4. Catuttho paricchedo

Ekavidh±diniddesavaŗŗan±

128-30. Vij±nanasabh±vatoti ±rammaŗavij±nanasabh±vatt±. Nanu ca heµµh± s±rammaŗato ekavidhabh±vo vuttoti? Sacca½ vutto, so pana cetasik±nańca s±dh±raŗoti idha tabbivajjanattha½ vij±nanalakkhaŗat±va vutt±. SaŖkhepagaŗanavasena ca sahetuk±na½ ekasattatividhat± vutt±. Hetuv±din±ti kusal±kusal±by±katahet³na½ by±karaŗakusalena Atha v± “ye dhamm± hetuppabhav± tesa½ hetu½ tath±gato ±h±”ti (apa. thera 1.1.286; mah±va. 60) vacanato ta½ta½paccayuppannadhamm±na½ ta½ta½paccayav±din±.
131-4. Savatthuk±vatthukatoti ekantena sabbavatthunissitabh±vato ceva tadabh±vato ca. Keci pana hadayavatthuvasena savatthuk±vatthukata½ vaŗŗenti, ta½ na yujjati savatthukaniddese “sabbo k±mavip±ko”ti pas±danissit±nampi saŖgahitatt±. Ubhayavasen±ti savatthuk±vatthukavasena. K±nici hi citt±ni ekantena savatthuk±ni, k±nici avatthuk±neva, k±nici ubhayasabh±v±ni. Tath± ceva niddisati “sabbo k±mavip±ko c±”ti-±di.
Sabbo k±mavip±ko c±ti sahetuk±hetukabhinno sabbo tev²satividho k±m±vacaravip±ko ca. ¾dimaggoti sot±pattimaggo. So hi sabbalokuttaresu ±dito uppajjanato, aµµhasu ariyapuggalesu ±dipuggalassa sambandh²ti v± “±dimaggo”ti vuccati. Vin± vatthunti sakasakavatthu½ vin± nuppajjanti. Teneva het±ni ar³pabhave nuppajjanti tattha vatth³na½ abh±vato. “Nuppajjanti vin± vatthun”ti ca ida½ antobh±vitak±raŗattha½ katv± vutta½. Tena yasm± vatthu½ vin± nuppajjanti, tasm± ekantena savatthuk±ti vutta½ hoti.
Ekantena avatthuk± ar³pabhaveyeva paµisandh±divasena pavattanato. Katha½ pana r³pasannissayena vin± tattha ar³pa½ pavattati, kasm± na pavattati pańcavok±reti? Tath± adassanato. Yadi eva½ kaba¼²k±r±h±renapi vin± r³padh±tuya½ r³pena pavattitabba½, ki½ k±raŗ±? K±madh±tuya½ tath± adassanato. Api tu yassa cittasant±nassa pavattik±raŗa½ r³pe avigatataŗha½, tassa saha r³pena pavatti. Yassa pana nibbattik±raŗa½ r³pe vigatataŗha½, tassa vin± r³pena pavatti k±raŗassa ta½vimukhat±y±ti r³pasannissayena vin± tattha ar³pa½ pavattati. Dvecatt±l²sa ses±n²ti manodv±r±vajjana½ kusalakiriy±vasena so¼asa k±m±vacar±ni, tatheva aµµha ar³p±vacar±ni, paµhamamaggavajj±ni satta lokuttar±ni, paµighadvayavajjitadasa-akusal±ni ceti dvecatt±l²sa vutt±vasesacitt±ni.
135-7. R³p±d²su ekekameva ±rammaŗa½ imass±ti ekek±rammaŗa½. Tassa tassa ±rammaŗassa ±p±thagatak±le ta½ta½vij±nanavasena pańcapi ±rammaŗ±ni imass±ti pańc±rammaŗa½. Evamp²ti na kevala½ savatthuk±divaseneva, atha kho ekek±rammaŗ±ditopi. Abhińń±vajjit±na½ sabbamahaggat±nampi dhamm±rammaŗabh±vena ek±rammaŗatt± ±ha “sabba½ mahaggatan”ti. Paŗŗatt±rammaŗato ek±rammaŗanti keci. Ta½ ar³p±vacaradutiyacatutthajjh±n±ni patv± na yujjati tesa½ mahaggat±rammaŗatt±. Abhińń±dvayassa cha¼±rammaŗikabh±vena, tassa ca r³p±vacarapańcamajjh±nato abhinnatt± ta½ pah±ya “tecatt±l²s±”ti vutta½.
