5. Pańcamo paricchedo

Bh³mipuggalacittuppattiniddesavaŗŗan±

182-8. Buddhiy± vuddhi½ viru¼hi½ karot²ti buddhivuddhikara½. Yassa yassa nayassa kathana½ paµińń±ta½, ta½ ta½ dassento ±ha “citt±na½ bh³m²suppattin”ti. Ta½ vatv± bh³m²na½ ±dh±ravasena pasaŖg±gata½ gatibheda½, bhavabhedańca dassetu½ “dev± cev±”ti-±di vutta½. “Catassop±yabh³miyo”ti vatv± asuragatiy± petagatiya½yeva saŖgahitatt± “gatiyo pańc±”ti vuttanti vadanti. Maya½ pana “tissov±p±yabh³miyo”ti p±µhena bhavitabbanti mańń±ma. Na hi esa an±kulavacano ±cariyo ²disa½ pubb±paraviruddha½ viya sammohajanaka½ vacana½ bh±sati. P±¼iyampi hi–
“Pańca kho im±, s±riputta, gatiyo. Katam± pańca? Nirayo tiracch±nayoni pettivisayo manuss± dev±”ti (a. ni. 9.68)–

Eva½ tiŗŗameva ap±y±na½ vasena vutta½. K±mar³p±r³pavasena tayo bhav±. Tatth±ti tesu t²su bhavesu. Ti½sev±ti catasso ap±yabh³miyo, sattavidh± k±masugatibh³mi, so¼asa r³p²brahmalok±, catasso ar³pabh³miyoti ekati½sabh³m²namantare cittappavatti-adhik±ratt± asańńabh³mi½ apanetv± avases± ti½seva bh³miyoti attho. T±su ti½seva puggal±ti t±su bh³m²su uppann± puggal± bh³migaŗanavasena ti½seva honti. Bh³mivasena ti½savidh±pi pana paµisandhicittagaŗan±ya ek³nav²sati hont²ti dassento ±ha “bh³m²svet±s³”ti-±di.

