12. Dv±dasamo paricchedo

Paññattiniddesavaººan±

Etth±ti yath±-uddiµµhadhamm±na½ niddesapariyos±ne. Ettakamev±ti cittacetasikar³panibb±namattameva. Paññ±petabbatoti paramatthadhamm± viya sakasakasabh±vavasena apaññ±yam±n± hutv± lokasaªketavasena paññ±piyam±natt±. Paññ±panatoti paramatthavasena vijjam±n±vijjam±nadhamm±na½ pak±sanavasena paññ±panato. Tattha “paññ±petabbato”ti imin± paññ±p²yati pak±rena ñ±p²yat²ti paññatt²ti eva½ kammas±dhanavasena atthapaññattibh³t± up±d±paññatti vutt±. “Paññ±panato”ti imin± paññ±peti pak±rena ñ±pet²ti paññatt²ti eva½ kattus±dhanavasena tass± abhidh±yakabh³t± n±mapaññatt²ti veditabba½. Paººattidukaniddese “saªkh±…pe… voh±ro”ti (dha. sa. 1313-1314) cat³hi padehi up±d±paññatti vutt±. “N±ma½…pe… abhil±po”ti (dha. sa. 1313-1314) chahi padehi n±mapaññatti kathit±ti ±cariy±na½ icchitatt± vutta½ “tenev±h±”ti-±di. Tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±nanti heµµh± abhidhammam±tik±ya vutt±na½ kusal±kusal±didhamm±na½. Saªkh±ti “aha½ mam±”ti-±din± saªkh±yam±nat±. Samaññ±ti saªketavasena ñ±yam±nat±. Paññatt²ti asaªkaravasena anekadh± vibhajitv± paññ±piyam±nat±. Voh±roti p±kaµa½ katv± vuccam±nat±, kathanavasena upayujjam±nat± v±. Atth±bhimukha½ namat²ti n±ma½. Ta½ pana anvattharu¼h²vasena duvidha½, s±maññaguºakittima-opap±tikan±mavasena catubbidha½. N±makammanti n±makaraºa½. N±madheyyanti n±maµhapana½, n±madheyyanti v± seµµh±na½ n±ma½. Akkharadv±rena attha½ n²haritv± utti kathana½ nirutti. Byañjananti p±kaµakaraºa½. Abhil±poti abhil±pana½.
Ahanti r³p±divinimutta½ aha½k±rabuddhivisayabh³ta½ attano khandhasam³hasant±namup±d±ya paññatta½ tadaññ±naññabh±vena anibbacan²ya½ up±d±paññatti½ vadati. Ten±ha “ahanti h²”ti-±di. “Ahanti…pe… katv±”ti up±d±paññattiy± uppatti½ dassetv± yath±ti-±din± ta½ pak±seti.
Yasm± “samaññ± paññatti voh±ro”ti “eva½ saªkh±”ti imasseva vevacana½, tasm± vutta½ “id±ni paññ±panato paññattin”ti-±di.
Tadanur³p± j±t±ti tajj±, avijjam±napaññatti viya kevala½ lokasaªketavaseneva ahutv± dhammasabh±vassa anur³pavasena pavatt± paññatt²ti attho. N±mapaññattipi vacanatthasaªkh±tak±raºa½ up±d±ya paµicca pavattanato up±d±paññattivoh±ra½ labhat²ti tass±pi up±d±paññattipariy±yo vutto. Gaºµhipadak±ren±pi hi imin±va adhipp±yena up±d±paññatt²ti up±d±navat² paññatti k±raºavati½ k±raºabh³tamatthamup±d±ya gahetv± tannissayena paññ±p²yati, sabbopi paññattibhedo anena lakkhaºena up±d±paññattimeva bhajati. Anup±d±ya hi paññatti natth²ti vutta½. Upanidh±paññatt²ti paµipakkhabh³ta½ ekapaññatti½ upanidh±ya apekkhitv± pavatt± paññatti. Cakkhusota-ggahaºena ajjhattik±yatan±ni dasseti, r³pasadda-ggahaºena b±hir±yatan±ni. Pathav²tejov±yu-ggahaºena phoµµhabb±yatana½ pabhedato dasseti. Eteneva dhamm±yatanepi labbham±nabhedo dassitoti daµµhabba½.
Yasm± pathav±dik± paññatti sasambh±rapathaviya½ ekassa n±ma½ gahetv± sam³hamevop±d±ya paññ±p²yati, ghaµ±dik± ca paññatti dhammasam³hesu sabbesameva n±ma½ gahetv± sam³hamevop±d±ya paññ±p²yati, tasm± vutta½ “ekassa v±”ti-±di Tattha ekassa n±ma½ gahetv± sam³hamup±d±ya paññ±piyam±n±ya pathav±divasena p±kaµabh±vato ta½ µhapetv± itara½ dassetu½ “kathan”ti-±di vutta½. Aya½ sam³hapaññatti n±ma sam³hassa paññ±panato. Dis±k±s±d²su dis±-ggahaºena candas³riy±vattanamup±d±ya paññ±piyam±na½ puratthim±didis±paññatti½ dasseti. ¾k±sa-ggahaºena asamphuµµhadhamme up±d±ya paññ±piyam±na½ k³paguh±di-±k±sapaññatti½ dasseti. K±la-ggahaºena cand±vattan±dikamup±d±ya paññ±piyam±na½ pubbaºh±dik±lapaññatti½ dasseti. Nimitta-ggahaºena