Kusalapadattho

Bh³mibhed±ti tesu kusal±kusal±by±katesu dhammesu kusal± t±va dhamm± bh³mibhedato catubbidh± honti– k±m±vacar± r³p±vacar± ar³p±vacar± lokuttar±ti. Aya½ bh³mibhedato vinicchayo.
Sampayogatoti eva½ bh³mibhedato catubbidh±nampi nesa½ pacceka½ sampayogato vinicchayo veditabbo. Tattha k±m±vacar± t±va sampayogato aµµhavidh± honti. Seyyathida½? Somanassasahagata½ ń±ŗasampayutta½ asaŖkh±ra½, tath± sasaŖkh±ra½. Upekkh±sahagata½ ń±ŗasampayutta½ asaŖkh±ra½, tath± sasaŖkh±ra½. Somanassasahagata½ ń±ŗavippayutta½ asaŖkh±ra½, tath± sasaŖkh±ra½. Upekkh±sahagata½ ń±ŗavippayutta½ asaŖkh±ra½, tath± sasaŖkh±ranti. Tattha iµµh±rammaŗat±, saddh±b±hullat±, visuddhadiµµhit±, ±nisa½sadass±vit± ca ek±dasa p²tisambojjhaŖgak±raŗ±ni c±ti imehi t±va k±raŗehi somanassasahagatabh±vo veditabbo. ѱŗasampatti½ pana patthetv± katakammato, brahm±di-upapattito, pańń±dasakavasena indriyaparip±kato, vikkhambhanena kilesad³ribh±vato ca sattavidhadhammavicayasambojjhaŖgak±raŗato ca ń±ŗasampayuttat± veditabb±. Attano v± paresa½ v± vasena pavatto pubbapayogo saŖkh±ro n±ma.
Tena uppanna½ sasaŖkh±ra½, tadabh±v± asaŖkh±rańca veditabba½. Etesu hi yath±vuttasomanassań±ŗahetu½ ±gamma pahaµµho “atthi dinnan”ti ±dinayappavatta½ samm±diµµhi½ purakkhatv± asa½s²danto, parehi ca anuss±hito d±n±d²ni puńń±ni karoti, tad±ssa somanassasahagata½ ń±ŗasampayutta½ paµhama½ kusala½ uppajjati. Yad± pana vuttanayena haµµhatuµµho samm±diµµhi½ purakkhatv± amuttac±git±divasena sa½s²dam±no, attano paµisaŖkh±rena v± parehi v± uss±hito karoti, tad±ssa tadeva sasaŖkh±ra½ dutiya½ kusala½ hoti. Yad± pana ń±tijan±dipaµipattidassanena j±taparicay± b±lad±rak±dayo bhikkhu-±didassanena somanassaj±t± sahas± d±navandan±d²ni karonti, tad± ń±ŗavippayutta½ tatiya½ kusala½ uppajjati. Yad± pana ń±ti-±d²hi uss±hit± eva½ paµipajjanti, tad± tadeva catuttha½ sasaŖkh±racitta½ hoti. Yad± pana somanassahetuno abh±vena visu½ cat³supi vikappesu somanassarahit± honti, tad± ses±ni catt±ri upekkh±sahagat±ni kusal±ni uppajjanti. Eva½ pacceka½ sampayogato vinicchayo veditabbo.
Uddesato ca dhamm±nanti eva½ sampayogato aµµhavidhesu kusalesu pacceka½ dhamm±na½ uddesatopi vinicchayo veditabbo. Tattha paµhamakusale t±va p±¼iy± sar³pena ±gat± ti½sa dhamm±, yev±panak± nav±ti ek³nacatt±l²sa dhamm± honti. Seyyathida½– phasso vedan± sańń± cetan± citta½ vitakko vic±ro p²ti v²riya½ cittekaggat± j²vita½ saddh± sati hir² ottappa½ alobho adoso amoho k±yapassaddhi cittapassaddhi k±yalahut± cittalahut± k±yamudut± cittamudut± k±yakammańńat± cittakammańńat± k±yap±guńńat± cittap±guńńat± k±yujukat± cittujukat±ti ime sar³pena ±gat± ti½sadhamm±. Chando adhimokkho manasik±ro tatramajjhattat± karuŗ± mudit± k±yaduccaritavirati vac²duccaritavirati micch±j²vavirat²ti ime yev±panak± nav±ti.
