“Akusalacetan± pavatte k±yadv±rappavattadukkhassa jananato dukkhavedan²ya½ kamma½ n±ma.
“K±m±vacarakusalato pana upekkh±sahagatacittasampayutt± catasso cetan±, r³p±vacarakusalato catutthajjh±nacetan±ti eva½ paµisandhipavattesu tatiyavedan±ya jananato adukkhamasukhavedan²ya½ kamma½ n±ma. Ettha ca “k±m±vacara½ paµisandhiya½yeva ekantena adukkhamasukha½ janeti, pavatte iµµh±rammaºe sukhamp²”ti (ma. ni. aµµha. 3.300)–

Vutta½. Nanu ca “±rammaºena hoteva, vedan±parivattanan”ti vacanato ±rammaºavasena vedan±niyamo hoti, na ca somanassasahagatakammena paµisandhi½ gaºhantassa iµµh±rammaºameva kammanimitt±dikam±p±tham±gacchat²ti niyamo atthi, upekkh±sahagatakammena v± iµµhamajjhatt±rammaºanti na sakk± vattu½, tasm± katha½ kammavaseneva vedan±niyamoti? Vuccate– iµµh±di-±rammaºampi ±p±tham±gacchanta½ kammabaleneva ±gacchat²ti somanassasahagatakammena paµisandhiggahaºak±le tassa balena iµµh±rammaºam±p±tham±gacchati, upekkh±sahagatakammena iµµhamajjhatt±rammaºanti na na sakk± vattu½, tasm± kammavasena paµisandhiy± ±rammaºaniyamo, ±rammaºavasena vedan±niyamoti. Apica “±rammaºena hoteva, vedan±parivattanan”ti ida½ tad±rammaºa½ sandh±ya vuttanti na tena paµisandhiy± kammasarikkhakavedan±bh±vo paµikkhipitu½ sakk±, duhetukomaka½ pana somanassasahagatampi attano nih²nat±ya duhetukaphalupp±dane asamatthatt±, ahetuk±ya ca attan± sadisavedan±ya paµisandhiy± asambhavato upekkh±sahagatapaµisandhiy± anur³pato iµµhamajjhatt±rammaºamupaµµhapetv± tad±rammaºa½ upekkh±sahagatameva paµisandhi½ deti.

Nanu ca “pacchimabhavikamah±bodhisatt±na½ mett±pubbabh±ga½ somanassakamma½ paµisandhi½ det²”ti aµµhakath±su vutta½, mah±sivatthero ca upekkh±sahagatañ±ºasampayutta-asaªkh±rikavip±kacittena paµisandhi½ icchati. Vuttañhi tena “somanassasahagatato upekkh±sahagata½ balavatara½, tena paµisandhi½ gaºhanti, tena gahitapaµisandhik± hi mahajjh±say± honti tipiµakac³¼an±gatthero viy±”ti, tasm± somanassasahagatakusalato upekkh±sahagatapaµisandhipi labbhati yath± ca, eva½ tath± upekkh±sahagatato somanassasahagat±p²ti katha½ kammasadisavedan± paµisandh²ti? Etth±pi ca kammampi upekkh±sahagatamev±ti therassa adhipp±yo siy±ti sakk± vattu½. Apic±ya½ v±do mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ paµikkhittova. Tath± hi vutta½ saªgahak±rehi “aµµhakath±ya½ pana aya½ therassa manoratho, natthi etan”ti paµikkhipitv± sabbaññubodhisatt±na½ hit³pac±ro balav± hoti, tasm± mett±pubbabh±gak±m±vacarakusalavip±kasomanassasahagatatihetuka-asaªkh±rikacittena paµisandhi½ gaºhant²ti vuttanti, tasm± paµikkhittav±da½ gahetv± na sakk± aµµhakath±vacana½ c±letunti sampaµicchitabbameveta½ kammasadisavedan± paµisandh²ti. Asampaµicchantehi v± aµµhakath±ya adhipp±yo s±dhuka½ kathetabboti.
