822-3. Eva½ va¹¹han±va¹¹hanato dassetv± puna ±rammaºato dassetu½ “daseva kasiº±n²”ti-±di ±raddha½. Paµibh±ganimitt±ni honti ±rammaº±n²ti im±ni dv±v²sa paµibh±ganimittabh³t±ni ±rammaº±ni honti. Ses±ti avases± aµµh±rasa neva paµibh±ganimitt±rammaº± siyu½.
824-5. Id±ni bh³mito dassetu½ “asubh±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Devesu nappavattanti tattha asubh±na½, paµikk³lassa ca ±h±rassa abh±vato. Tacapañcakampi hi tattha pavattam±na½ dibb±nubh±vena paµikk³l±k±rena nopaµµh±ti. Ass±sapass±s±na½ brahmaloke abh±vato “±n±p±nassati c±”ti-±di vutta½. Jh±n±nubh±vanibbatt±nañhi atthassa abh±vato natthi brahmaloke ass±sapass±s±.
827. Id±ni gahaºato dassetu½ “catutthan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha catuttha½…pe… diµµheneva gahetabb±ti v±yokasiºa½ vajjetv± ses± nava kasiº±, dasa asubh±n²ti im±ni ek³nav²sati diµµheneva vatthun± karaºabh³tena gahetabb±ni uggahetabb±ni. Tath± ca vutta½ aµµhakath±ya½ “diµµhena gahetabb±ni, pubbabh±ge cakkhun± oloketv± nimitta½ nesa½ gahetabbanti attho”ti (visuddhi. 1.47).
828-31. Satiyampi ca k±yamh²ti k±yagat±satiyampi. Diµµhena tacapañcakanti tacapañcakamattameva diµµhena gahetabba½. Sesamettha sutenev±ti ettha k±yagat±satiya½ sesa½ vakkapañcak±di suteneva gahetabba½. Iti k±yagat±sati diµµhasutena gahetabb±. Uttaroµµhan±sikaggesu phuµµhassa ass±sapass±sassa gahetabbato vutta½ “±n±p±nassati ettha, phuµµhena parid²pit±”ti. Ucchusass±d²na½ pattesu calam±navaººaggahaºamukhena, sar²rasamphassavasena ca v±tassa gahetabbatt± vutta½ “v±yokasiºamevettha, diµµhaphuµµhena gayhat²”ti. ¾ditova gahetabb± na hont²ti-±dikammikena bh±van±rambhavasena na paµµhapetabb±ni, heµµhime tayo brahmavih±re, kasiºesu r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nañca anadhigantv± samp±detu½ asakkuºeyyatt±. 832-5. Eva½ gahaºavasena dassetv± id±ni paccayato dassetu½ “kammaµµh±nesu hetes³”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha etesu kammaµµh±nes³ti ettha yath±raha½ ±rammaº±na½, jh±n±nañca gahaºa½ veditabba½. ¾k±sakasiºassa uggh±µetu½ asakkuºeyyatt± vutta½ “±k±sakasiºa½ vin±”ti. Mett±di-ekekasmi½ brahmavih±re t²ºi t²ºi jh±n±ni paµilabhitv± µhitasseva upekkh±brahmavih±ravasena pañcamajjh±na½ uppajjat²ti vutta½ “tayo brahmavih±r±”ti-±di. Dvinna½ nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanajavan±na½ samanantar± nirodha½ phusat²ti katv± vutta½ “catuttham±ruppan”ti-±di. Vipassan±bhavasampattisukh±na½ paccay±ti vipassan±ya, bhavasampattiy±, diµµhadhammasukhavih±rassa ca paccay± hont²ti attho.
836-9. Eva½ pasaªgena ±gata½ kammaµµh±navibh±ga½ dassetv± puna ±cariyena paµipajjitabbavidhi½ dassetu½ “kammaµµh±na½ gahetv±”ti-±di vutta½. Santike vasantass±ti ±cariyena saddhi½ ekagehe, ekavih±re v± vasantassa. Kathetabbanti pavatti½ sutv± sutv± kathetabba½. ¾gatass±gatakkhaºeti sa-k±ro padasandhimattakaro, ±gat±gatakkhaºeti attho. Atha v± ±gatassa ±gatakkhaºe kathetabba½. ¿disesu hi µh±nesu ±me¹itas±matthiyatova labbhati. Na hi ekav±rameva ±gatassa tasmi½ khaºe kathetabba½, tato para½ na kathetabbanti yujjati.
