“Kammaja½ vatthubh±v± ta½, cakkhu½va niyatakriya½;
cint±ya ca urokhed±, tatra tiµµhanti vij±niyan”ti.
Yadi manodh±tumanoviññ±ºadh±t³na½ nissayabh³ta½ hadayavatthu n±ma atthi, kasm± paneta½ r³pakaº¹e na vutta½. Na hi labbham±nassa avacane k±raºa½ atth²ti? No natthi k±raºantarasambhavato. Ki½ pana ta½ k±raºa½? Desan±bhedo. Yath± hi cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni ekantato cakkh±dinissay±ni, na eva½ manoviññ±ºa½ ekantena hadayavatthunissita½ pañcavok±rabhaveyeva tannissayatt±, ekantena nissitavaseneva ca vatthudesan± pavatt±. “Atthi r³pa½ cakkhuviññ±ºassa vatthu, atthi r³pa½ cakkhuviññ±ºassa na vatth³”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 584) cakkhuviññ±º±d²hi nissitehi visesitatt±. Yampi ekantena hadayavatthunissaya½ tassa vasena “atthi r³pa½ manoviññ±ºassa vatth³”ti-±din± duk±d²su vuccam±nesu na tadanuguº± ±rammaºaduk±dayo sambhavanti. Na hi “atthi r³pa½ manoviññ±ºassa ±rammaºa½, atthi r³pa½ na manoviññ±ºassa ±rammaºan”ti sakk± vattunti vatth±rammaºaduk± bhinnagatik± siyu½, na ekaras± desan± bhaveyya, ekarasañca desana½ desetu½ tattha bhagavato ajjh±sayo, tasm± tattha hadayavatthu na vutta½, na alabbham±natt±. Es± hi bhagavato pakati, ya½ ekaraseneva desana½ desetu½ labbham±nass±pi kassaci aggahaºa½. Tath± hi nikkhepakaº¹epi cittupp±davibh±gena avuccam±natt± avitakk±vic±rapadavisajjane vitakko vic±ro c±ti vattu½ na sakk±ti avitakkavic±ramattapadavisajjane labbham±nopi vitakko na uddhaµo, aññath± “vitakko c±”ti vattabba½ siy±ti. Nissayabh±vato upari ±ropetv± vahanta½ viya paccupaµµh±t²ti ubb±hanapaccupaµµh±na½.
675. Cat³su ±h±resu idha r³p±dhik±rato kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro gahetabboti ±ha “±h±rat±ti kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro”ti. Tattha kaba¼a½ kar²yat²ti kaba¼²k±ro. ¾har²yat²ti ±h±ro, kaba¼a½ katv± ajjhohar²yat²ti attho. Idañca savatthuka½ katv± ±h±ra½ dassetu½ vutta½. Kaba¼²k±r±h±rassa pana oj± idha ±h±ro n±ma. Ten±ha “y±ya oj±y±”ti-±di. So ca r³p±haraºasabh±vo upatthambhanabalakaro aªgamaªg±nus±r²ras±haraºabh³to bh³tanissito eko viseso. B±hir±h±rapaccaya½ paµilabhitv± eva ajjhattik±h±ro r³pa½ upp±det²ti aya½ ajjhattik±h±rassa upanissayabh±ven±pi r³pa½ ±harat²ti ±ha “ojaµµhamaka½ r³pa½ ±harat²”ti. Oj± aµµham² yassa ta½ ojaµµhamaka½. Y±ya oj±y±ti attano uday±nantara½ r³pajananato oj±saªkh±t±ya odanakumm±s±divatthugat±ya y±ya pharaºa-oj±ya. Yattha yatth±ti yamhi yamhi janapade, nagar±d²su ca. “Kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro”ti pavuccati tabbatthukatt±ti adhipp±yo.
