t±ni catt±ri diµµhivippayutt±ni, uddhaccasahagatańc±ti pańc±kusalacitt±ni ca uppajjam±nova samuggh±teti, samuggh±tento ca r³p±r³pato, sabbabhavatopi vuµµh±ti. Sesa½ paµhamamagge vutt±nus±rato veditabba½. Eva½ anusayappah±nasaŖkh±takiccabhedato catunna½ magg±na½ bhedo veditabbo.
Tadeva½ maggasampayogabhedato catubbidha½, puna jh±naŖgasampayogabhedato pacceka½ pańcavidh± honti. Katha½? Paµhamamaggasampayutta½ t±va vitakkavic±rap²tisukhekaggat±sampayutta½ paµhamajjh±nika½, vic±rap²tisukhekaggat±sampayutta½ dutiyajjh±nika½, p²tisukhekaggat±sampayutta½ tatiyajjh±nika½, sukhekaggat±sampayutta½ catutthajjh±nika½, upekkhekaggat±sampayutta½ pańcamajjh±nikańc±ti pańcavidha½ hoti. Eva½ dutiyamagg±disampayutt± c±ti v²satividh± honti, ettha ca catukkanayavasena so¼asavidhat±pi yojetabb±. Ki½ panettha eva½ jh±naŖgayogabhedassa niy±maka½ k±raŗanti? SaŖkh±rupekkh±ń±ŗa½. Tasmi½ hi vuµµh±nag±minivipassan±bh³te somanassasahagate ariyamagg± pańcamajjh±nik± na uppajjanti, somanassasahagat± catukkajjh±nik±va uppajjanti, upekkh±sahagate ca catukkajjh±nik± na uppajjanti, upekkh±sahagat± pańcamajjh±nik±va uppajjanti.
Nanu cettha saŖkh±rupekkh±ń±ŗa½ somanassupekkh±sahagatatt± catukkapańcamajjh±nik±na½ somanassupekkh±sahagatabh±vassa niy±makahetu, vitakk±di-aŖgasamatikkamato pana nesa½ dutiy±dijjh±nabh±vassa niy±makena ańńena bhavitabba½. Na hi saŖkh±rupekkh±ń±ŗa½ vitakk±divikala½ uppajjati. Yena ta½ niy±maka½ bhaveyya, ki½ ta½ niy±makak±raŗanti? P±dakajjh±na½, sammasitajjh±na½ v±. R³p±r³p±vacaresu hi ya½ ya½ jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± tatuµµh±ya ye keci pakiŗŗakasaŖkh±re sammasitv± ye magge upp±deti, te sabbe ta½ta½jh±nasadis±va honti. Ya½ ya½ v± pana jh±na½, ta½sampayutte ca anicc±dito vipassitv± ye ye magge upp±deti, te ca ta½ta½jh±nasadis±va honti bh³mivaŗŗasadisavaŗŗ± godh± viya. Tattha ca sukkhavipassakassa uppannamagg±pi, sam±pattil±bhin± jh±na½ p±daka½ akatv± asammasitv±va upp±ditamagg±pi paµhamajjh±na½ p±daka½ katv± ta½ ta½ v± sammasitv± upp±ditamagg±pi sabbe ekasadis± paµhamajjh±nik±va honti. Na hi lokuttaramaggo appana½ appatto n±ma atthi. Dutiyatatiyacatutthajjh±n±ni p±dak±ni katv± v± tattha gate dhamme sammasitv± v± upp±ditamagg± yath±kkama½ caturaŖgik±, tivaŖgik±, duvaŖgik± ca honti. Pańcamajjh±na½, pana ±ruppajjh±n±ni ca p±daka½ katv± v± tattha gate dhamme sammasitv± v± upp±ditamagg± upekkhekaggat±vasena duvaŖgik±va honti. Etesańca pańcanna½ jh±nik±nampi pubbabh±ge vipassan± somanassasahagat±pi hoti upekkh±sahagat±pi, vuµµh±nag±min² pana vipassan± catukkajjh±nik±na½ somanassasahagat± hoti. Pańcamajjh±nik±na½ pana upekkh±sahagat±v±ti tadeva p±dakajjh±na½, sammasitajjh±na½ v± niy±makak±raŗanti veditabba½. Eva½ sampayogato vinicchayo.