Padabh±jan²ye pana–
“Yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacara½ kusala½ citta½ uppanna½ hoti…pe… tasmi½ samaye phasso hoti, vedan±…pe… sańń± cetan± citta½ vitakko vic±ro p²ti sukha½ cittassekaggat± saddhindriya½ v²riyindriya½ satindriya½ sam±dhindriya½ pańńindriya½ manindriya½ somanassindriya½ j²vitindriya½ samm±diµµhi samm±saŖkappo samm±v±y±mo samm±sati samm±sam±dhi saddh±bala½ v²riyabala½ satibala½ sam±dhibala½ pańń±bala½ hiribala½ ottappabala½ alobho adoso amoho anabhijjh± aby±p±do samm±diµµhi hir² ottappa½ k±yapassaddhi cittapassaddhi k±yalahut± cittalahut± k±yamudut± cittamudut± k±yakammańńat± cittakammańńat± k±yap±guńńat± cittap±guńńat± k±yujukat± cittujukat± sati sampajańńa½ samatho vipassan± pagg±ho avikkhepo hot²”ti (dha. sa. 1)–

Eva½ sar³pato uddiµµh± chapańń±sa dhamm± “ye v± pana tasmi½ samaye ańńepi atthi paµiccasamuppann± ar³pino dhamm±”ti (dha. sa. 1) eva½ yev±panakavasena s±mańńato uddiµµh±, aµµhakath±ya½ cass± tesu tesu suttappadesesu ±gate gahetv± sar³pato niddiµµh± chand±dayo nav±ti pańcasaµµhi dhamm± ±gat±. Yasm± pana tesu sar³pena ±gat± jh±naŖga-indriyamaggaŖgabalam³l±d²na½ vasena ekasseva bahukiccat±dassanattha½ punappuna½ gahetv± pariy±yena chapańń±savidhena desit±pi agahitaggahaŗena yath±vutt± samati½seva dhamm± honti, te pana savibhattik± avibhattik±ti duvidh±. Tattha phass±dayo aµµh±rasa ekakatt± avibhattik±. Vedan±dayo dv±dasa dhamm± aµµhati½sappabhedena yath±yoga½ vibhattatt± savibhattik±, yev±panak± pana avibhattik± eva. Tasm± te sabbepi nippariy±yena ek³nacatt±l²sa dhamm±va honti. Honti cettha–

Phass±dipańcaka½ pańcajh±naŖg±nindriyaµµhaka½;
maggaŖgapańcaka½ sattabala½ m³lattikampi ca.
Kammapathattikańceva lokap±laduka½ tath±;
passaddhi-±d² cha duk±, t²ŗi piµµhiduk±niti.
Sattarasahi r±s²hi, chapańń±seva p±¼iya½;
vutt± sabh±vato ti½sa, dhamm± agahitaggahe.
Phasso j²vitasańń± ca, cetan± c±rap²tiyo;
cha duk± k±yapassaddhi-pamukh±µµh±rasekak±.
Citta½ vitakko saddh± ca, hiri-ottappiyampi ca;
alobho ca adoso ca, satta dvidh± vibh±vit±.
Vedan± tividh± v²riya½, sati ca catudh± mat±;
chaddh± ekaggat± pańń±, sattadh±va vibh±vit±.
Virat² appamańń±yo, manakk±ro chandamajjhatt±;
dhimokkho yev±panak±, navete paµhame mane.
Pańcasaµµhividheneva, pariy±yena desit±;
nav±dhik± ca tetti½sa, dhamm±va paramatthatoti.
