Kad±cip²ti paritt±rammaºesu parittajavan±na½ upp±depi. “B²jass±bh±vato”ti r³p±r³pabhavadvaye tad±rammaº±bh±vassa k±raºa½ vatv± tameva pak±setu½ “paµisandhib²jan”ti-±di vutta½. Paµisandhiyeva b²jabh³tanti paµisandhib²ja½. Tass±ti tad±rammaºassa.
521. Yadi eva½ cakkhuviññ±º±d²nampi k±m±vacarapaµisandhib²jatt± tattha abh±vo ±pajjat²ti codento ±ha “cakkhuviññ±º±d²nan”ti-±di. Indriy±nanti cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ vatthudv±rabh³t±na½ cakkh±d²namindriy±na½. Pavatt±nubh±vatoti tesa½ tattha atthit±nubh±vato Ayañhettha adhipp±yo– cakkhusotaviññ±º±na½ vatthubh³t±ni cakkhusotindriy±ni tattha pavattant²ti tesa½ pavatti-±nubh±vato cakkhusotaviññ±º±ni pavattanti. Sati ca tesa½ pavattiya½ v²thicittupp±do niyatoti cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ viya sampaµicchanasant²raº±nampi tattha sambhavo siddhoti.
523-4. Ak±m±vacaradhammeti k±m±vacaradhammato aññe mahaggatalokuttaradhamme. N±nubandhat²ti n±nuvattati. Janaka½…pe… anubandhat²ti yath± n±ma gehato nikkhamitv± bahi gantuk±mo taruºad±rako attano janaka½ pitara½ v± añña½ v± pitusadisa½ hitak±ma½ ñ±ti½ aªguliya½ gahetv± anubandhati, na añña½ r±japuris±di½, tath± etampi bhavaªg±rammaºato bahi nikkhamituk±masabh±gat±ya attano janaka½ paµhamakusal±dika½ sadisa½ v± dutiyakusal±dik±m±vacarajavanameva anubandhati, na añña½ mahaggata½ lokuttaranti ayamettha attho. Kusal±kusal±dinti ±di-ggahaºena kiriy±by±kata½ saªgaºh±ti. ¾nand±cariyo pana paµµh±ne “kusal±kusale niruddhe vip±ko tad±rammaºat± uppajjat²”ti (paµµh±. 3.1.98) vip±kadhammadhamm±namev±nantara½ tad±rammaºa½ vutta½. Vipph±ravantañhi javana½ n±va½ viya nad²soto bhavaªga½ anubandhati, na pana cha¼aªgupekkh±vato santavutti½ kiriy±javana½ paººapuµa½ viya nad²sototi kiriy±javan±nantara½ tad±rammaºa½ na icchati, ±cariyajotip±latther±dayo pana “labbham±nassapi kenaci adhipp±yena katthaci avacana½ dissati, yath± ta½ dhammasaªgahe akusalaniddese labbham±nopi adhipati na vutto, tasm± yadi aby±kat±nantarampi tad±rammaºa½ vucceyya, tad± voµµhabban±nantarampi tassa pavatti½ maññeyyunti kiriy±javan±nantara½ tad±rammaºa½ na vutta½, na pana alabbhanato. Yañcettha paººapuµa½ nidassita½, ta½ nidassitabbena sam±na½ na hoti, n±v±paººapuµ±nañhi nad²sotassa ±vaµµana½ gati ca visadis²ti n±v±ya½ nad²sotassa anubandhana½, paººapuµassa ananubandhanañca yujjati, idha pana kiriy±javanetarajavan±na½ bhavaªgasotassa ±vaµµana½ gati ca sadis²ti etassa ananubandhana½, itarassa anubandhanañca na yujjati, tasm± vic±retabbameva tan”ti vadanti.
525-6. Yath± ceta½ mahaggatalokuttaradhamme n±nuvattati, tath± yad± ete k±m±vacaradhamm±pi mahaggat±nuttaradhamm±rammaº± hutv± pavattanti, tad± tepi n±nubandhat²ti ±ha “k±m±vacaradhamm±p²”ti-±di. Mahaggat±-ggahaºena cettha lokuttar±nampi saªgaho daµµhabbo. Te c±p²ti ca-saddena lokuttar±rammaº±na½ gahaºa½. Kasm± n±nubandhat²ti ±ha “paritt±rammaºatt±”ti-±di. Paritt±rammaºatt±ti heµµh± vuttanayena k±m±vacaravip±k±na½ ekantena paritt±rammaºatt±. Tath±paricitatt±ti yath± javana½, eva½ aparicitatt±. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± hi so pitara½, pitusadisa½ v± kañci anubandhanto taruºad±rako gharadv±rantarav²thicatukk±dimhi pariciteyeva dese anugacchati, na arañña½ v± rakkhasabh³mi½ v± gacchanta½, eva½ k±m±vacaradhamme anubandhantampi parittamhi pariciteyeva dese pavattam±ne te dhamme anubandhati, na mahaggatalokuttaradhamme ±rabbha pavattam±nepi.
