¾rammaº±bhimukhabh±vapaccupaµµh±noti ±rammaºe sa½yojanavasena tadabhimukhabh±vapaccupaµµh±no. Ettha satiy± appamussanacchandat± visay±bhimukhapaccupaµµh±nat±, manasik±rassa pana sa½yojanavasen±ti ayametesa½ viseso. ¾rammaºapaµip±dakassa saªkh±rakkhandhapariy±pannat±vacana½ itaramanasik±r±na½ viññ±ºakkhandhapariy±pannata½ dasseti. Mahis±sak± pana “±vajjanassa viññ±ºabh±ve sabbaññutaññ±ºassa sabbavisayat± parih±yeyya, tasm± ta½ javanasampayuttasaªkh±rakkhandhapariy±pannamev±”ti vadanti. Tesañhi ayamadhipp±yo– yadi ta½ visu½ cittasabh±va½ siy±, paccuppannacitta½ ±rammaºa½ katv± pavattassa tassa anantara½ uppajjam±najavan±na½ paccuppann±rammaºat± na bhaveyya, aññadatthu at²t±rammaºat±va siy±, evañca sati sabbaññutaññ±ºass±pi paccuppannacitt±rammaºat±ya abh±vato asabbavisayat± ±pajjeyya, yadaggena ca ta½ asabbavisaya½, tadaggena s±varaºampi hoti yattha na pavattati, tattha ±varaºasambhavato, tasm±ssa sakalalokasiddho sabbaññubh±vo, an±varaºabh±vo ca parih±yetha, javanasampayuttabh±ve pana sati ±vajjanassa n±ya½ iµµhavigh±to ±pajjat²ti. Tayida½ tesamabhinivesamatta½ “±vajjan± kusal±na½ khandh±na½, akusal±na½ khandh±na½ anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.417) vacanena tass±nantara½ kusal±kusaluppattiy± d²pitatt±. Sabbaññutaññ±ºassa pana paccuppannacitt±rammaºabh±vo eva½ veditabbo– at²t±divasena hi vibh±gamakatv± “imassa citta½ j±n±m²”ti pavattassa ±vajjana½ s±maññena ya½ kiñci abhimukh²bh³ta½ cittam±vajjati, tato javan±nipi attano attano abhimukh²bh³ta½ cittam±rammaºa½ katv± pavattanti, na cettha javan±na½ bhinn±rammaºat± ±saªkitabb± cittas±maññena ±rammaºassa abhinnatt±, tasm± sabbaññutaññ±ºassa paccuppannacitt±rammaºata½ paµicca na k±ci vihes± anubhavitabb±ti. Ki½ v± etena yuttiv±dena, nanu vutta½ bhagavat±– “acinteyyo buddhavisayo”ti (a. ni. 4.77), tasm± aparimitapuññasambh±rekaphalassa acinteyyasabh±vatt± ±vajjanena vin±pi visayaggahaºe vibandhan±bh±vato yattha katthaci pavatti appaµihat±yev±ti. Keci panettha “±vajjana½ an±gatacittam±rammaºa½ katv± nirujjhati, javanameva pana paccuppannam±rammaºa½ gaºh±t²”ti vadanti. Yasm± pana “an±gat±rammaº± ±vajjan± paccuppann±rammaº±na½ khandh±na½ anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti p±¼i natthi, tasm± ta½ appam±ºa½.
Karot²ti karuº±. Ki½ karoti, kesa½ ki½ nimittanti ±ha “paradukkhe sati s±dh³na½ hadayakampanan”ti. Kampananti ca paresa½ dukkha½ disv± tassa asahan±k±rena cittassa aññathatta½, tadida½ sappuris±na½yeva hot²ti ±ha “s±dh³nan”ti. Sappuris± hi attahitaparahitas±dhanena “s±dh³”ti vuccanti. “Kiº±t²”ti imassa attham±ha “vin±set²”ti, adassana½ gameti apanet²ti attho. Ten±ha “paradukkh±panayan±k±rappavattilakkhaº±”ti. Paresa½ dukkhassa apanayana½ hotu v±, m± v±, so paradukkh±panayan±k±ro, tath±pavattilakkhaº±ti para…pe… lakkhaº±. Apanetuk±mat±ya paresa½ dukkhassa asahana½ anadhiv±sana½ paradukkh±sahana½. Na vihi½s± avihi½s±, satt±na½ aviheµhana½, ta½ paccupaµµh±peti, vihi½s±ya v± paµipakkhabh±vena paccupaµµh±t²ti avihi½s±paccupaµµh±n±.
Pamodanalakkhaº±ti parasampattiy± pamodanalakkhaº±. Aniss±yanaras±ti iss±yanassa us³yanassa paµipakkhabh±vakicc±. Pantasen±sanesu, adhikusaladhammesu ca aramaºa½ arati. S± atthato iss±dhika½ domanassasahagata½, thinamiddh±dhikañca uddhacca½. Tattha purima½ parasampattivisaya½, dutiya½ pantasen±san±divisayanti daµµhabba½. Aratiy± vihanan±k±rena paccupaµµh±ti, tass± vigh±ta½ v± v³pasama½ paccupaµµh±pet²ti arativigh±tapaccupaµµh±n±. “Aniyate icchant²”ti imin± cetasikantarabh±vena icchant²ti dasseti.
