Caº¹ikassa bh±vo caº¹ikka½, pharusabh±vo, atthato pana kopoyeva, tappaµipakkho apharusabh±vo acaº¹ikka½. Avirodho aviggaho appaµipakkho sabh±vo. ¾gh±tavinayanarasoti ettha ±gh±to n±ma parassa att±na½, attano para½ uddissa, parasseva ca para½ uddissa pavatto upan±ho balavakopo. Tassa vinayanaraso apanayanaraso. Sommabh±vo majjanavasena hil±daniyat± s²talabh±vo. Ten±ha “puººacando viy±”ti.
K±yaduccar²t±d²h²ti hetumhi karaºavacana½. Hir²yati lajjan±k±rena jigucchiyati. Tehiyev±ti k±yaduccarit±d²hiyeva. Ottappat²ti ubbijjati. Hir² p±pe g³the viya passant² jigucchat²ti ±ha “p±pato jigucchanalakkhaº± hir²”ti. Ottappa½ te uºha½ viya passanta½ tato uttasat²ti vutta½ “utt±salakkhaºa½ ottappan”ti. Ubhopi p±p±na½ akaraºaras±ti lajjan±k±rena p±p±na½ akaraºaras± hir², utt±s±k±rena ottappa½. P±pato saªkocanapaccupaµµh±n±ti vuttappak±reneva p±pato saªkocan±k±rena paccupaµµh±n±. Attag±ravaparag±ravapadaµµh±n±ti attag±ravapadaµµh±n± hir² ajjhattasamuµµh±nat±ya, att±dhipatit±ya ca. Parag±ravapadaµµh±na½ ottappa½ bahiddh±samuµµh±nat±ya, lok±dhipatit±ya ca. Att±nañhi garu½ katv± hiriy± p±pa½ pajahati kulavadh³ viya. Para½ garu½ katv± ottappena p±pa½ pajahati vesiy± viya. Ajjhattasamuµµh±n±dit± ca nesa½ tattha tattha p±kaµabh±vena veditabb±, na pana tesa½ kad±ci aññamaññaviyogato. Na hi lajjana½ nibbhaya½ v± p±pabhaya½ v± alajjana½ atth²ti. Hiriy± balavabh±ve pana ottappa½ abboh±rika½ hoti, ottappassa balavabh±ve hir² abboh±rik±. Ime ca dve dhamm± “lokap±l±”ti vuccanti. Yath±ha–
“Dveme, bhikkhave, sukk± dhamm± loka½ p±lenti. Katame dve? Hir² ca ottappañca, ime kho, bhikkhave, dve sukk± dhamm± loka½ na p±leyyu½, nayidha paññ±yetha ‘m±t±’ti v± ‘m±tucch±’ti v± ‘m±tul±n²’ti v±”ti-±di (a. ni. 2.9).
Passambhana½ darathav³pasamo, k±ya-saddo sam³havacano. So cettha vedan±dikkhandhattaya½. Vatticch±vasena hi saddo visiµµhavutti hot²ti ±ha “k±yoti cetth±”ti-±di. Vedan±dayoti vedan±kkhandho saññ±kkhandho saªkh±rakkhandhoti tayo khandh±. Tath± ca vutta½ tattha “katam± tasmi½ samaye k±yapassaddhi hoti, y± tasmi½ samaye vedan±kkhandhass±”ti-±di (dha. sa. 40). Daratho s±rambho domanassapaccay±na½ uddhacc±d²na½ kiles±na½, tath± pavatt±na½ v± catunna½ khandh±nameta½ adhivacana½. Tassa v³pasama½ lakkhaºamass±ti k±yacittadarathav³pasamalakkhaº±. K±yacitta…pe… ras±ti yath±vutt±nameva paµipakkhadhamm±na½ abhibhavanaras±. Darathanimmaddanena pari¼±haparipphandanavirahito s²tibh±vo aparipphandanas²tibh±vo. Av³pasamo paripphandana½ asantavuttit±. Uddhacc±dikiles±ti uddhaccappadh±n± uddhacc±dhikacittupp±dasampayutt± kiles±. Tepi hi uddhaccavasena av³pasamakar±. Uddhacca½ v± ±di½ katv± sabbeyeva kiles± uddhacc±dikiles±. Eva½ sesesupi.