141. Puńńavip±kakiriyato k±me dv±das±ti sambandho. Dh±ti nip±tamatta½. Puńńavip±kakriyatoti ń±ŗavippayuttakusalavip±kakiriyato.
143-9. Iriy±ya k±yik±ya kiriy±ya pavattipathabh±vato iriy±patho, gaman±di. Atthato tadavatth± r³pappavatti. K±mańcettha r³pavinimutto iriy±patho, vińńatti v± natthi, tath±pi sabba½ r³pasamuµµh±pakacitta½ iriy±pathupatthambhaka½, vińńattivik±rupp±danańca hoti. Ya½ pana citta½ vińńattijanaka½ ta½ eka½sato itaradvayassa janaka½ avin±bh±vato, tath± iriy±pathupatthambhaka½ r³pass±ti imassa visesassa dassanattha½ “r³p²riy±pathavińńatti-janak±janak±dito”ti iriy±pathavińńatt²na½ visu½ gahaŗa½. Janak±janak±ditoti tiŗŗampi janakato, kassacipi ajanakato, dvinna½ ekassa ca janakato. K±nici hi citt±ni r³pa½ samuµµh±penti, iriy±patha½ kappenti, vińńatti½ janayanti. K±nici r³pa½ samuµµh±penti, iriy±patha½ kappenti, vińńatti½ na janayanti. K±nici r³pameva samuµµh±penti, itaradvaya½ na karonti. K±nici t²ŗi na karonteva. Tath± ceva dasseti “dv±das±kusal±”ti-±di. Evańc±pi hi ta½ cittanti na kevala½ ahetuk±ditova, eva½ r³p±dijanak±ditopi ta½ catubbidha½. “Evańc±dimhi tan”tipi likhanti. Tassa pana ±dimhi nikkhitta½ citta½ evańca catubbidhanti attha½ vadanti. Tatth±ti tesu r³pajanak±d²su. Dasa kiriy±ti manodh±tuvajj± dasa kiriy±.
Samuµµh±penti r³p±n²ti attano upp±dakkhaŗeyeva attan± janetabbar³p±ni samuµµh±penti. Kappent²ti sann±menti. Yath±pavatta½ iriy±patha½ upatthambhenti. Yath± hi antarantar± uppajjam±nehi v²thicittehi abbokiŗŗe bhavaŖge pavattam±ne aŖg±ni os²danti, pavedhant± viya honti, na eva½ dvatti½savidhesu vakkham±nesu ca chabb²satividhesu j±garaŗacittesu pavattam±nesu. Tad± pana aŖg±ni upatthaddh±ni yath±pavatta-iriy±pathabh±veneva pavattanti. Janayanti ca vińńattinti manodv±re pavatt± eva vińńatti½ janayanti, na pana pańcadv±re pavatt±ti daµµhabba½.
Dvipańcavińń±ŗ±na½ jh±naŖgayog±bh±vena r³p±janakatt± ±ha “dvepańcavińń±ŗ±”ti. Jh±naŖg±ni hi cittena saha r³pasamuµµh±pak±ni, tesa½ anubalappad±yak±ni maggaŖg±d²ni tesu vijjam±nesu savisesa½ r³pappavattidassanato. Ar³pavip±k± pana r³pavir±gabh±van±ya nibbattatt± hetuno ta½vimukhat±ya r³pa½ na samuµµh±pent²ti ±ha “vip±k± ca ar³pis³”ti.
150. Sabbesa½ sandhicittanti sabbesa½ satt±na½ paµisandhicitta½. Tańhi vatthudubbalat±ya, appatiµµhitat±ya, paccayavekallato, ±gantukat±ya ca r³pa½ na samuµµh±peti. Tath± hi paµisandhivińń±ŗena sahaj±ta½ vatthu pacch±j±tapaccayarahita½, ±h±r±d²hi ca anupatthaddha½ dubbala½, tassa ca dubbalatt± tannissitavińń±ŗampi dubbalanti. Yath± ca pap±te patito ańńassa nissayo bhavitu½ na sakkoti, eva½ tampi bhinnasantatiya½ kammakkhittat±ya