Kasm± panettha mettupekkh± na vutt±ti? Pubbe gahitatt±. Adoso eva hi sattesu hitapharaºavasena pavattiya½ mett±. Tatramajjhattat± eva ca iµµh±niµµhasattesu majjhatt±k±rena pavattiya½ upekkh±. Te ca dhamm± niyat±, kevala½ pana nesa½ sattesu mettupekkh±bh±vena pavatti aniyat±ti. K±yaduccaritato virati k±yaduccaritavirati. Sesapadadvayepi eseva nayo. Lakkhaº±dito panet± tissopi k±yaduccarit±divatth³na½ av²tikkamalakkhaº±, tato sa½kocanaras±, tesa½ akiriyapaccupaµµh±n±, saddh±hirottappa-appicchat±diguºapadaµµh±n±, p±pakiriyato cittassa vimukhabh±vabh³t±ti daµµhabb±. Eva½ lakkhaº±dito vinicchayo veditabbo.
Saªgah±ti eva½ ye ime imasmi½ k±m±vacarapaµhamakusale vibhatt± ek³nacatt±l²sa dhamm±, sabbete khandhato catubbidh± honti– vedan±kkhandho saññ±kkhandho saªkh±rakkhandho viññ±ºakkhandhoti. Tattha r±saµµhena somanassavedan± vedan±kkhandho, tath± saññ± saññ±kkhandho, citta½ viññ±ºakkhandho, avases± phass±dayo chatti½sa dhamm± saªkh±rakkhandhoti veditabb±.
Nanu ca yadi r±saµµhena khandho, phass±d²na½ t±va anekatt± saªkh±rakkhandhat± yutt±, katha½ pana vedan±d²na½ tiººa½ khandhat±ti? Upac±rato. Pacceka½ hi at²t±dibhedabhinnesu vedan±saññ±viññ±ºesu niru¼hopi khandha-saddo tadekadesesu ekekavedan±d²supi samud±yopac±rena vohar²yat²ti tadekadesepi tabboh±ro, yath± rukkhassa s±kh±ya chijjam±n±ya “rukkho chijjat²”ti-±d²su viy±ti. Eva½ khandhato catubbidh± honti.
Te puna ±yatanato duvidh± honti– man±yatana½ dhamm±yatananti. Sañj±tisamosaraºaµµh±naµµhena hettha citta½ man±yatana½, ses± pana aµµhati½sa dhamm± dhamm±yatananti. Eva½ ±yatanato duvidh± honti. Te puna dh±tuvasena duvidh± manoviññ±ºadh±tu dhammadh±t³ti. Nissattanijj²vaµµhena hettha citta½ manoviññ±ºadh±tu, ses± dhammadh±t³ti. Eva½ dh±tuvasena duvidh±.
Tath± ±h±r±n±h±ravasena. Tattha phasso cetan± cittanti ime tayo dhamm± visesapaccayattena yath±kkama½ “phass±h±ro manosañcetan±h±ro viññ±º±h±ro”ti vuccanti, avases± na ±h±r±ti. Ki½ panete paccay± na honti, ye na ±h±r±ti vucceyyunti? No na honti, visesapaccay± pana na honti, phass±dayo pana tesa½ dhamm±na½ visesapaccay± honti, visesato vedan±dayo ca ±haranti. Phass±h±ro hi tisso vedan±yo ±harati, manosañcetan±h±ro tayo bhave, viññ±º±h±ro paµisandhin±mar³pa½. Nanu ca so vip±ko, ida½ pana kusalaviññ±ºanti? Kiñc±pi eva½, ta½sarikkhat±ya pana viññ±º±h±rotveva vutta½. Yasm± v± ime “ar³pino ±h±r± sampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½samuµµh±n±nañca r³p±na½ ±h±rapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.15) vacanato kaba¼²k±r±h±ro viya r³pak±yassa upatthambhakaµµhena n±mak±yassa ±h±rapaccay± honti, tasm± imeva “±h±r±”ti vutt±ti veditabba½. Eva½ ±h±r±n±h±ravasena duvidh±.