Paµisandhikacitt±nanti dasa k±m±vacarapaµisandhicitt±ni, pańca r³p±vacarapaµisandhicitt±ni, catt±ri ar³p±vacarapaµisandhicitt±n²ti imesa½ ek³nav²satipaµisandhicitt±na½ vasena. Asańń²namacittak±ti asańńasatt±na½ acittak± paµisandhi. Vuttańheta½–
“Asańńasatt± dev± ahetuk± an±h±rak± aphassak± avedanak± asańńak± acetanak± acittak± p±tubhavant²”ti.
Yadi paµisandhivasena v²sati puggal±, katha½ bh³mivasena ti½s±ti vutt±. Ekati½s±ti hi vattabbanti ±ha “idh±”ti-±di.
Na vijjati hetu imesanti ahet³, duve, t²ŗi ca het³ imesanti dvitihet³, paµisandhivasena ahetuk±, duhetuk±, tihetuk± c±ti attho. Tattha ahetuk± ±p±yik± ca, ekacce bh³madev±, manussesu jaccandhajaccabadhirajaccummattakanapu½saka-ubhatobyańjanak±dayo ca. Vutt±vases± k±masugativ±sinova duhetuk±. Tihetuk± pana k±masugativ±sinova. Ariy± pana aµµh±ti catunna½ ariyamaggasamaŖg²na½, catunnańca ariyaphalasamaŖg²na½ vasena aµµha ariyapuggal± Nanu ca ariy±pi tihetuk±yev±ti? Sacca½, cittupp±da½ pana patv± tesa½ visesasabbh±vato visu½yeva uddhaµ±ti daµµhabba½.
189-92. “Bh³m²suppatti½ bhaŗato me nibodhath±”ti sutv± codako “ti½sabh³m²s³”ti-±din± sabbesa½ bh³m²na½ s±dh±raŗacitt±ni pucchati, itaro “cuddasev±”ti vissajjeti. Tattha aµµha parittakusal±ni, catt±ri diµµhivippayutt±ni, uddhaccasahagata½, manodv±r±vajjanańc±ti cuddaseva, na ³n±ni n±dhik±ni, sabb±su ti½sabh³m²su honti, sabbabh³m²na½ s±dh±raŗ±n²ti attho.
Sad±…pe… siyunti dve dosam³l±ni, kusalavip±kacakkhusotavińń±ŗasampaµicchanasant²raŗadvayavajjit±ni aµµh±rasa k±m±vacaravip±kacitt±n²ti v²sati citt±ni sad± k±meyeva bhave siyu½, na kad±ci ańńattha uppajjant²ti attho. Nanu ca brahm³nampi akusalavip±k±ni uppajjant²ti? Sacca½ uppajjanti, t±ni k±mabhave aniµµhar³p±dayo ±rabbha uppajjanti brahmaloke tesa½ abh±vatoti k±mabhaveyeva niyamit±ni. R³p±vacaravip±kacitt±ni pańca r³p±vacarabhaveyeva siyu½, catt±ro ca ar³p±vacaravip±k± ar³p²s³ti ±ha “pańca r³pabhave”ti-±di.
K±ma …pe… bhavant²ti r³p±vacarakusalakiriyacitt±ni ceva kusalavip±k±ni ca cakkhusotavińń±ŗasampaµicchanasant²raŗ±ni voµµhabbanavajj±ni ca dve ahetukakiriyacitt±ni paµhamamaggavińń±ŗanti aµµh±rasa citt±ni k±mar³pabhaveyeva bhavanti, na ar³pabhave. Tattha hi sabbaso r³pasańń±na½ samatikkantatt± r³p±vacarakusalakiriy± nuppajjanti. Cakkhuvińń±ŗ±d²ni vatthudv±ravirahato, hasitupp±do ekantavatthunissayatt±, sot±pattimaggo paratoghosapaccay±yeva nibbattanato na uppajjati. Dvecatt±l²s±ti aµµha parittakusal±ni, catt±ri ar³pakusal±ni, paµhamamaggavajj±ni satta lokuttaracitt±ni, paµighadvayavajjit±ni ca dasa akusalacitt±ni, pubbe vutta-ahetukakiriy±dvayavajjit±ni nava k±m±vacarakiriyacitt±ni, catt±ri ar³p±vacarakiriyacitt±n²ti eva½ dvecatt±l²sa citt±ni t²su bhavesu honti.
193-204. Eva½ bhavavasena cittuppatti½ dassetv± id±ni k±lavasena dassento ±ha “µhapetv± pan±”ti-±di. Sabb±santi niddh±raŗatthe s±mivacana½. Aµµha mah±kiriy±, arahattamaggaphalacitt±ni, an±g±miphala½, nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanakusalakiriy±ti teraseva citt±ni ap±yarahit±su chabb²sabh³m²su honti ap±yesu vip±k±varaŗasabbh±ve etesa½ anuppajjanato. Apar±ni cha citt±n²ti sambandho. T±ni pana r³pabhavas±dh±raŗ±na½ pańcaparittavip±k±na½, kiriyamanodh±tuy± ca vasena veditabb±ni.
