Yadipi siy± duvidha½ middha½ r³pa½, ar³pañca. Tattha ya½ ar³pa½, ta½ n²varaºesu desita½, na r³panti? Tampi na, visesavacan±bh±vato. Na hi visesetv± middha½ n²varaºesu desita½ “yadapi, bhikkhave, thina½, tadapi n²varaºa½, yadapi middha½, tadapi n²varaºa½, thinamiddha½ n²varaºanti iti hida½ uddesa½ ±gacchat²”ti avisesena vuttatt±, tasm± middhassa duvidhata½ parikappetv±pi na sakk± n²varaºabh±va½ nivattetu½. Sakk± hi vattu½ ya½ ta½ ar³pato añña½ middha½ parikappita½, tampi n²varaºa½ middhasabh±vatt± itara½ n²varaºa½ viy±ti. Yadi middhassa r³pabh±va½ na sampaµicchatha, katha½ bhagavato nidd± hoti, nanu middhassa “nidd± pacal±yik±”ti-±din± vibhaªge vuttatt± nidd±bh±vo siddhoti? Nayidameva½, itthiliªg±d²su viya nidd±hetuno middhassa nidd±bh±vena vibhattatt±. Evampi nidd±hetuno middhassa abh±vato katha½ bhagavato nidd±ti ce? S± bhagavato natth²ti na sakk± vattu½ “abhij±n±mi kho pan±ha½ aggivessana…pe… div± supit±”ti-±divacanato (ma. ni. 1.387) na nidd± bhagavato middhena, atha kho sar²ragelaññena, tañca bhagavato natth²ti na sakk± vattu½ “piµµhi me ±gil±yati, tamaha½ ±yamiss±m²”ti (ma. ni. 2.22; sa½. ni. 4.243) vacanato. Na cettha evamavadh±raºa½ daµµhabba½ “middhameva nidd±het³”ti, tasm± aññopi atthi nidd±hetu. Ko pana soti? Sar²ragelañña½, tasm± na bhagavato nidd± middhahetuk±ti daµµhabba½.
698. Visu½ visu½ abh±va½ dassetv±ti v±yodh±tu-±dito visu½ visu½ natthibh±va½ dassetv±. Katha½ pana so dassitabboti ±ha “v±yodh±tuy±”ti-±di. Tattha k±yabala½ n±ma atthato v±yodh±tuy± pavatti-±k±raviseso tass± vipph±rabh±vato. Yato b±l±na½ balanti vadant²ti vutta½ “v±yodh±tuy± gahit±ya balar³pa½ gahitamev±”ti. Sambhavo k±madh±tuya½ ekaccasatt±na½ indriyaparip±kapaccayo ±podh±tuy± pavatti-±k±ravisesoti ±ha “±podh±tuy± sambhavar³pan”ti. Gahit±ya gahitamev±ti sambandho. Upacayasantativinimutto r³pupp±do natthi, upp±d±vatth±ya ca aññ± j±ti n±ma natthev±ti vutta½ “upacayasantat²hi j±tir³pan”ti. Kammasamuµµh±nassapi rogassa visabh±gapaccayasamuppanno dh±tukkhobho ±sannak±raºa½ pageva itarassa. So atthato r³padhamm±na½ p±k±vatth± µhitibhaªgakkhaºesu eva siy±ti vutta½ “jarat±-aniccat±d²hi rogar³pa½ gahitan”ti.
699-704. R³p±ni samuµµhahanti j±yanti eteh²ti r³pasamuµµh±n±ni. K±ni pana t±n²ti ±ha “utucitt±h±rakamm±n²”ti.
¾h±ro r³pahetuyoti ettha iti-saddo pakkhipitabbo, kamma½, utu ca cittañca ±h±roti ime r³pahetuyoti. R³pahetuyoti ca r³passa janakapaccay±ti attho. Ten±ha “etehev±”ti-±di. Ekameka½yeva samuµµh±na½ etesanti ekasamuµµh±n±. Nanu ekato eva paccayato paccayuppannassa uppatti natth²ti? Sacca½ natthi, r³pajanakapaccayesu ekatoti ayamettha abhisandhi. Aµµhindriy±n²ti cakkh±d²ni pañca, itthipurisindriyadvaya½, j²vitañc±ti aµµhindriy±ni. K±yavac²viññattivasena viññattidvaya½.
Dv²h²ti koci cittena, koci utun± c±ti eva½ dv²hi. Na hi ekasseva dve ekakkhaºe paccay± honti. Eva½ sesesupi. Utu-±h±ra…pe… katanti ekeka½ utun±, ±h±rena, cittena c±ti t²hi kata½. Catasso c±pi dh±tuyoti catt±ri mah±bh³t±ni. T±ni hi nissattanijj²vaµµhena dh±t³ti vuccanti. Kamm±d²hi cat³hi bhavant²ti catubbhav±. Dveti jarat± aniccat±.
