9. Navamo paricchedo

Puññavip±kapaccayaniddesavaººan±

560-1. Vaµµakath±ya lokuttaravip±k±na½ alabbhanato “lokiy±nev±”ti vutta½. Puññ±puññ±disaªkh±r±ti puññ±bhisaªkh±ro apuññ±bhisaªkh±ro ±neñj±bhisaªkh±roti tayo saªkh±r±. Tattha pun±ti attano sant±na½ apuññaphalato, dukkhasa½kilesato ca sodheti, pujja½ bhavaphala½ nibbattet²ti v± puñña½, attano phalassa abhisaªkharaºaµµhena abhisaªkh±ro c±ti puññ±bhisaªkh±ro, puññapaµipakkhato apuñña½, vuttanayena abhisaªkh±ro c±ti apuññ±bhisaªkh±ro. Sam±dhipaccan²k±na½ atid³rat±ya na iñjati na kampat²ti ±neñja½, ta½ abhisaªkharot²ti ±neñj±bhisaªkh±ro. Tattha d±nas²l±divasena pavatt± aµµha k±m±vacarakusalacetan±, bh±van±vaseneva pavatt± r³p±vacarakusalacetan± c±ti terasa cetan± puññ±bhisaªkh±ro n±ma. P±º±tip±t±divasena pavatt± dv±dasa akusalacetan± apuññ±bhisaªkh±ro n±ma. Bh±van±vaseneva pavatt± catasso ar³p±vacarakusalacetan± ±neñj±bhisaªkh±ro n±ma. Bhav±d²su yath± paccay±, tath± yesañca vip±k±na½ paccay±, tepi viññ±tabb±ti sambandho. Keci pana “tep²ti saªkh±r±na½ gahaºan”ti vadanti, ta½ na yutta½, eva½ sati “yesan”ti aniyamaniddesassa niyamakavacan±bh±vato.
562. Katame pana te bhav±dayoti ±ha “tayo bhav±”ti-±di. Tattha k±mar³p±r³pavasena tayo bhav±. Saññ²bhava-asaññ²bhavanevasaññ²n±saññ²bhavavasena, pana ekavok±rabhavacatuvok±rabhavapañcavok±rabhavavasena ca tayo bhav± ettheva samodh±na½ gacchanti. Catasso yoniyoti aº¹ajajal±bujasa½sedaja-opap±tikavasena catt±ro sattanik±y±. Tattha b²jakap±le nibbatto sattanik±yo aº¹ajayoni n±ma. M±tugabbhe jal±buje nibbattasattanik±yo jal±bujayoni n±ma. Padumagabbham±nusakagabbhamal±disa½sed³panissayena uppajjanakasattanik±yo sa½sedajayoni n±ma. Kutoci anuppajjitv± kevala½ tattha tattha paripuººaªgapaccaªgo hutv± uppajjanakasattanik±yo opap±tikayoni n±ma. Gatipañcaka½ heµµh± vibh±vitameva Paµisandhiviññ±ºassa vatthubh³t± ca viññ±ºakkhandh± cha viññ±ºaµµhitiyo n±ma. T± pana n±nattak±y±divasena sattavidh±ti ±ha “viññ±ºaµµhitiyo satt±”ti. Vuttañheta½–
“Sattim±, bhikkhave, viññ±ºaµµhitiyo. Katam± satta? Santi, bhikkhave, satt± n±nattak±y± n±nattasaññino. Seyyath±pi manuss± ekacce ca dev± ekacce ca vinip±tik±, aya½ paµham± viññ±ºaµµhiti. Santi, bhikkhave, satt± n±nattak±y± ekattasaññino. Seyyath±pi dev± brahmak±yik± paµham±bhinibbatt±, aya½ dutiy± viññ±ºaµµhiti. Santi, bhikkhave, satt± ekattak±y± n±nattasaññino. Seyyath±pi dev± ±bhassar±, aya½ tatiy± viññ±ºaµµhiti. Santi, bhikkhave, satt± ekattak±y± ekattasaññino. Seyyath±pi dev± subhakiºh±, aya½ catutth² viññ±ºaµµhiti. Santi, bhikkhave, satt± sabbaso r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkam± paµighasaññ±na½ atthaªgam± n±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±r± ‘ananto ±k±so’ti ±k±s±nañc±yatan³pag±, aya½ pañcam² viññ±ºaµµhiti. Santi, bhikkhave, satt± sabbaso ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ samatikkamma ‘ananta½ viññ±ºan’ti viññ±ºañc±yatan³pag±, aya½ chaµµh² viññ±ºaµµhiti. Santi, bhikkhave, satt± sabbaso viññ±ºañc±yatana½ samatikkamma ‘natthi kiñc²’ti ±kiñcaññ±yatan³pag±, aya½ sattam² viññ±ºaµµhit²”ti (d². ni. 3.332; a. ni. 7.44).