pap±te patita½ viya appatiµµhita½ na r³pasamuµµh±pane ussahati ca vatthuno ca attan± saha apacch± apure uppajjam±natt± purej±tapaccayassa al±bhato. Yath± pana ±gantuko puriso agatapubba½ desa½ gato ańńesa½ “etha bho antog±me vo annap±nagandham±l±d²ni dass±m²”ti vattu½ na sakkoti attano avisayat±ya, appahut±ya ca, evameva½ paµisandhicittampi ±gantukanti. Eva½ vatthudubbalat±d²hi k±raŗehi r³pa½ na samuµµh±peti. Apica ±h±rindriy±divasena yeh±k±rehi cittasamuµµh±nar³p±na½ cittacetasik± paccay± honti, tehi sabbehi paµisandhiya½ cittacetasik± samati½sakammajar³p±na½ yath±yoga½ paccay± honti. Vuttańheta½ paµµh±ne–
“Paµisandhikkhaŗe vip±k±by±kat± ±h±r± sampayutt±na½ khandh±na½ kaµatt± ca r³p±na½ ±h±rapaccayena paccayo”ti-±di (paµµh±. 1.1.429).
Tasm± samati½sakammajar³p±ni cittasamuµµh±nar³p±na½ µh±na½ gahetv± µhit±n²ti paµisandhicitta½ r³pa½ na samuµµh±pet²ti veditabba½.
Cuticittańc±rahatoti ettha kh²ŗ±savassa cuticitta½ upasantavaµµam³lasmi½ sant±ne s±tisaya½ santavuttit±ya r³pa½ na samuµµh±peti, an±g±mi-±d²na½ tadabh±vatoti vadanti. Ż²k±k±ro pana ±nand±cariyo bhaŗati–
“K±m±vacar±na½ pacchimacittassa upp±dakkhaŗe yassa cittassa anantar± k±m±vacar±na½ pacchimacitta½ uppajjissati, r³p±vacare, ar³p±vacare pacchimabhavik±na½, ye ca r³p±vacara½, ar³p±vacara½ upapajjitv± parinibb±yissanti, tesa½ cavant±na½, tesa½ vac²saŖkh±ro nirujjhissati, no ca tesa½ k±yasaŖkh±ro nirujjhissat²ti vacanato ańńesampi cuticitta½ r³pa½ na samuµµh±pet²”ti.
¾cariyassa hi ayamadhipp±yo– “k±m±vacar±na½ pacchimacittass±”ti etena avisesena k±m±vacarasatt±na½ cuticittassa, “ye ca r³p±vacara½…pe… nirujjhissat²”ti imin± k±mabhavato cavitv± r³p±r³pabhav³papajjanak±na½ k±m±vacaracuticittass±pi upp±dakkhaŗato uddha½ vac²saŖkh±rassa nirodha½ vatv± k±yasaŖkh±rassa tadabh±vavacanato cuticittassa k±yasaŖkh±r±samuµµh±pana½ siddha½. Yadaggena ca ta½ k±yasaŖkh±ra½ na samuµµh±peti, tadaggena ta½ sesar³pampi na janeti. Na hi r³pasamuµµh±pakassa gabbhagatat±divibandh±bh±ve k±yasaŖkh±r±samuµµh±pane k±raŗa½ atthi. Na ca yutta½ cutito uddha½ cittasamuµµh±nańcassa r³pa½ pavattat²ti, n±pi “cuticitta½ r³pa½ samuµµh±pet²”ti p±¼i atthi, na c±pi vaµµam³l±nupasamo cuticittassa r³pupp±dane k±raŗa½ cuticittena na uppann±nampi tato purimatarehi uppann±na½ viya bhavantare anuppajjanato, tasm± sabbesampi cuticitta½ r³pa½ na samuµµh±pet²ti. Yadi k±yasaŖkh±rasamuµµh±panameva r³pajanan±rahabh±va½ s±dheti, tad± catutthajjh±ne kathanti? N±ya½ doso, tassa bh±van±balena s±tisaya½ santavuttit±ya k±yasaŖkh±r±samuµµh±panepi maraŗ±sannacitt±na½ viya paridubbalatt±bh±vato r³pasamuµµh±pane vibandho natth²ti. Kuto pana paµµh±ya cittajar³pa½ nuppajjat²ti? Yato paµµh±ya k±yasaŖkh±re