“Paµhamassa jh±nassa sampaha½san± pariyos±na½. Pariyos±nassa kati lakkhaº±ni? Pariyos±nassa catt±ri lakkhaº±ni. Tattha j±t±na½ dhamm±na½ anativattanaµµhena sampaha½san±, indriy±na½ ekarasaµµhena sampaha½san±, tadupagav²riyav±hanaµµhena sampaha½san±, ±sevanaµµhena sampaha½san±, paµhamassa jh±nassa sampaha½san± pariyos±na½, pariyos±nassa im±ni catt±ri lakkhaº±ni. Tena vuccati paµhama½ jh±na½ pariyos±nakaly±ºañceva hoti lakkhaºasampannañc±”ti (paµi. ma. 1.158).
Ettha ca gotrabhucittassa n±n±vajjanav²thiya½ uppajjan±rahaparipanthato visujjhanato tad±gamanavasena jh±nacittassa visujjhan±k±ra½ sandh±ya “yo tassa paripantho, tato citta½ visujjhat²”ti vutta½. Gotrabhucittasseva tath± visuddhatt± ±varaºavirahita½ hutv± ekattanayena majjhimasamathanimittasaªkh±ta½ samappavatta½ appan±sam±dhipaµipajjana½ sandh±ya “visuddhatt± citta½ majjhimasamathanimitta½ paµipajjat²”ti vutta½. Tath± hi kh²rasseva dadhibh±v±bh±vepi tadeva kh²ra½ dadhisampannanti-±d²su viya gotrabhucittassa appan±bh±v±bh±vepi ekasantatipariº±m³pagamanavasena ta½ majjhima½ samathanimitta½ l²nuddhaccasaªkh±ta-antadvay±nupagamanena majjhima½ paccan²kav³pasamanato yath± samathasaªkh±ta½ yogino sukhavises±na½ k±raºabh±vato nimittabh³ta½ appan±sam±dhi½ paµipajjati n±ma, tath± paµipannatt± pana sam±hitabh±v³pagamanena ekattanayavaseneva tattha pakkhandana½ sandh±ya “paµipannatt± tattha citta½ pakkhandat²”ti vutta½. Ekattanayañhi vin± gotrabhussa appan±pakkhandana½ natthi. Eva½ t±va purimacitte vijjam±n±k±rassa idha nibbattiy± jh±na½ upp±dakkhaºe tividhalakkhaºasampanna½ n±ma. Yath± hi lokiyavipassan±ya kiccanipphattiy± lokuttaramaggo “vipassan±”ti vuccati, eva½ visuddhassa pana tassa puna visodhane by±p±r±karaºato tatramajjhattupekkh±kiccavasena puggalassa ajjhupekkhanato vutta½ “visuddha½ citta½ ajjhupekkhat²”ti. Appan±sam±dhibh±v³pagamanena samathavippaµipannassa puna sam±dh±ne by±p±r±karaºato vutta½ “samathapaµipanna½ citta½ ajjhupekkhat²”ti.
Eva½ samathapaµipannabh±vatoyeva pubbe “katha½ nu kho kilesasa½sagga½ pajaheyyan”ti paµipannassa id±ni samathapaµipattiy± tassa pah²natt± p±pamittasa½sagga½ pah±ya ekassa viharato sappurisassa viya ekattena upaµµhitassa jh±nacittassa puna ekattupaµµh±ne by±p±r±karaºa½ sandh±ya “ekattupaµµh±na½ ajjhupekkhat²”ti vutta½. Eva½ tatramajjhattupekkh±ya kiccavasena jh±na½ majjhe tividhalakkhaºasampanna½ n±ma hoti. Pubbabh±gappavattap±rih±riyañ±ºena cittassa sa½kilesavod±nakaradhammesu ±d²nav±nisa½sa½ disv± yath± tattha j±t±na½ dhamm±na½ aññamaññ±nativattana½ hoti, tath± bh±van±ya sampaha½sitatt± visodhitatt± tatramajjhattupekkh±ya vasena anubr³hite citte sam±dhipaññ±saªkh±tayuganaddhadhamm±na½ aññamaññ±nativattiy± pavattana½ sandh±ya vutta½ “tattha j±t±na½ dhamm±na½ anativattanaµµhena sampaha½san±”ti. Saddh±pañcamak±na½ indriy±na½ n±n±kilesehi vimuttatt± vimuttivasena ekarasata½ sandh±ya vutta½ “indriy±na½ ekarasaµµhena sampaha½san±”ti. Tesa½ anativattanasampaha½san±na½ anur³pavasena al²na½ anuddhata½ hutv± v²riyassa pavatti½ sandh±ya “tadupagav²riyav±hanaµµhena sampaha½san±”ti vutta½. Y± panassa tasmi½ khaºe pavatt± ±sevan±, upp±dato paµµh±ya µhitipariyos±n±na½ ±sevanapaccayabh±vavasena pavatt±k±ro, ta½ sandh±ya “±sevanaµµhena sampaha½san±”ti vutta½. Eva½ dhamm±na½ anativattan±dibh±vas±dhanena pariyod±pakassa ñ±ºassa kiccavasena jh±napariyos±ne cat³hi lakkhaºehi sampanna½ n±m±ti veditabba½.