Garubh±vo dandhat±, thinamiddh±dhik±na½ tath± pavatt±na½ v± catunna½ khandh±nameta½ adhivacana½. Dandhat±ya paµipakkho adandhat± agarubh±vo.
Thaddhabh±vo thambho. Diµµhim±n±dhik±na½, tappadh±n±na½ v± catunna½ khandh±na½ eta½ n±ma½. Thaddhabh±vanimmaddanatoyeva katthaci ±rammaºe appaµihat±k±rena paccupaµµhanti, sampayutt±na½ v± tattha appaµigh±ta½ paccupaµµh±pent²ti appaµigh±tapaccupaµµh±n±.
Kammani s±dhu kammañña½, na kammañña½ akammañña½, tassa bh±vo akammaññabh±vo, d±nas²l±dipuññakiriy±ya asamatthat±. Atthato k±macchand±disa½kilesadhamm±, tappadh±n± v± catt±ro akusalakkhandh±. Akammaññabh±vanimmaddaneneva sampann±k±rena ±rammaºassa gahaºa½ ±rammaºakaraºasampatti. Vutt±vases± k±macchand±dayo, tadekaµµh± ca sa½kilesadhamm± sesan²varaº±dayo. Im± pana dve vinibandhanimmaddanena pas±dan²yavatth³su pas±d±vah±, hitakiriy±su viniyogakkhamabh±v±vah± suvaººavisuddhi viy±ti daµµhabb±.
Gelañña½ assaddhiy±dayo, tadekaµµh± ca p±padhamm±, tappaµipakkho agelaññabh±vo lakkhaºa½ et±santi agelaññabh±valakkhaº±. Gelaññanimmaddaneneva natthi et±sa½ ±d²navo doso upaddavo v±, na v± et± ±d²na½ kapaºa½ vanti pavattant²ti nir±d²nav±, ten±k±rena paccupaµµhanti, ta½ v± sampayuttesu paccupaµµh±pent²ti nir±d²navapaccupaµµh±n±.
K±yasambandh², cittasambandh² ca ujubh±voti lakkhitabbat±ya k±yacitt±na½ ajjavalakkhaº±. K±yacitt±na½ naªgalas²sacandakoµigomuttavaªkat±saªkh±t±na½ kuµilabh±v±na½ atthato m±y±s±µheyy±dibh³t±na½ nimmaddanato k±yacitt±na½ kuµilabh±vanimmaddanaras±. Tatoyeva sabbath±pi ajimhabh±vena paccupaµµhanti, sampayutt±na½ v± ajimhata½ paccupaµµh±pent²ti ajimhat±paccupaµµh±n±.
