3. Tatiyo paricchedo

Cetasikavibh±ganiddesavaººan±

89. N±mas±maññatoyeva dvepaññ±s±ti phass±din±mas±maññena dv²hi adhik± paºº±sa honti, sampayuttadhammabhedato pana ek³nanavuticittasampayutto phasso ek³nanavutividhoti evam±din± bahuvidh±pi hont²ti attho.
Nanu ca phass±dayo heµµh± p±¼ikkamena dassit±, idha pana kasm± na tath± vutt±ti? Ekekasabh±vavant±na½ ta½ta½s±maññ±pekkh±ya ekasmi½ µh±ne niddisituk±matt±. Phass±dayo hi manakk±r±vas±n± terasa kusal±kusal±by±katas±maññato ekato vutt±, majjhatt±dayo mudit±vas±n± pañcav²sati kusal±by±katas±maññato, lobh±dayo pana anottapp±vas±n± akusalabh±vas±maññatoti eva½ ta½ta½s±maññ±pekkh±ya sam±nasabh±v± dhamm± ekato vutt±ti.
90. Eva½ phass±dayo dhamme uddisitv± id±ni “ettakesu aya½ dhammo samupalabbhat²”ti cittupp±desu tesa½ payoga½ dassetu½ paµhama½ t±va cittagaºana½ dassento ±ha “catupaññ±sadh±”ti-±di. K±meti k±m±vacareti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ “r³pe ar³pe”ti etth±pi. ¾savavisayatt±bh±vato na vijjanti etesu ±sav±ti an±sav±.
91-2. Sam±satoti vitth±r±pekkh±ya vutta½, na itopi sam±sassa abh±vato. Atisaªkhepato pana ek³nanavuti cittupp±d± honti. Etes³ti imesu cittupp±desu. Tesa½ phass±d²na½ dhamm±na½ uppatti½ ekeka½ uddharitv± cittacetasikesu bhikkh³na½ p±µavatth±ya pavakkh±m²ti sambandho. Ekakanti ekeka½, g±th±bandhavasena e-k±ralopo.
93. Cetasikavibh±ga½ vattuk±mopi avinibbhogadhamme dassetu½ cittena saha ekato katv± ±ha “phassapañcakan”ti. Ekato upp±do etesanti ekupp±d±, saha kh²yant²ti sahakkhay±, ekato uppajjitv± ekato nirujjhanak±ti attho.
94. Sabbesveva ekav²sasatesu cittesu samupalabbhanato sabbas±dh±raº±. Kiñc±pi anantarag±th±ya cittena saha ekupp±d±dibh±vakathaneneva imesa½ sabbas±dh±raºat± vutt±, tattha pana ekupp±d±dimattakathanameva icchita½, na sabbas±dh±raºat±. Vuttopi v±yamattho tattha ap±kaµatt± puna p±kaµa½ katv± idha vuttoti.
95-100. Dvipañcaviññ±ºavajjitacatucatt±l²sak±m±vacaracittesu, lokiyalokuttaravasena ek±dasasu paµhamajjh±nikacittesu c±ti pañcapaññ±sacittesu vitakkassa desitatt± ±ha “vitakko…pe… samud²rito”ti. Vic±ro pañcapaññ±sasavitakkacittesu ceva ek±dasasu dutiyajjh±nikacittesu c±ti chasaµµhicittesu uppajjat²ti ±ha “c±ro…pe… j±yate”ti.
Ekapaññ±sacittesu p²t²ti k±yaviññ±ºavajjitesu aµµh±rasasu somanassasahagatak±m±vacaracittesu ceva catutthapañcamajjh±navajjitatetti½sar³pajjh±nikacittesu c±ti ekapaññ±sacittesu p²ti j±yati. Tesaµµhiy± sukhanti ekapaºº±sasapp²tikacittesu ceva ek±dasasu catutthajjh±nikacittesu, kusalavip±kak±yaviññ±ºe c±ti tesaµµhiy± cittesu sukha½ j±yati. Tesaµµhisukhasahagatacitt±ni ceva t²ºi ca dukkhasahagat±n²ti chasaµµhicitte vajjetv± avasesapañcapaºº±sacittesu upekkh± uppajjat²ti ±ha “upekkh± pañcapaññ±sacittes³”ti. Dukkha½ t²s³ti dv²su paµighacittesu ceva akusalavip±kak±yaviññ±ºe c±ti t²su cittesu dukkha½ j±yati. Hoti…pe… somanassindriyanti tesaµµhiy± sukhasahagatacittesu ekameva k±yaviññ±ºa½ apanetv± avasesesu somanassindriya½ hoti. Akusalavip±kak±yaviññ±ºavasena ekameva dukkhindriyasahagata½, tath± kusalavip±kak±yaviññ±ºameva sukhindriyasampayuttanti ±ha “dukkhindriya½…pe… sukhindriyan”ti.
