648. Cakkhu…pe… j²vitameva c±ti im±ni ekantakammasamuµµh±n±ni, purim±ni ca catusamuµµh±n±n²ti catt±l²sañca catt±ri ca r³p±ni bhavanti, catucatt±l²sa r³p±ni hont²ti attho.
649-52. Imesa½ pana r³p±na½ vasen±ti yath±vutt±na½ saªkhepato cuddasanna½, vitth±rato catucatt±l²s±nañca r³p±na½ vasena. Paripiº¹itanti samantato piº¹ita½. Yattha setampi atthi, kaºhampi lohitampi pathav²pi ±popi tejopi v±yopi, ida½ pana semhussadatt± seta½ hoti, pittussadatt± kaºha½, ruhirussadatt± lohitaka½, pathavussadatt± patthina½ hoti, ±pussadatt± paggharati, tejussadatt± pari¹ayhati, v±yussadatt± sambhamati. Ida½ sambh±ravantat±ya sambh±racakkh³ti paº¹itehi buddh±d²hi pak±sita½ parid²pita½. Ettha sitoti eta½ sasambh±racakkhu½ nissito tad±yattabh³to. Ten±ha “ettha paµibaddho”ti. Catunna½ pana bh³t±na½ pas±doti catunna½ bh³t±na½ pasannat±sabh±vo pas±do, “setena maº¹alenass±”ti p±µho yujjati. Potthakesu pana “sete tu maº¹ale tass±”ti likhanti. Kaºhamaº¹alamajjheti idh±pi “kaºhamaº¹alassa majjhe”ti vattabbe “catutthad³”ti-±d²su viya chand±nurakkhaºattha½ vibhattilopa½ katv± “kaºhamaº¹alamajjhe”ti vutta½. Evañhi attho ca yojan± ca suµµhu upapann± honti. Aµµhakath±yampi hi “setamaº¹alaparikkhittassa kaºhamaº¹alassa majjhe”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 596) vutta½. Apare pana yath±µhitavaseneva p±µha½ gahetv± “sabbaso parikkhittassa tassa sasambh±rassa cakkhuno majjhe setamaº¹ale kaºhamaº¹ale majjhe”ti yojenti. Diµµhamaº¹aleti abhimukhe µhit±na½ sar²rasaºµh±nuppattidesabh³te diµµhamaº¹ale.
653-5. Sandh±raº±…pe… hutv±n±ti sandh±raºanah±panamaº¹anab²janakicc±hi cat³hi dh±t²hi khattiyakum±ro viya sandh±raº±bandhanaparip±canasamud²raºakicc±hi attanissayabh³t±hi cat³hi dh±t³hi kat³pak±ra½ hutv±. Utucitt±din±ti t²hi santatisamuµµh±pakehi utucitt±h±rehi. Ettha ca kal±pantaragat± utu-±h±r± adhippet±ti vadanti. ¾yun± katap±lananti catudh±tunissiteneva j²vitindriyena rakkhiyam±na½. Tath± heta½ kammajar³paparip±lanalakkhaºa½. Vaººagandharas±d²h²ti ±di-ggahaºena oja½ saªgaºh±ti, “vaººagandharasoj±h²”ti v± p±µho. Vatthudv±rañca s±dhayanti yath±yoga½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±na½. Cakkhuviññ±ºassa hi nissayabh±vato vatthubh±va½, pavattimukhabh±vato dv±rabh±vañca s±dheti. Sampaµicchan±d²na½ pana tad±rammaº±vas±n±na½ aññanissitatt± dv±rabh±vameva s±dheti, na vatthubh±va½. Ðk±sirasam±nena pam±ºen±ti ³k±sirasam±nena padesappam±ºena lakkhita½ hutv± ³k±sirasam±nappam±ºe µh±neti v± attho. Tiµµhat²ti satta akkhipaµal±ni by±petv± sattasu picupaµalesu ±sittatela½ viya tiµµhati. Evañca katv± cakkhussa anekakal±pagatat± siddh± hoti. Upaddav±na½ paµalanir±karaºepi hi cakkhu vijjatev±ti. Yath± ca cakkhu, evamimassa nissayabh³t± catasso dh±tuyo, ±yuvaºº±d²ni ca satta akkhipaµal±ni by±petv± µhit±neva avinibbhogavuttitt±ti gahetabba½.