527-32. Id±ni ki½ im±ya yuttikath±ya, aµµhakath±pam±ºato ceta½ gahetabbanti dassento ±ha “ki½ ten±”ti-±di. Javaneti k±m±vacarajavane. Tad±rammaºacitt±ni “tad±rammaºan”ti laddhan±m±ni citt±ni tad±rammaºabh±va½ na gaºhanti, tad±rammaºabh±vena na pavattant²ti attho. Atha v± n±magotta½ ±rabbha javane javite tad±rammaºa½ tassa javanassa ±rammaºa½ na gaºhanti na labbhant²ti attho. R³p±r³pabhavesu v±ti -saddena “javane javitepi tad±rammaºa½ na gaºhant²”ti ±ka¹¹hati. Paººatti½ ±rabbh±ti k±mabhavepi paººatti½ ±rabbha. Lakkhaº±rammaº±y±ti anicc±dilakkhaºattay±rammaº±ya, balavavipassan±y±ti attho. “T²ºi lakkhaº±ni, tisso ca paññattiyo kusalattike na labbhant²”ti aµµhakath±ya vuttatt± tiººa½ lakkhaº±na½ dhammato abh±vena ta½ ±rabbha pavatt±ya vipassan±ya tad±rammaº±ni na labbhanti. Paµµh±ne pana “sekh± v± puthujjan± v± kusala½ aniccato dukkhato anattato vipassanti, kusal±kusale niruddhe vip±ko tad±rammaºat± uppajjat²”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.406) vacanato khandh±rammaºikavipassan±ya tad±rammaºa½ labbhat²ti daµµhabba½. Micchattaniyates³ti “katame dhamm± micchattaniyat±? Catt±ro diµµhigatasampayuttacittupp±d±”ti (dha. sa. 1426) evam±gatesu micch±g±havasena pavattesu dhammesu javana½ hutv± javitesu. Kasm± pana tesu javitesu tad±rammaºa½ na labbhat²ti? K±m±vacaravip±k±nañhi niyatamicch±diµµhi viya “att± occhijjat²”ti-±din± attaparikappan±vasena appavattanato niyatamicch±diµµhivasappavattesu tesu javitesu tadanantara½ tad±rammaº±ni na uppajjanti, aniyatamicch±diµµhivasappavattesu pana javitesu tad±rammaºa½ nuppajjat²ti natthi. Atha v± micchattaniyates³ti micch±bh±vaniyatasabh±vesu ta½visayes³ti attho. Micchattaniyatadhamm±na½ dhammasabh±va½ aggahetv± micchattaniyatasabh±vasseva gahaºato, tassa ca vip±k±na½ avibh³tatt± micchattaniyatasabh±ve ±rabbha tad±rammaº± na labbhanti. Pi-saddena sammattaniyatesup²ti sampiº¹eti, “lokuttaradhamme ±rabbh±”ti v± etena siddhatt± na tesa½ visu½ uddharaºa½ kata½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana micchattaniyatasammattaniyat±na½ aññamaññapaµipakkhabh±vena balavabh±vato tad±rammaºassa avatthubh±vadassanattha½ micchattaniyat±nantara½ sammattaniyat±pi uddhaµ±. Micchattaniyatasabh±vassa viya paµisambhid±sabh±vassapi k±m±vacaravip±k±na½ avibh³tabh±vena paµisambhid±ñ±º±ni ±rabbha javane javite tad±rammaºa½ na labbhat²ti ±ha “paµisambhid±ñ±º±n²”ti-±di. Manodv±rep²ti na kevala½ pañcadv±resuyeva, atha kho manodv±repi. Sabbesanti ahetukaduhetuk±d²na½ sabbesa½. Anupubbatoti heµµh± vutta-anukkamato.
533. Na vijjat²ti manodv±rassa appaµighabh±vena na vijjati. Bhavaªgatoti bhavaªgasant±nato, tassa ±rammaºato v±. Vuµµh±nanti bhavaªgasant±ne, tass±rammaºe v± sati tassa vuµµh±na½.
535-6. Satta satt±ti ekekassa satta satt±ti katv±. P±pap±k±ti akusalavip±k±. “Dv±das±puññacitt±nan”ti vatv± “p±pap±k±”ti vacana½ “tatrida½ sugatassa sugatac²varappam±ºan”ti-±d²su viya saññ±saddavasena vutta½. Eva½ pavattiya½ akusalavip±k±na½ pavatti½ dassetv± id±ni paµisandhiya½ dassetu½ “ek±dasavidh±nan”ti-±di vutta½. Uddhaccacetan±ya pavattivip±kad±namatta½ vin± paµisandhid±n±bh±vato ±ha “hitv± uddhaccam±nasan”ti. Ki½ panettha k±raºa½, adhimokkhavirahena sabbadubbalampi vicikicch±sahagata½ paµisandhi½ ±ka¹¹hati, adhimokkhasabh±vato tato balavatarampi uddhaccasahagata½ n±ka¹¹hat²ti? Paµisandhid±nasabh±v±bh±vato. “Balava½ ±ka¹¹hati, dubbala½ n±ka¹¹hat²”ti hi aya½ vic±raº± paµisandhid±nasabh±vesuyeva. Yassa pana paµisandhid±nasabh±vo eva natthi, na tassa balavabh±vo paµisandhi-±ka¹¹hane k±raºanti.