nuppajjati. Kad± ca k±yasaŖkh±ro nuppajjat²ti? Cutito pubbe dvatti½samacittakkhaŗato paµµh±ya nuppajjati, tetti½samacittakkhaŗe uppanna½ pacchimaso¼asakato puretarameva nirujjhat²ti vadanti. “Yassa k±yasaŖkh±ro na nirujjhati, tassa cittasaŖkh±ro na nirujjhissat²”ti (yama. 2.saŖkh±rayamaka.113) pańhe “pacchimacittassa bhaŖgakkhaŗe tesa½ k±yasaŖkh±ro ca na nirujjhati, cittasaŖkh±ro ca na nirujjhissat²”ti pacchimacittasseva vajjitatt± cutito dutiyatatiyacitten±pi saha nirujjhat²ti apare. Yassa cittassa anantar± k±m±vacar±na½ pacchimacitta½ uppajjat²ti ettha “yass±”ti k±m±vacaracuticittassa anantarapaccayabh³ta½ citta½ sandh±ya vuttanti tassa upp±datopi uddha½ k±yasaŖkh±r±bh±vavacanena heµµhimakoµiy± cutito tatiyacitteneva saha nirujjhati. Dutiyacitta½ na p±puŗ±t²ti eke.
151-7. Eka½ dve t²ŗi catt±ri µh±n±ni imass±ti ekadviticatuµµh±na½, ekadviticatuµµh±natt±ti attho. Żh±nanti ca idha kiccamadhippeta½. Tańhi tiµµhanti ettha dhamm± avaµµhit± viya hont²ti “µh±nan”ti vuccati. Ma½sacakkhudibbacakkhuń±ŗacakkhubuddhacakkhusamantacakkhuvasena pańca nimmal±ni locan±ni imass±ti pańcanimmalalocano.
Nippapańcen±ti r±g±dipapańcarahitena. R±g±dayo hi sa½s±re papańcanato “papańc±”ti vuccanti.
¾vajjane paµicchane µh±ne manodh±tuttikanti sambandho, kiriy±manodh±tu ±vajjanaµµh±ne, vip±kadvaya½ sampaµicchanaµµh±neti attho.
“Somanassayuttasant²raŗa½ pańcadv±re sant²raŗa½ siy±”ti vattabbe “sant²raŗan”ti adhik±ratova labbhat²ti g±th±bandhasukhattha½ “somanassayutan”ti ettakameva vutta½.
Balav±rammaŗe sat²ti tad±rammaŗakiccassa balav±rammaŗeyeva labbhanato vutta½, na imasseva ±veŗikabh±vena sabbesampi tad±rammaŗ±na½ balav±rammaŗeyeva uppajjanato. Voµµhabbananti kiriy±manovińń±ŗadh±tusaŖkh±ta½ voµµhabbanakicca½ citta½.
158-9. Sabbesanti sabbesa½ k±mar³p±r³pabhavikasatt±na½. Imin± ida½ dasseti– pańcadv±resu voµµhabbanakicca½ kesańcideva satt±na½ ar³pabhave sabbaso pańcadv±rikacittappavattiy±, r³pabhave ca dv±rattayappavattiy± abh±vato. Manodv±re ±vajjanakicca½ pana sabbesameva sacittakasatt±na½ karot²ti. Dviµµh±nika½ n±ma hot²ti yath±vuttaµµh±nadvayavantat±ya dviµµh±nikacitta½ n±ma hoti. Keci pana “somanassasahagatasant²raŗa½ k±masugatiya½ paµisandhi½ ±ka¹¹hati tasm± ta½ pańcaµµh±nikan”ti vadanti, ta½ tesa½ matimatta½ paµµh±ne tath± ad²pitatt±. Tattha hi–
“Upekkh±sahagata½ dhamma½ paµicca upekkh±sahagato dhammo uppajjati nahetupaccay±”ti ettha (paµµh±. 2.7.8) “ahetuka½ upekkh±sahagata½ eka½ khandha½ paµicca tayo khandh±, tayo khandhe paµicca eko khandho, dve khandhe paµicca dve khandh± ahetukapaµisandhikkhaŗe upekkh±sahagata½ eka½ khandha½ paµicca tayo khandh±, tayo khandhe paµicca eko khandho, dve khandhe paµicca dve khandh±”ti (paµµh±. 2.7.8)–