Tath± indriy±nindriyato. Tattha saddh± v²riya½ sati ekaggat± amoho citta½ somanassavedan± j²vitanti ime aµµha dhamm± adhipatiyaµµhena yath±kkama½ “saddhindriya½ v²riyindriya½ satindriya½ sam±dhindriya½ paññindriya½ manindriya½ somanassindriya½ j²vitindriyan”ti vuccanti, avases± na “indriy±n²”ti. Eva½ indriy±nindriyato duvidh±.
Tath± jh±naªg±jh±naªgavasena. Tattha vitakko vic±ro p²ti somanassa½ ekaggat±ti ime pañca dhamm± upanijjh±yanaµµhena “jh±naªg±n²”ti vuccanti, itare “ajh±naªg±n²”ti. Eva½ jh±naªg±jh±naªgavasena duvidh±.
Tath± maggaªg±maggaªgavasena. Tattha amoho vitakko viratittaya½ v²riya½ sati ekaggat±ti ime aµµha dhamm± niyy±naµµhena, vimokkhaµµhena ca yath±kkama½ “samm±diµµhi samm±saªkappo samm±v±c± samm±kammanto samm±-±j²vo samm±v±y±mo samm±sati samm±sam±dh²”ti n±mena “maggaªg±n²”ti vuccanti, itare “amaggaªg±n²”ti. P±¼iya½ pana lokiyacitte virat²na½ aniyatatt±, yev±panakatt± ca t± vajjetv± “pañcaªgiko maggo hot²”ti (dha. sa. 58, 121) vuccati. Eva½ maggaªg±maggaªgavasena duvidh±.
Tath± bal±balavasena. Tattha saddh±v²riya½ sati sam±dhi paññ± hir² ottappanti ime satta dhamm± akampiyaµµhena bal±n²ti vuccanti, itare abal±n²ti. Eva½ bal±balavasena duvidh±.
Tath± hetunahetuvasena. Tattha alobho adoso amohoti ime tayo dhamm± m³laµµhena het³ti vuccanti, itare nahet³ti. Eva½ hetunahetuvasena duvidh±. Eva½ phass±phassavedan±vedan± saññ±saññ±citt±citt±divasenapi vuttanay±nus±rena yath±yoga½ saªgahavibh±go veditabbo. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana padabh±jan²yasaªgahav±re (dha. sa. 103 ±dayo), tadaµµhakath±yañca (dha. sa. aµµha. 58-120) gahetabbo. Eva½ saªgahato vinicchayo veditabbo.
Suññato cev±ti eva½ khandh±d²hi saªgahitesu tesu dhammesu tabbinimutto k±rakavedak±disabh±vo att± v± sassato v± bh±vo na upalabbhati. Suññ± te dhamm± attena v± attaniyena v±, kevala½ paµiccasamuppann±, salakkhaºadh±raºato dhammamatt±, niccasukh±dis±ravirahato as±r±, pavattakaniy±mak±bh±vato apariº±yak± anicc±, dukkh±, anatt±, anattaniy± ca hutv± pavattant²ti ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana padabh±jan²yasuññatav±re, tadaµµhakath±yañca gahetabboti. Eva½ suññato vinicchayo veditabbo.

Niµµhit± paµhamakusalassa atthavaººan±.

Dutiy±d²supi paµhamakusale vuttanayena dhammuddes±din± sabbo vinicchayo veditabbo. Na kevalañca ettheva, ito paresupi sabbattha heµµh± vuttasadis±na½ pad±na½, dhamm±nañca attho, sabbo ca vinicchayo ettha vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Ito para½ pana apubbameva vaººayiss±ma. Dutiyacitte t±va sasaªkh±rabh±vamattameva paµhamacittato viseso, sesa½ t±disameva. Dutiyakusala½.
Tatiyepi dhammuddese amoh±bh±v± indriyamaggaªgabalam³lasaªgahesu paññindriyasamm±diµµhimaggaªgapaññ±bala-amoham³l±na½ parih±niy± saddhindriy±d²na½ bh±vova viseso, sesa½ t±disameva. Tath± catutthe sasaªkh±rabh±vamattameva viseso. Tatiyacatutth±ni.
