1. Dhammasaªgaº²m±tik±

Tikapadatthavaººan±

Tattha abhidhammassa m±tik±ti ettha kenaµµhena abhidhammo? Dhamm±tirekadhammavisesaµµhena. Atirekavisesatthad²pako hi ettha abhi-saddo “b±¼h± me dukkh± vedan± abhikkamanti, no paµikkamanti (sa½. ni. 4.87; 5.195, 1022; ma. ni. 3.384, 389), abhikkantavaºº±”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.1; khu. p±. 5.1; su. ni. maªgalasutta; vi. va. 857) viya, tasm± yath± samussitesu bah³su chattesu ceva dhajesu ca ya½ atirekappam±ºa½, visesavaººasaºµh±nañca chatta½, ta½ aticchatta½, yo atirekappam±ºo, visesavaººasaºµh±no ca dhajo, so atiddhajoti ca vuccati, evameva ayampi dhammo dhamm±tirekadhammavisesaµµhena “abhidhammo”ti vuccati. Bhagavat± hi suttanta½ patv± khandh±yatanadh±tusacca-indriyapaccay±k±r±dayo dhamm± ekadesena vibhatt±, na nippadesena, abhidhamma½ patv± pana anekehi nayavisesehi nippadesatova vibhatt±. Eva½ dhamm±tirekadhammavisesaµµhena “abhidhammo”ti veditabbo.
Kenaµµhena m±tik±? M±tusamaµµhena. M±t± viy±ti hi m±tik± yath± padumika½ mukhanti. Yath± hi m±t± n±n±vidhe putte pasavati, te p±leti, poseti ca, evamayampi n±n±vidhe dhamme, atthe ca pasavati, te ca avinassam±ne p±leti, poseti ca, tasm± “m±tik±”ti vuccati. M±tika½ hi niss±ya dhammasaªgaº²-±disattappakaraºavasena vitth±riyam±n± anant±parim±º± dhamm±, atth± ca t±ya pasut±, p±lit±, posit± viya ca honti. Tath± hi dhammasaªgaºippakaraºe catasso vibhattiyo cittavibhatti r³pavibhatti nikkhepar±si atthuddh±roti Tattha n±n±nayehi ek³nanavuticittavibh±vin² cittavibhatti vitth±riyam±n± anant±parim±ºabh±ºav±r± hoti, tadanantara½ ekavidh±din± r³pavibh±vin² r³pavibhatti vitth±riyam±n± anant±parim±ºabh±ºav±r± hoti, tadanantara½ m³lakhandhadv±r±d²ni nikkhipitv± desito nikkhepar±si vitth±riyam±no anant±parim±ºabh±ºav±ro hoti, tadanantara½ tepiµakassa buddhavacanassa aµµhakath±bh³to atthuddh±ro vitth±riyam±no anant±parim±ºabh±ºav±ro hoti. Evamida½ dhammasaªgaºippakaraºa½ v±can±maggato atirekaterasamattabh±ºav±rampi sam±na½ vitth±riyam±na½ anant±parim±ºabh±ºav±ra½ hoti.
Tath± vibhaªgappakaraºe khandhavibhaªgo ±yatanadh±tusacca-indriyapaccay±k±rasatipaµµh±nasammappadh±na-iddhip±dabojjhaªgamaggaªgajh±na-appamaññ±sikkh±padapaµisambhid±ñ±ºakhuddakavatthudhammahadayavibhaªg±ti aµµh±rasa vibhaªg± vibhatt±, te suttantabh±jan²ya-abhidhammabh±jan²y±din±n±nayehi vitth±riyam±n± pacceka½ anant±parim±ºabh±ºav±r± honti. Evamida½ vibhaªgappakaraºa½ v±can±maggato pañcati½samattabh±ºav±rampi sam±na½ vitth±riyam±na½ anant±parim±ºabh±ºav±ra½ hoti.
Tath± dh±tukath±pakaraºa½ “saªgaho asaªgaho”ti-±din± cuddasavidhena vibhatta½ v±can±maggato atirekachabh±ºav±ramattampi sam±na½ vitth±riyam±na½ anant±parim±ºabh±ºav±ra½ hoti.
Tath± puggalapaññattippakaraºa½ khandhapaññatti ±yatanadh±tusacca-indriyapuggalapaññatt²ti chabbidhena vibhatta½ v±can±maggato atirekapañcabh±ºav±ramattampi vitth±riyam±na½ anant±parim±ºabh±ºav±ra½ hoti.
Tath± kath±vatthuppakaraºa½ sakav±de pañca suttasat±ni, parav±de pañca suttasat±n²ti suttasahassa½ samodh±netv± vibhatta½ v±can±maggato saªg²ti-±ropitanayena d²ghanik±yappam±ºampi vitth±riyam±na½ anant±parim±ºabh±ºav±ra½ hoti.
Tath± yamakappakaraºa½ m³layamaka½ khandh±yatanadh±tusaccasaªkh±ra-anusayacittadhamma-indriyayamakanti dasavidhena vibhatta½ v±can±maggato v²sabh±ºav±rasatampi vitth±riyam±na½ anant±parim±ºabh±ºav±ra½ hoti.