K±yaduccaritatoti vatthuv²tikkamasaªkh±taduccaritato. K±yaduccarit±divatth³nanti parap±ºaparadhanapara-itthi-±d²na½ k±yaduccarit±d²nam±lambaºabh³t±nameva vatth³na½. Av²tikkamalakkhaº±ti amaddanalakkhaº±. K±yaduccarit±divatthuto saªkocanakiriy±padesena k±yaduccarit±ditoyeva saªkocanakiriy± vutt±ti daµµhabba½. Na hi viratiyo duccaritavatthuno akiriyapaccupaµµh±n± yujjanti, atha kho duccaritasseva, virat²nañca soraccavasena saªkocana½, akiriy± ca hirottapp±na½ jigucch±divasen±ti ayametesa½ viseso. Saddh±…pe… padaµµh±n±ti ettha saddh±dayo sabbeva dhamm± k±yasucarit±d²na½ padaµµh±n±ti eke. Apare pana “kamma½ kammaphala½ saddahantassa k±yaduccarit±di-akaraºato, hirottappasampannassa mus±v±d±di-akathanato, appicchasantuµµh²sallekhaguºasamann±gatassa micch±j²vavivajjanato ca saddh±dayo tiººa½ dhamm±na½ yath±kkamena padaµµh±n±”ti vadanti. Kec²ti abhayagiriv±sino. Im±s³ti im±su t²su virat²su. Ekeka½ niyata½ viratimicchant²ti añña½ eka½ catutthaniyataviratimicchanti. Atha v± niddh±raºatthe bhummavasena im±sa½ antare eka½ niyata½ viratimicchant²ti attho. Ubhayath±pi pana tesa½ icch± na yujjati apar±ya viratiy± dhammasen±patin±pi adesitatt±, visayassa ca sad± sannihitatt±bh±vena niyat±ya eva ekiss± abh±vato. Teneva hi abhayagiriv±sinoyeva ca keci im±sa½ tividhatta½ aniyatattameva ca icchanti. Vuttañhi tehi–
“Karuº±mudit± samm±v±c±kammanta-±jiv±;
yebhuyyato aniyat±, honti gocarabhedato”ti.–

Ettha pana “yebhuyyato”ti vacana½ lokuttaracittesu sabbad± ekatoyeva ca labbham±nata½ sandh±ya vutta½.

Dutiyacittena sampayoga½ gacchant²ti sambandho. Yath± citta½, eva½ ta½sampayuttadhamm±p²ti dutiye sasaªkh±r± ev±ti ±ha “sasaªkh±rabh±vamattameva hettha viseso”ti. Tath±ti yath± tatiye, tath± catutthepi p²tiy± sukhapadaµµh±natt±. Sukhassa cettha abh±vato ±ha “µhapetv± p²tin”ti. Nanu ca “karuº±mudit± upekkh±sahagate na sambhavant²”ti vadanti, tasm± yath± p²tiy±, eva½ t±sampi paµikkhepo k±tabboti? Na k±tabbo, appan±pattito pubbe karuº±mudit±na½ upekkh±sahagat±nampi sambhavato. Karuº±mudit±bh±van±k±le hi appan±v²thito pubbe upekkh±sahagatacitten±pi parikamma½ hoti, appan±v²thiya½ pana somanassasahagatacitteneva ek±vajjanav²thiy± vedan±parivattan±bh±vato, tasm± pubbabh±gavaseneva karuº±mudit±nampi upekkh±sahagatesu sambhavo hot²ti ±cariy±. Apare pana sabbad±pi t±sa½ upekkh±sahagatesu sambhava½ na icchanti. “Avases± pañcamena sampayoga½ gacchant²”ti avisesena vuttatt± id±ni visesadassanattham±ha “somanassaµµh±ne c±”ti-±di.
