7. Sattamo paricchedo

Vip±kacittappavattiniddesavaººan±

376. Anantañ±ºen±ti anant±rammaºe pavattañ±ºena. Niraªgaºen±ti ettha r±g±dayo akusal± aªganti etehi ta½samaªgino puggal± nih²nabh±va½ gacchant²ti aªgaº±ti vuccanti. Yath±ha–
“R±go aªgaºa½, doso aªgaºa½, moho aªgaºa½, p±pak±na½ kho, ±vuso, akusal±na½ icch±vacar±na½ adhivacana½ yadida½ aªgaºan”ti ca ±di (vibha. 924).
Attano sant±ne s²l±diguºe es² gaves²ti guºes², tena guºesin±. Karuº±ya½ niyutto, s± assa atth²ti v± k±ruºiko, tena k±ruºikena. Ettha ca “anantañ±ºen±”ti imin± bhagavato sabbaññubh±vam±ha, “niraªgaºen±”ti kh²º±savabh±va½, “guºesin±”ti pubbacariya½, “k±ruºiken±”ti mah±karuº±samaªgibh±va½. Ettakena pana thomanena bhagavato vip±kadesan±ya niyy±nik±dibh±va½ d²peti. Asabbaññun± hi desita½ aniyy±nika½ hoti, akh²º±savena desita½ na p±kaµa½, apuññavat± desita½ nappatiµµh±ti, ak±ruºikena vutta½ sukhad±yaka½ na hoti. Bhagavato pana sabbaññubh±vato tena desita½ niyy±nika½, kh²º±savatt± p±kaµa½, puññavantat±ya patiµµh±ti, mah±karuº±samaªgit±ya sukhad±yakanti. Cittappabhavanti vip±kacitt±na½ uppatti½.
377-86. Id±ni vip±kakath±ya m±tik±vasena aµµhakath±ya µhapite dasappak±re dassetu½ “ek³nati½sa kamm±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yath±raddh±ya vip±kakath±ya m³lak±raºabh±vato “ek³nati½sa kamm±n²”ti paµhama½ kammavavatth±na½ kata½. Kamme pana kathite vip±kakath±ya adhiµµh±nabh³t± vip±k±pi kathetabb±ti “p±k± dvatti½sa dassit±”ti dutiya½ vip±kavavatth±na½ kata½. Kammavip±k±nañca adv±resu adissanato “t²su…pe… dissare”ti tatiya½ kammadv±ravip±kadv±r± vutt±. Kammavip±k±na½ vacanappasaªgeyeva ekasseva kammassa ta½ ta½ paccayam±gamma anekaphalanipph±dana½ dassetu½ “kusala½…pe… vividha½ phalan”ti catuttha½ k±m±vacarakusalassa pavattipaµisandh²su n±n±phalanipph±dana½ vutta½. Eva½ vutte pana pavattipaµisandh²na½ labbham±navip±kavasena vuttabh±va½ aj±nant±–
“Tasseva kammassa vip±k±vasesen±”ti;
“eka½ puppha½ cajitv±na, as²tikappakoµiyo;
duggati½ n±bhij±n±m²”ti. Ca–

Evam±divacanassa byañjanacch±y±ya attha½ gahetv± dinnapaµisandhik±yapi cetan±ya puna paµisandhid±na½ maññeyyunti “ek±ya…pe… pak±sit±”ti pañcama½ ekena kammena ekiss±yeva paµisandhiy± nibbattana½ vutta½. Ekasmi½ bhave n±n±kammassa vip±kappavatti½ suºant± “disv± kum±ra½ satapuññalakkhaºan”ti-±divacanassa attha½ aj±nant± “n±n±kammena ek±va paµisandhi hot²”ti cinteyyunti “n±n±…pe… paµisandhiyo”ti chaµµha½ n±n±kammassa n±n±paµisandhid±na½ vutta½. Tath± vipaccantassa ca ekassa kammassa so¼asa vip±k±ni dv±dasamaggo ahetukaµµhakamp²ti aya½ vip±kavibh±go hetubhedavasena hot²ti dassanattha½ “tihetuka½…pe… na ca hoti tihetuk±”ti sattama½ aµµhakath±ya ±gatahetukittana½ dassita½. Ta½ pana hetukittana½ ekekassa kammassa vip±kavibh±gadassanatthanti. Id±ni tipiµakac³¼an±gattherassa, morav±piv±simah±dattattherassa, tipiµakamah±dhammarakkhitattherass±ti tiººa½ ther±na½ v±desu “ek±ya cetan±ya dv±dasa vip±k±ni ettheva dasakamaggo ahetukaµµhakamp²”ti ±gatassa dutiyattherav±dassa, “ek±ya cetan±ya dasa vip±k±ni ettheva ahetukaµµhakamp²”ti ±gatassa tatiyattherassa v±dassa ca na samm±patiµµhitatt± suppatiµµhitassa paµhamattherav±dassa vasena dassetu½ vip±kesu asaªkh±rasasaªkh±ravidh±na½ paccayabalena hoti, no kammabalen±ti d²panattha½ aµµhama½, “asaªkh±rasasaªkh±ran”ti-±din± kammena saha asam±nampi katv± saªkh±rabhedo vutto. Kammassa somanassupekkh±sahagatabh±vepi ±rammaºavaseneva vip±kavedan±ya parivattana½ dassetu½ “±rammaºena…pe… parivattanan”ti navama½ ±rammaºena vedan±parivattana½ vutta½. Kammavasena ceva ±rammaºavasena ca aniyatassa tad±rammaºassa javanavasena niyamadassanattha½ “tad±rammaºa…pe… niy±mitan”ti dasama½ javanena tad±rammaºaniyamo vuttoti.