Pańca citt±n²ti diµµhisampayuttavicikicch±vasena pańca citt±ni. T±ni hi pańcasu suddh±v±sabh³m²su na labbhanti. Tattha an±g±mikh²ŗ±sav±nameva adhivutthatt±, tesańca paµhamamaggeneva imesa½ pańcanna½ vińń±ŗ±na½ anupp±dadhammata½ ±p±ditatt±.
Apar±ni duveti tatiy±ruppakusalakiriyacitt±ni. T±ni hi nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanesu atikkant±rammaŗatt±, ap±yesu ca ahetukapaµisandhikatt± nuppajjanti. Catuv²sat²bh³misu dve c±ti vińń±ŗańc±yatanakusalakiriy±vasena dve citt±ni. Tev²sabh³misu dveyev±ti ±k±s±nańc±yatanakusalakiriyacitt±ni.
Ek±dasavidhanti r³p±vacarakusalakiriy± hasitupp±doti ek±dasa. Sot±pattiphala½ y±va an±g±mimaggo catt±ri ca citt±ni suddh±v±sa-ap±yavajj±su ekav²satibh³m²su bhavanti. Eka½ sot±pattimaggacitta½ suddh±v±sa-ap±ya-ar³pabh³mivajjesu sattarasasu bh³m²su j±yati. Dve dosam³l±ni, kusalavip±kagh±najivh±k±yavińń±ŗ±ni, satta akusalavip±k±ti dv±dasa citt±ni mahaggatabh³mivajj±su ek±dasasu k±mabh³m²su j±yanti. Aµµha mah±vip±kacitt±ni k±m±vacaradevamanussavasena sattabh³m²su j±yanti. Chasu bh³mis³ti vehapphalasuddh±v±sasaŖkh±t±su chasu pańcamajjh±nabh³m²su.
Catt±ri…pe… bh³mis³ti catutthajjh±navip±ko parittasubha-appam±ŗasubhasubhakiŗhavasena t²su bh³m²su j±yati, dutiyajjh±navip±ko, tatiyajjh±navip±ko ca paritt±bh±-appam±ŗ±bh±-±bhassaravasena t²su bh³m²su, paµhamajjh±navip±ko brahmap±risajjabrahmapurohitamah±brahm±vasena t²su bh³m²su hot²ti eva½ catt±ri citt±ni ekekavasena t²su t²su bh³m²su j±yanti.
206-9. Eva½ ettak±neva citt±ni ettak±su bh³m²su uppajjant²ti cittaniyamavasena uppatti½ dassetv± id±ni ettak±su eva bh³m²su ettak±neva citt±ni uppajjant²ti bh³miniyamavasena dassetu½ “kusal±kusal± k±me”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha k±me kusal±kusal± v²sati, tesa½ pannarasa ahetuk± p±k±, ±vajjanadvayańc±ti sattati½seva m±nas± narak±d²su cat³supi ap±yesu j±yare. Avases±ni pana sattarasa k±m±vacaravip±kakiriyacitt±ni, pańcati½sa mahaggatalokuttar±n²ti dvepańń±sa m±nas± kad±cipi tesu nuppajjanti abh³mibh±vatoti attho.
As²ti haday±ti vutt±vases±ni as²ti citt±ni. Gh±n±divińń±ŗattayanti kusalavip±kagh±n±divińń±ŗattaya½. “Apuńńaj± p±k±”ti akusalavip±k±na½ sabbesameva gahitatt± gh±n±divińń±ŗattaya½ aggahitavisesampi p±risesań±yena kusalavip±kameva vińń±yati.
213. Domanassanti domanassasahagata½. Kriy± ca dveti voµµhabbanavajjit± dve ahetukakiriy±.
214. Bh³mivasenev±ti puggale an±masitv± kevala½ bh³mivasena. Puggal±na½ vasena ca bh³mivasena ca cittuppatti½ vibh±vayeti sambandho.
216-8. Pańcabh³mis³ti catur±p±yamanussavasena pańcabh³m²su. Ahetuk±na½ paµisandhisadisatad±rammaŗavasena “sattati½sev±”ti vutta½, ańńakammena pana dvihetukatad±rammaŗass±pi sambhavato ekacatt±l²sa honti. ¾cariyajotip±lattherassa adhipp±yena tihetukavip±kehipi saddhi½ pańcacatt±l²sev±ti daµµhabba½. Ahetukassa vutteh²ti ahetukasattassa vuttehi sattati½sam±nasehi saha. Nava kriy±ti aµµha mah±kiriy±, hasitupp±do c±ti im±ni as±dh±raŗakiriyacitt±ni nava.
220-1. “Catupańń±sa m±nas±”ti vatv± tesa½ sar³pato dassanattha½ ±ha “dvihetukass±”ti-±di. Puna “catupańń±s±”ti-±di pana nigamana½.
223-4. Pańń±sevassa citt±n²ti tihetukassa puthujjanassa vuttacatupańń±sacittesu diµµhivicikicch±sahagatavajj±ni ek³napańń±sa, sot±pattiphalanti im±ni pańń±seva citt±ni assa k±m±vacarassa sot±pannadehino j±yante. Navati½sev±ti ek³nacatt±l²sacitt±ni. Paµhama½ phalanti sot±pattiphala½.