81. Karuº±mudit±dayoti karuº±mudit± ceva viratittayañca. Ten±ha “pañc±”ti.
Eva½ k±m±vacarakusalacittasampayutte dassetv± id±ni r³p±vacarakusalacittasampayuttadhamme dassetu½ “avasesesu pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha µhapetv± viratittayanti viratittaya½ vajjetv±. Kasm± panettha viratittaya½ pariccattanti? Vuccate– suvisuddhak±yakamm±dikassa cittasam±dh±navasena r³p±r³p±vacarakusalappavatti, na k±yakamm±d²na½ sodhanavasena, n±pi duccaritadur±j²v±na½ samucchindanavasena. Tath± hi n²varaº±didhamm±na½ avatthattaya½ hoti v²tikkam±vatth± pariyuµµh±n±vatth± anusay±vatth±ti. Tattha v²tikkam±vatth±ya paµipakkha½ k±m±vacarakusala½ pariyuµµh±n±vatth±ya r³p±r³p±vacara½, anusay±vatth±ya lokuttarakusala½. Duccaritadur±j²v±na½ pana µhapetv± v²tikkam±vattha½, anusay±vatthañca v²tikkam±vatth±ya visu½ pariyuµµh±n±vatth± na upalabbhati. Yass± vipaccan²ka½ r³p±r³p±vacarakusala½ siy±, tasm± ta½ neva k±m±vacarakusala½ viya tesa½ v²tikkam±vattha½ sodheti, na ca lokuttara½ viya anusay±vattha½ samucchindati, paµipassambheti v±. S²lavisuddhiya½ s²lasodhanavasena k±m±vacarakusaleneva vigatav²tikkamassa parisuddhak±yakamm±dikassa yogino cittasam±dh±navasena pavattat²ti mahaggatacittupp±de virat²na½ asambhavoyeva. Imameva hi attha½ s±dhetu½ “viratiyo pan±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tetti½sa v± karuº±dijh±navasena pavattanak±le Tatoti tato tatiye vuttacetasikato. Karuº±mudit±na½ appan±patt±namekantasomanassasahagatatt± ±ha “pañcamena…pe… karuº±mudit±vajj±”ti.
R³p±vacarapañcame vuttanayen±ti ti½sev±ti adhipp±yo. Yadi eva½ r³p±vacarato ko visesoti ±ha “ar³p±vacarabh±vovettha viseso”ti, pañcame r³pasaññ±bh±vato r³p±vacarabh±vo, idha pana r³pasaññ±samatikkamena pattabbatt± ar³p±vacarabh±voti ayamevassa tato visesoti attho.
Paµhamajjh±niketi paµhamajjh±navati. Maggacitteti catubbidhepi maggañ±ºe. Dutiyajjh±nik±dibhedeti dutiyatatiyacatutthapañcamajjh±nike. Vuttanayen±ti “dutiyena vitakkavajj±”ti-±din± vuttanayena. Ki½ avisesen±ti ce, noti ±ha “karuº±mudit±nan”ti-±di. Maggadhammesu p±dakajjh±n±divasena kad±ci samm±saªkappaviraho siy±, na pana virativiraho, k±yaduccarit±d²na½ samucchinnavaseneva ariyamaggassa pavattanatoti ±ha “niyataviratibh±vo”ti. Lokuttarabh±voti chabbisuddhiparampar±ya pattabbatt± lokato uttaraºabh±vo.
Eva½ kusalacetasik±na½ sampayogavacanatthalakkhaº±d²ni dassetv± id±ni akusalacetasik±ni dassetu½ “akusal± pan±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Cha yev±panak±ti kiñc±pi paµhame aniyatayev±panak± na labbhanti, akusalesu pana labbham±nakayev±panadhamme ekattha dassetu½ tesampi idheva vacana½ daµµhabba½. Evañca katv± upari dhamm±na½ uddes±nantara½ “eva½ yev±pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Vicikicch±sahagate chand±dhimokkh±na½, uddhaccasahagate chandassa ca abh±vato vutta½ “paµip±µiy± dasasu cittes³”ti.
82. Niddiµµh±ti nissesena dassit±. Hat± vihat± viddhast± p±p± ap±y±didukkhap±panato “p±p±”ti saªkh±t± akusaladhamm± yena so bhagav± hatap±po, tena. L±bho al±bho, yaso ayaso, nind± pasa½s±, sukha½ dukkhanti imesu aµµhasu lokadhammesu akampanaµµhena t±din± samm±sambuddhena. So hi l±bh±d²su y±diso, al±bh±d²supi t±disoyev±ti “t±d²”ti vuccati.
Na hir²yat²ti na lajjati. Ahirikoti puggalo dhammasam³ho v±. “Ahirikkan”ti vattabbe ekassa ka-k±rassa lopa½ katv± “ahirikan”ti vutta½. Na ottappanti ottappassa paµipakkhabh³ta½ dhammam±ha. Ajigucchana½ ah²¼ana½. Alajjana½ avil±. Ajigucchanalakkhaºanti sabh±vavasena vutta½, alajjanalakkhaºanti kusal±by±katassa s±dh±raº±ya hiriy± paµipakkhavasena. Tehev±ti k±yaduccarit±d²hi eva. As±rajjana½ nibbhayat±. Anutt±so asambhamo. Ras±d²ni hiri-ottappesu vuttapaµipakkhavasena gahetabb±n²ti na t±ni idha vutt±ni. Tesu hi alajjan±k±rena p±p±na½ karaºarasa½ ahirika½. Anutt±s±k±rena anottappa½ Vuttappak±reneva p±pato asaªkocanapaccupaµµh±n±ni. Attani, paresu ca ag±ravapadaµµh±n±ni. G±mas³karassa viya asucito kiles±sucito ajigucchana½ ahirikena hoti. Salabhassa viya aggito p±pato anutt±so anottappena hoti. Yath±hu por±º±–