Ek³nati½sa kamm±n²ti kusal±kusalavasena v²sati paritt±ni, nava mahaggat±n²ti ek³nati½sa kamm±ni. Yasm± panes± vaµµavasena vip±kakath±, tasm± lokuttarakusala½ vajjetv± ek³nati½seva kamm±ni vutt±ni. Eva½ “p±k± dvatti½s±”ti etth±pi tev²sati paritt±, nava mahaggat±ti p±k± dvatti½sa. T²su dv±res³ti k±yavac²manodv±ravasena t²su kammadv±resu. Kammadv±ravavatth±na½ heµµh± saªkhepato dassitameva. Vitth±rato paneta½ aµµhas±liniy± dhammasaªgahaµµhakath±ya (dha. sa. aµµha. 1 k±yakammadv±ra), ta½sa½vaººan±dito ca gahetabba½. K±ma½ kamm±nipi chasu dv±resu pavattanti, pañcadv±rappavatt±ni pana avip±k±ni, manodv±radv±rattayavasena bhinn±na½ vip±kad±yak±nameva saªgaºhanattha½ “t²su dv±res³”ti vutta½. Chas³ti cakkhudv±r±d²ni pañca, manodv±rañc±ti chasu vip±kadv±resu.
Ta½ ta½ paccayam±gamm±ti k±lasampad±dika½ ta½ ta½ paccayam±gamma. Ten±hu por±º±–
“K±lopadhippayog±na½ gatiy± ca yath±raha½;
sampattiñca vipattiñca, kammam±gamma paccat²”ti.
Atha v± ta½ ta½ paccayanti somanass±dihetubh³ta½ ta½ ta½ sahak±ripaccaya½. Vividha½ phalanti somanassupekkh±sahagatasahetuk±hetuka-asaªkh±rasasaªkh±ravasena n±nappak±raphala½. Ek±ya cetan±y±ti upapajjavedan²yabh³t±ya, apar±pariyavedan²yabh³t±ya v± ek±ya cetan±ya. Diµµhadhammavedan²yabh³t± pana pavattivip±kameva nibbatteti, no paµisandhi½.
Kiñc±pi “tihetukan”ti avisesena vutta½, ukkaµµhameva pana tihetukakamma½ tihetukavip±ka½ deti, tath± duhetukampi ukkaµµhameva duhetukavip±ka½ deti. Omaka½ pana tihetukakamma½ duhetukukkaµµhasadisa½, duhetuk±hetukameva vip±ka½ deti. Tath± duhetukampi ahetukameva vip±ka½ det²ti. Ukkaµµhomakavibh±go ca panesa kusal±kusalapariv±ral±bhato, ±sevanavippaµis±rappavattiy± v± daµµhabbo. Yañhi kamma½ attano pavattik±le purimapacch±bh±gappavattehi kusaladhammehi pariv±rita½, pacch± v± ±sevanal±bhena samud±ciººa½, ta½ ukkaµµha½. Ya½ pana karaºak±le akusaladhammehi pariv±rita½, pacch± v± “dukkaµa½ may±”ti vippaµis±rupp±danena paribh±vita½, ta½ omaka½ n±ma hoti.
Athettha yath±vuttavidh±na½ ki½ paµisandhipavatt²na½ avisesena, ud±hu pavattivasenev±ti ce? Pavattivaseneva, paµisandhiya½ pana aya½ visesoti dassento ±ha “tihetuken±”ti-±di. Etth±pi tihetukukkaµµhakammeneva tihetukapaµisandhi hoti, omakena pana duhetukukkaµµhena ca duhetuk± paµisandhi, duhetukomakena pana ahetuk±v±ti aya½ viseso veditabbo. Yasm± panettha ñ±ºa½ jaccandh±divipattinimittassa mohassa, sabb±kusalassa v± paµipakkha½, tasm± ta½sampayutta½ kamma½ jaccandh±divipattipaccaya½ na hot²ti tihetuka½ atidubbalampi sam±na½ duhetukapaµisandhimeva ±ka¹¹hati, n±hetukanti ±ha “na ca hoti ahetuk±”ti. Yasm± paµisambhid±magge sugatiya½ jaccandhabadhir±divipattiy± ahetuk³papatti½ vajjetv± gatisampattiy± ahetuk³papatti½ dassentena dhammasen±patin±–
“Gatisampattiy± ñ±ºasampayutte aµµhanna½ het³na½ paccay± upapatti hoti, gatisampattiy± ñ±ºasampayutte katamesa½ aµµhanna½ het³na½ paccay± upapatti hoti? Kusalassa kammassa javanakkhaºe tayo het³ kusal± tasmi½ khaºe j±tacetan±ya sahaj±tapaccay± honti, tena vuccati kusalam³lapaccay±pi saªkh±r±. Nikantikkhaºe dve het³ akusal± tasmi½ khaºe j±tacetan±ya sahaj±tapaccay± honti, tena vuccati akusalam³lapaccay±pi saªkh±r±. Paµisandhikkhaºe tayo het³ aby±kat± tasmi½ khaºe j±tacetan±ya sahaj±tapaccay± honti, tena vuccati n±mar³papaccay±pi viññ±ºa½, viññ±ºapaccay±pi n±mar³pan”ti (paµi. ma. 1.231-232)–

