11. Ek±dasamo paricchedo

Nibb±naniddesavaººan±

768-9. ¾dito r³p±nantaramuddiµµha½ ya½ nibb±nanti sambandho. Tassa vibh±vana½ yath±bala½ pavakkh±m²ti sambandho.
Bhav±bhavanti bhavato bhava½, khuddaka½, mahanta½ v± bhava½. Vinanatoti sa½sibbanato. Taºh± hi sa½s±ran±yikabh±vena bhavato bhava½, sugatiduggativasena khuddakamahanta½ bhava½ v± apar±parabh±v±ya sa½sibbati, tunnakaraºa½ viya karoti. Nikkhantatt±ti visa½yogavasena nissaµatt±. Maraºapaµipakkhat±ya, amatasadisat±ya v± amata½. Sabbadukkhanissaµatt± parama½ sukha½. Sabbepi saªkh±r± samanti upasamanti anuppattidhammata½ ±pajjanti eten±ti sabbasaªkh±rasamatho. Khandh³padhi-±dayo sabbepi upadh² upaddav± paµinissajj²yanti eten±ti sabb³padhipaµinissaggo. Yasm± ta½ ±gamma k±mataºh±dibhed± taºh± sabbaso khaya½ gacchati, virajjati, nirujjhati ca, tasm± taºh±kkhayo vir±go nirodhoti ca vuccati. Apica rujjhanti ettha satt± kilesaniga¼abandh±ti rodho, sa½s±rasseta½ adhivacana½, tato nikkhantoti nirodho.
770. Adhigam±ti tadanur³p±ya paµipattiy± ariyamaggena paµivijjhanena.
R±gakkhay±dibh±vena sabbadukkhasantiy± paccayat±ya, kilesasant±p±bh±vena ca santilakkhaºa½. Accutirasanti sabh±v±pariccajanato acavanasampattika½. Ass±sakaraºarasanti ass±sakaraºakicca½. Tañhi p±nabhojan±disuññe sabhayakant±re paribbhamanena parissantassa addhikapurisassa ass±sajanakabh±vena upaµµhita½ vanantodaka½ viya sabbaññubuddh±nampi vacanapath±tikkantamah±dukkhabherave sa½s±rakant±re paribbhamanena parissantassa yath±nur³pa½ paµipattimagga½ paµipannassa yog±vacarassa an±dimati sa½s±re supinantenapi adiµµhapubbat±ya dassanasamak±lameva paramass±sa½ janeti. Khandhanimittavicittat±ya aviggaha½ hutv± gayhat²ti animittapaccupaµµh±na½. Sabbasaªkhatanissaraºup±yabh±vato nissaraºa½ paccupaµµh±pet²ti nissaraºapaccupaµµh±na½.
Eva½ nibb±nassa lakkhaº±dika½ dassetv± id±ni vitaº¹av±dipakkha½ dassetv± pariharanto ±ha “etth±h±”ti-±di, na paramatthato atthi aññatra paññattimattatoti adhipp±yo. Kuto pan±yamabhinivesoti ±ha “titthiy±na½…pe… n²yato”ti. Yath±nur³p±ya paµipattiy±ti s²lasam±dhipaññ±saªkh±ta½ samm±paµipattiy±. Yath± hi cetoñ±ºal±bhino eva ariy± paresa½ lokuttaracitta½ j±nanti, tatth±pi ca arah± eva sabbesa½ citta½ j±n±ti, eva½ nibb±nampi s²l±disamm±paµipattibh³tena up±yeneva upalabbhat²ti “natth²”ti na vattabba½ ariyehi upalabbhan²yato. Yath± hi jaccandhatemirik±d²na½ adassanena “s³riy±dayo natth²”ti na vattabb± cakkhumant±na½ gocarabh±vena atthev±ti siddhatt±, evametampi b±laputhujjanassa adassanamattena “natth²”ti na vattabba½. Ariy±na½ pana paññ±cakkhuno padeseneva upaµµh±nato ekantena sampaµicchitabba½ “atthi nibb±nan”ti. Ayamettha adhipp±yo. Atha r±g±d²na½ khayamattameva nibb±nanti ceti sambandho. ¾yasmat±…pe… therena dassitoti sambandho. R±gakkhay±did²paka½ sutta½ neyyatthanti adhipp±yena “ta½ na”iti paµikkhepa½ katv± eka½sena ceta½ sampaµicchitabba½, itarath± yath±rutavasena p±¼iy± atthe gayham±ne bahudos± ±pajjant²ti te