Ettha hi aparim±ºacakkav±¼av±sino manuss± k±m±vacaradev± punabbasum±tupiyaªkaram±t±dayo vinip±tik±sur± ca kusalavip±kapaµisandhik± vem±nikapet± ceti ime d²gharassakisath³lak±¼a-od±t±divaººasaºµh±navasena r³pak±yassa, ahetuduhetutihetuvasena paµisandhisaññ±ya ca n±n±bh±vato n±nattak±yan±nattasaññino n±ma, aya½ paµham± viññ±ºaµµhiti. Paµhamajjh±natalav±sino pana tayo dev± upar³pariv±s²na½ vaºº±dikamapekkhitv± attano vaºº±d²na½ nih²nat±ya r³pak±yassa n±n±bh±vato, paµhamajjh±navip±kaviññ±ºavasena sam±nasaññit±ya ca n±nattak±ya-ekattasaññino n±ma, aya½ dutiy± viññ±ºaµµhiti, catur±p±yav±sinopi vaººasaºµh±navasena r³pak±yassa n±n±sabh±vatt±, akusalavip±kasaññ±vasena saññ±ya ekasabh±vatt± ca dutiyaviññ±ºaµµhitiya½yeva samodh±na½ gacchant²ti veditabba½. Dutiyajjh±natalav±sino tayo dev± vaººasaºµh±n±divasena sam±natt± r³pak±yassa vises±bh±vato pañcakanaye dutiyatatiyajjh±nasaññ±vasena paµisandhisaññ±ya n±n±bh±vato ekattak±yan±nattasaññino n±ma, aya½ tatiy± viññ±ºaµµhiti. Tatiyajjh±natalav±sino pana tayo dev± r³pak±yavasena sam±natt±, pañcakanaye catutthajjh±navip±kasaññ±vasena paµisandhisaññ±ya ca ekatt± ekattak±ya-ekattasaññino n±ma, aya½ catutth² viññ±ºaµµhiti. Vehapphalav±sino ceva pañca suddh±v±sav±sino ca vaººasaºµh±navasena r³pak±yassa, pañcamajjh±navip±kasaññ±vasena paµisandhisaññ±ya ca sam±natt± catutthaviññ±ºaµµhitimeva bhajanti. ¾k±s±nañc±yatan±dayo tisso viññ±ºaµµhitiyo p±¼ivaseneva p±kaµ±. Asaññasatt± pana viññ±º±bh±vena nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanav±sino ca saññ±ya viya viññ±ºassa sukhumabh±veneva viññ±ºaµµhit²su na gahit±, satt±na½ niv±sat±ya pana “satt±v±s±”ti vuccanti. Evañca katv± tehi satta viññ±ºaµµhitiyo samodh±netv± nava satt±v±s± vutt±.
