8. Aµµhamo paricchedo

Pakiººakaniddesavaººan±

475-6. Id±ni yath±vutt±na½ sabbesampi citt±na½ p±kaµabh±vattha½–
“Sutta½ dov±riko ceva,
g±millo ambago¼iyo;
jaccandho p²µhasapp² ca,
upanissayamatthaso”ti. (Dha. sa. aµµha. 498 vip±kuddh±rakath±)–

Aµµhakath±ya ±gatam±tik±ya vasena pakiººakanaya½ dassetu½ “id±ni pan±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha manasanti citt±na½. “M±nasan”tipi paµhanti, ta½ na sundara½. Panthamakkaµakoti p±ºakapaµaªg±d²na½ sañcaraºaµµh±ne j±la½ pas±retv± tesa½ maggarakkhaºato “panthamakkaµako”ti laddhan±mo uººan±bhi. Dis±su pana pañcas³ti upametabb±na½ pañcapas±d±na½ vasena vutta½. Tatth±ti magge, tattha j±lamajjheti v± sambandho. Sutta½ pas±retv±ti j±labandhanam±ha.

478-80. Nti rudhiram±ha. Dis±su dutiy±d²su sutte…pe… ghaµµiteti sambandho. “Pas±d± pañca daµµhabb±”ti-±di upam±sa½sandana½ Citta½…pe… viy±ti hadayavatthu½ niss±ya pavattam±nacitta½ j±lamajjhe nipannamakkaµako viya daµµhabba½.
482-5. Pas±daghaµµananti pas±de ghaµµita½. Bhavaªg±vaµµananti bhavaªga½ ±vaµµenta½. Dhammato aññ± k±ci kiriy± n±ma natth²ti dhammameva calanena saha upameti. Sutt±nus±ra½v±ti sutt±nus±rena gamana½ viya. Javanassa ±rammaºaras±nubhavanato tassa pavatti y³sap±nena saddhi½ upametv± vutt±. Vatthu½yev±ti yath± purimacitt±ni hadayavatthunissit±ni pas±davatthu½ anugat±ni aññ±rammaº±ni ca honti, na eva½ bhavaªga½. Ta½ pana vatth±rammaºantararahita½ kevala½ hadayavatthumeva niss±ya pavattat²ti d²peti. Parivattananti puna bhavaªgabh±vena parivattana½. Bhavaªg±vajjan±d²na½ dhammato bhedepi santativasena ekatta½ gahetv± ekeneva makkaµakena upam±sa½sandana½ vutta½.
486-90. Upam± eva opamma½. Tato pas±davatthuto citt±ti sambandho. D²pita½ imin± opammena. Ekek±rammaºanti r³p±d²su pañcasu ekeka½ ±rammaºa½. Sabbasoti sabbesu cakkh±d²su yattha katthac²ti attho. Id±ni ekek±rammaºassa dv²su dv²su ±p±thagamana½ pak±setu½ “r³pa½ cakkhupas±damh²”ti-±di vutta½. Khe ±k±se gacchat²ti khago, pakkhi. S±khinoti rukkhassa.
492-3. R³pass±ti sambandhe s±mivacana½, tassa pana ghaµµana½, ±p±thagamanampi c±ti dv²hi saha sambandho. Pas±dass±ti kammatthe s±mivacana½, atthato ±p±thagamanampi c±ti sambandho. ¾rammaºavasena, ±p±tha½ ±gacchantassapi pas±daghaµµanena ca bhavaªgacalanassa paccayabh±vena ±p±tha½ viya upagamananti attho.