Ahetukavip±kakiriy±manodh±tuvajjitesu majjhimagaºan±ya pañc±dhikasataparimitesu kusal±kusalavip±kakiriy±cittesu v²riya½ desitanti ±ha “pañcuttara…pe… ±h±”ti. Diµµhadhammikasampar±yikatthesu satte vineti, vigato v± n±yako imassa, visiµµho v± sabbalokassa n±yako s±mi, visesena v± vineyyasatte nibb±napura½ net²ti vin±yako. Sam±dhindriya½ vicikicch±vajjitav²riyasahagatacittesu vuttanti ±ha “catuttarasate”ti-±di.
Aµµh±rasa ahetukacitt±ni, dve ekahetukacitt±ni ca vajjetv± avasesa-ekuttarasate citte chando uppajjat²ti dassetu½ “sabb±hetukacitt±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Dasa viññ±ºeti kusal±kusalavip±kavasena dviguºite cakkh±dike pañcaviññ±ºe.
102-6. Niyat± na yev±panak± viya kad±c²ti attho. Katha½ panete ekanavutiy± cittesveva j±yant²ti ±ha “ahetukes³”ti-±di. Ek³n±s²tiy±ti dv±dasa ñ±ºasampayuttak±m±vacar±ni, pañcadasa r³p±vacar±ni, dv±dasa ar³p±vacar±ni, samacatt±l²sa lokuttaracitt±n²ti eva½ ek³n±s²tiy± tihetukacittesu. Aµµhav²satiy± citteti so¼asasu k±m±vacarakusalamah±kiriy±su, dv±dasasu ca lokiyacatutthajjh±nacittesu c±ti aµµhav²saticittesu. S±µµhake catt±l²savidheti aµµhasahite catt±l²savidhe, aµµhacatt±l²savidheti vutta½ hoti. Cha yuga¼±n²ti k±yapassaddhicittapassaddh±d²ni cha yuga¼±ni. Kusal±by±kat± c±ti kusalacittasampayogato kusal±, aby±katacittasampayogato aby±kat±ti kusalenapak±sanavidh±nesu chekena satthun± pak±sit± desit±ti attho.
108-111. Sa½sayoti vicikicch±. S± hi sa½seti samantato seti, “eva½ nu kho, no nu kho”ti parisappat²ti sa½sayo. Mahante s²lakkhandh±dike esati gavesat²ti mahes². Tena mahesin± samm±sambuddhena. Aµµhas³ti aµµhalobhasahagatacittesu. Cat³s³ti tesveva diµµhisahagatacittesu. Diµµhiviyuttesu cat³s³ti sambandho. Dv²svev±ti dv²su dosam³lakacittesu. Dv²su j±yanti no sah±ti dosam³lesveva dv²su j±yanti, saha pana na uppajjanti, us³yanak±le iss±, maccharaºak±le maccheranti-±din± n±n± hutv±va uppajjanti. Pañcas³ti pañcasu sasaªkh±rikacittesu.
112. Cittassa cetasikatt±bh±vepi kusal±kusal±by±katadhamm±na½ gaºanaµµh±nato “mano”ti cittampi vutta½.
114-5. Ett±vat± cetasikavibh±ga½ dassetv± id±ni ekekasmi½ cittupp±de labbham±nar±s²su aªgavibh±gadassanattha½ “ek³nati½sacittes³”ti-±di vutta½. Nanu ca phassapañcamakar±si sabbapaµhama½ ±gat±, s± kasm± na vutt±ti? Sabbas±dh±raºabh±vato. Na hi so cittupp±do atthi, yo phassapañcamakavinimuttoti. Ek±dasa paµhamajjh±nik±ni somanassasahagat±ni, dv±dasa sahetukak±m±vacar±ni, tath± catt±ri akusal±ni, sukhasant²raºahasitupp±d±ni dveti ek³nati½sacittesu pañcaªgika½ jh±na½ pañcakar±sisaªkh±ta½ mata½. Catu…pe… niddiseti ek±dasa dutiyajjh±nik±ni, kusalavip±kakiriy±vasena dv±dasa upekkh±sahagatasahetukak±m±vacar±ni, upekkh±domanassasahagat±ni aµµha akusal±ni, dvipañcaviññ±ºavajjita-upekkh±sahagat±ni cha ahetukacitt±ni c±ti im±ni sattati½sa citt±ni yath±yoga½ cat³hi jh±naªgehi yutt±ni. Ettha hi ek±dasa dutiyajjh±nik±ni vic±rap²tisukhasam±dh²hi sahagat±ni, itar±ni yath±yoga½ upekkh±domanassesu ekekena vitakkavic±rasam±dh²h²ti cat³hi sampayutt±ni.