Ettha ca sar³pena ±gat± ti½sa dhamm±, yev±panakesu catt±ro c±ti catutti½sa dhamm± ekakkhaŗe niyat± labbhanti, ses± pana karuŗ±dayo pańca karuŗ±pubbabh±gamudit±pubbabh±gavasena, k±yaduccaritavac²duccaritamicch±j²vehi viramaŗavasena ca cittassa pavattik±lesu eva uppajjitv± ańńath±nuppajjanato aniyat±. Te ca yasm± dukkhitasukhitasattavasena, k±yaduccarit±dittayavasena ca pacceka½ bhinnavisayatt± ekato na uppajjanti, tasm± karuŗ±pubbabh±g±divasena pavattesu pańcasu cittakkhaŗesu niyat± catutti½sa, karuŗ±d²su ekanti pańcati½sa dhamm± uppajjanti, kevala½ pana d±n±divasena pavattiya½ niyat± catutti½seva uppajjant²ti veditabba½. Aya½ dhammuddesato vinicchayo.
Lakkhaŗ±divibh±gatoti eva½ uddiµµh±na½ dhamm±na½ lakkhaŗaras±dito vinicchayo veditabbo. Phusat²ti phasso. Sv±ya½ phusanalakkhaŗo, saŖghaµµanaraso, sannip±tapaccupaµµh±no, ±p±thagatavisayapadaµµh±no. Aya½ hi ar³padhammopi sam±no ±rammaŗe phusan±k±rena pavattat²ti phusanalakkhaŗo, s± cassa phusan±k±rappavatti ambil±didassane khe¼upp±d±din± ń±tabb±. Ekadesena pana anall²yam±nopi r³pa½ viya cakkhu½, saddo viya ca sota½ cittam±rammaŗańca saŖghaµµet²ti saŖghaµµanaraso. Tikasannip±tasaŖkh±tassa pana attano k±raŗassa vasena paveditatt± sannip±tapaccupaµµh±no, phalaµµhena paccupaµµh±nena panesa vedan±paccupaµµh±no n±ma hoti. Tajj±samann±h±rena ceva indriyena ca parikkhate visaye anantar±yena uppajjanato ±p±thagatavisayapadaµµh±noti vuccati. Vedan±dhiµµh±nabh±vato panesa niccamm± g±v² viya daµµhabbo. Lakkhaŗ±d²su ca tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ sabh±vo v± s±mańńa½ v± lakkhaŗa½ n±ma, kicca½ v± sampatti v± raso n±ma, upaµµh±n±k±ro v± phala½ v± paccupaµµh±na½ n±ma, ±sannak±raŗa½ padaµµh±na½ n±ma. Eva½ uparipi sabbattha lakkhaŗ±d²na½ n±natta½ veditabba½.
Vedayat²ti vedan±, s± vedayitalakkhaŗ±, sabh±vabhedato panes± pańcavidh± hoti– sukha½ dukkha½ somanassa½ domanassa½ upekkh±ti. Tattha iµµhaphoµµhabb±nubhavanalakkhaŗa½ sukha½, sampayutt±na½ upabr³hanarasa½, k±yika-ass±dapaccupaµµh±na½, k±yindriyapadaµµh±na½. Aniµµhaphoµµhabb±nubhavanalakkhaŗa½ dukkha½, sampayutt±na½ mil±panarasa½, k±yik±b±dhapaccupaµµh±na½, k±yindriyapadaµµh±na½. Iµµh±rammaŗ±nubhavanalakkhaŗa½ somanassa½, yath± tath± v± iµµh±k±rasambhogarasa½, sampayutt±na½ upabr³hanarasa½ v±, cetasika-ass±dapaccupaµµh±na½, iµµh±k±radassanapadaµµh±na½. Aniµµh±rammaŗ±nubhavanalakkhaŗa½ domanassa½, yath± tath± v± aniµµh±k±rasambhogarasa½, sampayutt±na½ mil±panarasa½ v±, cetasik±b±dhapaccupaµµh±na½, ekantena hadayavatthupadaµµh±na½. Majjhattavedayitalakkhaŗ± upekkh±, sampayutt±na½ n±ti-upabr³hanamil±panaras±, santabh±vapaccupaµµh±n±, nipp²tikacittapadaµµh±n±. Ettha ca sukha½, dukkhańca ekantamaby±kata½, domanassamekantamakusala½, somanassupekkh± pana siy± kusal±, siy± akusal±, siy± aby±kat±. Idha pana kusal± somanassavedan± adhippet±.