Paµµh±nappakaraºa½ hetupaccaya-±rammaºapaccay±dicatuv²satipaccaye gahetv± tikapaµµh±n±dicatuv²satividhena vibhatta½ pacceka½ katipayabh±ºav±rampi vitth±riyam±na½ anant±parim±ºabh±ºav±ra½ hoti. Eva½ anant±parim±º±na½ dhamm±na½, atth±nañca pasavanato, p±lanato, posanato ca “m±t± viy±ti m±tik±”ti vuccati. P±lanaposanañcettha sammuµµh±na½, viraddh±nañca p±¼i-atth±na½ m±tik±nus±rena sallakkhetv± sam±nayanato, rakkhaºato ca veditabba½. S± pan±ya½ paricchedato dhammasaªgaº²m±tik± vibhaªgam±tik± dh±tukath±m±tik± puggalapaññattim±tik± kath±vatthum±tik± yamakam±tik± paµµh±nam±tik±ti sattanna½ pakaraº±na½ ±dimhi µhapit± sattavidh± hoti.
Tattha dhammasaªgaº²m±tik± ±di, s±pi tikam±tik± dukam±tik±ti duvidh±. Tattha dv±v²sati tik± tikam±tik± n±ma. Dvecatt±l²sasataduk± dukam±tik± n±ma, s± puna ±haccabh±sit± s±vakabh±sit±ti duvidh±. Tattha dv±v²sati tik± ceva, “het³ dhamm± na het³ dhamm±…pe… saraº± dhamm± araº± dhamm±”ti ime ca sata½ duk±ti aya½ ±haccabh±sit± samm±sambuddhadesit± sattanna½ pakaraº±na½ m±tik± n±ma, tadanantar± “vijj±bh±gino dhamm± avijj±bh±gino dhamm±…pe… khayeñ±ºa½ anupp±deñ±ºan”ti ime dv±catt±l²sa suttantikaduk± dhammasen±patis±riputtattherena µhapitatt± s±vakabh±sit± n±ma. Ime µhapento pana thero na s±mukka½sikena attano ñ±ºena µhapesi, ekuttariya½ pana ekakanip±tadukanip±tasaªg²tisuttadasuttarasuttehi samodh±netv± ±bhidhammikatther±na½ suttanta½ patv± akilamanattha½ µhapesi.
S± puna sappadesanippadesavasena dve koµµh±s± honti. Ettha hi nava tik±, ekasattati ca duk± sappades±na½ s±vases±na½ n±mar³p±na½ pariggahitatt± sappades± n±ma, avases± terasa tik±, ekasattati ca duk± nippades±na½ niravases±na½ n±mar³p±na½ gahitatt± nippades± n±ma. Tesa½ vibh±go tattha tattheva ±vi bhavissati. Tath± n±mal±bhavasena dvidh±. Sabbeva hi ete tikaduk± ±dipadavasena, sabbapadavasena c±ti dvidh± n±ma½ labhanti. Tattha “kusal± dhamm±, akusal± dhamm±, aby±kat± dhamm±”ti aya½ t±va ±dipadavasena laddhan±mo kusalattiko n±ma. “Sukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutt± dhamm±…pe… dhamm±”ti aya½ sabbapadavasena laddhan±mo vedan±ttiko n±ma. Eva½ sabbesampi tikaduk±na½ n±ma½ veditabba½.
S± panes± pañcadasahi paricchedehi vavatthit±. Tik±na½ hi eko paricchedo, duk±na½ cuddasa “Het³ dhamm± nahet³ dhamm±”ti-±dayo hi cha duk± ganthato ca atthato ca aññamaññasambandhena kaººik± viya, ghaµ± viya ca hutv± µhitatt± “hetugocchako”ti vuccati. Tato apare “sappaccay± dhamm±”ti-±dayo satta duk± aññamañña½ asambandh± kevala½ dukas±maññena uccinitv± gocchakantare µhapitatt±, aññehi ca antaradukehi c³¼akatt± “c³¼antaraduk±”ti veditabb±. Tato para½ ±savaduk±d²na½ channa½ duk±na½ vasena ±savagocchako n±ma. Tato sa½yojanaduk±d²na½ channa½ vasena sa½yojanagocchako n±ma. Tath± gantha-oghayogan²varaºaduk±d²na½ channa½ channa½ vasena gantha-oghayogan²varaºagocchak± n±ma. Par±m±saduk±d²na½ pañcanna½ vasena par±m±sagocchako n±ma. Tato para½ s±rammaºaduk±dayo catuddasa duk± mahantaraduk± n±ma. Tato para½ up±d±naduk±dayo cha duk± up±d±nagocchako n±ma. Tato kilesaduk±dayo aµµhaduk± kilesagocchako n±ma. Tato para½ dassanenapah±tabbaduk±dayo aµµh±rasa duk± abhidhammam±tik±ya pariyos±ne µhapitatt± piµµhiduk± n±ma. Vijj±bh±giyaduk±dayo pana dv±catt±l²sa duk± suttantikaduk± n±ma. Evametiss± pañcadasahi paricchedehi vavatthit±ya t±va aya½ atthavaººan± bhavissati.