Asaªkh±ranti asaªkh±rikakamma½. Asaªkh±ra½ sasaªkh±rampi phala½ det²ti sambandho.
¾rammaºen±ti iµµh±di-±rammaºena. Vedan±parivattananti tassa tassa ±rammaºassa anur³pato somanass±divedan±ya parivattana½, kusalavip±kasant²raºatad±rammaº±ni sandh±ya ceta½ vutta½. T±ni hi iµµh±rammaºe somanassasahagat±ni, iµµhamajjhatte upekkh±sahagat±ni. Akusalavip±ka½ pana sant²raºatad±rammaºa½ aniµµhe, aniµµhamajjhatte ca ±rammaºe upekkh±sahagatameva. Na hi tassa ±rammaºavasena vedan±bhedo atthi, heµµh± vuttanayena dv²supi upekkh±sahagatameva. Dvipañcaviññ±ºasampaµicchanesu ca µhapetv± k±yaviññ±ºadvaya½ ses±ni iµµh±d²su sabbattha heµµh± vuttak±raºavaseneva upekkh±sahagat±ni, tath± k±yaviññ±ºa½ iµµh±d²su sukhasahagata½, aniµµh±d²su dukkhasahagatanti. Javanena niyamita½ aµµhakath±yanti adhipp±yo. Hetuniyamanameva cettha javanavasena hoti vedan±bhedassa ±rammaºeneva, saªkh±rabhedassa ca paccayavaseneva niyamitatt±. Ettha ca akusalavip±k±na½ vibh±g±bh±vato kusalavip±katad±rammaº±nameva ±rammaºajavanapaccayavasena niyamana½ hoti. Ta½ pana sar³pato eva½ veditabba½– tihetukukkaµµhakammena hi tad±rammaºa½ pavattam±na½ kammavasena niyam±bh±vato sabbesupi kusalavip±katad±rammaºesu sampattesu ±rammaºajavanapaccayavasena, ±rammaºajavanavaseneva v± niyata½ ekameva uppajjati. Katha½? Tad±rammaºesu hi ±rammaºavasena vedan±niyamo hoti, javanavasena hetuniyamo paccayavasena saªkh±raniyamo. Ahetukesu pana saªkh±rabhed±bh±vato paccayavasena niyamana½ natthi. Tattha ±rammaºena vedan±niyamana½ heµµh± vuttanayena veditabba½. Javanavasena hetuniyamane pana kammasarikkhakahetuvasena tihetuk±ni duhetuk±ni ahetuk±n²ti t²ºi javan±ni veditabb±ni. Tattha kammasarikkhakahetuvasena tihetukajavan±ni n±ma k±m±vacarakusalakiriy±su ñ±ºasampayuttajavan±ni, duhetukajavan±ni n±ma ñ±ºavippayuttajavan±ni, ahetuk±ni n±ma akusalajavan±ni ceva kiriy±hetukajavanañca. Akusalajavan±nipi hi kusalakammasarikkhakahetuvasena ahetuk±ni kusalahet³na½ tesu abh±vato.
Tattha kammassa javanasadisatad±rammaº±bhinipph±danas±matthiye sati tihetukajavane javite tihetukatad±rammaºa½ hoti, duhetukajavane javite duhetukatad±rammaºa½, ahetukajavane javite ahetukatad±rammaºa½ hot²ti. Eva½ javanavasena hetuniyamana½ daµµhabba½. Katha½ paccayavasena saªkh±raniyamoti? K±lasampad±d²na½, utusampad±d²nañca paccay±na½ balavabh±ve sati asaªkh±rikatad±rammaºa½ hoti, dubbalabh±ve sasaªkh±rika½. Ahetukatad±rammaºassa pana paccayavasena niyamo natthi, tasm± yadi iµµh±rammaºa½ hoti, tad± upekkh±sahagata½ tad±rammaºa½ paµib±hitv± somanassasahagatatad±rammaºameva hoti. Somanassasahagatatad±rammaºesupi aniyamena ±rammaºavasena sabbesu sampattesu javanassa tihetukabh±ve duhetuk±hetuke paµib±hitv± tihetukameva tad±rammaºa½ hoti. Tihetukatad±rammaºesupi aniyamena javanavasena sabbesu sampattesu paccayassa balavabh±ve sati sasaªkh±rikatad±rammaºa½ paµib±hitv± asaªkh±rikameva tad±rammaºa½ hoti. Eteneva nayena sesa½ tad±rammaºampi ta½ta½javan±nur³pato niyamana½ daµµhabba½.