919-20. Visodhetv±na p±paketi p±ripanthike dhamme visesena sodhetv± saya½ pah±namatte aµµhatv± atisayappah±navasena puna sodhetv±ti vutta½ hoti. Cittabh±vanavepullanti sam±dhibh±van±ya vipulabh±va½. Yath± hi bh±van±vasena nimittassa uppatti, evamassa bh±van±vasena va¹¹hanampi, tasm± ekaªgul±divasena nimitta½ va¹¹hayantassa punappuna½ bahul²k±rena jh±nabh±van±pi vu¹¹hi½ viru¼hi½, abhiññ±vasena ca vepulla½ ±pajjati. Tena vutta½ “cittabh±vanavepulla½…pe… va¹¹hetabban”ti.
921-3. Va¹¹han±bh³miyo dvev±ti va¹¹hanaµµh±n±ni dveyeva. Dv²su µh±nesu avassa½ ekatta½ va¹¹hetabbanti ±cariy±. Tatr±ti s±mi-atthe bhummavacana½, tass±ti attho. Tatr±ti v± dv²su bh³m²su. Kasitabba½…pe… yathicchakanti yath± n±ma kassako kasitabbaµµh±na½ naªgalena paricchinditv± paricchedabbhantara½ kasitu½ ta½ µh±na½ paricchindati, evameva½ ekaªguladvaªgulativaªgulacaturaªgulamatta½ manas± paricchinditv± paricchinditv± yath±pariccheda½ va¹¹hetabba½. Tato vidatthiratanappamukhapariveºavih±ras²m±na½, g±manigamajanapadarajjasamuddas²m±nañca paricchedavasena va¹¹hayantena cakkav±¼apariccheda½ katv± v± tato v±pi uttari paricchinditv± va¹¹hetabba½. Tena vutta½ “yathicchaka½ va¹¹hetabban”ti. Aparicchinditv± pana na va¹¹hetabba½. Na hi aparicchede bh±van± pavattati. Tath± ca vutta½ “santake no anantake”ti. Eva½ va¹¹hitañca ta½ nimitta½ va¹¹hitava¹¹hitaµµh±ne pathaviy± ukk³lavik³lanad²viduggapabbatavisamesu saªkusatasamabbh±hata½ usabhacamma½ viya hoti.
924-6. Tasmi½ pana nimitte pattapaµhamajjh±nena ±dikammikena id±neva dutiyajjh±n±di-adhigam±ya uss±ha½ akatv± tasmi½yeva paµhamajjh±ne pañcah±k±rehi suciººavasin± bhavitabbanti dassetu½ “pattep²”ti-±di vutta½. Suciººo vaso vasibh±vo eten±ti suciººavasin±, suµµhu ±sevitavasin±ti attho. Katam± t± vasiyo, y±sa½ vasen±ya½ pañcah±k±rehi suciººavas²ti ±ha “±vajjanan”ti-±di. Tattha ±vajjananti na ±vajjanamattameva adhippeta½ ±vajjanavasit±ya adhippetatt±. ¾vajjan±ya pana uppann±ya javanehipi bhavitabba½. T±ni ca kho ±vajjanakapparat±ya citt±bhin²h±rassa yath±vajjitavasena honti. Adhigamena sama½, sasampayuttassa jh±nassa samm± ±pajjana½ paµipajjana½ sam±patti. Abhibhuyya µhapana½, adhiµµh±na½ viy±ti v± adhiµµh±na½. Vasit±ti etesu ±vajjan±d²su yath±ruci pavattiyo yatthicchaka½, yadicchaka½, y±vaticchaka½ pavattitu½ samatthabh±vo.