bahiddh± pathav²maº¹al±dika½, ajjhattikañca bh±van±visesa½ up±d±ya paññ±piyam±na½ kasiºanimitt±dika½ dasseti. Abh±va-ggahaºena bh±van±balena appavattanasabh±va½ ±k±s±nañc±yatanajh±na½ up±d±ya pavatta½ ±kiñcaññ±yatanajh±n±rammaºa½ abh±vapaññatti½ dasseti. Nirodha-ggahaºena bh±van±balena niruddha½ nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ niss±ya paññatta½ nirodhapaññatti½ dasseti. ¾di-ggahaºena khay±disabh±va½ ta½ ta½ dhammamup±d±ya paññ±piyam±na½ aniccalakkhaº±dika½ saªgaºh±ti. S±pi hi dis±k±s±dik± viya dhammasam³hamup±d±ya apaññattabh±vato asam³hapaññattiyev±ti.
ti aya½ dvidh± up±d±paññatti. Tajj±paññatti vacanattha½ amuñcitv± pavattito up±d±paññattiya½yeva saªgayhat²ti vutta½ “vijjam±na½ paramattha½ jotayat²”ti. Evañca katv± upari “cha paññattiyopi ettheva saªgaha½ gacchant²”ti vutta½. Vijjam±nanti sabh±vena upalabbham±na½. Avijjam±nanti µhapetv± lokasaªketa½ sabh±vavasena anupalabbham±na½. N±mamattanti n±mamattavanta½. Sotadv±rajavan±nantaranti paccuppannasadd±rammaº±ya sotadv±rajavanav²thiy±, tadanus±rappavatt±ya at²tasadd±rammaº±ya manodv±rajavanav²thiy± ca anantarappavattena Manodv±rajavanav²thipi hi sotadv±rajavan±nantarappavatt± taggahaºeneva idha gahit±. Gahitapubbasaªketen±ti “aya½ imassa attho, idamimassa v±cakan”ti eva½ vacanavacanatthasambandhaggahaºavasena gahitapubbabh±vasaªketena. Y±y±ti y±ya n±mapaññattiy± karaºabh³t±ya. Manodv±rajavanaviññ±ºena kattubh³tena. Manodv±rajavanaviññ±ºena v± karaºabh³tena, y±ya n±mapaññattiy± kattubh³t±y±ti attho. Paññ±p²yat²ti sammutiparamatthavasena pana duvidha½ atthaj±ta½ paññ±p²yati viññ±p²yat²ti vutta½ hoti. Ten±hu por±º±–
“Atth± yass±nus±rena, viññ±yanti tato para½;
s±ya½ paññatti viññeyy±, lokasaªketanimmit±”ti.
Katarajavanav²thiya½ pan±ya½ viññ±yat²ti? “Ghaµo”ti-±disadda½ suºantassa ekameka½ sadda½ ±rabbha paccuppann±t²t±rammaºavasena dve dve javanav±r± honti, tato saddasamud±yam±rabbha eko, tato n±mapaññattim±rabbha ekoti eva½ saddasamud±y±rammaº±ya javanav²thiy± anantara½ n±mapaññatti p±kaµ± hoti, tato para½ atth±vabodhoti ±cariy±.
Ya½ sandh±ya chakkanayo vuttoti sambandho. Tath± avijjam±n±nanti paramatthato avijjam±n±na½. Kenaci ±k±ren±ti paramatthato, lokasaªketato v± kenaci pak±rena. Anupalabbham±n±na½ pañcamasacc±d²nanti ±k±s±dipañcamasacc±d²na½. ¾di-ggahaºena aµµhamabojjhaªg±dike saªgaºh±ti. Pakatipuris±d²nanti satvarajatam±na½ sam±n±vatth± pakati-aªguµµh±diparim±ºo k±rako vedako att± purisoti-±din± parikappit±na½ pakatipuris±d²na½. ¾di-ggahaºena ±k±sakusum±di½ saªgaºh±ti. Vijjam±nena avijjam±napaññatti paramatthato vijjam±n±hi vijj±d²hi avijjam±nassa puggalassa paññattatt±. Sesesupi imin±va nay±nus±rena attho veditabbo. Etthev±ti up±d±paññattiyameva.
“Kusaggenudakam±d±ya, samudde udaka½ mine;
eva½ m±nusak± k±m±, dibbak±m±na santike”ti. (J±. 2.21.389)–

Vacanato manussaloke cakkavattisampattidibbasampatti½ upanidh±ya nih²n±yev±ti vutta½ “kapaºa½…pe… nidh±y±”ti. M±nusakanti manussaloke bhava½. Paramattho ca vijjat²ti p±µhaseso.

778. Tatiy± koµi na vijjati anupalabbham±natt±. Vuttañheta½ mah±-aµµhakath±ya½
“Duve sacc±ni akkh±si, sambuddho vadata½ varo;
sammuti½ paramatthañca, tatiya½ nopalabbhat²”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.439-443).
Parav±desu na kampat²ti pakatipurisantar±div±d²na½ paresa½ titthiy±na½ v±desu sampattesu, nimittabh³tesu v± na kampati na pavedhati na calat²ti attho.

Iti abhidhammatthavik±siniy± n±ma

Abhidhamm±vat±rasa½vaººan±ya

Paññattiniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.