Idha µhatv± imiss± cittaparampar±ya sukhaggahaºattha½ ambopam± veditabb±. Katha½? Eko kira puriso phalitambarukkhassa heµµh± sas²sa½ p±rupitv± nipanno nidd±yati, atheka½ ambapakka½ vaºµato muccitv± tassa kaººasakkhali½ puñcham±na½ viya “µhan”ti bh³miya½ patati, so tassa saddena pabujjhitv± s²sato vattha½ apanetv± cakkhu½ umm²letv± olokesi, tato hattha½ pas±retv± phala½ gahetv± madditv± upasiªghitv± pakkabh±va½ ñatv± paribhuñjitv± mukhagata½ saha semhena ass±detv± puna tatheva nidd±yati. Tattha tassa purisassa ambarukkham³le nidd±yanak±lo viya bhavaªgasamaªgik±lo, ambapakkassa patitak±lo viya ±rammaºassa pas±daghaµµanak±lo, patanasaddena pabuddhak±lo viya manodh±tuy± bhavaªgassa ±vaµµitak±lo, umm²letv± olokitak±lo viya cakkhuviññ±ºassa dassanakicca½ s±dhanak±lo, hattha½ pas±retv± gahitak±lo viya vip±kamanodh±tuy± ±rammaºasampaµicchanak±lo, gahetv± madditak±lo viya vip±kamanoviññ±ºadh±tuy± ±rammaºassa sant²ritak±lo, upasiªghitak±lo viya kiriy±manoviññ±ºadh±tuy± vavatth±pitak±lo, paribhuttak±lo viya javanassa ±rammaºarasa-anubhavitak±lo, mukhagata½ saha semhena ass±ditak±lo viya tad±rammaºassa javanena anubh³t±rammaºa-anubhavanak±lo, puna nidd±yana½ viya puna bhavaªgak±loti evamettha upam±sa½sandana½ veditabba½.
Aya½ pana upam± ki½ d²peti? ¾rammaºassa pas±daghaµµanameva kicca½, kiriy±manodh±tuy± bhavaªg±vaµµanameva kicca½, pañcaviññ±ºadh±t³na½ dassan±dikameva kicca½, vip±kamanoviññ±ºadh±tuy± sampaµicchanameva kicca½, vip±kamanoviññ±ºadh±tuy± sant²raºameva kicca½, kiriy±manoviññ±ºadh±tuy± vavatth±panameva kicca½, javanasseva pana ±rammaºaras±nubhavana½ tad±rammaºassa etena anubh³tasseva anubhavananti eva½ kiccavasena dhamm±na½ aññamaññ±sa½kiººata½ d²peti, eva½ pavattam±na½ pana citta½ “tva½ ±vajjana½ n±ma hohi, tva½ dassan±d²su aññatara½, tva½ sampaµicchana½ n±m±”ti-±din± niyuñjake k±rake asatipi cittaniy±mavaseneva pavattat²ti veditabba½. Ta½ pana cittaniy±ma½ saddhi½ utuniy±m±d²hi paricched±vas±ne vakkhati. Aya½ t±va atimahant±rammaºe cittappavattivibh±van±.
Mahant±rammaºe pana tad±rammaºupp±dassa abh±vato tasmi½ ±p±thagate vuttanayena javanapariyos±nesu v²thicittesu uppannesu bhavaªgap±tova hoti, ±rammaºassa pana parikkh²º±yukatt± ekacittakkhaºikappam±ºepi v± ±yumhi sati sam±sannamaraºo viya puriso dubbalabh±vato tad±rammaºa½ nuppajjati. Apica tad±rammaºamuppajjanta½ niyamato dvikkhattumeva uppajjati, na ekav±ra½. Ekacittakkhaº±vasiµµhe ca ±rammaºe ekasmi½ tad±rammaºe uppannesu dutiyassa uppajjanak±le tassa niruddhatt± nuppajjati. Na hi dv²su tad±rammaºesu eka½ paccuppann±rammaºa½, eka½ at²t±rammaºa½ hoti, tasm± dutiyassa anuppattiy± paµhamampi nuppajjat²ti. Majjhimaµµhakath±ya½ pana sakimpi tad±rammaºassa pavatti vutt±. Paramatthavinicchayepi ca tameva v±da½ sampaµicchitv± “saki½ dve v± tad±lamban”ti (parama. vi. 116) vutta½. Abhidhammaµµhakath±ya½ pana “cittappavattigaºan±ya½ sabbav±resu dve eva cittav±r±ni ±gat±n²”ti vatv± ta½ na sampaµicchita½, tasm± mahant±rammaºe javan±vas±ne bhavaªgap±tova hoti, natthi tad±rammaºupp±do, ayañca tad±rammaºehi tucchat±ya “moghav±ro”ti vuccati.