Dhammuddes±dito pana paµhamajjh±nikesu t±va cat³su k±m±vacarapaµhamakusale vuttadhammesu µhapetv± karuŗ±mudit± sattati½sa dhamm± honti. Viratiyo panettha niyat±, p±¼iyańca (dha. sa. 277) r³pena niddiµµh±, chand±dayo ca catt±ro yev±panak±ti veditabb±.
SaŖgahav±re pana bodhipakkhiyadhammesu pubbe saŖgahit±vases±na½ satipaµµh±nasammappadh±na-iddhip±dabojjhaŖg±na½ vasena atirek± catt±ro saŖgah± veditabb±. Paµhamajjh±nikamaggasampayuttesu hi dhammesu sati upaµµh±naµµhena satipaµµh±na½, s± visayabhedena catubbidh±, itare assatipaµµh±n±ti sabbeva te dvidh± honti. Tath± v²riya½ padahanaµµhena sammappadh±na½, ta½ kiccabhedena catubbidha½, itare asammappadh±n±ti. Tath± chando v²riya½ citta½ amohoti catt±ro dhamm± ijjhanakaµµhena yath±kkama½ “chandiddhip±do v²riyacittav²ma½siddhip±do”ti n±mena “iddhip±d±”ti vuccanti, itare “aniddhip±d±”ti. Tath± sati amoho v²riya½ p²ti passaddhi sam±dhi tatramajjhattat±ti ime satta dhamm± bujjhanaµµhena yath±kkama½ “satisambojjhaŖgo dhammavicayasambojjhaŖgo v²riyap²tipassaddhisam±dhi-upekkh±sambojjhaŖgo”ti vuccanti, itare abojjhaŖg±ti eva½ catt±ro saŖgah±.
Sesa½ sabba½ lakkhaŗ±dito paµµh±ya suńńatav±rapariyos±na½ k±m±vacarapaµhamakusale vuttasadisameva kevala½ pana maggaŖgasaŖgahe “aµµhaŖgiko maggo hot²”ti (dha. sa. 337) padabh±jan²ye sar³peneva niddiµµha½, indriyasaŖgahe pańńindriyaµµh±ne paµhamamaggassa anańń±tańńass±m²tindriya½ gahetv± itaramagg±na½ ańńindriya½ gahetv±va aµµhindriyanti aµµhindriyat±, sabbattha lokuttarat± ca viseso, sesa½ t±disameva. Paµhamajjh±nik± catt±ro magg±.
Tath± dutiyajjh±nikesupi kevala½ dhammuddese vitakk±bh±vo, saŖgahav±re caturaŖgajjh±nat±, sattaŖgamaggat± ca viseso, sesa½ paµhamajjh±nikasadisameva. Dutiyajjh±nikamagg±.
Tath± tatiyajjh±nikesupi kevala½ dhammuddese vic±r±bh±vo, saŖgahav±re tivaŖgikajjh±nat± ca viseso, sesa½ dutiyajjh±nikasadisameva. Tatiyajjh±nikamagg±.
Tath± catutthajjh±nikesupi kevala½ dhammuddese p²tiy± abh±vo, koµµh±sav±re duvaŖgikajjh±nat±, cha¼aŖgikabojjhaŖgat± ca viseso, sesa½ tatiyajjh±nikasadisameva. Catutthajjh±nikamagg±.
Tath± pańcamajjh±nikesupi kevala½ sabbattha vedan±parivattanameva viseso, sesa½ catutthajjh±nikasadisameva. Pańcamajjh±nikamagg±. Eva½ dhammuddes±dito vinicchayo.