Nanu ca k±yapassaddhi-±d²na½ dvinna½ dvinna½ dhamm±na½ ekekapaµipakkhatt± darathanimmaddan±dikicca½ ekekameva karoti. Kasm± pana dve dve dhamm± vutt±ti? Na kho paneva½ cintitabba½ bhagavat±pi tatheva desitatt±. Kasm± pana bhagavat± tath± desit±? Sabh±vadhammabh±vato. Na hi bhagavat± pubbe avijjam±n± ete dhamm± desan±vasena upp±dit±, atha kho sabh±vato vijjam±n±yeva sayambhuñ±ºena samm± sacchikatv± yath±sabh±v± desit±, tasm± kathamettha bhagavat± sabh±vato vijjam±nassa h±pana½ k±tu½ sakk±. Sabh±vato vijjam±nat±ya cettha bhagavato vacanameva pam±ºa½. Na hi bhagav± yath±dhammas±san±dhik±re ayath±dhamma½ katheyy±ti, yassa pana vijjam±nass±pi akathana½, ta½ aññahetuka½. Na cettha t±diso hetu upalabbhati, yena imesu ekekadhammassa akathananti. Yath± pana dvinna½ puris±na½ ekoyeva veriko hoti, tassa te puris± ot±ra½ disv± ekato hutv±va hananti, evameva dve dve dhamm± ekato hutv± eka½ paµipakkhadhamma½ hananti, yath± ca panete visu½ disv±pi ta½ veri½ hananti, na evamete ta½ visu½ hananti tesa½ aññamañña½ avin±bh±vatoti, tasm± ete paµipakkhadhamm±na½ ekekabh±vepi dve dveyeva vutt±ti, apica cittapassaddhi-±d²hi cittameva passaddhi lahu mudu kammañña½ paguºa½ ujuñca hoti. K±yapassaddhi-±d²hi pana r³pak±yop²ti tadatthadassanattha½ bhagavat± ettheva duvidhat± vutt±, na sam±dhi-±d²su.
Chandana½ chando, ±rammaºena atthikat±. “Chando k±mo”ti-±d²su (mah±ni. 1) pana taºh±pi chandoti vuccati. “Chanda½ janeti v±yamat²”ti-±d²su v²riyamp²ti tato nivattanattha½ vutta½ “kattukamyat±yeta½ adhivacanan”ti. Kattukamyat± vuccati karaºicch±. Cetasikassa dhammassa s±rammaºatt± karaºicch± n±ma ±rammaºassa ±lambituk±mat±mukheneva hot²ti ±rammaºakaraºicch±lakkhaºo chando “kattukamyat±lakkhaºo”ti vutto. Tenev±ha “±rammaºapariyesanaraso, ±rammaºena atthikat±paccupaµµh±no”ti ca. Yadaggena pan±ya½ attano ±rammaºapariyesanaraso, tadaggena sampayuttadhamm±nampi hotiyeva ek±rammaºat±ya. Tena tesa½ ±rammaºaggahaºe cetaso hatthappas±raºa½ viy±ti vuccati. Katha½ pana d±navatthuvissajjanavasena pavattam±nacetan±sampayutto chando ±rammaºena atthiko hot²ti? Nanu avocumh± “±rammaºakaraºicch±lakkhaºo”ti, tasm± saªg±magata-iss±sassa khipitabba-us³na½ gahaºe atthikat± viya d±navatthuvissajjanavasena pavattacchandopi vissajjitabbena tena atthikoyev±ti. Sv±ya½ kusalesu uppanno kusalacchando n±ma hoti yonisomanasik±rasamuµµh±natt±. Tabbipar²tato pana akusalesu uppanno akusalacchando.
Adhimuccana½ ±rammaºe sanniµµh±navasena veditabba½, na pas±danavasena. Ten±ha “sanniµµh±nalakkhaºo”ti. Yath± tath± hi ±rammaºe nicchayana½ adhimuccana½ anadhimuccantassa p±º±tip±t±d²su d±n±d²su v± pavattiy± abh±vato, saddh± pana pas±dan²yesu pas±d±dhimokkhoti ayametesa½ viseso. Voµµhabbana½ pana yath± sant²rite atthe nicchayan±k±rena pavattitv± parato pavattam±n±na½ tath± pavattiy± paccayo hoti. Yadi eva½ vicikicch±sampayuttesu dhammesu kathanti? Tesampi eka½seneva sa½sappan±k±rassa paccayat±ya daµµhabba½, d±rakassa viya ito cito ca sa½sappanassa “kariss±mi, na kariss±m²”ti anicchayassa paµipakkhakiriy± asa½sappana½. Yesu cittupp±desu aya½ sanniµµh±nalakkhaºo adhimokkho, tesa½ ±rammaºadhammoyeva sanniµµh±tabbatt± sanniµµheyyadhammo. So padaµµh±namass±ti sanniµµheyyadhammapadaµµh±no. Indakhiloti esik±thambho vuccati.