225-8. Dutiyańca phala½ hitv±ti sakad±g±miphala½ hitv±. Ca-saddena sot±pattiphalańca hitv±ti attho. Attano phalena saha y±ni aµµhacatt±l²sa citt±ni, t±ni an±g±missa sattassa j±yanti. Catt±l²sańca catt±r²ti tev²sati k±m±vacaravip±kacitt±ni, v²sati kiriyacitt±ni, arahattaphalańc±ti catucatt±l²sa citt±ni. Saka½ sakanti “sot±pannassa sot±pattimaggacitta½, sakad±g±mino sakad±g±mimaggacittan”ti-±din± attano attano maggacitta½. Kasm± pana tesa½ ekekameva citta½ hot²ti ±ha “ekacittakkhaŗ±hi te”ti. Pańcati½sev±ti sattarasa k±mar³p±r³pakusalacitt±ni, paµighadvayavajj±ni dasa akusal±ni, r³pabhave labbham±nak±ni pańca ahetukavip±k±ni, ±vajjanadvaya½, paµhamajjh±navip±ko c±ti pańcati½sa citt±ni t²su paµhamajjh±nabh³m²su puthujjanassa j±yanti.
232-5. Hitv± c±ti ettha ca-saddena paµhamaphalassa gahaŗa½ dasseti. Tena apuńńapańcaka½ hitv± paµhama½ phala½ gahetv± c±ti attho. Apuńńapańcakanti diµµhisampayuttavicikicch±sahagatavasena pańca akusalacitt±ni. Tatth±ti tesu sot±pannassa vuttesu. Tatthev±ti sakad±g±missa vuttesu. Puńńaja½ sampaµicchana½ sant²raŗadvayańcev±ti sambandho.
237. Eva½ paµhamajjh±nabh³miya½ puthujjanasot±pann±divasena cittasambhava½ dassetv± id±ni tesameva vasena dutiyajjh±nabh³miya½ dassetu½ “puthujjanass±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Dutiyajjh±natatiyajjh±navip±k±na½ ekasattasseva asambhavepi dutiyajjh±natale nibbatte puthujjan±dayo puthujjan±dibh±vas±mańńena ekato gahetv± “dutiyajjh±natatiyajjh±nap±kato”ti vutta½.
242. Parittasubh±dito paµµh±ya y±va akaniµµh± tatiyacatutthajjh±nabh³m²su paµhamajjh±nabh³miya½ vuttagaŗan±ya cittappavatti veditabb±. Ten±ha “parittakasubh±d²nan”ti-±di.
247. Catuv²sati citt±n²ti aµµhaparittakusal±ni, catt±ri ar³pakusal±ni, paµighadvayavajjit±ni dasa akusalacitt±ni, paµham±ruppavip±ko, manodv±r±vajjanańc±ti catuv²sati citt±ni paµham±ruppabh³miya½ puthujjanassa j±yanti.
250-3. Dasa pańc±ti aµµha mah±kiriy±, catasso ar³pakiriy±, manodv±r±vajjana½, paµham±ruppavip±ko, arahattaphalańc±ti pannarasa citt±ni paµham±ruppabh³miya½ arahato honti.
Tev²s±ti paµham±ruppabh³miya½ puthujjanassa vuttesu catuv²saticittesu ±k±s±nańc±yatanakusalavip±kavajj± b±v²sati ca dutiy±ruppavip±ko c±ti tev²sati dutiy±ruppabh³miya½ puthujjanassa honti. Tattheva tiŗŗa½ phalaµµhasekh±na½ puthujjanassa vuttesu akusalapańcakavajj±ni aµµh±rasa, ta½ta½phalańc±ti ek³nav²sati citt±ni honti.
Kriy± dv±das±ti aµµha mah±kiriy±, ±k±s±nańc±yatanavajjit± tisso ar³pakiriy±, manodv±r±vajjananti dv±dasa kiriyacitt±ni. P±kekoti eko ar³pavip±ko.
Dutiy±ruppabh³miya½ puthujjanassa vuttesu vińń±ŗańc±yatanakusalavip±kavajj±ni ekav²sati ±kińcańń±yatanavip±ko c±ti b±v²sati citt±ni tatiy±ruppabh³miya½ puthujjanassa uppajjanti.
254-60. Puthujjanassa vuttesu apuńńapańcakavajj±ni sattarasa, paµhamaphalańc±ti aµµh±rasa tatiy±ruppabh³miya½ sot±pannassa uppajjanti. T±n²ti t±neva aµµh±rasa citt±ni. “Żhapetv± paµhama½ phalan”ti hi vacanato dutiyaphala½ pakkhipitv±ti ayamattho avuttasiddho. Na hi sakad±g±mino sakad±g±miphalańca nuppajjati Evańca katv± vutta½ “µhapetv± dutiya½ phalan”ti. Etth±pi an±g±miphala½ pakaraŗasiddhamev±ti daµµhabba½. Aµµha mah±kiriy±, dve tatiyacatutth±ruppakiriy±, manodv±r±vajjana½, ±kińcańń±yatanavip±ko, arahattaphalanti terasa citt±ni tatiy±ruppabh³miya½ kh²ŗ±savassa j±yanti. Tatiy±ruppabh³miya½ puthujjanassa vuttesu dv±v²saticittesu ±kińcańń±yatanakusalavip±kavajj±ti v²sati, nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanavip±koti ekav²sati citt±ni catutth±ruppabh³miya½ puthujjanassa j±yanti. Puthujjanassa vuttesu apuńńapańcakavajj±ni so¼asa, sot±pattiphalańc±ti sattarasa tattheva sot±pannassa honti. Aµµha mah±kiriy±, dve ca nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanavip±kakiriy±, manodv±r±vajjana½, arahattaphalańc±ti dv±dasa citt±ni tattheva arahato uppajjanti.