Ahetukatad±rammaºa½ pana paccaya½ anapekkhitv± ±rammaºavasena ceva javanavasena ca niyamana½ hoti. Idamettha yebhuyyappavattivasena niyamana½. Kad±ci pana ±rammaºavasena, paccayavasena, paricitavasena ca tad±rammaºaniyamo hoti. Tattha ±rammaºavasena ceva paccayavasena ca niyamana½ heµµh± vuttanayameva. Paricitavasena pana niyamane yebhuyyena tihetukakusalappavattiy± tesu paricitassa kad±ci duhetuke, ahetuke v± javane javite paricayavasena tihetukatad±rammaºameva hoti. Yebhuyyena ca duhetukajavanappavattiy± tattha paricitassa kad±ci tihetuke, ahetuke v± javane javite paricayavasena duhetukatad±rammaºameva hoti. Tatheva akusalesu paricitassa kad±ci tihetukaduhetukesupi javanesu javitesu paricayavasena ahetukatad±rammaºameva hot²ti. Evañca katv± paµµh±ne
“Kusal±kusale niruddhe sahetuko vip±ko tad±rammaºat± uppajjati, sahetuke khandhe aniccato dukkhato anattato vipassati, kusal±kusale niruddhe ahetuko vip±ko tad±rammaºat± uppajjat²”ti–

Avisesena akusalajavan±nantarampi sahetukatad±rammaºa½, tihetukajavan±nantarañca ahetukatad±rammaºa½ vutta½. Tihetukomakena, pana duhetukukkaµµhena ca kammena tad±rammaºappavattiya½ kammassa tihetukavip±kad±ne asamatthat±ya tihetukajavanepi javite duhetukatad±rammaºameva hoti. Sesa½ vuttanayameva. Duhetukomakena pana kammena tad±rammaºappavattiya½ kammassa sahetukatad±rammaºanibbattane asamatthat±ya sahetukajavanepi javite ahetukatad±rammaºameva hoti. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.

387-91. Tulyena p±kacitten±ti somanassasahagatañ±ºasampayutta-asaªkh±rikena mah±vip±kacittena. Balav±rammaºeti atimahant±rammaºe. Catubbidhañhi ±rammaºa½ atimahanta½ mahanta½ paritta½ atiparittanti. Vuttañca–
“Tath± hi visaya½ ±hu, catudh± ettha paº¹it±;
mahant±timahantato, paritt±tiparittato”ti.

