Sahaj±tesu bah³su pas±desu ki½ eko nissayo hoti, ud±hu sabbeyev±ti? Nanu vutta½ “pubbe ekampi cakkhu viññ±ºassa paccayo hot²”ti, katama½ pana tanti? Ya½ tattha visada½ hutv± r³p±bhighaµµan±raha½. Visuddhimaggas²ha¼asa½vaººan±ya½ pana “sabbeyeva nissay± hont²”ti vatv± “yadi eva½ ‘cakkhuñca paµicca r³pe ca uppajjati cakkhuviññ±ºan’ti ettha ‘r³pe c±’ti vacana½ viya ‘cakkh³n²’tipi bahuvacana½ kattabbanti anuyoga½ katv± ta½visodhanattha½ ‘sasambh±racakkhudvayanissita½ pas±dadvaya½ niss±ya ekameva viññ±ºa½ uppajjat²ti gaºheyyun’ti ima½ vippaµipatti½ nir±karontena bhagavat± bahuvacanamakatv± ‘r³p±yatana½ cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tuy± ta½sampayuttak±nañca dhamm±na½ ±rammaºapaccayena paccayo’ti-±d²su (paµµh±. 1.1.2) viya s±maññavasena ekavacana½ katan”ti vutta½. ¾cariyadhammap±lattherena pana tadeva s²ha¼asa½vaººan±vacana½ anicchantena “ekampi cakkhu viññ±ºassa paccayo hoti, r³pa½ pana anekameva paccayabh±vavisesato”ti vutta½. Tath± ceva amhehipi heµµh± vibh±vitanti. Yesa½ bh³t±namaya½ pas±do, teyeva imassa ±sannak±raºanti vutta½ “daµµhu…pe… padaµµh±nan”ti. Sotapas±d±d²nampi lakkhaº±diniddese vuttanay±nus±rena attho yojetabbo.
658. Kec²ti mah±saªghiyesu ekacce. Cakkh±d²su tej±di-adhikat± n±ma tannissayabh³t±na½ tadadhikat±y±ti dassento “tej±dhik±nan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tej±dhik±nanti pam±ºavasena catunna½ dh±t³na½ sam±nabh±vepi kiccavasena tejodh±tu-adhik±na½. Eva½ sesesupi. ¾k±sa …pe… sesak±ti ±k±s±dhik±na½ bh³t±na½ pas±do sota½, v±yu-adhik±na½ gh±na½, toy±dhik±na½ jivh±, phoµµhabbasaªkh±tapathav±dhik±na½ k±yoti attho.
659. Eva½ pana vadant±na½ ki½ uttaranti ±ha “te pan±”ti-±di. Sutta½ ±harath±ti na tumh±ka½ vacanamatteneva ayamattho sakk± saddh±tu½, tassa pana parid²paka½ suttam±haratha. Sutte hi ±haµe tassa neyyatthata½ n²tatthata½ vic±retv± yadi tassa vasena ayamattho paññ±yetha gaºheyy±ma nanti adhipp±yo. Suttameva…pe… kiñcip²ti ito cito ca sutta½ gavesam±n±pi addh± ekantena kiñcipi ekag±th±padamattampi tadatthaparid²paka½ sutta½ na dakkhissanteva tepiµake buddhavacane t±disasseva suttantassa abh±vato.
660. Kiñc±pi suttantavasena ayamattho na dissati, yuttito pana dissat²ti ce, tampi natth²ti dassento ±ha “visese sat²”ti-±di. Bh³t±nañhi visese sati pas±do katha½ bhave, neva bhaveyya, na ca bhaveyya, ki½ k±raºanti ±ha “sam±n±nañhi bh³t±na½, pas±do parid²pito”ti. Yasm± sam±n±nameva bh³t±na½ pas±do por±ºehi parid²pito, na visam±n±na½. Pathav²dh±tu-adhikakal±passa hi kakkha¼att±, ±podh±tu-adhikakal±passa vissandanato, tejodh±tu-adhikakal±passa pariggayham±natt±, v±yodh±tu-adhikakal±passa ca vissaraºato na tesu pas±do patiµµh±tu½ sakkoti, tasm± tesa½ kiccato sam±n±na½yeva pas±do uppajjeyya, na visam±n±nanti.