dassetu½ “arahattass±p²”ti-±di vutta½. Arahatta½ puµµhena tenev±yasmat± s±riputtattheren±ti adhipp±yo. Tava maten±ti s±sanayutti½ avic±retv± p±¼idassanamatteneva vippalapato tavajjh±sayena. Na ca paneta½ yutta½, tath±p²ti adhipp±yo. Lokuttaraphalacittassa r±g±d²na½ khayamattat±pajjana½ na yutta½ tassa aggaphalassa catukkhandhabh±vena p±¼iya½ ±gatatt±. Tasm±ti yutti½ avic±retv± p±¼idassanamatteneva voharantassa aniµµhappasaªgato. Byañjanacch±y±y±ti vimadd±sahabh³t±ya saddatthamattacch±y±ya. Ubhinnanti nibb±navasena, arahattavasena ca ±gat±na½ ubhinna½ sutt±na½. Atthoti adhipp±yattho.
Ko pana so atthoti ±ha “yassa pan±”ti-±di. R±g±d²na½ khayoti r±g±d²na½ anupp±danirodho. So dhammo akkhayopi sam±no r±g±d²na½ khayassa upanissayatt± khayopac±rena “r±g±d²na½ khayo nibb±nan”ti vutto “tipusa½ jaro, gu¼o semho”ti-±d²su phal³pac±rena vutta½ viy±ti sambandho. Kiles±na½ anuppattinirodhakkhayassa maggassa ±rammaºabh³ta½ nibb±na½ atthato “khayassa upanissayo”ti vattabbata½ labbhat²ti ±ha “khayassa upanissayatt±”ti. Khayopac±ren±ti attano k±riyabh³tassa khayassa attani upac±rena tassa n±mavasen±ti vutta½ hoti. Jarak±raºa½ tipusa½ jaroti vutto, semhak±raºa½ gu¼o semhoti vutto. Khayanteti r±g±d²na½ parikkhay±vas±ne. Khayoti v± maggo vuccati “khaye ñ±ºan”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. dukam±tik± 142) viya, tassa ante nirodh±vas±ne uppannatt± khayoti vutta½ phal³pac±rena, sam²p³pac±rena v±.
Sabbe b±laputhujjan±p²ti soºasig±l±dayo sabbepi b±laputhujjan± samadhigata…pe… bhaveyyu½ khaºavasena r±g±d²na½ khayassa tesampi atthit±ya. Tath± ca sati paµipattiy± niratthakabh±vo ±pajjeyy±ti adhipp±yo. R±g±dikkhay±na½ bahubh±vatoti r±g±d²na½ viya tesa½ khay±nampi tabbik±rabh±vena bahubh±vato. Evañhi sati r±gassa khayo r±gakkhayo, na dos±d²na½, tath± dosakkhayop²ti añño r±gakkhayo, añño dosakkhayo, añño mohakkhayoti tiººa½ akusalam³l±na½ khayabh³t±ni t²ºi nibb±n±ni, catunna½ up±d±n±na½ khayabh³t±ni catt±r²ti-±din± bah³ni nibb±n±ni n±ma honti. Id±ni ±di-saddasaªgahite dose dassetu½ “saªkhatalakkhaºan”ti-±di vutta½. “T²ºim±ni, bhikkhave, saªkhatassa saªkhatalakkhaº±ni, upp±do paññ±yati, vayo paññ±yati, µhitassa aññathatta½ paññ±yat²”ti (a. ni. 3.47) vacanato vayasaªkh±to khayo saªkhatalakkhaºa½ hot²ti vutta½ “saªkhatalakkhaºañca nibb±na½ bhaveyy±”ti. “Jar±maraºa½, bhikkhave, anicca½ saªkhata½ paµiccasamuppannan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.20) vacanato ±ha “saªkhatapariy±pannan”ti Ya½ pana saªkhatapariy±panna½, ta½ itarasaªkhatadhammo viya anicca½ hoti paccay±dh²navuttitoti ±ha “saªkhatapariy±pannatt± aniccan”ti. “Anicc± vata saªkh±r±”ti (d². ni. 2.221) hi vutta½. Ett±vat± ca ki½ vutta½ hoti? Yadi bhavato manorathaparip³raºattha½ khaya½ nibb±nanti vad±ma, asaªkhatassa saªkhatalakkhaºatt±, saªkhatapaµipakkhassa saªkhatapariy±pannatt± sabbak±likabh±vena niccassa aniccat±, tato ca paramasukhassa dukkhat± ca ±pajjeyy±ti vutta½ hoti.