Paritt±rammaºe javanupp±dassapi abh±vato sant²raº±vas±nesu v²thicittesu uppannesu tadanantara½ voµµhabbanameva ±sevana½ labhitv± javanaµµh±ne µhatv± dvikkhattu½ pavattati, tato bhavaªgap±to hoti. Voµµhabbana½ pana appatv± antar± cakkhuviññ±º±dika½ patv± nivattissat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Javana½ pana ±rammaºassa app±yukabh±vena paridubbalatt± nuppajjati. Tañhi uppajjam±na½ sattacittakkhaº±yukeyeva uppajjati, katipayacittakkhaº±yuke pana paµhamajavanameva nuppajjati. Tadanuppattiyañhi itar±nipi nuppajjanti, tasm± paritt±rammaºe natthi javanupp±doti aya½ dutiyo moghav±ro aµµhakath±ya vutto. ݲk±k±ro pana tath± asampaµicchitv± aññath± dutiyamoghav±ra½ pakappeti. Vuttañhi tena t²su moghav±resu dutiyamoghav±ro upaparikkhitv± gahetabbo.
Yadi hi anulome vedan±ttike paµiccav±r±d²su “±sevanapaccay± na magge dve, namaggapaccay± ±sevane dve”ti ca vutta½ siy±, sopi moghav±ro labbheyya. Yadi ca voµµhabbanampi ±sevanapaccayo siy±, kusal±kusal±nampi siy±. Na hi ±sevanapaccaya½ laddhu½ yuttassa ±sevanapaccayabh±v² dhammo ±sevanapaccayo hot²ti avutto atthi. Voµµhabbanassa pana kusal±kusal±na½ ±sevanapaccayabh±vo na vutto. “Kusala½ dhamma½ paµicca kusalo dhammo uppajjati n±sevanapaccay±. Akusala½ dhamma½ paµicca akusalo dhammo uppajjati n±sevanapaccay±”ti vacanato paµikkhittova. Ath±pi siy± “asam±navedan±na½ vaseneva½ vuttan”ti, evampi yath± “±vajjan± kusal±na½ khandh±na½, akusal±na½ khandh±na½ anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.417) vutta½, eva½ “±sevanapaccayena paccayo”tipi vattabba½ siy±. J±tibhed± na vuttanti ce, “bh³mibhinnassa k±m±vacarassa r³p±vacar±d²na½ ±sevanapaccayabh±vo viya j±tibhinnassapi bhaveyy±”ti vattabbo eva siy±, abhinnaj±tikassa ca vasena yath± “±vajjan± sahetuk±na½ khandh±na½ anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti vutta½, eva½ “±sevanapaccayena paccayo”tipi vattabba½ siy±, na tu vutta½, tasm± vedan±ttikepi sa½khitt±ya gaºan±ya “±sevanapaccay± namagge eka½, namaggapaccay± ±sevane ekan”ti eva½ gaºan±ya niddh±riyam±n±ya voµµhabbanassa ±sevanapaccayatt±bh±v± yath±vuttappak±ro dutiyo moghav±ro v²ma½sitv± gahetabbo. Voµµhabbana½ pana v²thivip±kasantatiy± ±vaµµanato “±vajjan±”icceva vutta½. Tato visadisassa javanassa karaºato manasik±ro ca. Evañca katv± paµµh±ne “voµµhabbana½ kusal±na½ khandh±na½ anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti-±di na vutta½, “±vajjan±”icceva vutta½, tasm± voµµhabbanato catunna½ v± pañcanna½ v± javan±na½ ±rammaºapurej±ta½ bhavitu½ asakkonta½ r³p±di-±vajjan±d²na½ paccayo bhavitu½ na sakkoti, ayametassa sabh±voti javan±p±rip³riy± dutiyo moghav±ro dassetu½ yutto siy±ti.