661-2. Yadi eva½ katha½ pas±d±na½ visesat±ti ±ha “tasm±”ti-±di. Yasm± vuttappak±rena pas±davatthuk±na½ bh³t±na½ visesena na bhavitabba½, tasm± etesa½ pas±danissayabh³t±na½ idam³na½, idamadhikanti eta½ visesaparikappana½ sabbaso sabb±k±rena pah±ya ñeyy± kammavisesena pas±d±na½ visesat±. Yath± avisesepi bh³t±na½ r³p±na½ ras±dayo aññamaññavisadis± honti, eva½ cakkh±dayopi bh³tavises±bh±vepi aññamaññavisadis± honti. So pan±ya½ visiµµhabh±vo kammavisesena viññ±tabbo. Ekampi hi kamma½ pañc±yatanikattabh±vapatthan±nipphanna½ cakkh±divisesahetut±ya aññamaññassa as±dh±raºavisiµµha½ s±matthiyavisesato. Na hi yena visesena cakkhussa paccayo, teneva sotassa hoti indriyantarabh±vappattito. “Paµisandhikkhaºe mahaggat± cetan± kaµatt±r³p±na½ kammapaccayena paccayo”ti vacanato paµisandhikkhaºe vijjam±n±na½ sabbesa½yeva kaµatt±r³p±na½ ek± cetan± kammapaccayo hot²ti viññ±yati. N±n±cetan±ya hi tad± indriyuppattiya½ sati parittena ca mahaggatena ca kammena kaµatt±r³pa½ ±pajjeyya, na cek± paµisandhi anekakammanibbatt± hot²ti siddhamekena kammena anekindriyuppatti hot²ti. “Na hi bh³tavisesena, hoti tesa½ visesat±”ti ida½ nigamanavasena vutta½.
663. Eva½ kammavisesato visiµµhesu ca etesu ±rammaºaggahaºepi aya½ visesoti dassetu½ “evametes³”ti-±di vutta½. Appattag±hakanti asampattagg±haka½ attano nissayena saha anall²yananissaye eva r³p±divisaye viññ±ºuppattihetubh±vato. Keci pana tampi “sampattagg±hakamev±”ti vadanti, ta½ na sundara½ s±ntare adhike ca visaye viññ±ºuppattihetubh±vato. Yadi hi cakkhusot±ni sampattavisayameva gaºhanti, cakkhupas±dato vicchinnadese µhitesu t±rak±d²su nissayavasena ca pam±ºato adhikesu candamaº¹al±d²su r³p±yatanesu sotapas±dato ca vicchinnadesasambh³tesu udaracammasandhicamm±di-antaritesu kucchisaddasandhisadd±d²su puthulesu ca samuddasadd±d²su sadd±yatanesu viññ±ºuppatti na siy± sampattagg±hak±na½ k±yindriy±d²na½ tath± adassanato.
Ettha ca vadeyya– adhiµµh±nato bahindriyassa pavatti hot²ti sampattavisayameva yattaka½ visaya½, tattaka½ visaya½ gahaº±k±ra½ pharitv± gaºh±ti, tasm± asiddhameta½ “s±ntare adhike ca visaye viññ±ºuppattihetubh±vato”ti? Ta½ na, adhiµµh±nato bahi indriyuppattiy± eva abh±v±. Adhiµµh±nadese eva hi indriya½ pavattati tattha kicc±dippayogadassanato. Sati ca etassa bahi pavattiya½ adhiµµh±ne pihitepi visayaggahaºa½ siy±, tasm± adhiµµh±nadese µhit±na½yeva cakkhusot±na½ asampattavisayasseva gahaºato n±siddhameta½ “s±ntare adhike ca viññ±ºuppattihetubh±vato”ti. Ten±hu por±º±–
“Sabbagocarayogepi, diµµha½ r³paravesu ya½;
vicchinnaputhuviññ±ºa½, sampattagg±hab±dhakan”ti.