Ek±dasavidhanti ek±dasavidha½ tatiyajjh±nikacitta½ p²tisukhacittekaggat±yogato tivaªgikamud²rita½. Catutti½sa…pe… mud²ritanti dv±dasa ar³p±vacaracitt±ni, dv±v²sati catutthapañcamajjh±nik±ni s±sav±n±sav±n²ti catutti½sa citt±ni yath±yoga½ upekkhekaggat±yogato, sukhekaggat±yogato ca duvaªgikamud²rita½. Catutthajjh±nik±ni hi ek±dasa sukhekaggat±sahit±ni, ses±ni tev²sati upekkhekaggat±sahit±ni.
116. Sabh±ven±vitakkes³ti dutiyajjh±n±dayo viya bh±van±balena vin± sabh±veneva avitakkesu dvipañcaviññ±ºesu. Tesu hi vijjam±n±nipi sesajh±naªg±ni vitakkavirahena upanijjh±nakiccesu asamatth±ni. Teneva hi aµµhakath±yampi “vitakkapacchimakañhi jh±naªga½ n±m±”ti vutta½. Bh±van±ya avitakkabh±vappatt±ni pana bh±van±baleneva upanijjh±nakiccesu paµutar±, tasm± sabh±ven±vitakkesu jh±naªg±ni na uddhareyya. “Na uddhaµ±”ti v± p±µho, na uddhaµ±n²ti attho.
Yadi eva½ kasm± dvipañcaviññ±ºesu sar³peneva cittekaggat± vutt±, nanu tass± vitakkavirahena jh±naªgakicce asamatthat±ya r±sibhajan±bh±vato yev±panakavasena vacana½ yuttanti Vuccate– kusal±kusalesu avijjam±nadhammassa vip±kesupi anupalabbhanato jh±naªgakiccassa akaraºepi kusal±kusalesu desitaniy±meneva sar³pena idh±pi vutt±. Hotu t±va eta½, jh±nar±siya½ vedan± kasm± vutt±. S± hi sabbacittas±dh±raºabh±vato phassapañcakar±simhi ceva, upekkh±di-indriyabh±vato indriyar±simhiyeva vattabb±, na itarattha tadabh±vatoti? Sacca½, vedan± pana sabbavedan±na½ s±maññasabh±vena phassapañcake ±gatavedan± ca aparena visesavacanena tattha niddiµµh±, na tattha antokaraºattha½. Teneva hi dhammasaªgaºiya½ dvipañcaviññ±ºesu saªgahav±re jh±naªgar±si na uddhaµ±ti r³padh±tuya½ tiººa½ mah±bh³t±na½ appaµighabh±vepi k±madh±tuya½ sappaµighamah±bh³tehi sam±nabh±vato tatth±pi sappaµighabh±vo viya dvipañcaviññ±ºesu vedan±cittekaggat±na½ vitakkaviyogena jh±nakicc±karaºepi savitakkacittesu jh±nacittasamaªg²vedan±d²hi sam±natt± jh±naªgabh±vena vacana½ n±ma yutta½. Teneva ca n±mar³pasam±se “phassapañcakar±sijh±nadukar±si-indriyattikar±s²”ti vuttanti. Atha v± ki½ et±ya yutticint±ya, dhammasabh±vavedin± tath±gatena dhammasabh±va½ avirajjhitv± desitanti na ettha anuyogo k±tabboti. Ahetukacitt±na½ ±rammaºe suppatiµµhitat±bh±vena aniyy±nikatt± vutta½ “sabb±…pe… na uddhare”ti. Vuttañheta½ aµµhakath±yampi “hetupacchimako maggo”ti.