Ayañhi ±cariyassa adhipp±yo– yadi voµµhabbanampi ±sevanapaccayo siy±, yath± “sukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutta½ dhamma½ paµicca sukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutto dhammo uppajjati ±sevanapaccay± namaggapaccay±”ti anulomapaccaniye, paccaniy±nulome ca “sukh±…pe… namaggapaccay± ±sevanapaccay±”ti ca vutta½ hasitupp±dacittavasena, evampi voµµhabbanavasena “adukkhamasukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutta½ dhamma½ paµicc±”ti-±din± pubbe vuttanayena p±µho siy±. Tath± ca sati v±radvayavasena gaºan±ya “±sevanapaccay± namagge dve, namaggapaccay± ±sevane dve”ti ca vattabba½ siy±, na pana vutta½, “±sevanapaccay± namagge eka½, namaggapaccay± ±sevane ekan”ticceva vutta½. Apica yadi hi voµµhabbanampi ±sevanapaccayo siy±, dutiyamoghav±ro viya purimav±resupi siy±. Tath± ca sati attano viya kusal±kusal±nampi siy±. Na hi ±sevanapaccaya½ laddhu½ yuttassa ±sevanapaccayabh±v² dhammo ±sevanapaccayo hot²ti avutto atthi “purim± purim± kusal± khandh±”ti-±din± anavasesato vuttatt±, voµµhabbanassa pana avutto “aby±kato dhammo kusalassa dhammassa ±sevanapaccayena paccayo”ti-±divacanassa abh±vato. Na kevala½ avuttova, atha kho “kusala½ dhamma½ paµicca kusalo dhammo uppajjati, akusala½ dhamma½ paµicca akusalo dhammo uppajjat²”ti phass±dikusal±kusaladhamme paµicca sahaj±t±dipaccayavasena kusal±kusalassa uppatti½ vatv± paµhamajavanassa voµµhabbanato ±sevanapaccay±l±bha½ sandh±ya “n±sevanapaccay±”ti paµikkhittova.
Ath±pettha samodh±na½ siy±, sam±navedan±na½ eva ±sevanapaccayabh±vassa dassanato voµµhabbanena asam±navedan±na½ kusal±kusal±na½ vasen±ya½ paµikkhepo katoti. Evampi sati yath± “±vajjan± kusal±na½ khandh±na½ akusal±na½ khandh±na½ anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti vutta½, eva½ sam±navedan±vasena “±sevanapaccayena paccayo”tipi vattabba½ siy±. Atha voµµhabbanassa kusal±kusalehi bhinnaj±tikatt± tassa tesa½ ±sevanapaccayabh±vo na vuttoti ce. Yath± bh³mivasena bhinnassa gotrabhuvod±navasena µhitassa k±m±vacarassa r³p±vacar±d²na½ ±sevanabh±vo dissati, eva½ j±tivasena bhinnassa voµµhabbanassa ±sevanapaccayabh±ve na koci vibandho, apica abhinnavedanassa, abhinnaj±tikassa ca upekkh±sahagatamah±kiriyacittassa vasena yath± “±vajjan± sahetuk±na½ khandh±na½ anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti vutta½, eva½ “±sevanapaccayena paccayo”tipi vattabba½ siy±, na tu vutta½, tasm± vedan±ttikepi voµµhabbanassa ±sevanapaccayattassa abh±v± voµµhabbanassa ±sevanabh±vadassanavasena vutto dutiyo moghav±ro v²ma½sitv± gahetabbo. Voµµhabban±vajjan±na½ pana anatthantarabh±vato ±vajjan±ya ca kusal±kusal±na½ anantarapaccayabh±vassa vuttatt± sati uppattiya½ voµµhabbana½ k±m±vacarakusal±kusalakiriy±javan±na½ ekantato anantarapaccayabh±veneva vatteyya, na pana aññath±ti muñch±maraº±sannavel±d²su javan±p±rip³riy± mand²bh³tavegat±ya aya½ dassetabboti.