N±tisaªkhepavitth±ranti atisa½khitta½, ativitth±rañca akatv± tassa sukhena uggaºhanappam±ºa½ kathetabba½. Sace pana so pakatiy±va uggahitakammaµµh±no hoti, sajjh±yavasena v± manasik±ravasena v± kataparicayo, tassa eka½, dve v± nisajj± attano sammukh±va sajjh±ya½ k±retv± d±tabba½. Eva½ ±cariyena paµipajjitabbavidhi½ dassetv± puna gahitakammaµµh±nena tena yogin± uttari k±tabbavidh±na½ dassento ±ha “tenap²”ti-±di. Sammaµµh±nanti yattha pahaµo samati, ta½ sammaµµh±na½, ida½ sammaµµh±na½ viy±ti sammaµµh±na½. Yath± hi sammaµµh±ne gahite puggala½ attano ver² abhibhavitu½ na sakkoti, eva½ kammaµµh±ne gahite manobhusaªkh±to k±mar±go ta½samaªgipuggala½ abhibhavitv± attano vase k±tu½ na sakkoti Tena vutta½ “sammaµµh±na½ viy±ti sammaµµh±nan”ti. Mano abhibhavat²ti manobh³, tassa manobhuno. Aµµh±rasahi…pe… vivajjiteti–
“Mah±v±sa½ nav±v±sa½, jar±v±sañca panthani½;
soº¹i½ paººañca pupphañca, phala½ patthitameva ca.
“Nagara½ d±run± khetta½, visabh±gena paµµana½;
paccantas²m±sapp±ya½, yattha mitto na labbhati.
“Aµµh±raset±ni µh±n±ni, iti viññ±ya paº¹ito;
±rak± parivajjeyya, magga½ sappaµibhaya½ yath±”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.52)–

Eva½ vuttehi aµµh±rasahi vih±radosehi sabbak±laviyutte. Anur³peti imesu aµµh±rasasu dosesu aññatarenapi samann±gato ananur³po n±ma, tadabh±vena attano yogakammassa anuk³le. Mah±vih±r±dayo hi yogakammassa anuk³l± na honti, tasm± mah±vih±re t±va vattakaraº±din± palibodho hoti. Yattha pana sabba½ katameva, avases±pi saªghaµµan± natthi, evar³po mah±vih±ropi anur³pova. Navavih±re bahu½ navakamma½ k±tabba½ hoti, tasm± so asati aññasmi½ anuk³le k±raºe ananur³po hoti. Tath± jiººavih±ropi bahupaµijaggitabbat±ya kammaµµh±nantar±yiko. Panthanissitako ±gantukehi rattindiva½ samokiººat±ya. Yattha soº¹² n±ma p±s±ºapokkharaº² hoti, so soº¹ivih±ro. Tattha bah³ p±n²yatth±ya samosaranti, tath± paººapupphaphalavati vih±re ta½tadatth±ya. Patthan²ye lokasammate vih±re viharanta½ “arah±”ti sambh±vent± bah³ ±gacchanti. Nagarasannissitepi vih±re visabh±g±rammaº±p±thagaman±d²ni honti. D±rusannissite kaµµhah±rik±d²hi aph±su hoti. Khettasannissite vih±ramajjheyeva khalamaº¹alakaraº±din± aph±su hoti. Visabh±gapuggal±dhivutthepi kalahaniv±raº±d²su te upavadanti. Paµµanasannissite abhiºha½ n±v±satthehi ±gatamanussehi aph±su hoti. Paccantanissite manuss± buddh±d²su appasann± honti. Rajjas²masannissite dvinna½ r±j³na½ kalahe sati dvinna½ vijitesu piº¹±ya vicaranta½ bhikkhu½ “aya½ carapuriso”ti gahetv± bandhan±dika½ p±peyyu½, asapp±ye amanuss±di-upaddav± honti. Kaly±ºamitt±nadhivutthe uppannakaªkh±ya vinodake asati mah±dosoyev±ti etepi vih±r± ananur³p±, tasm± t±dise vih±re parivajjetv± vuttadosavirahite anur³pe vih±re vih±tabba½.