117. T²ºi so¼asacittes³ti pannarasasu ahetukavip±kacittesu ceva kiriy±manodh±tumhi c±ti so¼asasu cittesu. Manindriya½ j²vitindriya½ vedanindriyesu labbham±namekanti t²ºindriy±ni honti. Imesupi kusalavip±kak±yaviññ±ºadh±tuya½ manindriyasukhindriyaj²vitindriyavasena t²ºindriy±ni, akusalavip±kak±yaviññ±ºadh±tuya½ dukkhindriyena saha t²ºi, sukhasant²raºe somanassindriyena saha t²ºi, avasesaterasacittesu upekkhindriyena saha t²º²ti. Ettha cittanti sasampayuttadhammassa cittupp±dassa adhippetatt± manindriyass±pi ±dh±rabh±vo yujjeyya. Itarath± hi manindriyanti cittasseva gahaºe tassa attano ca ±dh±rabh±vo na yujjat²ti. Ekasmi½ pana catt±r²ti ekasmi½ vicikicch±sahagate v²riyindriyamanindriyaj²vitindriya-upekkhindriyavasena catt±ri. Pañca terasas³ti µhapetv± vicikicch±sahagata½ avases±ni ek±dasa akusalacitt±ni, kiriy±hetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tudvayanti terasasu cittesu v²riyindriy±d²ni t²ºi, sam±dhindriya½, vedanindriyesu labbham±na½ ekanti pañcindriy±ni. Ettha hi dv²su dosam³lesu v²riyindriyasam±dhindriyamanindriyaj²vitindriyadomanassindriyavasena pañca, pañcasu somanassasahagatesu purim±ni catt±ri somanassindriyena saddhi½ pañca, sesesu upekkhindriyena saddhi½ pañca honti.
118. Satta dv±dasacittes³ti dv±dasasu ñ±ºavippayuttacittesu saddh±satisam±dhiv²riyaj²vitamanindriy±ni ca vedanindriyesu labbham±namekanti satta indriy±ni. Tattha hi chasu somanassasahagatesu saddhindriy±d²ni cha somanassindriyena saddhi½ satta, itaresu chasu upekkhindriyena saddhi½ satta honti. Eken³nesu…pe… manesu c±ti dv±dasa ñ±ºasampayutt±ni k±m±vacar±ni, sattav²sati lokiyajjh±nacitt±ni c±ti ek³nacatt±l²savidhesu lokiyacittesu purim±ni satta, paññindriyañc±ti aµµheva indriy±ni. Ettha hi somanassasahagatesu chasu k±m±vacaresu, dv±dasasu r³p±vacaracatukkajjh±nesu c±ti aµµh±rasacittesu somanassindriyena, sesesu ca upekkhindriyena saddhi½ yojetv± aµµhindriy±ni veditabb±ni.
119. Catt±l²s±ya cittesu navakanti samacatt±l²savidhesu lokuttaracittesu purim±ni aµµha-indriy±ni, anaññ±taññass±m²tindriya½ aññindriya½ aññ±t±vindriyanti imesu labbham±namekanti indriy±na½ navak±. Sot±pattimaggesu hi anaññ±taññass±m²tindriya½ labbhati. Sot±pattiphalato paµµh±ya arahattamaggapariyos±nesu ta½ na labbhati. Tassa µh±ne aññindriya½. Arahattaphale tampi na labbhati. Tassa µh±ne aññ±t±vindriya½ tiµµhat²ti. Evanti chahi indriyehi sampayuttassa abh±vato katthaci t²ºi, katthaci catt±ri, katthaci pañca, katthaci satta, katthaci aµµha, katthaci navindriy±n²ti eva½ chahi ±k±rehi indriyayogopi, na kevala½ jh±naªgayogova, atha kho indriyehi saha cittupp±d±na½ sampayogopi veditabboti.
120-3. Id±ni maggaªgasampayoga½ dassento paµhama½ t±va yesu cittesu maggaªg±ni na labbhanti, t±ni dassetv± pacch± maggaªgayogacittupp±de dassetu½ “amaggaªg±n²”ti-±dim±ha. Etth±ti etasmi½ ekav²sasatappabhede cittasmi½, imasmi½ maggaªg±dhik±re v±. Viññ±ºesu dvipañcas³ti sabh±v±vitakkesu cakkh±d²su dvipañcaviññ±ºesu. Kiñc±pi heµµh± dvipañcaviññ±ºesu jh±naªg±bh±vo, ahetukesu ca maggaªg±bh±vo vuttova, ajh±naªg±ni pana tattha adhik±ravasena vutt±ni, idha pasaªg±gatavasena. Amaggaªg±ni tattha pasaªg±gatavasena, idha adhik±ravasen±ti na koci punaruttidoso.