Pañcamachaµµhasattamaµµhamesu pana sukhasomanassaµµh±nesu upekkh±bh±vo, p²tiy± ca abh±vo. Teneva jh±naªgasaªgahav±re caturaªgajjh±nat±va viseso, sesa½ paµhamadutiyatatiyacatutthacittasadisameva. Upekkh±sahagatesu cettha cat³su karuº±mudit± na uppajjant²ti keci vadanti, parikammabh³t±na½ panettha t±sa½ uppattiy± mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ anuññ±tatt± upac±rappatt± pana uppajjanti, na itar±ti gahetabba½. Pañcamachaµµhasattamaµµham±ni.
Visay±dippabhedatoti eva½ dhammuddes±din± vibhatt±ni aµµha k±m±vacarakusal±ni ±rammaºavibh±gato pacceka½ chabbidh±ni honti r³p±rammaºa½…pe… dhamm±rammaºanti. Tattha n²l±dibhedabhinn±, at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna-ajjhattikab±hira-o¼±rikasukhum±dibhedabhinn± ca vaººadh±tu r³p±rammaºa½ n±ma. Eva½ sadd±rammaº±d²supi yath±nur³pa½ bhedo veditabbo.
Ettha ca phoµµhabbanti ±podh±tuvajjitabh³tattaya½, dhamm±rammaºanti pañc±rammaº±ni vajjetv± avases± r³p±r³papaññattiyo veditabb±, sesa½ t±disameva. Keci panettha “cakkhuviññ±º±d²nam±p±thagat±ni et±n±rammaº±ni r³p±rammaº±divoh±ra½ labhanti, an±p±thagat±ni pana at²t±n±gatad³rasukhum±dibhedabhinn±ni dhamm±rammaº±nev±”ti vadanti, ta½ na yutta½ dibbacakkh±d²na½ r³p±rammaºat±divacanato.
An±p±thagat± eva hi t±ni dibbacakkhu-±d²na½ ±rammaºa½, na ca t±ni dhamm±rammaº±ni. R³p±dayo hi pañca pacceka½ dv²su dv²su dv±resu ekasmi½ khaºe ±p±tham±gantv± ta½ta½dv±rikajavan±na½, tadanantare manodv±rik±nañca aparabh±ge ca diµµhasut±divasen±nussarantassa suddhamanodv±rik±nañca ±rammaº±ni honti. Tath± hi n±n±vaººavicittacetiy±didassana½ karontassa, dhamma½ suºantassa, bherisadd±d²hi v± p³j±di½ karontassa ca gandham±l±d²ni gh±yitv±, kh±dan²yabhojan²y±diñca s±yitv±, sukhasamphass±ni attharaºap±vuraº±d²ni ca phusitv± man±pabh±va½ ñatv± tehi cetiyap³ja½ karontassa, tattha tattha akusala½ v± upp±dentassa, tasmi½ tasmi½ khaºe gayham±n±ni r³p±dipañc±rammaº±ni s±kh±ya akkamana½, pathaviya½ ch±y±pharaºañca ekakkhaºe kurum±na½ rukkhagge nil²yam±na½ pakkhino sar²ra½ viya yath±saka½ pas±dañca ghaµµetv± tasmi½yeva khaºe bhavaªgacalanapaccayabh±vena manodv±repi ±p±tham±gantv± tato bhavaªga½ vicchinditv± uppann±na½ ±vajjan±divoµµhabbanapariyos±n±na½, v²thicitt±na½, tadanantar±nañca kusal±kusal±dijavan±na½ ±rammaºa½ hutv± tadanantar±su manodv±rav²th²su ca aparabh±ge tath±r³pa½ paccaya½ ±gamma attan± p³j±dikaraºak±lesu, diµµhasutagh±yitas±yitaphuµµhavasen±nussarantassa, paccakkhato anubhuyyam±n±ni viya manodv±re ca ±rammaº±ni honti.