Eva½ upekkh±sahagata-padassa pavattipaµisandhivasena paµiccanayo uddhaµo. P²tisahagatasukhasahagata-pad±na½ pana–

“P²tisahagata½ dhamma½ paµicca p²tisahagato dhammo uppajjati nahetupaccay±. Ahetuka½ p²tisahagata½ eka½ khandha½ paµicca tayo khandh±, tayo khandhe paµicca eko khandho, dve khandhe paµicca dve khandh±. Sukhasahagata½ dhamma½ paµicca sukhasahagato dhammo uppajjati nahetupaccay±. Ahetuka½ sukhasahagata½ eka½ khandha½ paµicca tayo khandh±, tayo khandhe paµicca eko khandho, dve khandhe paµicca dve khandh±”ti (paµµh±. 2.7.6)–

Eva½ pavattivaseneva uddhaµo, na “ahetukapaµisandhikkhaŗe”ti-±din± paµisandhivasena, tasm± yath±dhammas±sane avacanampi abh±vameva d²pet²ti na tassa paµisandhid±na½ atth²ti dviµµh±nikat±va vutt±ti. Te mahaggatavip±k± nav±ti sambandho.

162. Chadv±r± eva chadv±rik±. Atha v± chadv±rikes³ti chadv±rikacittes³ti attho.
164-6. “Pańcakiccan”ti-±di yath±vutt±nameva nigamana½. Sesanti aµµhasaµµhividha½ citta½. Ekakiccayogato, eka½ kiccamass±ti v± eka½, ekameva ekaka½. Sabbacitt±na½ kiccavasena niddesaµµh±neyeva kicc±na½ paµip±µimpi dassetu½ “bhavaŖg±vajjanan”ti-±di vutta½. Yadi eva½ paµisandhito paµµh±ya cutipariyos±na½ vattabbanti? Sacca½, cutipaµisandh²na½ pana p±kaµatt± tath± na vutta½. Bhavassa hi paµisandhi ±di, cuti pariyos±nanti p±kaµameva, tasm± p±kaµaµµh±na½ pah±ya ap±kaµaµµh±nato paµµh±ya dassetu½ bhavaŖgameva ±dito vutta½. Tad±rammaŗa½ pana kińc±pi ap±kaµa½, atha kho anekantika½ kismińci bhave katthaci javanav²thiya½ alabbhanatoti ekantalabbham±naparid²panattha½ ta½ na vutta½. Atha v± tad±rammaŗacittampi yebhuyyena bhavaŖgan±ma½ labbhat²ti purimajavanav²thiya½ tad±rammaŗa½ pacchimajavanav²thiy± ±vajjanassa purecarabh³ta½ bhavaŖga-ggahaŗeneva saŖgahitanti visu½ na vutta½. Keci pana “pańcadv±resu pavattivasena pańcavidhat±ya dassanattha½ ‘bhavaŖg±vajjanan’ti-±di vuttan”ti vadanti, tattha pana appavattam±n±na½ kesańci sabbh±vato ta½ na yujjati, chadv±rappavattivasena chabbidhattanayadassanatthanti vattu½ vaµµati. Yath± cettha “bhavaŖg±vajjanan”ti-±din± cakkhudv±re vutta½, eva½ sotadv±r±d²supi dassan±di½ apanetv± savan±di½ pakkhipitv± kiccappavatti yojetabb±. Manodv±re pana–
“BhavaŖga½ paµhama½ hoti, tato ±vajjana½ mata½;
dutiya½ tamatikkamma, javana½ tatiya½ siy±”ti.–