494-5. Tatoti bhavaªgacalanato para½, kusala½ javana½ cittanti k±m±vacarakusalajavanacitta½ Akusalameva v±ti -saddena kiriy±by±katacittampi saªgaºh±ti. Ettha siy±– ko paneta½ javana½ kusalat±ya v± akusalat±ya v± niyamet²ti? Yonisomanasik±ro ceva ayonisomanasik±ro ca. Yassa hi catucakkasampad±vasena yonisomanasik±ro pavattati, ±vajjana½, voµµhabbanañca yonisova ±vaµµeti, vavatth±peti ca, tassa akusaluppatti natthi. Yassa pana vuttavipariy±yena ayonisomanasik±ro ca hoti, ±vajjana½, voµµhabbanañca ayoniso ca ±vaµµeti, vavatth±peti ca, tassa kusalajavanuppatti natthi, tasm± yonisomanasik±ro kusalat±ya, ayonisomanasik±ro akusalat±ya ca niyamet²ti daµµhabba½. Kiriy±javana½ pana arahattameva niyameti. Keci pana “kiriy±javana½ pana manasik±ro ca niyameti. Yath± hi ±vajjana½ kusal±kusal±na½ visu½ visu½ paccayo hoti, eva½ kiriy±javanass±p²”ti vadanti.
497. Dov±rikopam±d²n²ti ettha eko r±j± sayanagato nidd±yati, tassa paric±rako p±de parimajjanto nis²di, badhiradov±riko dv±re µhito, tayo paµih±r± sayanassa, dv±rassa ca majjhe paµip±µiy± µhit±. Atheko paccantav±s² manusso paºº±k±ra½ ±d±ya dv±ra½ ±koµesi, badhiradov±riko sadda½ na suº±ti, p±daparimajjako sañña½ ak±si, t±ya saññ±ya dv±ra½ vivaritv± passi, paµhamapaµih±ro paºº±k±ra½ gahetv± dutiyassa ad±si, dutiyo tatiyassa, tatiyo rañño, r±j± paribhuñji. Tattha r±j± viya javana½ daµµhabba½, p±daparimajjako viya ±vajjana½, badhiradov±riko viya cakkhuviññ±ºa½, tayo paµih±r± viya sampaµicchan±d²ni t²ºi v²thicitt±ni, paccantav±sino paºº±k±ra½ ±d±ya dv±r±koµana½ viya ±rammaºassa pas±daghaµµana½, p±daparimajjakena saññ±ya dinnak±lo viya kiriy±manodh±tuy± bhavaªgassa ±vaµµitak±lo, tena dinnasaññ±ya badhiradov±rikassa dv±ravivarak±lo viya cakkhuviññ±ºassa ±rammaºe dassanakiccas±dhanak±lo, paµhamapaµih±rena paºº±k±rassa gahitak±lo viya vip±kamanodh±tuy± ±rammaºassa sampaµicchitak±lo, paµhamena dutiyassa dinnak±lo viya vip±kamanoviññ±ºadh±tuy± ±rammaºassa sant²ritak±lo, dutiyena tatiyassa dinnak±lo viya kiriy±manoviññ±ºadh±tuy± ±rammaºassa vavatth±pitak±lo, tatiyena rañño dinnak±lo viya voµµhabbanena javanassa niyy±titak±lo, rañño paribhogak±lo viya javanassa ±rammaºaras±nubhavanak±loti aya½ dov±rikopam±.