656. Vuttanti dhammasen±patin± vutta½. R³p±ni manupassat²ti ma-k±ro padasandhikaro “aññamañña½ samaºamacalo”ti-±d²su viya. Atha v± man³ti maccoti attho. Kiñc±pi cakkhu r³pa½ na passati, kiñcarahi tannissita½ viññ±ºameva. Tath± hi “mañc± ukkuµµhi½ karont²”ti-±d²su viya nissitakiriya½ nissaye viya katv± voh±rasambhavato “cakkhupas±dena passat²”ti vutta½. ¾cariyajotip±lattheren±pi hi imin±va adhipp±yena ida½ vutta½. Idamettha sanniµµh±na½, ki½ cakkhu r³pa½ passati, ud±hu viññ±ºanti, kiñcettha– yadi cakkhu passeyya, aññaviññ±ºasamaªginopi cakkhu passeyya. Atha viññ±ºa½, kuµµ±di-antaritampi passeyya tassa appaµigh±tatt±? N±ya½ doso. Yassa “cakkhu passat²”ti mata½, tass±pi na sabba½ cakkhu passati, atha kho viññ±º±dhiµµhitameva. Yassa pana viññ±ºa½ passat²ti mata½, tass±pi na sabba½ viññ±ºa½ passati, atha kho cakkhunissitameva, tañca antarite nuppajjati. Yattha ±lokassa kuµµ±d²hi vinibandho, yattha pana so natthi phalika-abbhapaµal±dimhi, tattha antaritepi uppajjati eva, tasm± ta½ anuppannatt± antarita½ na passati. Idameva ca sanniµµh±na½, ya½ kho cakkhuviññ±ºa½ passat²ti. Tañhi dassanakicca½. Yadi eva½ katha½ cakkhun± r³pa½ disv±ti. Tena dv±rena karaºabh³ten±ti ayamettha abhisandhi. Atha v± nissitakiriy± nissayassa pavuccati yath± “mañc± ukkuµµhi½ karont²”ti. Ðk±sirasam³pamanti ³k±sirasam±n³pama½, ³k±sirappam±ºanti vutta½ hoti. Idañcassa patiµµh±nok±savasena vutta½, na pana attano pam±ºavasena. Tañhi param±ºupariyantena pam±ºena atisukhumamev±ti. Ðk±sirappam±ºe pana padese ida½ pavattati. Na kevalañca idameva, sabb±nipi sabbaµµh±nikar³p±ni tattha pavattanteva. Idañca tattha nibbattanta½ ta½ padesa½ p³retv± eva nibbattati. Ek³napaºº±sakal±pavasena ca saheva pavattati, sattarasacittakkhaº±yukatt± r³p±na½, ekekassa ca cittassa t²su t²su khaºesu kammajar³p±na½ uppajjam±natt±.
657. Suº±t²ti sotanti ettha ki½ sota½ suº±ti, ud±hu viññ±ºanti-±din± heµµh± vuttanayena yath±sambhava½ yojetabba½. Tanutambalom±citeti sasambh±rasotabilassa anto sukhumehi tambavaººalomehi sañcite. Aªgulivedhakasaºµh±ne padeseti aªgulimuddik±saºµh±nama½sayutte padese. Vuttappak±r±h²ti sandh±raº±dikicc±hi. ¾yun± parip±liyam±nanti ettha vaºº±d²hi pariv±ritanti sambandhitabba½. Tiµµhat²ti pubbe vuttanayena ta½ padesa½ p³retv± tiµµhati. Sesa½ vuttanayena veditabba½. Gh±yat²ti gandhop±d±na½ karoti. S±yat²ti rasa½ vindati. J²vitamavh±yat²ti ettha rasaggahaºam³lakatt± ajjhoharaºassa j²vitanimitta½ ajjhoharaºaraso j²vita½, ta½ avh±yati tasmi½ ninnat±ya avh±yantamiva hoti. Uppaladalaggasaºµh±ne padeseti majjhe chinnassa uppaladalassa aggabh±gasaºµh±ne padese. Mal±nanti kiles±dimal±nañceva malavisay±nañca s±savadhamm±na½ anuttariyabh±va½ gacchantesu k±mar±ganid±nakammajanitesu k±mar±gassa ca visesapaccayesu gh±najivh±k±yesu k±yassa visesato s±savapaccayatt± soyeva tesa½ ±yoti vuccati. Tena hi phoµµhabbasukha½ ass±dent± satt± methunampi sevanti. Atha v± k±yindriyavatthuk± catt±ro khandh± balavak±mar±g±dihetubh±vato