676. Ki½ pana vatthuno kicca½, ki½ oj±y±ti ce? Parissayaharaºa½ vatthussa kicca½, p±lana½ oj±y±ti dassento ±ha “annap±n±dikan”ti-±di. Aggi½ harati kammajanti kammajateja½ gaºh±ti. Antokucchiyañhi odan±divatthusmi½ asati kammajatejo uµµhahitv± udarapaµalasaªkh±tamup±dinnar³pa½ gaºh±ti, “ch±tomhi, ±h±ra½ me deth±”ti vad±peti, bhuttak±le udarapaµala½ muñcitv± anup±dinnakavatthu½ gaºh±ti, atha satto ekaggo hoti. Yath± hi ch±y±rakkhaso ch±y±paviµµha½ disv± gahetv± devasaªkhalik±ya bandhitv± attano bhavane modanto ch±tak±le ±gantv± s²se da½sati, so daµµhatt± viravati, ta½ virava½ sutv± sace aññepi manuss± ±gacchanti, so ±gat±gate gahetv± kh±ditv± sakabhavane modati eva½ ya½ ya½ annap±n±dika½ vatthu, ta½ ta½ kammajatejo gahetv± j²r±petv± puna udarapaµala½ gaºh±ti, tasm± annap±n±dika½ vatthu attano udarapaµala½ paviµµhak±le up±dinnak±ya½ gahetv± µhita½ tato mocetv± att±na½ gaºh±panavasena ta½ attano santika½ harati. Kevalanti oj±viyutta½ vatthu j²vita½ kammajabh³ta½ ta½ p±letu½ na sakkoti.
677. Oj±…pe… p±cakanti oj± j²vita½ p±letu½ sakkoti, kammaja½ teja½ haritu½ na sakkoti ±m±sayassa apuººatoti adhipp±yo. Upatthambhanapaccupaµµh±noti ojaµµhamakar³paharaºavaseneva imassa k±yassa upatthambhanavasena paccupaµµh±ti. K±yen±ti r³pak±yena. Attano bh±vanti attano adhipp±ya½. Viññ±pent±nanti paresa½ saññ±pent±na½. K±yaggahaº±nus±ren±ti phandam±nak±yagatavaººassa gahaºabh³t±na½ cakkhudv±rikajavan±nantarappavatt±na½ nicchayaggahaºasaªkh±t±na½ manodv±rikajavan±na½ anussaraºena tesa½ anantaranti attho. Pañcadv±re hi r³p±di-±rammaºe ±p±thagate yath±paccaya½ kusal±kusalajavane uppajjitv± bhavaªga½ otiººe manodv±rikajavana½ tadev±rammaºa½ katv± bhavaªga½ otarati, puna tasmi½yeva dv±re visaya½ vavatth±petv± javana½ bhavaªga½ otarati, tasm± cakkhudv±rikajavan±nantarappavatt±na½ dvinna½ javanav±r±namanantara½ tatiyav±re pavatt±ya manodv±rajavanav²thiy± eva gahit±ya et±ya karaºabh³t±ya catutthav±re manodv±re javaneneva bh±vo viññ±yati. Etena viññatti-saddassa karaºas±dhanat± vutt±. Saya½ v±ti-±din± pana kammas±dhanattam±ha.
Eva½ viññatti-saddassa k±rakadvaye sambhava½ dassetv± id±ni k±ya-saddena saha kammadh±rayasam±sa½ dassetu½, “k±yo”ti voh±rassa viññattiyampi ca pavatti½ dassento “k±yena sa½varo”ti-±disuttam±ha. K±yavipphandanena adhipp±yaviññ±panahetutt±ti vipphandam±nak±yena karaºabh³tena adhipp±yaviññ±panahetubh±vato k±yena viññatt²tipi k±yaviññatt²ti sambandho. Aya½ panettha attho– viññattiy± k±yavipphandanassa hetubh±vato ta½hetuka½ k±yavipphandanasaªkh±ta½ k±ya½ gahetv± adhipp±yaj±nanato viññatti adhipp±yaviññ±panassa k±raºabh±vena gayhat²ti k±yena adhipp±ya½ viññ±pet²ti. Tath± k±yavipphandana½ gahetv± tassa k±raºamettha atth²ti viññattiy± gayham±natt± sayañca k±yena viññ±yati, tasm± k±yena viññatt²tipi k±yaviññatt²ti.