Ett±vat± bhaªgakkhayassa nibb±nadosa½ dassetv± id±ni anupp±dakkhayassa tabbh±va½ nisedhetu½ “yadi khayo nibb±na½ bhaveyy±”ti-±di vutta½. Paµhamamaggassa anantarapaccayabh³ta½ ñ±ºa½ gotrabhu n±ma. Sesamaggapurecara½ vod±na½ n±ma. Phalasam±pattipurecara½ anuloma½ n±ma. Ta½ pana saªkh±r±rammaºamev±ti idha na gahita½. Bhadramukh±ti parassa anunayavacana½. “Kh²yant²”ti vattam±naniddesena id±ni kh²yam±nata½ pucchati. Esa nayo sesesupi. Upadh±retv±ti upaparikkhitv±. “Gotrabhu…pe… mukh±”ti pucch±ya “r±g±d²na½ khayameva vad±m²”ti tay± dinnapaµivacanassa avirujjhanavasena satipurekkh±ra½ katheh²ti adhipp±yo. Gotrabhucitt±d²na½ gotrabhuvod±namagg±na½. Gotrabhukkhaºe kiles±na½ anupp±danirodhassa abh±vato ±ha “r±g±dayo kh²yissant²”ti. Phalamev±ti kiles±na½ kh²ºak±le uppajjam±na½ phalacittameva. ¾rammaºa½ apassantoti gotrabhu-±d²na½ vattabb±rammaºa½ apassanto. Atha v± itaresa½ ±rammaºabh±ve sati gahetabbapaccaya½ apassanto.
“Apic±”ti-±di pariy±yantarenapi anupp±danirodhassa nibb±nabh±vanisedhana½. “Upp±d²yat²ti attho”ti pana maggassa uppattiy± kilesakkhayopi upp±dito n±ma hot²ti katv± vutta½. Na hi itarath± khayassa upp±do n±ma atthi. Atha v± “addh± so…pe… niruttaro bhavissat²”ti ettakena ganthena khaºanirodhassa ceva anupp±danirodhassa ca nibb±nabh±ve dosa½ dassetv± id±ni “khaye ñ±ºan”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. dukam±tik± 142) viya maggass±pi khayapariy±yatt± “r±gakkhayo”ti-±divacanamatteyeva sam±nabh±vena gahite maggass±pi nibb±nabh±vappasaªga½, tath± ca sati aniµµh±patti½ sambh±vento ±ha “apic±”ti-±di. Evañhi sati “upp±d²yat²”ti maggameva sandh±ya tiµµhati. Yadi maggassa nibb±nabh±vappasaªgo idha sambh±vito, eva½ sati gotrabhussa magg±rammaºat±didos± vattabb±ti? Sacca½ vattabb±, ettaken±pi pana parassa vacanapaµib±hana½ sakk± k±tunti parih±rantaradassane by±p±ro katoti. Yath±nur³p±ya paµipattiy±ti chavisuddhiparampar±saªkh±t±ya yath±nulomapaµipattiy±.