Tassattho– sabbesa½ cakkh±d²na½ gocarena r³p±din± yoge ekak±riyas±dhakatt± sambandhe ghaµµane v± sam±ne sati r³paravesu r³pasadd±yatanesu visayabh³tesu cakkh±dito d³rabh±vena ceva kenaci anantaritabh±vena ca vicchinnesu pam±ºato puthulesu ca visayesu uppajjam±na½ ya½ viññ±ºa½, ta½ cakkhusot±na½ sampattagg±hassa sampattaggahaºassa b±dhakanti.
Apica yadi cakkhu sampattagg±haka½ siy±, attano maº¹ale µhita½ vaººampi passeyya. Tath± akkhipuµe añjana½ pakhumam³le akkhivaººa½ pakhumam³le ghaµµiyam±na½ añjanasal±kampi passeyya, na ca paneta½ dissati, tasm± tannissaye dese µhitameva visaya½ gaºh±ti. Sot±yatanampi yadi sampattagg±haka½ abhavissa, cittasamuµµh±na½ sadd±yatana½ sotaviññ±ºassa kad±cipi ±rammaºapaccayo na siy±. Na hi bahiddh± cittasamuµµh±n±na½ uppatti atthi. Paµµh±ne ca “sadd±yatana½ sotaviññ±ºadh±tuy± ±rammaºapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.2) aviseseneva saddassa sotaviññ±º±rammaºabh±vo vutto Kiñca yadi sota½ sampattagg±haka½ siy±, attano visayapadeseyeva gahetabbato gandhassa viya saddass±pi dis±desavavatth±na½ na siy±. Evañca sadd±nus±rena kaº¹a½ p±tentassa saddavedhino attano kaººabileyeva sarap±tana½ siy±, tasm± yattha uppanno saddo, tattheva µhito sotapathe ±p±tham±gacchati.
Yadi eva½ katha½ d³re µhitehi rajak±disadd± cirena suyyanti. Asampattagg±hakatte hi d³r±sannadesavatt²na½ samakameva savanena bhavitabbanti? Nayidameva½ d³r±sann±na½ yath±p±kaµe sadde gahaºavisesato. Yath± hi d³r±sann±na½ vacanasadde yath±p±kaµeva gahaºavisesato akkharavisesana½ gahaºa½, aggahaºañca hoti, eva½ rajak±disaddepi ±sannassa ±dito pabhuti y±va avas±n± kamena p±kaµ²bh³te, d³rassa ca avas±ne, majjhe v± piº¹avasena pavattip±kaµ²bh³te yath±p±kaµa½ nicchayagg±hak±na½ sotaviññ±ºav²thiy± parato pavatt±na½ manodv±rikajavan±na½ gahaºavisesato lahuka½ suto, cirena sutoti abhim±no hoti. Sotaviññ±ºappavatti pana ubhayattha sam±n± saddassa uppannadese µhitassa attano vijjam±nakkhaºeyeva sot±p±thagamanato. Yadi saddassa bh³taparampar±ya samantato pavatti natthi, katha½ paµighosuppatt²ti? D³re µhitopi saddo aññattha paµighosuppattiy±, bh±jan±dicalanassa ca paccayo hoti ayokanto viya ayocalanass±ti daµµhabba½.
Sesa½…pe… g±hakanti ya½ pana avasesa½ gh±najivh±k±yasaªkh±ta½ pas±dattaya½, ta½ sampattagg±haka½ hoti nissayavasena ceva sayañca attano nissaye all²neyeva visaye viññ±ºuppattihetubh±vato. Gandharas±na½ nissayesu gh±najivh±nissayehi saha all²n±yeva gandharas± viññ±yanti Phoµµhabbañca bh³tattayar³pa½ k±yanissayena all²nameva viññ±yat²ti.