N²l±dibheda½ ±rammaŗa½ sańj±n±t²ti sańń±. S± sańj±nanalakkhaŗ±, pacc±bhińń±ŗaras±, punasańj±nanapaccayanimittakaraŗaras± v± d±ru-±d²su tacchak±dayo viya, yath±gahitanimittavasena abhinivesakaraŗapaccupaµµh±n± hatthidassaka-andh± viya, ±rammaŗe anog±¼havuttit±ya aciraµµh±napaccupaµµh±n± v± vijju viya, yath±-upaµµhitavisayapadaµµh±n± tiŗapurisesu migapotak±na½ puris±ti uppannasańń± viya.
Cetet²ti cetan±, saddhi½ attan± sampayuttadhamme ±rammaŗe abhisandahat²ti attho. S± cetan±bh±valakkhaŗ±, ±y³hanaras±, s± ca kusal±kusalesu eva hoti. Itaresu pana ta½sadisat±ya sa½vidahanapaccupaµµh±n± sakiccaparakiccas±dhak± jeµµhasissamah±va¹¹haki-±dayo viya. Acc±yikakamm±nussaraŗ±d²su pan±ya½ sampayuttesu uss±hanabh±vena pavattam±n± p±kaµ± hoti.
¾rammaŗa½ cintet²ti citta½, vińń±ŗa½. Vitth±rato panassa vacanattho cittaduke ±vi bhavissati. Tadeta½ vij±nanalakkhaŗa½ citta½, pubbaŖgamarasa½, nirantarappavattito sandh±napaccupaµµh±na½, n±mar³papadaµµh±na½.
Vitakketi ³heti, vitakkanamattameva v± soti vitakko. Sv±yam±rammaŗe cittassa abhiropanalakkhaŗo, ±hananapariy±hananaraso, ±rammaŗe cittassa ±nayanapaccupaµµh±no.
¾rammaŗe tena citta½ vicarati, vicaraŗamattameva v± soti vic±ro. Sv±yam±rammaŗ±numajjanalakkhaŗo, tattha sahaj±t±nuyojanaraso, cittassa anuppabandhanapaccupaµµh±no. Abhiniropan±numajjanavasena panesa½ yath±kkama½ o¼±rikasukhumat±ya ghaŗµ±bhigh±to viya cetaso paµham±bhinip±to vitakko, ghaŗµ±nuravo viya anuppabandho vic±ro. Vipph±rav± cettha vitakko ±k±se uppatituk±mapakkhino pakkhavikkhepo viya, santavutti vic±ro ±k±se uppatitassa pakkhino pakkhapas±raŗa½ viya. So pana nesa½ viseso paµhamadutiyajjh±nesu p±kaµo hoti. Ubhopi panete sampayuttadhammapadaµµh±n±.
Piŗayat²ti p²ti. S± sampiy±yanalakkhaŗ±, k±yacittap²ŗanaras±, pharaŗaras± v±, odagyapaccupaµµh±n±, somanassasahagatacittapadaµµh±n±.
V²r±na½ bh±vo, kamma½ v± v²riya½, vividhena v± up±yena ²rayitabba½ pavattayitabbanti v²riya½. Tańca uss±halakkhaŗa½, sahaj±t±na½ upatthambhanarasa½, asa½s²danabh±vapaccupaµµh±na½, “sa½viggo yoniso padahat²”ti (a. ni. 4.113) vacanato sa½vegapadaµµh±na½, v²riy±rambhavatthupadaµµh±na½ v±. Ida½ pana kusalapakkhe padaµµh±na½, akusal±dipakkhe pana s±dh±raŗavasena yath± tath± v± dukkhavinodanak±mat±padaµµh±na½, sampayuttadhammapadaµµh±na½ v±. Ta½ sam±raddha½ sabb±sa½ sampatt²na½ m³la½ hot²ti daµµhabba½.