Katha½ paneta½ viññ±tabba½ “uddhaccasahagatassa paµisandhid±nasabh±vo natth²”ti? Dassanenapah±tabbesu an±gatatt±. Tividh± hi akusal± dassanenapah±tabb±, bh±van±yapah±tabb±, siy± dassanenapah±tabb± siy± bh±van±yapah±tabb±ti. Tattha diµµhisampayuttavicikicch±sahagatacittupp±d± dassanenapah±tabb± n±ma. Yath±ha “katame dhamm± dassanenapah±tabb±? Catt±ro diµµhigatasampayuttacittupp±d± vicikicch±sahagato cittupp±do”ti (dha. sa. 1408). Te hi paµhama½ nibb±nadassanato “dassanan”ti laddhan±mena sot±pattimaggeneva pah±tabbatt± “dassanenapah±tabb±”ti vuccanti. Uddhaccasahagatacittupp±do bh±van±yapah±tabbo n±ma. Yath±ha “katame dhamm± bh±van±yapah±tabb±? Uddhaccasahagato cittupp±do”ti. So hi aggamaggena pah±tabbatt± “bh±van±yapah±tabbo”ti vutto. Uparimaggattayañhi paµhamamaggena diµµhasmi½yeva bh±van±vasena uppajjati, na adiµµhapubba½ kiñci passati, tasm± “bh±van±”ti vuccati. Diµµhivippayuttadomanassasahagatacittupp±d± pana siy± dassanenapah±tabb± siy± bh±van±yapah±tabb± n±ma. Yath±ha “catt±ro diµµhigatavippayutt± lobhasahagatacittupp±d± dve domanassasahagatacittupp±d±. Ime dhamm± siy± dassanenapah±tabb± siy± bh±van±yapah±tabb±”ti (dha. sa. 1409). Te hi ap±yanibbattak±vatth±ya paµhamamaggena, ses±vatth±ya uparimaggehi pah²yam±natt± siy± dassanenapah±tabb± siy± bh±van±yapah±tabb± n±ma. Tattha siy± dassanenapah±tabbampi dassanenapah±tabbas±maññena idha “dassanenapah±tabb±”tveva voharanti. Yadi ca uddhaccasahagata½ paµisandhi½ dadeyya, tad± akusalapaµisandhiy± sugatiya½ asambhavato ap±yesveva dadeyya, ap±yagaman²yañca ekantena dassanenapah±tabb± siy±, itarath± ap±yagaman²yassa appah²natt± sekh±na½ ap±yuppatti ±pajjati, na ca paneta½ yutta½, “cat³hap±yehi ca vippamutto (khu. p±. 6.11; su. ni. 234), avinip±tadhammo”ti-±divacanehi saha virujjhanato, sati ca panetassa dassanenapah±tabbabh±ve “siy± dassanenapah±tabb±”ti imassa vibhaªge vattabba½ siy±, na ca paneta½ vuttanti. Atha siy± “ap±yagaman²yo r±go doso moho tadekaµµh± ca kiles±”ti eva½ dassanenapah±tabbesu vuttatt± uddhaccasahagatass±pi tattha saªgaho sakk± k±tunti? Ta½ na, tassa niy±mato bh±van±yapah±tabbabh±vena vuttatt±ti tasm± dassanenapah±tabbesu avacanameva paµisandhid±n±bh±va½ s±dhet²ti.
Nanu ca paµisambhid±vibhaªge
“Yasmi½ samaye akusala½ citta½ uppanna½ hoti upekkh±sahagata½ uddhaccasampayutta½, r³p±rammaºa½ v±…pe… dhamm±rammaºa½ v± ya½ ya½ v± pan±rabbha, tasmi½ samaye phasso hoti…pe… avikkhepo hoti, ime dhamm± akusal±. Imesu dhammesu ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±, tesa½ vip±ke ñ±ºa½ atthapaµisambhid±”ti (vibha. 731)–

Eva½ uddhaccasahagatacittupp±da½ uddharitv± tassa vip±kopi uddhaµoti kathamassa paµisandhid±n±bh±vo sampaµicchitabboti? Na ida½ paµisandhid±na½ sandh±ya uddhaµa½, atha kho pavattivip±ka½ sandh±ya. Paµµh±ne pana–

“Sahaj±t± dassanenapah±tabb± cetan± cittasamuµµh±n±na½ r³p±na½ kammapaccayena paccayo, n±nakkhaºik± dassanenapah±tabb± cetan± vip±k±na½ khandh±na½ kaµatt± ca r³p±na½ kammapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 2.8.89)–