678. Cittaj±niladh±tuy±ti abhikkam±dipavattakacittasamuµµh±nav±yodh±tuy±. ¾k±ravik±rat±ti ±k±rabh³to vik±ro. Kassa pana s± ±k±ravik±rat±ti? S±matthiyato v±yodh±tu-adhik±na½ cittajamah±bh³t±na½. Ki½ ta½ s±matthiya½? Calanahetut±, cittajat±, up±d±yar³pat± ca. Atha v± cittaj±niladh±tuy± ek± ±k±ravik±rat±ti sambandho. Na kevalañhi s±mivacana½ calanasambandh±pekkh±ya eva, atha kho ±k±ravik±rasambandh±pekkh±yap²ti.
Yadi eva½, katha½ viññattiy± up±d±yar³patta½. “Cittaj±niladh±tuy±”ti hi vacanena v±yodh±tuy±va ±k±ravik±rat± viññatti ±pajjati, na ca ekabh³tanissita½ up±d±yar³pa½ n±ma atthi “catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±yar³pan”ti (dha. sa. 584) vacanatoti? N±ya½ doso, catunna½ vik±rat± cat³su ekassapi hoti catus±dh±raºadhana½ viya. Aniladh±tu-adhikakal±po v± idha “aniladh±t³”ti vuccati, tadadhike ta½voh±rato yath± sambh±radh±tuy± adhikabh±vena pathav²voh±ro, tasm± v±yodh±tu-adhik±na½ cittajamah±bh³t±na½ ek± ±k±ravik±rat± k±yaviññatt²ti na koci virodho. Adhikat± cass± s±matthiyato daµµhabb±, na pam±ºato. Itarath± hi tesa½ avinibbhogavuttit± na yujjeyya. Adhikat± hi attano adhikavasena itarehi vinibbhogappavattito hoti. S±matthiy±dhikañca k±raº±nuk±rit±ya. K±raºañhi abhikkam±dipavattaka½ citta½, ta½ calan±dhipp±yasabh±va½ tato samuµµhite kal±pe anukaronte v±yodh±tuy± eva adhikatta½ yuttanti. Keci pana “v±yodh±tuy± eva ±k±ravik±rat±”ti gaºhanti, tesa½ matena up±d±r³patta½ dur³papanna½. Na hi ekassa vik±ro catunna½ up±d±r³panti sakk± vattu½.
K²dis² pan±ya½ vik±rat±ti ±ha “sahaj±tassa r³passa calane het³”ti. Tattha sahaj±tass±ti attan± sahaj±tassa. Yasm± utucitt±h±raj±na½ calana½ cittajar³pasambandheneva hoti, nad²sotacalanena tattha pakkhittasukkhagomayapiº¹±d²na½ viya. Viññattivasena pana cittaj±nameva calana½, tasm± vutta½ “sahaj±tass±”ti. R³pass±ti r³pak±yassa. Calaneti santhambhanasandh±raºacalanasaªkh±te calitabh±ve. Santhambhan±dikampi hi calan±bhimukhat±ya calananti yujjati. Het³ti hetubh³t± sahak±r²k±raºabh³t±. Ett±vat± ca ki½ vutta½ hoti? K±yaviññatti n±ma neva phandam±nar³pak±yo, na ca phandam±n± v±yodh±tu, atha kho mahanta½ p±s±ºa½ ukkhipantassa sabbath±mena gahaºak±le sar²rassa uss±hanavik±ro viya r³pak±yassa paripphandanapaccayabh±vena labbham±no eko ±k±ravik±ro k±yaviññatti n±m±ti vutta½ hoti.