Vaººavik±ram±pajjam±nanti dos±d²hi k±raºehi aman±pavaººassa uppattivasena vaººavik±ra½ ±pajjam±na½. Hadayaªgatabh±vanti cittagata½ ajjh±saya½. Pak±set²ti r³pamiva pak±sa½ karoti, saviggahamiva dasset²ti attho. Anekatthatt± hi dh±t³na½ pak±sanattho eva r³pa-saddo daµµhabbo. Ta½ pana r³panti sambandho. Cakkhumhi, cakkhussa v± paµihanana½ lakkhaºametass±ti cakkhupaµihananalakkhaºa½. Eva½ sotapaµihananalakkhaºanti-±d²supi. Paµihananañcettha visayavisay²na½ aññamaññ±bhimukhabh±vo yogyades±vaµµh±na½ paµigh±to viy±ti katv±. Yath± paµigh±te sati dubbalassa calana½ hoti, eva½ visay±bhimukhabh±ve sati visayino ta½sambandhassa ca vatthur³passa, tannissitassa ca bhavaªgassa calana½ hoti. So r³passa cakkhumhi, cakkhussa v± r³pe hoti. Ten±ha “yamhi cakkhumhi anidassanamhi sappaµighamhi r³pa½ sanidassana½ sappaµigha½ paµihaññi v±, ya½ cakkhu anidassana½ sappaµigha½ r³pamhi sanidassanamhi sappaµighamhi paµihaññi v±”ti (dha. sa. 597) ca ±di. Visayabh±vo ±rammaºapaccayat±. Gocarabh±vapaccupaµµh±nanti ettha anaññath±bh±vo visayat±, tabbahulat± gocarabh±voti aya½ visayagocar±na½ viseso. Sadd±yat²ti ud±har²yati, sakehi v± paccayehi sotaviññeyyabh±va½ upan²yat²ti attho. Att±na½ gandhayat²ti sugandha½, duggandhanti v± att±na½ pak±seti. Ten±ha “s³cayat²”ti.
664. Itthiy± eva indriya½ itthindriya½. Yath± cakkh±d²ni indriy±ni purisassapi honti, nayida½ tath±. Ida½ pana niyamena itthiy± eva hoti, tasm± “itthindriyan”ti vuccati. Eva½ purisindriyepi. Itthiy± bh±vo, itth²ti bhavati etena citta½ abhidh±na½ v±ti itthibh±vo. Paµisandhisamuµµhitoti paµisandhiya½yeva samuµµhito, paµisandhicittena saha ekakkhaºe samuµµhito. Etena µhapetv± liªgaparivattana½ cakkhundriy±d²ni viya imassa ap±tubh±vam±ha. Yañceta½ itthiliªg±d²ti ya½ paneta½ indriyaphalabh³ta½ itthiliªg±di. ¾di-ggahaºena itthinimitta-itthikutta-itth±kapp±na½ saªgaho. Tattha visada-avisadahatthap±d±dit± saºµh±na½ itthiliªga½. Itth²nañhi hatthap±dag²v±-ura-±disaºµh±na½ na puris±na½ viya hoti. Tath± hi t±sa½ heµµhimak±yo visado, uparimak±yo avisado, hatthap±d± khuddak±, mukha½ khuddaka½, thanama½s± avisad±, t± nimmassud±µhik±. Kesabandhavatthaggahaºañca itthinimitta½. Daharak±lepi suppakamusalak±d²hi k²¼± makaciv±kena suttakantananti ca evam±di itthikutta½, itthikiriy±ti attho. Avisadaµµh±nagaman±di-±k±ro itth±kappo. Purisampi hi avisada½ disv± m±tug±mo viya tiµµhati nipajjati nis²dati kh±dati bhuñjat²ti vadanti. Ida½ pana itthiliªg±diparid²pana½ akusalanti vatv± aññath±pi vaººenti ±cariy±. Katha½? Yonipadeso itthiliªga½, sar±dhipp±y± itthinimitta½, avisadaµµh±nagaman±dayo itthikutta½, itthisaºµh±na½ itth±kappoti. Ettha ca adhipp±yo n±ma purisasmi½ methunataºh±. S± hi t±sa½ nicca½ balavatar± pavattati, ato s±pi itth²ti sañj±nanassa nimittat±ya “itthinimittan”ti vuccati. Kiñc±pi itth²ti saññ±ºassa nimittat±ya kutt±kapp±nampi nimitteyeva antogadhat±, tath±pi tesa½ visu½ gahaºato sar±dhipp±y± eva nimittabh±vena adhippet±.