771. Assaddhoti pabuddhasaddho, magg±gat±ya acalasaddh±ya samann±gato, magg±gatasaddh±ya hi samann±gato ±k±se buddhavesa½ m±petv±pi “nicca½ sukha½ att±”ti vadantassa na saddahati seyyath±pi s³rambaµµhoti (a. ni. 1.255). Akataññ³ti akata½ nibb±na½ j±n±t²ti akataññ³. Sandhicchedoti bhavasandh±nakarassa taºh±p±passa chindanena puna bhavapaµisandhiy±pi chinnat±ya paµisandhi½ khepetv± µhito. Hat±vak±soti kh²ºapaµisandhikatt±yeva ±yati½ katthaci ok±saloke adissam±natt± vihat±vak±so. Vant±soti katthaci abhisaªg±bh±vato cha¹¹itataºhoti attho. Uttamaporisoti sadevaloke aggadakkhiºeyyat±ya visiµµho poriso.
Duppaµividdh±ti paµivijjhitu½, paµilabhituñca dukkar±. K±m±d²na½ nissaraº²yat±ya nissaraº²y±, yadida½ nekkhamma½, eta½ k±m±na½ nissaraºanti sambandho. Tattha k±m±na½ nissaraºanti k±mehi niggamana½, atha v± nissaranti niggacchanti ettha eten±ti v± nissaraºa½, k±m±na½ nissaraºaµµh±na½, nissaraºup±yanti attho. Nekkhammanti paµhamajjh±na½. Tañhi k±mehi nikkhantanti “nekkhamman”ti idha gahita½, aññattha pana pabbajj±dayopi “nekkhamman”ti pavuccanti. Vuttañhi–
“Pabbajj± paµhama½ jh±na½, nibb±nañca vipassan±;
sabbepi kusal± dhamm±, ‘nekkhamman’ti pavuccare”ti. (Itivu. aµµha. 109; d². ni. µ². 2.360; a. ni. µ². 2.3.66; visuddhi. mah±. 1.56; netti. µ². 76 missakah±rasamp±tavaººan±).
Ar³pa½ ±k±s±nañc±yatana½. Bh³tanti vijjam±na½, khandhapañcakanti attho. “Bh³tamidanti, s±riputta, samanupass±m²”ti-±d²su khandhapañcaka½ “bh³tan”ti vuccati. Attano k±raºa½ paµicca sama½, samm± ca uppannanti paµiccasamuppanna½. Paµhama…pe… bhaveyy±ti saªkhatanissaraºabh±vena vuttassa nibb±nassa abh±vappattiy± ca tadekayoganiddiµµh±na½ yath±kkama½ k±mar³panissaraº±na½ paµhamajjh±n±k±s±nañc±yatan±nampi abh±voyeva ±pajjeyya. Id±ni yath±dhippetamattha½ ±gamena dassetu½ “na tu khayo”ti-±di vutta½.
“Atthi…pe… suphusitanti c±”ti natthi nissaraºa½ loke, ki½ vivekena k±m±p²ti eva½ m±rena paµib±hite. “Atthi…pe… suphusitan”ti nibb±na½ patiµµhapentena ±¼avakattherena vutta½. Suphusitanti suµµhu phusita½, sacchikatanti vutta½ hoti. Aj±tanti-±d²ni catt±ri pad±ni aññamaññavevacan±ni. Atha v± vedan±dayo viya hetupaccayasamav±yasaªkh±t±ya k±raºas±maggiy± na j±ta½ na nibbattanti aj±ta½ K±raºena vin± sayameva ca na bh³ta½ na p±tubh³ta½ na uppannanti abh³ta½. Eva½ aj±tatt± abh³tatt± yena kenaci k±raºena na katanti akata½. J±tabh³takatabh±vo ca n±ma r³p±d²na½ saªkhatadhamm±na½ hoti, na asaªkhatasabh±vassa nibb±nass±ti dassanattha½ asaªkhatanti vutta½. Paµilomato v± samecca sambh³ya paccayehi katanti saªkhata½, na tath± saªkhata½, saªkhatalakkhaºarahitanti ca asaªkhatanti. Eva½ anekehi k±raºehi nibbattitabh±ve paµisiddhe pakativ±d²na½ pakati viya siy± nu kho, ekeneva k±raºena eta½ katanti ±saªk±ya na kenaci katanti dassanattha½ “akatan”ti vutta½. Eva½ apaccayampi sam±na½ sayameva nu kho ida½ bh³ta½ p±tubh³tanti ±saªk±ya tannivattanattha½ “abh³tan”ti vutta½. Ayañcetassa asaªkhat±kat±bh³tabh±vo sabbena sabba½ aj±tadhammatt±ti dassetu½ “aj±tan”ti vutta½.