Atimahant±dibh±vo cassa ±p±thagatak±le uppajjanakacittakkhaºavasena veditabbo. Tath± hi ±p±thagatakkhaºato paµµh±ya y±va so¼asacittakkhaº±, t±va vijjam±n±yuka-±rammaºa½ atimahanta½ n±ma. Pannarasacuddasacittakkhaº±yuka½ mahanta½ n±ma. Terasacittakkhaºato paµµh±ya aµµhacittakkhaº±yuka½ paritta½ n±ma. Tato para½ atiparitta½ n±ma. Tattha atimahant±rammaºe tad±rammaºapariyos±n±ni v²thicitt±ni uppajjanti. Mahante javanapariyos±n±ni, natthi tad±rammaºupp±do. Paritte javanampi na uppajjati, sant²raº±nantara½ voµµhabbanameva dvattikkhattu½ pavattati. Atiparitte bhavaªgacalanamattameva. Katha½? Atimahante hi ±rammaºe pañcadv±resu yath±nur³pa½ aññatarasmi½ dv±re ±p±thagate pas±daghaµµan±nubh±vena hadayavatthusannissit± bhavaªgasantati vocchijjati, vocchijjam±n± ca sahas± na occhijjati. Yath± pana vegena dh±vanto puriso antar± µh±tuk±mopi ekadvepadav±re atikkamitv±va µh±tu½ sakkoti, na pana µh±tuk±mat±ya saddhi½yeva, evameva d²pasikh± viya, gaªg±soto viya, vegena javam±n± bhavaªgasantati antar± occhijjam±n±pi pas±daghaµµanato para½ dvattikkhattu½ uppajjitv±va occhijjati. Tattha paµhamacitta½ bhavaªgasantatiy± calan±k±rena uppajjanato bhavaªgacalana½ n±ma, dutiya½ upacchijjanavasena uppajjanato bhavaªgupacchedo n±ma. Calanañcettha visadisacittassa upanissayabh±vagamana½. Vuttañca–

“¾rammaºantar±p±the dvikkhattu½ calite mano;
cittantarassa hetutta½, y±na½ calanam²ritan”ti.
Yadi eva½ dutiyassapi ta½ atth²ti tampi bhavaªgacalanamicceva vattabbanti? Sacca½, bhavaªgassa pana upacchijjanavasena pavattivisesa½ gahetv± purimassa n±mato visadisan±ma½ k±tu½ “bhavaªgupacchedo”ti vuccat²ti. Nanu ca r³p±d²hi pas±de ghaµµite pas±danissitasseva calana½ yutta½, katha½ pana hadayavatthusannissit±ya bhavaªgasantatiy± calananti? Santativasena ek±baddhatt±. Yath± hi bheriy± ekasmi½ tale µhitasakkhar±ya makkhik±ya nipann±ya aparasmi½ tale daº¹±din± pahaµe anukkamena bhericammavaratt±d²na½ calanena sakkhar±ya calit±ya makkhik±ya pal±yana½ hoti, evameva r³p±dimhi pas±de ghaµµite tannissayesu mah±bh³tesu calitesu anukkamena ta½sambandh±na½ sesar³p±nampi calanena hadayavatthumhi calite tannissitassa bhavaªgassa calan±k±rena pavatti hoti. Vuttañca–
“Ghaµµite aññavatthumhi, aññanissitakampana½;
ek±baddhena hot²ti, sakkharopamay± vade”ti. (Sa. sa. 176).
Eva½ bhavaªgacalanabhavaªgupacchedesu uppajjitv± niruddhesu “ki½ n±metan”ti vadant² viya v²thicitt±ni ±rammaº±bhimukha½ paµip±dent² kiriy±manodh±tu uppajjati, tass±nantara½ yath±raha½ dassan±dikicca½ s±dhayam±n± pañcaviññ±ºadh±t³su aññatar± uppajjati, tadanantara½ t±ya gahitamev±rammaºa½ sampaµiccham±n± vip±k±hetukamanodh±tu uppajjati, tadanantara½ tadev±rammaºa½ sant²rayam±n± vip±k±hetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tu uppajjati, tadanantara½ tamev±rammaºa½ vavatth±payam±n± kiriy±hetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tu uppajjati, tadanantara½ k±m±vacarakusal±kusalakiriyajavanesu ya½ kiñci laddhapaccaya½ tadev±rammaºa½ ±rabbha javana½ hutv± yebhuyyena sattakkhattu½ javati, tadanantara½ ek±dasatad±rammaºacittesu aññatara½ kamma½ ±rammaºa½ javana½ paccayo paricitat±ti imesa½ anur³pavasena dvikkhattu½ uppajjati, tadanantara½ bhavaªgap±to hoti.