563-4. Id±ni eva½ vuttesu bhav±d²su dvatti½savip±k±na½ tiººa½ abhisaªkh±r±na½ paccayabh±va½ dassetu½ “k±me puññ±bhisaªkh±rasaññit±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Navanna½ p±kacitt±nanti sahetuk±hetukavasena navanna½ sugatipaµisandhivip±kacitt±na½. N±nakkhaºika…pe… paccayehi c±ti kusal±kusalakammassa at²tasseva attan± janetabbavip±k±na½ paccayabh±vato n±nakkhaºikakammapaccayena, tesameva balavak±raºabh±vato upanissayapaccayena ca. Vuttañhi tassa upanissayatta½ “kusal±kusala½ kamma½ vip±kassa upanissayapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.423). Sabbattha upanissayabh±vo balavakammavasena yojetabbo. Dubbalañhi kamma½ upanissayo na hot²ti paµµh±navaººan±ya½ dassitameta½.
566-8. Pañcannanti kusalavip±kacakkhusotaviññ±ºasampaµicchanasant²raºadvayavasena pañcanna½. Duggatiya½ kusalavip±kapaµisandhiy± abh±vato ±ha “na honti paµisandhiyan”ti. Eva½ paµisandhipavatt²na½ asaªkaravasena paccayavidhi½ dassetv± id±ni samodh±netv± dassetu½ “hont²”ti-±di vutta½. So¼asanna½ pavatte, paµisandhiya½ navannanti yath±l±bhavasena yojetabba½.
569-74. R³pe puññ±bhisaªkh±r±ti abhiññ±vajjit± pañca r³p±vacarapuññ±bhisaªkh±r±. Kasm± pana abhiññ±ya parivajjananti? Vip±kad±n±bh±vato, tañca kho panass± vip±kassa asambhavato na pana vip±kupp±danasabh±v±bh±vato. Yadi hi abhiññ±cetan± vip±ka½ upp±deyya, aññabh³mikakammassa aññabh³mikavip±kupp±dan±yogato sabh³mikameva upp±deyya. Ta½ pana ki½ navattabb±rammaºa½ v± upp±deyya paritt±di-±rammaºa½ v±? Kiñcettha– yadi t±va navattabb±rammaºa½ upp±deti, ta½ na yutta½ r³p±vacaravip±k±na½ ekantena kammasam±n±rammaºat±ya dassitatt±, abhiññ±cetan±ya ca saya½ paritt±di-±rammaºatt±. Atha paritt±di-±rammaºa½ upp±deti, tampi na yujjati r³p±vacaravip±k±na½ ekanteneva navattabb±rammaºabh±vato. Tath± hi vutta½ cittupp±dakaº¹e–
“R³p±vacaratikacatukkajjh±n± kusalato ca vip±kato ca kiriyato ca catutthassa jh±nassa vip±ko ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ ±kiñcaññ±yatana½. Ime dhamm± navattabb± ‘paritt±rammaº±’tipi ‘mahaggat±rammaº±’tipi ‘appam±º±rammaº±’tip²”ti (dha. sa. 1422).
Apica sam±dhivijj±sambh±rabh³t± abhiññ± sam±dhissa ±nisa½samatta½ sam±dhiphalasadis±. Tassa tassa hi adhiµµh±navikubbanadibbasaddasavan±dikassa yathicchitassa kiccassa nipph±danamattaphal± abhiññ±cetan±. Ten±ha “so eva½ sam±hite citte”ti-±di (p±r±. 12-13) tasm± sam±dhissa phalasadis± abhiññ±cetan± na ca phala½ deti, d±nas²l±nisa½sabh³to tasmi½ bhave paccayal±bho viya natthi tassa vip±kupp±dananti. Keci pana “sam±nabh³mikato ±sevanal±bhena balavant±ni jh±n±ni vip±ka½ upp±denti sam±pattibh±vato, abhiññ± pana satipi jh±nabh±ve tadabh±vato tasmi½ tasmi½ ±rammaºe ±gantuk±yev±ti dubbal±, tasm± vip±ka½ na det²”ti vadanti. Evañca katv± vutta½ anuruddh±cariyena–
“Sam±n±sevane laddhe, vijjam±ne mahabbale;
aladdh± t±disa½ hetu½, abhiññ± na vipaccat²”ti. (N±ma. pari. 474).