Tattha paµhamajjh±nato vuµµh±ya paµhama½ vitakka½ ±vajjayato bhavaªga½ upacchinditv± uppann±vajjan±nantara½ vitakk±rammaº±neva catt±ri, pañca v± javan±ni javanti, tato dve bhavaªg±ni, tato puna vic±r±rammaºa½ ±vajjana½ vuttanayeneva javan±n²ti eva½ pañcasu jh±naªgesu paµip±µiy± nirantara½ citta½ pesetu½ samatthabh±vo, tattha adandh±yitatta½ ±vajjanavasit± n±ma. Sam±pajjituk±mat±nantara½ dv²su bhavaªgesu uppannesu bhavaªga½ upacchinditv± uppann±vajjan±nantara½ sam±pajjitu½ samatthat± sam±pajjanavasit± n±ma. Ayañca matthakappatt± ±vajjanasam±pajjan± satthu yamakap±µih±riyak±ladhammadesan±d²su labbhati. Dhammasen±patissa yakkhena s²se pah±rad±nasamaye, mah±moggall±nattherassa nandopanandadamanasamaye v± labbhati, aññattha pana tato dandh±yeva, setu viya s²ghasot±ya nadiy± ogha½ bhavaªgavega½ upacchinditv± yath±paricchinnak±la½ jh±na½ µhapetu½ samatthat±, bhavaªgap±tato rakkhaºayogyat± adhiµµh±navasit± n±ma. Yath±paricchinnak±la½ atikkamitu½ adatv± jh±nato vuµµh±nasamatthat± vuµµh±navasit± n±ma.
Atha v± yath±paricchinnak±lato upari gantu½ adatv± µhapanasamatthat± adhiµµh±navasit± n±ma. Paricchinnak±lato anto avuµµhahitv± yath±k±lavaseneva vuµµh±nasamatthat± vuµµh±navasit± n±ma. Atha v± vuttanayeneva paricchinnak±lato an³na½ katv± sam±patti½ µhapetu½ samatthat±va adhiµµh±navasit± n±ma. K±lapariccheda½ atikkamitv± vuµµhitassapi nidd±lukassa paµibujjhitv± punappuna½ niddokkamana½ viya vuµµhitasam±pattimeva punappuna½ asam±pajjitv± vuµµh±nasamatthat±, tattha ±lay±karaºayogyat± ca vuµµh±navasit± n±ma.
Paccavekkhaºavasit± pana ±vajjanavasit±ya eva saªgahit±. Paccavekkhaºajavan±neva hi tesa½ tesa½ jh±naªg±na½ ±vajjan±nantara½ pavatt±ni, tasm± yadaggena ±vajjanavasiy± siddhi, tadaggena paccavekkhaºavasit± siddh±ti veditabba½. Keci pana jh±naªg±na½ ap±kaµabh±vepi tesu nirantara½ ±vajjan±ya pavattanasamatthat± ±vajjanavasit± n±ma, tesa½ yath±sabh±vapaccavekkhaºavasena javanappavattanasamatthat± paccavekkhaºavasit± n±ma. Atha v± satipi sattanna½ javan±na½ pavattiya½ nirantara½ ±vajjanasamatthat± ±vajjanavasit± n±ma, vasit±balena sattamajavana½ appatv± catupañcajavaneheva paccavekkhaºasamatthat± paccavekkhaºavasit± n±ma. Atha v± ñ±ºavippayuttacittehi paccavekkhitu½ asamatthabh±vepi “paccavekkhiss±m²”ti uppanna-±vajjan±nantarameva bhavaªgesu k±la½ av²tin±metv± s²ghameva ±vajjitu½ samatthat± ±vajjanavasit± n±ma, vasit±balena, paccavekkhaºabalena ñ±ºavippayuttacittehipi paccavekkhitu½ samatthat± paccavekkhaºavasit± n±m±ti vadanti. Yasm± panet± yath±vuttaniy±mena punappuna½ ±vajjan±din± s±dhetabb±, tasm± vutta½ “±vajjitv±”ti-±di.