“Ida½ pana opamma½ ki½ d²pet²”ti-±di ucchuyant³pam±ya vuttanayena veditabb±. Sambahul± g±mad±rak± antarav²thiya½ pa½su½ k²¼anti, tatthekassa hatthe kah±paºo paµihaññi. So “mayha½ hatthe paµihata½, ki½ nu kho etan”ti ±ha. Atheko “paº¹ara½ etan”ti ±ha. Aparo saha pa½sun± g±¼ha½ gaºhi. Añño “puthula½ caturassa½ etan”ti ±ha. Aparo “kah±paºo eso”ti ±ha. Atha ±haritv± m±tu ada½su, s± kamme upanesi. Tattha sambahul±na½ d±rak±na½ antarav²thiya½ k²¼ant±na½ sannisinnak±lo viya cittappavatti daµµhabb±, kah±paºassa hatthe paµihatak±lo viya ±rammaºena pas±dassa ghaµµitak±lo, “ki½ nu kho etan”ti vuttak±lo viya ta½ ±rammaºa½ gahetv± kiriy±manodh±tuy± bhavaªgassa ±vaµµitak±lo, “paº¹ara½ etan”ti vuttak±lo viya cakkhuviññ±ºena dassanakiccassa s±dhitak±lo, saha pa½sun± g±¼ha½ gahitak±lo viya vip±kamanodh±tuy± ±rammaºassa sampaµicchitak±lo, “puthula½ caturassa½ etan”ti vuttak±lo viya vip±kamanoviññ±ºadh±tuy± ±rammaºassa sant²ritak±lo, “kah±paºo eso”ti vuttak±lo viya kiriy±manoviññ±ºadh±tuy± ±rammaºassa vavatth±pitak±lo, m±tar± kamme upan²tak±lo viya javanassa ±rammaºaras±nubhavana½ veditabbanti aya½ g±mad±rakopam±.
Ida½ opamma½ ki½ d²peti? Kiriy±manodh±tu adisv±va bhavaªga½ ±vaµµeti, vip±kamanodh±tu adisv±va sampaµicchati, vip±kamanoviññ±ºadh±tu adisv±va sant²reti, kiriy±manoviññ±ºadh±tu adisv±va vavatth±peti, javana½ adisv±va ±rammaºarasa½ anubhavati, ekantena pana cakkhuviññ±ºameva dassanakicca½ s±dhet²ti d²peti. Jaccandhap²µhasapp²-upam± upari ±gamissati.
498-509. Ettak± upam± saªgahetv± “dov±rikopam±d²n²”ti vatv± “upanissayamatthaso”ti ettha upanissayabh±va½ pak±setu½ “asambheden±”ti-±dim±ha. Asambheden±ti avinaµµhabh±vena, v±tapitt±d²hi anupahatabh±vena ca. V±tapitt±di-upahatampi hi cakkhuviññ±ºassa paccayabh±v±nupagamanato sambhinnameva n±ma hoti, pañcindriy±na½ atthikkhaºeyeva nissayabh±v³pagamanato khaºavasena asambhedopi yujjati. Esa nayo sotapas±d±d²supi. R³p±p±thagamen±ti d³re µhitassa phalik±d²hi antaritassa cakkhuviññ±ºuppattiy± paccayo bhavitu½ yogyadese avaµµhitavasena r³passa ±p±thagamanena. Evañca katv± d³re µhita½, parammukhe µhitampi dibbacakkhussa ±p±thagatameva n±ma hoti. ¾lokanissayen±p²ti r³p±vabh±sanasamattha-±lokasaªkh±tanissayena. ¾loke sati sambhavo cettha ±lokanissayat±, na ±lokassa nissayapaccayatt±. Manakk±rova hetu manakk±rahetu, tena saha vattat²ti samanakk±rahetu. Tena ±lokanissita½ dasseti. Sameteh²ti sa½yuttehi ek²bh³tehi, na ekassapi virahen±ti attho.
¾k±sanissayen±ti kaººacchiddasaªkh±ta-±k±sanissayena. Teneva hi aµµhakath±ya½ “na hi pihitakaººacchiddassa sotaviññ±ºa½ pavattat²”ti vutta½. B±hir±k±sampi pana icchitameva. Tath± hi avivare gehe nis²ditv± vuccam±n±na½ bahi µhit± na suºanti. V±yosannissayen±ti n±sikacchidda½ pavisanav±yusannissayena. ¾posannissayen±ti khe¼asaªkh±ta-±posannissayena. Pathav²sannissayen±ti k±yapas±davatthussa pathav²dh±tusannissayena. Manoviññ±ºanti javanamanoviññ±ºa½.