visesato mal±, tesamaya½ ±yo het³ti k±yoti vutto. Imasmi½ k±yeti imasmi½ sasambh±rak±ye. Sopi hi kucchit±na½ kes±dimal±na½ ±yabh±vato k±yoti vuccati. Y±vat± up±dinnaka½ atth²ti imin± kesagganakhagg±d²su k±yapas±dassa abh±vam±ha. Kapp±sapaµale sneho viy±ti imin±ssa nirantarabh±va½. Ime ca pana cakkh±dayo r³p±digocaraninnat±ya vammika-udaka-±k±sag±masivathik±saªkh±tagocaraninnat±ya ahisu½sum±rapakkhikukkurasig±l± viya daµµhabb±. Visamajjh±sayat±ya hi cakkhu vammikacchidd±bhiratasappo viya, bilajjh±sayat±ya sota½ udakabil±bhiratasu½sum±ro viya, ±k±sajjh±sayat±ya gh±na½ ajaµ±k±s±bhiratapakkhi viya, g±majjh±sayat±ya jivh± g±m±bhiratakukkuro viya, up±dinnakajjh±sayat±ya k±yo ±makasus±n±bhiratasig±lo viy±ti. Visamajjh±sayat±y±ti cakkhussa visamajjh±saya½ viya hot²ti katv± vutt±. Cakkhumato v± puggalassa ajjh±sayavasena cakkhu visamajjh±saya½. Esa nayo sesesupi.
Daµµhu…pe… lakkhaºanti ettha daµµhu½ k±met²ti daµµhuk±mo tassa bh±vo daµµhuk±mat±, r³pataºh±yeta½ adhivacana½. S± pana an±gate cakkh±d²su ±d²navapaµicch±dik±vijj±m³lapatthan±sabh±v± p±kaµ± ap±kaµ±ti duvidh±. Tattha y± aya½ “²disa½ ²disañca sukhumatamavisayaggahaºasamattha½ cakkhu hot³”ti eva½ kamm±y³hanato pubbe, pacch± v± uppann± p±kaµ±. Indriyavisesa½ pana an±masitv± avisesena paripuºº±yatanabhavasampatti½ patthetv±, apatthetv± v± tattha avigatataºh±vasena kamma½ karontassa appah²nabh±vena anusayit± api kammas±matthiyavicittahetubh³t± ap±kaµ±. S± duvidh±pi nid±na½ upanissayo yassa ta½ daµµhuk±mat±nid±na½, tadeva kamma½, ta½ samuµµh±nametesanti daµµhuk±mat±nid±nakammasamuµµh±n±ni, eva½vidh±na½ bh³t±na½ pas±do daµµhuk±mat±…pe… pas±do, ta½ lakkhaºamassa, tath± hutv± lakkh²yat²ti v± daµµhuk±mat±nid±nakammasamuµµh±nabh³tapas±dalakkhaºa½.
Ettha ca gabbhaseyyak±na½ dinnapaµisandhika½, añña½ v± kamma½ cakkh±d²ni nibbatteti. Opap±tik±na½ pana paµisandhikkhaºeva paripuºº±yatan±na½ nibbattam±n±na½ paµisandhijanakameva kamma½ paripuººasakalamattabh±va½ nibbattet²ti gahetabba½. Katha½ pana ekakammun± nibbattam±n±na½ cakkh±d²na½ visesoti? K±raºassa bhinnatt±. Ta½ta½bhavapatthan±bh³t± hi taºh± ta½ta½bhavapariy±pann±yatan±bhil±sat±ya saya½ vicittar³p± upanissayabh±vena ta½ta½bhavanibbattakakammassapi vicittabhedata½ vidahati. Yato tad±hitavisesa½ tath±vidhasamatthat±yogena anekar³p±panna½ viya anekavisiµµhasabh±va½ phala½ nibbatteti, na cettha samatthat±samatthat±sabh±vato aññ± veditabb±. K±raºavisesena ±hitavisesassa visiµµhaphalanipph±danasamatthat±bh±vato ekasseva kammassa so¼as±divip±kanibbattanahetubh±vena ca ayamattho sampaµicchitabbo. Lokepi ekasseva s±lib²jassa paripuºº±paripuººataº¹ulaphalanibbattihetut± dissateva. Ki½ v± et±ya yutticint±ya, na cintitabbameveta½. Yato kammaphala½ cakkh±d²ni, kammavip±ko ca sabbaso buddh±na½yeva ñ±ºassa visayo, na aññesa½ atakk±vacaratt±. Teneva bhagavat± “kammavip±ko acinteyyo, na cintetabbo, yo cinteyya, umm±dassa vigh±tassa bh±g² ass±”ti-±d²nava½ (a. ni. 4.77) dassetv± paµikkhitta½.