Yojan± daµµhabb±. Channa½ vińń±ŗ±nanti cakkhuvińń±ŗ±d²na½ pańcanna½, manovińń±ŗassa ca. Sattavińń±ŗadh±t³nanti cakkhuvińń±ŗadh±t±d²na½ pańcanna½, manodh±tumanovińń±ŗadh±tudvayass±ti sattanna½ vińń±ŗadh±t³na½.

169-71. Pańc±bhińń±vivajjitanti–
“Iddhividha½ dibbasoto, paracittavij±nan±;
pubbeniv±s±nussati, dibbacakkh³ti pańcadh±”ti.–

Evam±gat±hi pańcahi abhińń±hi yuttena r³p±vacarapańcamajjh±nacittena vajjita½. Dibbasot±d²na½ ekek±rammaŗattepi pańcannampi abhińń±na½ ekasseva cittassa avatth±bhedabh±vato vutta½ “pańc±bhińń±vivajjitan”ti Keci pana “idha ekantena dhamm±rammaŗikacitt±nameva vacanato paracittavij±nana½ vajjetv± an±gata½sań±ŗena saha pańc±bhińń±na½ paµikkhepo”ti vadanti.

Dvipańcavińń±ŗ±na½, manodh±tuttayassa ca paricc±gena ekacatt±l²sa hont²ti ±ha “catt±l²sa½ tathekakan”ti. Abhińń±ni c±ti ca-saddo aµµh±nappayutto, so “catt±l²sa½ tathekakan”ti imass±nantara½ daµµhabbo, tena pana abhińń±cittadvaya½ saŖgaŗh±ti. Atha v± abhińń± n±ma heµµh± ekek±rammaŗikesu vuttassa pańcamajjh±nasseva avatth±visesoti abhińń±citt±na½ cha¼±rammaŗikesu aggahaŗanti daµµhabba½.
172-3. Tidh± katv±ti tidh± karaŗahetu. Hetvattho hi aya½ tv±-saddo yath± “s²ha½ disv± bhaya½ chambhitatta½ uppajjati, pańń±ya cassa disv± ±sav± parikkh²ŗ± hont²”ti. “Puńń±puńńavasen±”ti-±din± j±tibh³mihetuvedan±divasena y±va chasattatividho bhedo, t±va manovińń±ŗadh±tu½ bhinditv± ta½vasena cittavibh±gadassanattha½ nayad±na½ katanti veditabba½.
175. Tidh± katv±ti paµhama½ vip±kadvayakiriy±bhedato, dutiya½ kusal±kusal±ditoti eva½ dh±tudvaya½ pacceka½ tidh± katv±.
180. Bh³mi…pe… vibh±vayeti ti½sabh³m²na½ n±nattavasena pavattito ti½savidha½, tattheva ti½sapuggal±na½ n±nattavasena pavattito ca ti½savidhanti-±din± ida½ yath±niddiµµhacitta½ bahudh± hot²ti ca vibh±veyy±ti attho.
181. Idh±ti imasmi½ s±sane. Hatthagat±malak± viya hont²ti yath± hatthagata½ ±malaka½ cakkhumato sup±kaµa½ hoti, evamimassa matimato bhikkhuno abhidhammapiµakagat± atth± sup±kaµ± honti, ±vajjit±vajjitakkhaŗe suvisad±va pańń±yant²ti attho.

Iti abhidhammatthavik±siniy± n±ma

Abhidhamm±vat±rasa½vaŗŗan±ya

Ekavidh±diniddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.