Asaªkhatant²ti iti-saddo ±di-attho. Tena–
“No ceta½, bhikkhave, abhavissa aj±ta½ abh³ta½ akata½ asaªkhata½. Nayidha j±tassa bh³tassa katassa saªkhatassa nissaraºa½ paññ±yetha. Yasm± ca kho, bhikkhave, atthi aj±ta½ abh³ta½ akata½ asaªkhata½, tasm± j±tassa bh³tassa katassa saªkhatassa nissaraºa½ paññ±yat²”ti (ud±. 73)–

Evam±disuttapada½ saªgaºh±ti. Ten±ha “anekesu suttantes³”ti. Dhammena sadevakassa lokassa s±m², dhammassa v± yathicchita½ desanato s±m² issaroti dhammas±m². Tath±gata-saddassa attho heµµh± kathitova. Samm± s±ma½ sabbadhamme abhisambuddho, samm± sayameva sammohanidd±vigamena paµibuddho, buddhiy± vikasitav±ti v± samm±sambuddho.

Parittattiketi “paritt± dhamm±, mahaggat± dhamm±, appam±º± dhamm±”ti (dha. sa. tikam±tik± 12) eva½ paritt±didhammavasena ±gate parittattike.
Navattabb±rammaºatt±ti navattabb±rammaºattappasaªgato. Ten±ha “navattabb±rammaºapakkha½ bhajeyyun”ti. R³p±vacarattikacatukkajjh±n±ti catukkanayena tikajjh±n±, pañcakanayena catukkajjh±n±. Kusalakiriy±na½ abhiññ±bh±vappattiy± paritt±dikepi ±rabbha pavattanato “catutthassa jh±nassa vip±ko”ti ±ha. Tasm±ti yath±vuttayuttito ceva p±¼ito ca. Kiñca bhiyyo saªkhatadhamm±rammaºa½ vipassan±ñ±ºa½, apica anulomabh±vappatta½ kilese tadaªgavasena pajahati, samucchedavasena pajahitu½ na sakkoti, tath± sammutisacc±rammaºa½ paµhamajjh±n±dikusalañ±ºa½ vikkhambhanavaseneva kilese pajahati, na samucchedavasena. Iti saªkhatadhamm±rammaºassa, sammutisacc±rammaºassa ca ñ±ºassa kiles±na½ samucchedappah±ne asamatthabh±vato tesa½ samucchedappah±nakarassa ariyamaggañ±ºassa tadubhayavipar²tabh±vena ±rammaºena bhavitabba½, tañca nibb±nameva. Ten±hu por±º±–
“ѱºa½ ya½ saªkhat±lamba½, paññatt±lambameva v±;
p±pe hanti na ta½ vatthu½, tadañña½ sampaµicchiyan”ti.
R³pasabh±v±bh±vatoti etena yath± r³padhamm±na½ ruppanasabh±vo, paµigh±tavantat± kal±pato vuttiy± padesasambandho sabh±vo, eva½ nibb±nassa katthaci paµigh±to, sappadesat± ca natth²ti dasseti. Na hi nibb±na½ “asukadis±ya, asukapadese”ti v± niddis²yati. Papañc±bh±vatoti taºh±m±nadiµµhipapañcehi saha avaµµh±navasena abh±vato, tesa½ abh±vapaccayat±ya ca. Taºh±diµµhim±n± hi sa½s±re satte papañcent²ti papañc± n±ma.