Nanu ca phandam±navaºº±divinimutto koci vik±ro atthi, tassa vaººaggahaº±nantara½ gahaºa½ hot²ti kathameta½ viññ±yat²ti? Adhipp±yaggahaºato. Na hi viññattivik±rarahitesu rukkhacalan±d²su adhipp±yaggahaºa½ diµµha½, hatthacalan±d²su pana diµµha½, tasm± phandam±navaºº±divinimutto koci vik±ro atthi adhipp±yassa viññ±pakoti sampaµicchitabbameta½ ekantena. ѱpako ca hetu saya½ gahitoyeva attano ñ±petabbamattha½ ñ±peti, na vijjam±namatten±ti. ѱpetabbavaººaggahaº±nantara½ vik±raggahaºampi anum±nato siddha½. Tath± hi vadanti–
“Visayattaman±pann±,
sadd± nevatthabodhak±;
na satt±mattato atthe,
te aññ±t± pak±sak±”ti.
Yadi vik±raggahaºameva k±raºamadhipp±yaggahaºassa, kasm± aggahitasaªket±na½ adhipp±yaggahaºa½ na hot²ti? Na kevala½ vik±raggahaºameva adhipp±yassa gahaºassa k±raºa½, atha kho purimasiddhasambandhaggahaºañca imassa upanissayoti daµµhabba½. Yath± hi araññe udakatitthe uss±petv± µhapitagos²s±d²ni udakanimitt±ni disv± tadanantarappavatt±ya aviññ±yam±nantar±ya manodv±rajavanav²thiy± gos²s±d²na½ udakasahac±r²pak±rasaññ±º±k±ra½ gahetv± “udakamettha atth²”ti j±nana½, eva½ phandam±navaººa½ gahetv± tadanantappavatt±ya aviññ±yam±nantar±ya manodv±rav²thiy± purimaggahitasambandh³panissayasahit±ya s±dhipp±yavik±raggahaºa½ hot²ti.
681-2. Sahajar³pacalanassa viññattivik±rasahit±ya v±yodh±tuy± hetubh±vo yutto, ki½ sabb± eva v±yodh±tu sahajar³pa½ c±let²ti ima½ codana½ sodhetu½ “labhitv± panupatthambhan”ti-±di vutta½. Upatthambhet²ti upatthambha½, upatthambhakapaccayanti attho. Ek±vajjanav²thiyanti manodv±rikajavanav²thi½ sandh±y±ha pañcadv±rikav²thiy± viññattisamuµµh±pakatt±bh±vato. Heµµh±hi chahi ca citteh²ti sattasu javanesu heµµhimehi chahi javanehi samuµµhita½ v±yodh±tu½ upatthambha½ labhitv±ti sambandho. Keci pana potthakesu “v±yodh±tusamuµµhitan”ti p±µha½ disv± upatthambhanti bh±vas±dhanavasena gahetv± heµµh± chahi cittehi uppannav±yodh±tusamuµµhita½ upatthambha½ labhitv±ti yojenti. Viññattisahitattan±ti saya½ viññattisahit± attan± sahaj±ta½ cittajar³pa½ desantaruppattihetubh±vena calayati, na itar±ti attho.
Aya½ panetth±dhipp±yo– yath± n±ma sattahi yugehi ±ka¹¹hitabbasakaµe sattamayugayutt± eva goº± heµµh± chasu yugesu yuttagoºehi laddhupatthambh± sakaµa½ c±lenti, paµhamayug±diyutt± pana santhambhanasandh±raºamattameva s±dhent± tesa½ upatthambhak± honti, evameva½ sattamajavanasamuµµhit± v±yodh±tu heµµh± chahi javanehi samuµµhitav±yodh±tuto laddhupatthambh± cittajar³pa½ c±leti. Paµhamajavan±disamuµµhit± pana santhambhanasandh±raºamatta½ s±dhent± tassa upatthambhak± honti, desantaruppattiyeva cettha calana½ uppannadesato kesaggamattampi dhamm±na½ calan±bh±vato, itarath± dhamm±na½ aby±p±rat±, khaºikat± ca na siy±. Katha½ panassa sahajar³p±na½ desantaruppattiy± hetubh±voti? Yath± attan± sahajar³p±ni heµµhimajavan±disamuµµhitar³pehi patiµµhitaµµh±nato aññattha uppajjanti, eva½ tehi saha tattha uppattiyevassa desantaruppattihetubh±voti daµµhabba½.