705-6. Id±ni missakasamuµµh±n±nipi gahetv± ta½ta½paccayaj±t±na½ gaºanapariccheda½ dassetu½ “kammen±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha aµµhindriy±ni vatthu suddhaµµhaka½ santaty³pacay±k±s±ti v²sati kammaj±. Viññattidvaya½ saddo lahut±dittaya½ suddhaµµhak±dayo ek±das±ti sattarasa cetas± j±yare, cittaj±ti attho. Saddo lahut±dittaya½ suddhaµµhak±dayo ek±das±ti dasapañceva pannarasa utun± j±yare. Lahut±dittaya½ suddhaµµhak±dayo ek±das±ti cuddasa ±h±rato. Jarat±-aniccat±hi te aµµhasaµµhi ca hontev±ti sambandho.
707-8. “Jarat±…pe… samuµµhit±”ti vatv± puna tattha k±raºa½ dassetu½ “j±tass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha j±tassa p±kabhedatt±ti jarat±ya j±tadhammassa p±katt±, aniccat±ya ca bhedatt±ti attho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– jarat±-aniccat± n±ma uppannadhammassa honti, no uppajjam±nassa. Yadi hi uppajjam±nassa siyu½, tad± t±sampi j±yam±nattapariy±yo yujjeyya. Uppannadhammassa pana j±tito para½ im±sa½ sambhavato na j±yant²ti vattu½ vaµµat²ti. Yadi pana koci tesampi j±tabh±ve ko virodhoti paµipajjeyya, tassa ta½ dugg±ha½ vidhamento ±ha “j±yeyyun”ti-±di. Hontu n±ma tesampi p±kabhed± tad±pi ko virodhoti ±ha “na h²”ti-±di. P±ko na paripaccat²ti sambandho, etena na bhijjat²ti d²pita½ hoti. Pakkassa hi bhaªgo niyato. Bhedo v± na ca bhijjat²ti etth±pi p±kabh±vopi vuttova. Na hi apakka½ bhijjat²ti, aññath± upp±dabhaªg±na½ anaññattappasaªgato. Natthi tanti p±kabhed±na½ paccana½ bhijjana½ natth²ti vuttamevattha½ saªkhipitv± ±ha.
Ett±vat± ca ki½ vutta½ hoti? Yadi jarat±-aniccat± kenaci paccayena j±yeyyu½, tad± uppannassa n±ma jar±ya, bhaªgena ca bhavitabbanti tesa½ jarat±-aniccat±pi siyu½, na ca panet± upalabbhanti. Kasm±? Yasm± na jarat± aññajar±ya j²rati, bhijjati v±, na ca bhaªgo aññena bhaªgena bhijjati, j²rati v±, itarath± s±pi jar± apar±ya jar±ya, bhaªgena ca j²rati, bhijjati, so ca bhaªgo aññ±ya jar±ya, aññena bhaªgena j²rati, bhijjat²ti anavaµµh±nappasaªgatoti vutta½ hoti.
709-10. “J±tass±”ti-±di nigamana½. Atha v± uttari vattabbacodan±ya phalaµhapana½. “Siy± katthac²”ti-±di paramat±saªkana½. Etth±ti etasmi½ “jarat±-aniccat±dvaya½ na paccati, na bhijjati v±”ti adhik±re. R³pass³pacayot²ti iti-saddo ±di-attho, tena “r³passa upacayo santat²”ti vacanen±ti attho. Eva½ p±kopi paccatu, bhedopi paribhijjat³ti sambandho. Aya½ panettha adhipp±yo– yath± kamm±d²hi uppajjanakar³paniddese “katama½ ta½ r³pa½ up±dinna½? Cakkh±yatana½…pe… k±y±yatana½ itthindriya½ purisindriya½ j²vitindriya½, ya½ v± panaññampi atthi r³pa½ kammassa katatt± r³p±yatana½…pe… phoµµhabb±yatana½ ±k±sadh±tu r³passa upacayo r³passa santati kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 652) upacayasantat²na½ niddiµµhatt± j±ti j±yat²ti d²pita½ hoti tass± aparaj±tiy± abh±vepi. Eva½ jar±bhaªg±na½ aparajar±bhaªg±bh±vepi j²raºa½, bhijjanañca sampaµicchitabba½, itarath± j±tiy±pi bhedan± tadavatth±yev±ti.
711. “Na cev±”ti-±di yath±saªkitaparamatassa paµikkhipana½. Yadi j±yat²ti na viññ±tabba½, evañca sati niddese kasm± vuttanti ±ha “j±yam±nass±”ti-±di. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– asatipi j±tiy± j±yam±natte j±yam±n±na½ dhamm±na½ abhinibbattibh±vato tass± tappaccayabh±vavoh±ro anumatoti tattha vutt±, na pana paramatthato j±yam±natt±. J±yam±nassa hi abhinibbattimatta½ j±ti, tasm± asiddhena asiddhas±dhanametanti.