261-3. Ar³pakusal± ceva kiriy±pi ca uppajjanti, na pana vip±k±ti adhipp±yo. Uddhamuddhamar³p²nanti vińń±ŗańc±yatan±d²su ar³p²na½. Heµµhim±ti vińń±ŗańc±yatanik±na½ ±k±s±nańc±yatanakusalavip±k± nuppajjanti, ±kińcańń±yatanik±na½ ±k±s±nańc±yatanavińń±ŗańc±yatanakusalavip±k±ti evam±din± heµµhim± heµµhim± ar³p± nuppajjanti. Kasm±ti ±ha “diµµh±d²navato kir±”ti. Kir±ti anussutiya½. Diµµh±d²navatoti ±rammaŗe, jh±ne ca diµµhadosatt±. Kusal±nuttar±ti lokuttarakusal±.
266. Sabbo r³po mahaggatoti sabbo r³p±vacaramahaggatacittupp±do. Manodh±t³ti kiriy±manodh±tuvip±kamanodh±t³na½ k±mavip±ka-ggahaŗena gahitatt±.
269-73. Eva½…pe… heµµhimanti dutiy±ruppabh³miya½ vuttesu dutiy±ruppattaya½ µhapetv± attano p±kena saha tatiy±ruppabh³miya½ ek³nacatt±l²sa citt±ni tatthavuttesu tatiy±ruppattaya½ µhapetv± attano p±kena saha sattati½s±ti eva½ sesadvayepi heµµhimaheµµhima½ hitv± cittagaŗan± ńeyy±. Attano attanoti paµham±ruppabh³miya½ paµham±ruppavip±ko, dutiy±ruppabh³miya½ dutiy±ruppavip±koti eva½ attano attano vip±k± catt±ro ca an±sav± lokuttaravip±k±ti eva½ cat³su ar³pabh³m²su ekek±ya bh³miy± pańca pańca vip±k± j±yanti. Y± kiriy± teraseva siyu½, t± sabbapaµham±ruppabh³miya½ kh²ŗ±savassa j±yanteti sambandho. Dutiy±ruppabh³miya½ kh²ŗ±savassa paµham±ruppakiriyacitta½ vajjetv± dv±daseva kriy± honti. Tatiy±ruppabh³miya½ dutiy±ruppakiriyacitta½ vajjetv± ek±dasa. Catutth±ruppabh³miya½ tatiy±ruppakiriyacitta½ vajjetv± daseva vińńeyy±.
274-5. Id±ni kevala½ puggalavasena tesameva puggal±na½ ±veŗikacitta½ dassetu½ “arahato pan±”ti-±din± arahatoyeva uppajjanakacitta½ dassetv± an±g±mi-±d²na½ p±µipuggalika½ sakasakaphalacitta½ p±kaµamev±ti sa½khitta½. Arahatoti kh²ŗ±savassa. Arahato bh±vo arahatta½, arahattaphalanti attho. Tańhi “ar²na½ hatatt± arah±”ti-±din± arahanta-saddassa pavattinimittabh±vena “arahattan”ti vuccati. Id±ni tesa½ tesa½ puggal±na½ s±dh±raŗacitt±ni dassetu½ “catunnańca phalaµµh±nan”ti-±di vutta½.
290. Sus±ranti atthabyańjanavasena pariccajitabbassa pheggussa abh±vato suµµhu s±ra½, sabbaso s±ranti attho. Paranti sus±ratt± eva para½. Satt±na½ idhalokaparalokahitapaµicch±dakassa avijjandhak±rassa vidhamanato mohandhak±rappad²pa½. Cintet²ti atthavasena cinteti. V±cet²ti byańjanavasena sajjh±yati. R±gados±na½ mohena saha avin±bh±vato tassa anupagamana½ atthasiddhamev±ti “mohandhak±rappad²pan”ti vatv±pi “nara½…pe… nopayant²”ti r±gados±nupagamanameva vutta½. “Mohandhak±rappad²pan”ti v± vacaneneva mohassa anupagamo vutto hot²ti r±gados±nameva anupagamana½ vutta½. M³labh³t±na½ pana tiŗŗa½ anupagamanavacanena sesakiles±nampi anupagamana½ vuttamev±ti daµµhabba½.

Iti abhidhammatthavik±siniy± n±ma

Abhidhamm±vat±rasa½vaŗŗan±ya

Bh³mipuggalacittuppattiniddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.

Paµhamo bh±go niµµhito.

Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Abhidhamm±vat±ra-abhinavaµ²k±