927. Imesu pana ±dikammikena sam±pajjanabahuleneva bhavitabba½, na paccavekkhaºabahulena. Paccavekkhaºabahulassa hi jh±naªg±ni th³l±ni dubbal±ni hutv± upaµµhahanti, athassa t±ni eva upaµµhitatt± upari ussukkan±ya paccayata½ n±pajjanti, so appaguºe jh±ne ussukkam±no paµhamajjh±n±va parih±yati, na ca sakkoti dutiya½ adhigantu½. Tena vutta½ “paµhame avasippatte”ti-±di. Ubhato bhaµµhoti puna paµhamajjh±na½ sam±pajjitu½ na sakkot²ti adhipp±yo. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
“Idhekacco bhikkhu b±lo abyatto akhettaññ³ akusalo vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati, so ta½ nimitta½ n±sevati, na bh±veti, na bahuli½ karoti, na sv±dhiµµhita½ adhiµµh±ti. Tassa eva½ hoti ‘ya½n³n±ha½ vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±…pe… dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja vihareyyan’ti, so na sakkoti vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±…pe… dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharitu½. Tassa eva½ hoti ‘ya½n³n±ha½ vivicceva k±mehi…pe… paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja vihareyyan’ti, so na sakkoti vivicceva k±mehi…pe… paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharitu½, aya½ vuccati, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ubhato bhaµµho ubhato parih²no”ti (a. ni. 9.35).
928-31. K±massahagat±…pe… carant²ti ±rammaºavasena k±masahagat± hutv± saññ± ceva manasik±r± ca samud±caranti. Saññ±s²sena cettha ta½sahagato cittupp±do gahito, manakk±ra-ggahaºena ±vajjananti daµµhabba½. K±m±nupakkhand±na½ saññ±manasik±r±na½ vasena h±na½ parih±ni½ bhajat²ti h±nabh±giya½. Keci pana “sa½kilesanti h±nabh±giyo dhammo’ti (vibha. 828) vacanato h±nabh±giy± k±masaññ±dik±ti tehi parih±piyam±na½ jh±nampi k±raº³pac±rena h±nabh±giya½ n±m±”ti vadanti. Tadanudhammat± sat²ti tasseva jh±nassa anudhammat± ±rammaºavasena tadanugat± satipatir³pak± nikanti. Atakkasahit±ti avitakka½ dutiyajjh±na½ pattuk±massa ta½ santato, manasi karoto ±rammaºavasena ta½sahagat±. Visesabh±giyanti visesabh³tassa dutiyajjh±nassa padaµµh±nat±ya ta½ bhajat²ti visesabh±giya½. Nibbid±sa½yut±ti vipassan±rammaº±.
932-5. Paguºatoti vasitappattato. ¾sann±kusal±rik±ti n²varaºappah±nassa ta½paµhamat±ya ±sannan²varaºapaccatthik±. Th³la½ n±ma vipulampi pheggu viya sukhabhañjan²yanti ±ha “th³latt±…pe… dubbal±”ti. Tatoti dutiyajjh±nato. Dubbal±ni aªg±ni imiss±ti aªgadubbal±. Santato cintayitv±ti paµhamajjh±ne viya o¼±rikaªg±na½ abh±vato, santadhammasamaªgit±ya ca santanti eva½ santavasena manasi katv±. Kiñc±pi hi ye dhamm± dutiyajjh±ne p²tisukh±dayo, te paµhamajjh±nepi santi, tehi pana te santatar±, paº²tatar± ca honti. Nikantinti nik±mana½ apekkhanti attho. Pariy±d±y±ti khepetv±, vikkhambhetv±ti attho.
943-4. Sampas±dananti sampas±danasaªkh±t±ya saddh±ya yogato jh±nampi sampas±dana½ n²lavaººayogato n²lavattha½ viya. Nanu c±ya½ saddh± paµhamajjh±nepi atthi, kasm± idameva “sampas±danan”ti vuttanti? Vuccate– paµhamajjh±na½ vitakkavic±rakkhobhena v²citaraªgasam±kulamiva jala½ na suppasanna½ hoti, tasm± satipi saddh±ya ta½ sampas±dananti na vutta½. Imasmi½ pana vitakkavic±rakkhobh±bh±vena laddhok±s± balavat² saddh±, tasm± balavasaddh±ya samann±gatatt± idameva “sampas±danan”ti vutta½. Ajjhattanti niyakajjhatta½, attani j±ta½, attano sant±ne nibbattanti attho. T²ºi aªg±ni imass±ti tivaªgika½. Sesanti p²ti-±d²na½ aññehi balavabh±vo, tiººa½ catunna½ v± javan±na½ parikammopac±r±nulomagotrabhubh±vo, chaµµhe sattame v± appan±y±nuppatti ekacittakkhaºat±, tato bhavaªgap±to, puna bhavaªga½ vicchinditv± paccavekkhaºatth±ya ±vajjana½, tato jh±napaccavekkhaºanti ida½ sabba½ vutt±vasesa½ heµµh± paµhamajjh±ne vuttanayeneva samupalakkhitabba½.