Eva½ javanakkhaºe tiººa½ het³na½ paccay± ñ±ºasampayuttavip±kuppatti vutt±, na pana “javanakkhaºe dvinna½ het³na½ paccay±”ti, tasm± tihetukakammeneva tihetukapaµisandhi hoti, na duhetuken±ti ±ha “duhetukena…pe… na ca hoti tihetuk±”ti. Yadi hi duhetukakammena tihetukapaµisandhi siy±, yath± “aµµhanna½ het³na½ paccay± upapatti hot²”ti vatv± tassa vibhaªgo kato, eva½ “gatisampattiy± ñ±ºasampayutte sattanna½ het³na½ paccay± upapatti hoti. Gatisampattiy± ñ±ºasampayutte katamesa½ sattanna½ het³na½ paccay± upapatti hoti? Kusalassa kammassa javanakkhaºe dve het³ kusal± tasmi½ khaºe…pe… saªkh±r±, nikantikkhaºe dve het³ akusal± tasmi½ khaºe…pe… saªkh±r±, paµisandhikkhaºe tayo het³ aby±kat± tasmi½ khaºe…pe… n±mar³pan”ti sattanna½ het³na½ paccay± ñ±ºasampayutt³papatti½ vatv± tassa vibhaªgo k±tabbo siy±, na ca paneva½ atthi, tasm± viññ±yati “duhetukakammena tihetukapaµisandhi na hot²”ti.

Yadi eva½–
“Gatisampattiy± ñ±ºavippayutte channa½ het³na½ paccay± upapatti hoti. Gatisampattiy± ñ±ºavippayutte katamesa½…pe… hoti? Kusalassa kammassa javanakkhaºe dve het³ kusal± tasmi½ khaºe…pe… saªkh±r±. Nikantikkhaºe dve het³ akusal± tasmi½ khaºe…pe… saªkh±r±. Paµisandhikkhaºe dve het³ aby±kat± tasmi½ khaºe…pe… n±mar³pan”ti–

Eva½ duhetukakammena duhetuk³papatti½ uddharitv± “gatisampattiy± ñ±ºavippayutte sattanna½ het³na½ paccay± upapatti hoti. Gatisampattiy± ñ±ºavippayutte katamesa½ sattanna½ het³na½ paccay± upapatti hoti? Kusalassa kammassa javanakkhaºe tayo het³ kusal± tasmi½ khaºe…pe… saªkh±r±. Nikantikkhaºe dve het³ akusal± tasmi½ khaºe…pe… saªkh±r±. Paµisandhikkhaºe dve het³ aby±kat± tasmi½ khaºe…pe… n±mar³pan”ti eva½ tihetukakammena duhetukapaµisandhiy±pi anuddhaµatt± s±pi na hot²ti ce? No na hoti, duhetukomakakammena ahetukapaµisandhiy± viya tihetukomakena duhetukapaµisandhiy±va d±tabbatt±, kammasarikkhakavip±kadassanattha½ pana mah±therena p±µho s±vaseso kato.

Yadi eva½ purimavuttehi ida½ sam±na½ kammasarikkhakat±bh±vatoti duhetukakammena tihetukapaµisandhi na uddhaµ±, na pana alabbhanatoti? Ta½ na, akusalakammassa alobhasampayog±bh±vato, alobhaphalupp±dane viya ñ±ºavippayuttassa ñ±ºaphalupp±dane asamatthabh±vato. Paññ±balasampayogato hi ta½ñ±ºaphalupp±dane samattha½ hoti.
Etth±ha– ki½ paneta½ kammameva paµisandhi½ denta½ attan± sadisavedanameva deti, ud±hu visadisavedanamp²ti? Duhetukomakameva visadisavedana½ deti, itara½ pana sadisavedanameva Tath± hi papañcas³daniy± majjhimaµµhakath±ya mah±kammavibhaªgasutte sukhavedan²y±dikammavaººan±ya–
“K±m±vacarakusalato somanassasahagatacittasampayutt± catasso cetan±, r³p±vacarakusalato catukkajjh±nacetan±ti eva½ paµisandhipavattesu sukhavedan±ya jananato sukhavedan²ya½ kamma½ n±ma. K±m±vacarañcettha paµisandhiya½yeva ekantena sukha½ janeti, pavatte pana iµµhamajjhatt±rammaºe adukkhamasukhampi.