Tassa pana vih±rassa anur³pabh±vo eva½ veditabboti dassetu½ “g±mato”ti-±di vutta½. G±matoti gocarag±mato. N±tid³reti gocarag±massa a¹¹hag±vutato orabh±gat±ya na atid³re. Nacc±sanneti pacchimena pam±ºena gocarag±mato pañcadhanusatikat±ya na atisanne. Imin± gaman±gamanasampannata½ dasseti. Gocarag±massa pana uttaradis±ya v± dakkhiºadis±ya v± n±tid³ra½ nacc±sanna½ sen±sana½ visesena gaman±gamanasampanna½ hoti, n±tid³ranacc±sannat± cettha nidassanamatta½. Pañcaªgasa½yuteti pana vuttatt± n±tid³ranacc±sannat±ya saha div± appakiººat±d²ni catt±ri samodh±netv± pañcaªgasa½yuttat± veditabb±. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, sen±sana½ pañcaªgasamann±gata½ hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, sen±sana½ n±tid³ra½ hoti nacc±sanna½ gaman±gamanasampanna½ div± appakiººa½ ratti½ appasadda½ appanigghosa½ appa¹a½samakasav±t±tapasar²sapasamphassa½, tasmi½ kho pana sen±sane viharantassa appakasireneva uppajjanti c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±, tasmi½ kho pana sen±sane ther± bhikkh³ viharanti bahussut± ±gat±gam± dhammadhar± vinayadhar± m±tik±dhar±, te k±lena k±la½ upasaªkamitv± paripucchati pañha½ ‘ida½, bhante, katha½; imassa ko atthoti. Tassa te ±yasmanto avivaµañceva vivaranti, anutt±n²katañca utt±ni½ karonti, anekavihitesu ca kaªkh±µµh±niyesu dhammesu kaªkha½ paµivinodenti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, sen±sana½ pañcaªgasamann±gata½ hot²”ti (a. ni. 10.11).
Ettha ca n±tid³ranacc±sannabh±vena gaman±gamanasampannat± paµhama½ aªga½, div± mah±janasa½kiººat±bh±vena, rattiya½ jan±l±pasadd±bh±vena, sabbad±pi janasannip±tanigghos±bh±vena appakiººa-appasadda-appanigghosabh±vo dutiya½, ¹a½samakas±diparissay±bh±vo tatiya½, appakasirena c²varapiº¹ap±t±dipaccayal±bho catuttha½, bahussutat±diguºasamann±gat±na½ ther±na½ vasanabh±vo pañcamanti imehi pañcahi aªgehi sa½yutte samann±gate vih±rasmi½ vih±tabba½.
840-1. Paµhama½ vutta-±v±s±dimah±palibodhe up±d±ya khuddakapalibodho, id±ni ta½ palibodha½ sar³pato dassetv± tassa upacchindan±k±ra½ ±vi k±tu½ “d²gh± kes±”ti-±di vutta½. So patto suµµhu pacitabboti yojan±.
842-5. Pavivitteti janavivitte ok±se. Vajjetv±…pe… lohitanti ime catt±ro kasiºados±, tasm± evar³p± mattik± vajjetv±. Saºh±y±ti apan²tatiºam³lasakkharav±luk±ya sumaddit±ya sukhum±ya. Aruºavaºº±y±ti aruºanibh±ya, aruºavaººappabh±y±ti attho. Bahiddh± v±pi t±diseti bahiddh±pi vih±rapaccante paµicchannaµµh±ne. Sa½h±rimanti sa½haritabba½ gahetv± caraºayogya½. Tatraµµhakanti yattha kata½, tattheva tiµµhanaka½.