R³pesu ±viñchanarasanti ±viñchana½ puggalassa, ±vajjan±diviññ±ºassa v± tanninnabh±vappattiy± hetubh±vo. ¾dh±rabh±vapaccupaµµh±nanti nissayapaccayabh±vato. ¾lok±disannissayena kad±ci uppajjam±n±nampi hi cakkhuviññ±ºa½ uppajjanak±le cakkhu½ niss±ya eva uppajjat²ti. Etth±ha– cakkhuviññ±ºuppattisamaye sambhavantesu mand±mandamajjhim±yukesu ek³napaºº±sacakkh³su katama½ cakkhuviññ±ºassa ±dh±rabh±va½ paccanubhot²ti? Vuccate–
“Paµisandhicittassa upp±dakkhaºe uppanna½ µh±nappatta½ purej±ta½ vatthu½ niss±ya dutiyabhavaªga½ uppajjati, tena saddhi½ uppanna½ µh±nappatta½ purej±ta½ vatthu½ niss±ya tatiyabhavaªga½ uppajjati, imin± nayena y±vat±yuka½ cittappavatti veditabb±”ti (visuddhi. 2.700)–

Magg±maggañ±ºaniddese vuttanayena ekacittakkhaº±t²ta½ cakkhu r³pe ghaµµitv± viññ±ºassa nissayo hoti, tasm± dv²su bhavaªgacalanesu purimassa anantarapaccayabh³tena bhavaªgacittena saha uppannanti ayamattho idha s²ha¼asa½vaººan±ya½, visuddhimaggassa s²ha¼asa½vaººan±yañca vutto.

Ta¼±kag±mam³lav±sid±µh±n±gattherena pana “±vajjanena, tassa anantarapaccayabh³tena bhavaªgena v± saha uppanna½ cakkhun”ti vutta½, ta½ duvutta½. Evañhi sati aññasmi½ ghaµµite añña½ cakkhuviññ±ºassa nissayo hot²ti vutta½ hoti, evañca bhavaªgacalanato heµµh± tatiyacatutthehi y±va terasamacittena saha uppannampi nissayo hot²ti ±pajjeyya, na ceta½ vattabba½, tatiyacatutthacittato paµµh±ya uppanna½ kesañci v²thicitt±na½ dv±rabh±va½ na gacchati niruddhatt± manodv±rassa niruddhasseva dv±rabh±vassa dassanato. Yadi siy± “paµisandhicittassa upp±dakkhaºe uppanna½ vatthu½ niss±ya dutiyabhavaªga½ uppajjat²”ti-±divacanato “ekacittakkhaº±t²tameva nissayoti adhippetan”ti idampi ekacittakkhaº±t²ta½ nissayoti yujjat²ti, eva½ sati “tassa anantarapaccayabh³tena bhavaªgena v±”ti vacana½ yujjeyya, tena hi “cittakkhaºadvay±t²tampi nissayo”ti paµiññ±ta½ siy±, tasm± n±ya½ therassa adhipp±yoti dissati. “Ekacittakkhaº±tikkamo”ti ca anat²tekacittakkhaºassa dubbalat±ya ekacittakkhaº±tikkamena tassa balavabh±vad²panattha½ vuccati, na pana dviticatucittakkhaº±t²t±na½ nissayabh±v±bh±vato. Evañca katv± vutta½ ±cariyadhammap±lattherena “sampaµicchan±d²ni cuti-±sann±ni taduddha½ kammajar³passa anuppattito ekasmi½yeva hadayavatthusmi½ vattant²”ti, tasm± ta½ therassa manorathamev±ti na s±rato paccetabba½.