¾cariyadhammap±lattherena panettha ida½ vutta½– “ya½ javanabh±vappatta½, ta½ chinnam³larukkhapuppha½ viy±”ti vakkham±natt± anupacchinnabhavam³l±na½ pavattassa voµµhabbanassa kiriyabh±vo na siy±, vutto ca “yasmi½ samaye manoviññ±ºadh±tu uppann± kiriy± nevakusal±, n±kusal±, na ca kammavip±k± upekkh±sahagat±”ti, tasm± aµµhakath±ya½ “javanaµµh±ne µhatv±”ti vacana½ javanassa uppajjanaµµh±ne dvikkhattu½ pavattitv± na javanabh±ven±ti adhipp±yena vutta½, “±sevana½ labhitv±”ti ca “±sevana½ viya ±sevanan”ti vutte na koci virodhoti. Vipph±rikassa pana sato dvikkhattu½ pavattiyevettha ±sevanasadisat±. Vipph±rikat±ya hi viññattisamuµµh±pakattañcassa vuccati. Vipph±rikampi javana½ viya anekakkhattu½ appavattiy± dubbalatt± na nippariy±yato ±sevanapaccayabh±vena pavatteyy±ti na imassa p±µhe ±sevanatta½ vutta½ Aµµhakath±ya½ pana pariy±yato vutta½, yath± phalacittesu maggaªga½ maggapariy±pannanti. Yadipi “javan±p±rip³riy±…pe… yutto”ti vutta½, “±vajjan±d²na½ paccayo bhavitu½ na sakkot²”ti pana vuttatt± cittappavattivasena paµhamamoghav±rato etassa na koci visesoti.
Cakkhuss±p±tham±gateti cakkhudv±rassa yogyades±vaµµh±navasena ±p±tham±gate. T±y±ti manodh±tuy± bhavaªg±vaµµane p±kaµat±ya kiriy±manodh±tu½ pacc±masati. ¾vaµµiteti santativasena pavattitu½ adatv± nivattite, pariº±mite v±. J±tesu j±yateti sambandho. Gateti niruddhe. Tadev±ti javan±nubh³tameva iµµh±rammaºa½. Tenev±ti javana½ hutv± niruddhena tena k±m±vacarakusalacittena. Tad±rammaºasaññitanti javanaggahiteyeva ±rammaºe pavattanato “brahmassaro”ti-±d²su viya tassa ±rammaºa½ ±rammaºamass±ti majjhapadalopavasena tad±rammaºanti saññita½. Tulyatoti ±rammaºato visadisabh±vepi somanassasahagat±din± sadisatt±. M³lasadisa½ bhavaªga½ m³labhavaªga½. Tad±rammaºampi bhavaªgasabh±vatt± “bhavaªgan”ti vuccati yath± “sahetuka½ bhavaªga½ ahetukassa bhavaªgassa anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 3.1.102). Ettha hi paµisandhicitte eva pavattiya½ “bhavaªgan”ti vuccam±ne na tassa hetuvasena bhedoti “sahetuka½ bhavaªga½ ahetukassa bhavaªgassa anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti na sakk± vattu½. N±pi ceta½ “sahetuka½ cuti½ ahetukapaµisandhiñca sandh±ya vuttan”ti sakk± viññ±tu½. Bhavassa aªgabh±v±bh±vato cuticittassa bhavaªgavoh±r±l±bhatoti “sahetuka½ bhavaªgan”ti tad±rammaºa½ vuttanti viññ±yati. “Tad±rammaºasaññitan”ti vatv± “m³labhavaªganti vuccat²”ti vuttatt± n±madvayampi imassa labbhat²ti d²pita½ hoti.