Tesu tesu dhammes³ti yesu dhammesu saya½ uppann±, tesu attan± sampayuttesu cittacetasikadhammesu. An±rammaºattepi hi tesu samappavattesu ud±s²nabh±vo “tatramajjhattat±”ti vuccati. Sama½ avisama½ v±hita½ attan± pavattitasampayutt±na½ v± yath±sakakiccesu pavattana½ lakkhaºametiss±ti samav±hitalakkhaº±. Tattha sama½ hutv± pavattanalakkhaº±ti atthe apakkhapatitabh±vo vutto hoti, avisama½ katv± pavattanalakkhaº±ti atthe ³n±dhikat±niv±raºa½ Ud±s²nabh±vena pavattam±n±pi hi es± sampayuttadhamme sama½ katv± yath±sakakiccesu pavatteti, yath± r±j± tuºh² nisinnopi adhikaraºadhammaµµhe yath±sakakiccesu sama½ appamatte pavatteti. Al²n±nuddhatappavattipaccay±na½ dhamm±na½ ³n±dhikat±ya l²nuddhatabh±vassa niv±raºakicc±ti vutta½ “³n±dhikat±niv±raºaras±”ti. Yadi eva½ katha½ sahaj±t±dhipat²na½ adhipatibh±vo. ¾dhipaccañhi tesa½ kiccato adhikabh±voti? N±ya½ doso. Tampi tassa kiccameva, ya½ sahaj±tadhamm±na½ adhipatibh±ve pavatt±pana½. Yath± hi raªgamaº¹ala½ gato naµak±cariyo te te naµake yath±saka½ anur³pa½ bh³miya½ yojeti, evames±pi attan± sampayuttadhammesu adhipatibh±ve µhite adhipatibh±ve yojeti, indriyatte µhite indriyatte, na pana sakasakakiccato ³nata½, adhikata½ v± pattu½ det²ti. “Ida½ nih²nakicca½ hotu, ida½ atirekakiccan”ti eva½ pakkhap±tavasena viya pavatti pakkhap±to. Ta½ upacchindant² viya hot²ti pakkhap±tupacchedanaras±. S± cittacetasik±na½ ajjhupekkhanena samappavattesu ±j±n²yesu s±rathi viya daµµhabb±.
Kiriy± k±roti k±ra-saddassa bh±vas±dhanata½ ±ha. Tena k±roti n±ñña½, kiriy±yev±ti d²pita½ hoti. Manasmi½ k±roti manasi ±rammaºassa karaºa½. Yena hi mano ±rammaºe kar²yati ±rammaºenassa sa½yojanato, tato eva tena ±rammaºampi manasi kar²yat²ti. Manasik±roti cettha aluttasam±so daµµhabbo. Purimamanatoti bhavaªgamanato. Visadisa½ mananti v²thijavanamana½, ta½ karot²ti manasik±ro, manasik±ras±maññena v²thijavanapaµip±dake dasseti. Ettha pana upayogatthabhummavacane sam±so daµµhabbo. Sampayuttadhamme ±rammaº±bhimukha½ s±rento payojento viya hot²ti manasik±ro s±raºalakkhaºoti vutto. Sa½yojanarasoti payojanaraso. Vitakko sampayutt±na½ ±rammaºe abhiniropanasabh±vatt± ±rammaºe citta½ pakkhipanto viya hoti. Cetan± attano ±rammaºa½ gaºhant² sampayuttepi sakasakakicca½ k±ret²ti attan± karaºena bala½ niyojento balan±yako viya hoti. Manasik±ro sampayutte ±rammaºe payojet²ti ±j±n²yappayojanakas±rathi viy±ti ayametesa½ viseso.