Tayidamak±raºa½, parittajh±nassa avisesena brahmap±risajj±d²su vip±kad±navacanato. Na hi paritta½ laddh±sevanameva tattha vip±ka½ det²ti aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½, tasm± sam±n±sevane laddheyeva jh±nassa vip±kad±na½ na sakk± vattu½. Apica punappuna½ parikammavasena abhiññ±yapi vasibh±vasabbh±v± tass±pi ca balavabh±vo atthev±ti vip±ka½ upp±deyya.

Pañcanna½ p±kacitt±nanti pañcanna½ r³p±vacaravip±kacitt±na½. M±puññasaªkh±r±ti apuññ±bhisaªkh±r±. “Ime apuññasaªkh±r±”ti v± padacchedo. Ekass±ti ekassa akusalavip±kasant²raºassa. Channanti sant²raºavajj±na½ channa½ akusalavip±k±na½. Pavatte paccay± honti aniµµhar³p±di-±p±th±gateti adhipp±yo. Sugatiya½ akusalavip±kapaµisandhiy± abh±vato ±ha “na honti paµisandhiyan”ti. Catunnanti akusalavip±kacakkhusotaviññ±ºasampaµicchanasant²raºavasena catunna½. T±ni pana ekantato aniµµh±rammaº±ni. R³pabhave ca katha½ aniµµh±rammaºasam±yogoti ±ha “so c±”ti-±di. Soti so paccayabh±vo. “K±mabhave”ti ida½ aniµµhar³p±d²na½ visesana½, na pana “upaladdhiyan”ti imassa. Ten±ha “aniµµha…pe… na vijjare”ti. Keci pana “upaladdhiyanti imasseva visesanabh±vena gahetv± brahm³na½ k±mabhava½ ±gatakkhaºe r³p±di-upaladdhiyan”ti vadanti. Aniµµha…pe… na vijjare ekantasukhavatthubh³te tattha vokiººasukhadukkhak±raºassa abh±vato.
576. “Eva½ t±v±”ti-±di yath±vuttassevatthassa appana½. Yath± c±ti ca-saddena “yesañc±”ti saªgaºh±ti. Tath±ti etth±pi “te”ti saªgaºhitabba½.
577-81. Yattha vitth±rappak±sana½ kata½, tato bhavato paµµh±ya mukhamattappak±sana½ k±tuk±mo ±ha “tatridan”ti-±di. Tatr±ti tesu bhav±d²su. Idanti nidassitabbabh±vena ±sannapaccakkham±ha. ¾dito pana paµµh±y±ti bhavato paµµh±ya. Avisesen±ti k±m±vacarar³p±vacaravasena vises±bh±vena terasa puññ±bhisaªkh±r±. Dvibhaves³ti k±mar³pabhavesu. Kesañci manuss±na½, bhummadev±nañca aº¹ajajal±buj±nampi sambhavato tadapekkh±ya “cat³su…pe… yonis³”ti vutta½. N±natta…pe… µhit²sup²ti aluttasam±savasena vutta½, n±nattak±yan±nattasaññ±d²su cat³su viññ±ºaµµhit²s³ti attho. Vuttappak±rasminti n±nattak±y±dike, puññ±bhisaªkh±rassa bhav±d²su ekav²sativip±k±na½ ek±vatth±ya paccayo ahutv± duggatipariy±pannesu bhavayonigativiññ±ºaµµhitisatt±v±sesu paµisandhi½ adatv± pavatteyeva aµµhanna½ vip±k±na½ paccayabh±vato, k±m±vacarasugatipariy±pannesu paµisandhi½ datv± pavatte so¼asanna½ vip±k±na½ paccayabh±vato, r³p±vacarabh³mipariy±pannesu paµisandhi½ datv± pavatte dasanna½ vip±k±na½ paccayabh±vato vutta½ “yath±rahan”ti.