772-5. Eva½ nibb±na½ yuttito, suttato ca s±dhetv± id±ni tassa pariy±yasandassanattha½ “accantamanantan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sa½s±rappavattiy± pariyos±nabh³tatt± anta½. Imin± anup±disesanibb±nadh±tu kathit±ti vadanti, sop±disesanibb±nadh±tupi vaµµati, akatantipi paµhanti. So heµµh± vuttatthova. Sa-upp±davayant±bh±vena ananta½. Kilesapari¼±h±bh±vena, kilesakkhobh±bh±vena ca santa½. Palokit±bh±vena apalokita½. Atittikarabh±vena paº²ta½. Sabbadukkhahananato saraºa½. Kilesacorehi anupaddutatt± nibbhayat±ya khema½. Sabbupaddavaniv±raºato t±ºa½. J±ti-±didukkhehi anubandhassa all²yitu½ yuttaµµh±nat±ya leºa½. Yath±paµipannassa santid±yakattena para½ patiµµh±bh±vato par±yaºa½.
Sabbap²¼±vimuttat±ya siva½. Upanissayah²n±na½ sabbaññumukhato sutv±pi µhapetv± guºavasena sabh±vato paµivijjhitu½ dukkarat±ya nipuºa½. Avipar²tat±ya sacca½. Sabbadukkhaparikkhayakaratt± dukkhakkhaya½. Tejussadat±ya santatta-ayogu¼e makkhik±hi viya cat³hi ±savehi ±rammaºakaraºavasena pavattitu½ asakkuºeyyat±ya an±sava½. Mah±k±ruºikass±pi dhammadesan±ya appossukkabh±v±p±danena paµivijjhitu½ dukkarat±ya sududdasa½. Lokuttaradhammesupi asaªkhataguºena visiµµhat±ya para½. Sa½s±ramah±samuddassa t²rabh³tatt± p±ra½. Ma½sacakkhuno, dibbacakkhuno v± agocarat±ya anidassana½. Nidassanasaªkh±t±ya upam±ya abh±vato v± anidassana½.
Avipariº±madhammatt± dhuva½. Tatoyeva paramapatiµµh±bh±vato d²pa½. Rog±dip²¼±bh±vato aby±pajjha½. Tatoyeva an²tika½. Taºh±lay±bh±vato an±laya½. Saªkhat±saªkhatesu asaªkhatakoµµh±sabh³tatt±, paramapatiµµh±bh±vato v± pada½. Avin±sabh±vena accuta½. Akkharaºato avinassanato akkhara½.
Saªkhatanissaµatt± vimutti. Bhavabandhanavimuttihetut±ya mokkha½.
776-7. Evanti yath±vuttanayena. Viññ±y±ti uggahaparipucch±vasena j±nitv±. Adhigam³p±yoti paµivijjhan³p±yabh³t± tisso sikkh±. K±tabboti paµipajjitabbo.
Saddha½, buddhiñca karoti va¹¹het²ti saddh±buddhikara½. Tath±gatamateti tipiµakabuddhavacane, cat³su saccesu v±. Paññ±ya sambh³ta½, paññ±ya v± sambhavo etass±ti paññ±sambhava½, tadeva sampas±dana½ buddh±d²su adhimuccana½, ta½ karot²ti paññ±sambhavasampas±danakara½. Atthabyañjanas±linanti atimadhurehi atthabyañjanehi samann±gata½, atthabyañjanas±ravantanti v± attho ra-k±rassa la-k±ra½ katv±. S±ra½ j±nant²ti s±raññ³, te vimh±pet²ti s±raññuvimh±pana½. Niµµhanti pariyos±na½, sutamayam³laka½ anup±d±parinibb±nanti adhipp±yo.

Iti abhidhammatthavik±siniy± n±ma

Abhidhamm±vat±rasa½vaººan±ya

Nibb±naniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.