Ath±pi pañcahi dv±rehi agahitapubb±ni buddhar³p±d²ni, dibbar³p±d²ni ca pañc±rammaº±ni savanavasena sallakkhetv± javanakkhaºe v± aparabh±ge sutavaseneva anussaritv± v± pas±da½, kammaphalasaddh±di½, lobh±diñca upp±dentass±pi manodv±re ±p±tham±gacchanti. Abhiññ±na½ pana suddhamanodv±re eva, tasm± eva½ pañcadv±re, manodv±re, suddhamanodv±re ca ±p±thagat±ni at²t±dibhedabhinn±ni sabb±nipi pañc±rammaº±ni kad±cipi dhamm±rammaºa½ na honti, taditar± n±mar³papaññattiyo dhamm±rammaºanti gahetabba½. Nanu cet±ni iµµhakantaman±p±ni ±rammaº±ni lobhassa vatthu, kathamettha kusala½ uppajjat²ti? Niyam±dik±raºato. Citta½ hi “kusalameva may± kattabban”ti pubbe niyamitavasena sabbattha akusalappavatti½ nivattetv± kusale pariº±manavasena ca abhiºha½ ±sevitakusalasamud±c±ravasena ca sappuris³panissay±di-upanissayavasena ca yoniso-±bhujitavasena c±ti imehi k±raºehi kusala½ hutv± uppajjat²ti veditabba½. Evamimesu chasu ±rammaºesu uppajjanato pacceka½ chabbidh±ni honti. ¾rammaºavavatth±nakath±.
Eva½ ±rammaºabhedabhinnesu r³p±rammaºa½ t±va kusala½ dasapuññakiriyavatthuvasena dasavidha½ hoti. Tattha ekeka½ pana k±yakamma½ vac²kamma½ manokammanti tividha½. Tattha k±yadv±re pavatta½ k±yakamma½, vac²dv±re pavatta½ vac²kamma½, manodv±re pavatta½ manokamma½. Tattha k±yadv±ranti k±yaviññatti. Vac²dv±ranti vac²viññatti. T±sa½ vibh±go r³pavibhattiya½ ±vi bhavissati. Manodv±ranti sabba½ cetan±sampayutta½ citta½ vuccati, visesato kusal±kusala½. Ta½ hi sahaj±t±na½ cetan±na½, k±yaªgav±caªgacopana½ asamp±puºitv± pavatt±na½ suddhamanokamm±na½ pavatti-ok±sad±nato dv±ranti vuccati, imesu pana t²su dv±resu pavatt± cetan± k±yakamm±dayo n±ma. Apica p±º±tip±t±dayo, p±º±tip±t±veramaºi-±dayo ca k±yakamma½ n±ma, mus±v±d±dayo, mus±v±d±veramaºi-±dayo ca vac²kamma½ n±ma, abhijjh±dayo, anabhijjh±dayo ca manokamma½ n±ma.
Kusalapakkhe pana d±n±didasapuññakiriyavatth³ni ca yath±raha½ k±yavac²manokamm±ni honti. Eva½ yebhuyyavuttito cesa k±yakamm±dibh±vo vutto p±º±tip±t±d²nampi vac²dv±r±d²su pavattito kesañci puris±na½ vanacarak±dibh±vo viya, dv±r±nañca k±yakammadv±r±dibh±vo kesañci g±m±na½ br±hmaºag±m±dibh±vo viya. Akusale t±va ettha p±º±tip±t±dik±yakamma½ k±yadv±re, vac²dv±re ca yath±raha½ samuµµh±ti, no manodv±re. Tath± mus±v±d±divac²kamma½. P±º±tip±t±dinipph±danattha½ hi manodv±re eva cintentassa cetan±by±p±d±d²su kammapathappattesu v± kammapatha½ appattesu v± manokammesu eva pavisanato k±yakamm±dibh±va½ na p±puº±ti. Nanu vijj±mayen±pi kevala½ manokammena p±º±tip±t±di½ karont²ti? Na aloºabhojanadabbhasayanamantaparijappan±dik±yavac²payoga½ vin± tass±sijjhanato. Abhijjh±dimanokamma½ pana t²supi dv±resu samuµµh±ti. Abhijjh±ya hi k±yena parabhaº¹agg±h±d²na½, by±p±dena daº¹apar±masan±d²na½, micch±diµµhiy± titthiyavandan±d²na½ karaºak±le, v±c±ya parasampattipatthan±ya “haññantu bajjhant³”ti anatthapatthan±ya ca titthiyatthutitadatthad²pan±d²nañca yath±kkama½ pavattik±le ca tassa manokammassa k±yav±c±su pavatti veditabb±.