510-11. Mano…pe… veditabbanti “asambhed± manass±”ti ettha vutta½ mano bhavaªgacittanti veditabba½. Ta½ pana cutivasena niruddhampi kiriy±mayacittassa paccayabh±va½ anupagantv± kevala½ bhavaªgappavattivasena mandath±magata½ hutv± pavattanampi sambhinnamev±ti daµµhabba½. N±ya½ sabbattha gacchat²ti catuvok±re alabbhanato. Ten±ha “bhava½ tu pañcavok±ran”ti-±di. Tattha pañcanna½ khandh±na½ vok±ro etth±ti pañcavok±ro. Hoti hi bhinn±dhikaraºampi aññapadatthasam±so yath± “urasilomo”ti. Atha v± yath±paccaya½ pañcahi khandhehi vokar²yat²ti pañcavok±ro. “Atthato”ti evam±dika½ pada½ cakkh±d²ni dassan±dikicc±n²ti ettakameva sandh±ya vutta½, na añña½ kiñci visesananti na tattha vinicchayo vutto.
512-4. Sabb±n²ti k±m±vacar±dibheda½ an±masitv± sabb±ni. Kammanti paµisandhinibbattak± upapajjavedan²yabh³t±, apar±pariyavedan²yabh³t± v± cetan±. Kammanimittanti ya½ vatthu½ ±rammaºa½ katv± ±y³hanak±le kamma½ ±y³hati, ta½ d±n³pakaraº±dika½, p±ºagh±topakaraº±dikañca. Gatinimittanti bhavantaramupapajjitabbabhavapariy±pannavaºº±yatana½, ta½ pana sugatiya½ manussaloke nibbattantassa rattakambalasadisam±tukucchivaººavasena, devaloke nibbattantassa uyy±nakapparukkhavaººavasena, duggatiya½ nibbattantassa aggij±l±divaººavasena, petatiracch±nayon²su petatiracch±n±na½ nibaddhasañcaraºaµµh±napariy±pannat±vaººavasena ca daµµhabba½. “Tividhan”ti ida½ yath±sambhavavasena vutta½, r³p±r³pasambandh²na½ pana kammanimittameva ±rammaºa½ hoti. Tath± hi mahaggatavip±k±ni ekantena kammasadis±rammaº±ni vutt±ni.
Paccuppannamat²ta½ v±ti khaºavasena paccuppannamat²ta½ v±. Tattha gatinimitta½ ekantena paccuppannameva, kammanimitta½ paccuppannamat²ta½ v±, kamma½ pana at²tameva. An±gat±rammaºa½ pana paccuppannakammanimittagatinimitta½ viya an±p±thagatatt±, at²takammakammanimitta½ viya ananubh³tatt± ca vibh³ta½ hutv± nopatiµµh±t²ti atisantabh±vena pavattam±n± paµisandhi ta½ ±rabbha pavattitu½ na sakkot²ti vutta½ “natthi an±gatan”ti. Mahaggatapaµisandh²na½ ekantena kammasadis±rammaºabh±vena kammassa viya at²tanavattabb±rammaºatt± na t±sa½ visu½ ±rammaºa½ uddhaµa½. Tattha dutiyacatutth±r³papaµisandh²na½ at²tameva ±rammaºa½ itar±sa½ navattabbanti daµµhabba½.
517-20. Mah±vip±k±na½ paµisandh±dicatukiccavaseneva pavattanato r³p±r³pabhave paµisandhibhavaªgacutivasena ta½ta½vip±kasseva pavattito, tad±rammaºassa ca abh±vena tattha na labbhat²ti ±ha “mah±p±k±…pe… dvaye”ti. Aniµµhar³p±na½ brahmaloke asambhavepi tattha µhatv± idha aniµµh±rammaºa½ passant±na½ akusalavip±k±ni na uppajjant²ti na vattabbanti r³pabhavepi sant²raºattaya½ vutta½. Abhidhammatthasaªgahasaccasaªkhep±d²supi hi imin±va adhipp±yena r³paloke akusalavip±kappavatti dassit±. Apare pana “k±mabhave sant²raºattaya½, r³pabhave sant²raºadvayanti yath±l±bhavasena yojetabban”ti vadanti.