948-9. Piyatoti k±mayato. Uppil±pananti k±mañc±ya½ pariggahesu apariccattapemassa an±d²navadassino taºh±sahagat±ya p²tiy± pavatti-±k±ro, idha ca dutiyajjh±nap²ti adhippet±, tath±pi sabbaso p²tiya½ avirattass±pi anubandheyy±ti uppil±pana½ idha ±d²navavasena vutta½. Atha v± dutiyajjh±nasseva tatiyajjh±na½ viya ahutv± uppil±pan±k±rena pavatti uppil±pana½ viy±ti uppil±pananti vutta½. Tatiya½ santato disv±ti sambandho.
957-8. Satiy± sampajaññena sampannanti saraºalakkhaº±ya satiy±, asammohalakkhaºena sampajaññena ca sampanna½. K±ma½ purimajjh±nesupi satisampajañña½ atthi, na hi muµµhassatissa, asampaj±nato ca upac±ramattampi sampajjati, pageva appan±, yebhuyyena pana avippayog²bh±vena pavattam±nesu p²tisukhesu p²tisaªkh±tassa o¼±rikaªgassa pah±ne sukhumat±ya idha s±tisayo satisampajaññaby±p±roti idheva satisampajaññasampannat± vutt±ti veditabb±. Ekaªgah²nanti p²tiy± pah²nabh±vena ekaªgavippah²na½. S± panes± dutiyajjh±nassa vitakkavic±r± viya appan±kkhaºeyeva pah²yati. Tenassa s± “pah±naªgan”ti vuccati.
972. Somanassassa pah²natt± ±ha “ekaªgavippah²nan”ti. Tañca pana somanassa½ ekav²thiya½ purimajavanesuyeva pah²yati.
974. Purimajjh±nesu parikamm±divasena pavatt±na½ k±m±vacarajavan±na½ ekasadisatt± idha labbham±na½ kañci visesa½ dassetu½ “yasm±”ti-±di vutta½. ¾sevana½ na hot²ti ±sevanapaccayena paccayo na hoti. Ayañhettha adhipp±yo yasm± padantarasaªgahitassa attano sabh±vagg±h±panasaªkh±ta-±sevanapaccayatt±bh±vato sukhavedan± upekkh±vedan±ya ±sevanapaccayena paccayo na hoti, catutthajjh±neva upekkh±vedan±ya bhavitabba½ s±tisaya½ sukhavir±gabh±vanatt±, tasm± idha appan±v²thiya½ upekkh±sampayuttajavaneheva bhavitabbanti.
976. Eva½ catukkanayavasena jh±nappabheda½ dassetv± id±ni pañcakanayampi dassetu½ “ya½ catukkanaye”ti-±di vutta½. Dvidh± pana katv±n±ti vitakkavic±r±na½ visu½ visu½ pah±naªgavasena gaºanato dvidh± katv±. Dutiya½ tatiya½ katanti avitakkavic±ramatta½ avitakka-avic±ranti eva½ dutiyajjh±nañceva tatiyajjh±nañca kata½ abhidhammeti adhipp±yo. Suttantesu hi pañcakanayo sar³pato na gahito, kasm± pana abhidhamme gahitoti? Puggalajjh±sayato, sannisinnadevaparis±ya hi yesa½ paµhamajjh±ne vitakko eva o¼±rikato upaµµh±ti, itare santato, tesa½ caturaªgika½ avitakkavic±ramatta½ dutiyajjh±na½ katv± pañcakanayena desesi. Yesa½ vitakkavic±r± o¼±rikato upaµµhit±, tato tesa½ avitakka-avic±ra½ tivaªgika½ katv± catukkanayena desesi. Yesa½ vitakkova o¼±rikato upaµµh±ti, tehi ta½ atikkamitv± caturaªgika½ dutiyajjh±na½ upp±detu½ sakk±. Yesa½ vitakkavic±r±, tehi dvepi ekato atikkamitv± tivaªgika½ dutiyajjh±na½ upp±detu½ sakk±.
979. Atthabyañjanavasena suµµhu madhura½, tatoyeva varatara½ vacana½ yassa soya½ sumadhuravarataravacano. Ka½ nu jana½ neva rañjayati, na hi ekampi na rañjayati. Atinisita …pe… n²yoyanti atitikhiºabuddhippas±dehi janehi vedan²yo aya½ gantho, paricchedoti v± adhipp±yo.

Iti abhidhammatthavik±siniy± n±ma

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R³p±vacarasam±dhibh±van±niddesavaººan± niµµhit±.