Visay±dippabhedato pana sabbepi lokuttarakusal± ±rammaŗato nibb±n±rammaŗ±va, tasm± na tato nesa½ bhedo, paµipad±dibhedato pana pubbe vuttanayena pacceka½ bhedo veditabbo. Ettha ca yo n±mar³papariggahato paµµh±ya kilamanto vipassana½ ±rabhitv± dukkhena kasirena kilese vikkhambheti, tassa dukkh± paµipad± hoti. Yo pana vikkhambhitakileso, so vipassan±pariv±sa½ v±sento cirena maggap±tubh±va½ p±puŗ±ti, tassa dandh±bhińń± hoti. Imin± nayena itar± tissopi paµipad±bhińń±yo veditabb±. Yath± ca paµipad±dibhedato, eva½ vimokkhabhedatopi pacceka½ dvidh± honti– suńńatavimokkho appaŗihitavimokkhoti.
Tattha suńńatanti, appaŗihitanti ca lokuttaramaggassa n±ma½. So hi ±gamanato saguŗato ±rammaŗatoti t²hi k±raŗehi n±ma½ labhati. Katha½? Idha bhikkhu vipassan±kammaµµh±niko ±dito paµµh±ya “anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti tividha½ anupassana½ ±ropetv± sammasanto vicarati, sacassa vuµµh±nag±minivipassan± tebh³make saŖkh±re anattato vipassati, aya½ attasuńńat±dassanaµµhena suńńat± n±ma hoti. Sace dukkhato vipassati, aya½ taŗh±paŗidhirahitaµµhena appaŗihit± n±ma hoti, t± ubhopi ±gaman²yaµµh±ne µhatv± attano attano maggassa yath±kkama½ suńńatamaggo appaŗihitamaggoti n±ma½ denti. Eva½ ±gamanato n±mal±bho veditabbo. Nanu suttantesu sace vuµµh±nag±minivipassan± aniccato passati, tass± vasena maggo animittavimokkho hot²ti katv± tayo vimokkh± kathit±ti? Sacca½, api ca kho pariy±yato kathit±, nippariy±yato pana sayampi sanimitt± attano maggassa animittan±ma½ d±tu½ asakkuŗeyyat±ya dve eva vimokkh± hont²ti. Tissopi hi vipassan± niccanimitta½, sukhanimittańca uggh±µanena animittavoh±ra½ labhanti, tissopi nimittabh³tesu khandhesu caraŗato sanimitt±va, tasm± saya½ ±gaman²yaµµh±ne µhatv± attano maggassa nippariy±yato animittan±ma½ d±tu½ na sakkonti. Yasm± pana maggo saya½ r±g±d²hi suńńo, r±g±dinimittapaŗidhirahito ca, tasm± saguŗeneva suńńatan±ma½, appaŗihitan±mańca labhati. Evamassa saguŗato n±mal±bho veditabbo. Yasm± pana nibb±na½ r±g±d²hi, saŖkh±rehi ca suńńatt±, r±g±dinimittapaŗidhirahitatt± ca “suńńata½, animitta½, appaŗihitan”ti ca vuccati, tasm± ta½ ±rammaŗa½ katv± uppannamaggopi “suńńato, animitto, appaŗihito”ti ca n±ma½ labhati. Eva½ ±rammaŗato n±mal±bho veditabbo.
Tesu idha ±gamanatova maggo n±ma½ labhati, na saguŗato, n±pi ±rammaŗato, saguŗ±rammaŗato n±mal±bhassa suttantesu pariy±yadesitatt±. Teneva hettha magg±na½ saguŗ±rammaŗatopi animittavimokkhata½ aggahetv± suńńata-appaŗihitavimokkhat±va ±gamanato vutt±, tańc±gamana½ duvidha½ vipassan±gamana½, magg±gamanańca. Tattha vipassan±gamanato maggo ca suńńat±din±ma½ labhati, magg±gamanato ca labhateva, idha pana maggassa adhippetatt± vipassan±gamanatova veditabba½. Eva½ vimokkhabhedato pacceka½ dvidh± honti. Eva½ visay±dippabhedato vinicchayo.

Lokuttarakusaladhamm± niµµhit±.

Niµµhit± ca mohavicchedaniy± n±ma

Abhidhammam±tikatthasa½vaŗŗan±ya

“Kusal± dhamm±”ti padassa atthavaŗŗan±.