847-50. Pam±ºatoti vakkham±nappam±ºato. Vaµµa½ ±koµetv±ti parimaº¹ala½ katv± ±koµetv±. Tanti ta½ camma½ v± kaµas±ra½ v± dussapaµµa½ v±. Kaººikanti kaººik±sadisa½, parimaº¹alato padumakaººik±k±ranti vutta½ hoti. Ten±ha “saman”ti. “Kaººik±saman”ti v± p±µho. Vidatthicaturaªgulanti caturaªgul±dhikavidatthippam±ºa½. Etadeva hi pam±ºa½ sandh±ya aµµhakath±ya½ “suppamatte v± sar±vamatte v±”ti (visuddhi. 1.55) vutta½. Vivaµµanti nibb±na½. Kasiºaparikamma½ karontopi hi ettakeyeva aµµhatv± nibb±natth±yeva v±yamati. Bher²talasama½ katv±ti p±ºik±ya gha½setv± ninnatunnataµµh±n±bh±vena bher²tala½ viya sama½ katv±. Sammajjitv±na ta½ µh±nanti yasmi½ µh±ne nis²ditv± ta½ kasiºa½ oloketi, ta½ µh±na½ sace ukl±pa½ hoti, sammajjitv±. Nhatv±ti sar²radarathavinodanattha½ nhatv±.
851-2. Tamh± kasiºamaº¹al± hatthap±sappam±ºasmi½ padeseti tamh± kasiºamaº¹alassa, µhapitaµµh±namh± a¹¹hateyyahatthantare padese, kasiºamaº¹alassa, p²µhassa ca majjha½ hatthap±sappam±ºa½ katv± paññatteti vutta½ hoti. Vidatthicaturaªgule ucceti vidatthicaturaªgula½ hutv± ucce, vidatthicaturaªgulap±daketi vutta½ hoti. D³re nisinnassa hi kasiºa½ na upaµµh±ti, ±sannatare nisinnassa hatthap±ºik±pad±dayo kasiºados± paññ±yanti. Uccatare nisinnena ca g²va½ paº±metv± oloketabba½ hoti, n²catare jaººuk±ni rujjanti, tasm± hatthap±sappam±ºe padese vidatthicaturaªgulap±dake p²µhe nis²ditabba½. Yasm± cat³su iriy±pathesu sayana½ kosajjapakkhiya½, µh±nacaªkaman±ni uddhaccapakkhiy±ni, nisajj± pana al²nuddhaccapakkhiy±, santo iriy±patho, tasm± vutta½ “nis²ditv±”ti, samantato ³rubaddh±sana½ pallaªka½ ±bhujitv±ti attho. Yen±k±rena nis²dantassa nisajj± sukh± hoti, ta½ dassetu½ vutta½ “uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±y±”ti. Uparima½ sar²ra½ ujuka½ µhapetv± aµµh±rasapiµµhikaºµake koµiy± koµi½ paµip±detv±ti attho. Evañhi nisinnassa cammama½sanah±r³ni na oºamanti, athassa y± tesa½ oºamanapaccay± khaºe khaºe vedan± uppajjeyyu½, t± na uppajjanti. T±su anuppann±su citta½ ekagga½ hoti, kammaµµh±na½ na paripatati. Tato ca pubben±para½ visesappattiy± vuddhi½ ph±ti½ upagacchati. Id±ni ±rammaºapariggahup±ya½ dassento ±ha “katv± parimukha½ satin”ti, kammaµµh±n±bhimukha½ sati½ µhapetv±ti attho. Abhi-saddena hi sam±nattho idha pari-saddo, atha v± sam²patthena pari-saddena mukhassa sam²pe sati½ katv±ti attho. Yath±ha– “aya½ sati upaµµhit± hoti supaµµhit± n±sikagge v± mukhanimitte v±. Tena vuccati parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±”ti (vibha. 537). Atha v± “par²ti pariggahaµµho, mukhanti niyy±naµµho, sat²ti upaµµh±naµµho. Tena vuccati ‘parimukha½ satin”ti (paµi. ma. 1.164) vacanato “pariº±yik±”ti-±d²su viya pari-saddo pariggahaµµho, “suññatavimokkhamukhan”ti-±d²su viya mukha-saddo niyy±naµµhoti katv± pariggahitaniyy±nasati½ katv± sabbath± gahit±sammosa½ pariccattasammosa½ satinepakka½ upaµµhapetv±ti vutta½ hoti.