Ekanti vicikicch±sampayutta½ citta½. Tañhi micch±saªkappamicch±v±y±mayogato dve maggaªg±ni etth±ti dumaggaªga½. Timaggaªg±ni sattas³ti catt±ri diµµhivippayutt±ni, dve dosam³l±ni, uddhaccasahagatacittanti sattasu micch±saªkappamicch±v±y±mamicch±sam±dhiyogato timaggaªg±ni. Catt±l²sa…pe… caturaªgikoti dv±dasa ñ±ºavippayutt±ni, catt±ri diµµhisampayutt±ni, paµhamajjh±nikavajj±ni catuv²sati mahaggatacitt±n²ti catt±l²sacittesu yo maggo labbhati, so yath±yoga½ samm±saªkappasamm±v±y±masamm±satisamm±sam±dhiyogato, micch±diµµhimicch±saªkappamicch±v±y±mamicch±sam±dhiyogato, samm±diµµhisamm±v±y±masamm±satisamm±sam±dhiyogato ca caturaªgiko mato. Tattha ñ±ºavippayuttesu dv±dasasu paµham±ni catt±ri, diµµhisampayuttesu majjhim±ni, sesesu pacchim±ni labbhanti.
Pañcaddasasu…pe… pañcaªgikoti dv±dasasu ñ±ºasampayuttak±m±vacaresu ceva t²su lokiyapaµhamajjh±nikesu c±ti pannarasasu cittesu samm±diµµhisamm±saªkappasamm±v±y±masamm±satisamm±sam±dhivasena pañcaªgiko maggo. Nanu ca samm±v±c±dayo k±m±vacaresu labbhant²ti? Sacca½ labbhanti, p±µhe pana an±gatatt± idha pariccatt±ti. Dvatti½sacittes³ti paµhamajjh±nikavajjesu dvatti½salokuttaracittesu. Sattaªgikoti avitakkatt± samm±saªkappo na labbhat²ti ta½ pariccajitv± avasesasattamaggaªgavasena sattaªgiko vutto.
Yattha pana samm±saªkappo labbhati, tattha tena saha aµµhaªgikoti ±ha “maggo aµµhas³”ti-±di. Tattha aµµhasu cittes³ti paµhamajjh±nikesu aµµhasu lokuttaracittesu. Evanti chahi maggaªgehi sampayuttassa abh±vato katthaci dve maggaªg±ni, katthaci t²ºi, katthaci catt±ri, katthaci pañca, katthaci satta, katthaci aµµh±ti eva½ chahi pak±rehi.
124-6. Id±ni balasampayoga½ dassento ±ha “bal±ni dve”ti-±di. Tattha v²riyabalasam±dhibalavasena dve bal±ni kiriy±hetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tudvaye vibhaªgav±re ±gat±ni v²riyabalasam±dhibal±ni pacceka½ labbhant²ti “dve dvicittes³”ti vutta½. Ekasmi½ t²º²ti ekasmi½ vicikicch±sahagate v²riyabala-ahirikabala-anottappabalavasena t²ºi bal±ni. Ek±dasasu catt±r²ti vicikicch±sahagatavajjesu ek±dasasu akusalacittesu sam±dhibalañceva pubbe vutt±ni t²º²ti catt±ribal±ni. Cha dv±dasas³ti dv±dasasu ñ±ºavippayuttacittesu saddh±v²riyasatisam±dhihiri-ottappavasena cha bal±ni.
Ek³n±s²tiy± satt±ti dv±dasasu ñ±ºasampayuttak±m±vacaracittesu ceva sattav²satimahaggatacittesu ca catt±l²s±ya lokuttaracittesu c±ti ek³n±s²tividhesu cittesu saddh±v²riyasatisam±dhipaññ±hiri-ottappavasena satta bal±ni. So¼asev±bal±n²ti pañcadasa ahetukavip±k±ni, kiriy±manodh±tu-±vajjanañc±ti so¼asa balavippayogato abalacitt±ni. Evanti pañcahi balehi sampayuttassa abh±vato katthaci dve, katthaci t²ºi, katthaci catt±ri, katthaci cha, katthaci satt±ti pañcahi ±k±rehi sabala½, imesu ekass±pi abh±vato abalampi ca viññeyya½, vij±nitabbanti attho. Hetur±si-±dayo vinicchayabh±vato na vutt±ti veditabba½. Yesu cittesu y±ni jh±naªgamaggaªgabalindriy±ni j±yant²ti sambandho. G±th±bandhasukhattha½ indriy±na½ os±nakaraºa½.

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