712-7. “Tatth±”ti-±din± punapi paramat±saªka½ katv± paµikkhipati. Tattha yesa½ dhamm±na½ y± j±ti, s± tappaccayattavoh±ra½, abhinibbattisammutiñca labhatev±ti sambandho. Tath±ti yath± labhateva, tath±. Ya½ta½-sadd± hi abyabhic±ritasambandh±. Tesa½ dhamm±na½ paccay± etiss±ti tappaccay±, tass± bh±vo tappaccayatta½, tappaccayattena pavatto voh±ro tappaccayattavoh±ro, ta½ kammapaccayabh±v±divoh±ranti attho. Abhinibbattisammutinti abhinibbattati j±yat²ti eva½ abhinibbattivasena pavattasammuti½. Kamm±disambhavanti kamm±dicatupaccayasamuµµh±na½. Janak±na½ paccay±na½ ±nubh±vakkhaºupp±de abh±vatoti sambandho. Aya½ panettha attho– ye te r³p±na½ janakapaccay±, tesa½ tadupp±dana½ pati anuparataby±p±r±na½ yo so paccay³palakkhaºiyo kicc±nubh±vakkhaºo, tad± j±yam±n±na½ dhamm±na½ vik±rabh±vena labbham±nata½ sandh±ya vineyyapuggalavasena j±tiy± paccayato j±tatta½ anuññ±ta½ tato pure pacch± ca anupalabbham±natt±, evañca katv± vutta½ “j±tiy± pana labbhat²”ti. Jar±bhaªg±na½ pana paccay±nubh±vakkhaºato uttari µhitibhaªgakkhaºesu labbham±natt± na eva½ anuññ±tu½ sakk±ti, j±tiy± pana labbhati so voh±roti adhipp±yo. Tappaccayattavoh±ranti-±dig±th±dvaya½ nigamanavasena vutta½.
718-9. Atha ki½ im±ya g²v±kaº¹³y±ya, nanu vutta½ bhagavat± suttante “jar±maraºa½, bhikkhave, anicca½ saªkhata½ paµiccasamuppannan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.20), tasm± kathameta½ vuccati, jarat± aniccat± ceva na kehici samuµµhit±ti yo vadeyya, tassa vitakka½ dassetv± paµikkhipitu½ “aniccan”ti-±di vutta½. Kasm± na vattabbanti ±ha “s± hi pariy±yadesan±”ti. Pariy±yadesanattameva vibh±vetu½ “anicc±nan”ti-±di vutta½. Tath±-saddena “saªkhat±nan”ti saªgaºh±ti.
720-3. Anicca½ saªkhatañc±ti ca-saddena “paµiccasamuppannan”ti saªgaºh±ti. Ayañhettha adhipp±yo– aniccasaªkhatadhamm±na½ jar±maraºatt± tesu santesu hoti, asantesu na hoti. Na hi aj±ta½ paripaccati, bhijjati v±, tasm± ta½ j±tipaccayata½ sandh±ya “jar±maraºa½ saªkhata½ paµiccasamuppanna½, tatoyeva ca aniccan”ti pariy±yena sutte ±gata½. Yath± viññatti-±d²na½ nippariy±yato cittasamuµµh±nat±bh±vepi cittaj±na½ vik±ratt± cittasamuµµh±nabh±voti. Viññattiyo viy±ti ca nidassanamatta½ daµµhabba½ lahut±d²nampi cittaj±dibh±vassa pariy±yeneva icchitatt±. Nippariy±yena aµµh±raseva nipphannar³p±ni kamm±disamuµµh±n±n²ti. Tayanti j±tijar±bhaªgasaªkh±t±na½ lakkhaºar³pattaya½.
Kha½puppha½v±ti ±k±sakusuma½ viya. Yath± ±k±sakusuma½ sabbaso aj±tatt± natthi, evamidampi natth²ti attho. Nicca½ v±saªkhata½ viy±ti yath± asaªkhata½ nibb±na½ kenaci asaªkhatatt± nicca½ dhuva½, evamidampi kenaci asaªkhatatt± nicca½ sassata½ v±ti attho. Nobhaya½ panidanti ida½ pana ubhayampi kha½puppha½ viya no natthi, na ca nibb±na½ viya asaªkhata½ v±ti attho. Nissay±yattavuttitoti j±yam±naparipaccam±nabhijjam±n±na½ j±ti-±dimattabh±vena j±yam±n±dinissayapaµibaddhavuttitt±. Tameva nissay±yattavuttita½ samatthetu½ “bh±ve pathaviy±d²nan”ti-±di vutta½. Aya½ panettha saªkhepattho– pathav²-±d²na½ nissay±na½ bh±ve j±ti-±dittaya½ paññ±yati, tasm± no natthi, yasm± ca tesa½ abh±ve na paññ±yati, tasm± na niccanti imameva ca abhinivesa½ nisedhetu½ bhagavat± j±tiy± catujatta½, jar±maraºassa ca anicc±dipariy±yo vuttoti daµµhabba½.
724-5. Nipphann±ni n±m±ti “r³passa paricchedo, r³passa vik±ro, r³passa lakkhaºan”ti-±din± paricched±dibh±va½ atikkamitv± attano kakkha¼att±din± sabh±vena paricchijja gahetabbatt±, apariy±yeneva kamm±dipaccayehi nipphannatt± v± nipphann±ni n±ma. Tabbipar²tato anipphann±.